List of German Type II submarines

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The list of German Type II submarines includes all Type II submarines (Unterseeboot or U-boat) built by Germany.

Type IIA[edit]

U 1[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 February 1935
  • Commissioned: 29 June 1935
  • Operations: 2 patrols
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Sunk 6 April 1940 by a mine in the North Sea

U 2[edit]

U 3[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 6 August 1935
  • Commissioned: 29 June 1935
  • Operations: 5 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 2 ships (total of 2,348 gross register tons (GRT))
  • Fate: Stricken 1 August 1944 and scrapped

U 4[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 February 1935
  • Commissioned: 17 August 1935
  • Operations: 4 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 4 ships (total of 6,223 GRT)
  • Fate: Stricken 1 August 1944 and scrapped

U 5[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 February 1935
  • Commissioned: 31 August 1935
  • Operations: 2 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Sunk 19 March 1943 in diving accident near Pillau in the Baltic Sea

U 6[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 February 1935
  • Commissioned: 7 September 1935
  • Operations: 2 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Stricken 7 August 1944

Type IIB[edit]

U 7[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 March 1935
  • Commissioned: 18 July 1935
  • Operations: 6 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 2 ships totalling 4,524 GRT
  • Fate: Sunk 18 February 1944 in diving accident near Pillau in the Baltic Sea

U 8[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 25 March 1935
  • Commissioned: 5 August 1935
  • Operations: 1 patrol, served with Unterseebootschulflottille and 1. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 24. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven


U 9[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 8 April 1935
  • Commissioned: 21 August 1935
  • Operations: 19 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, and 30. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 8 ships totaling 17,221 GRT plus 1 ship damaged totaling 412 tons
  • Fate: Sunk 20 August 1944 by Soviet aircraft at Constanţa in the Black Sea, raised by the Soviets as TS-16

U 10[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 22 April 1935
  • Commissioned: 9 September 1935
  • Operations: 5 patrols, served with Unterseebootschulflottille, 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 2 ships totaling 6,356 GRT
  • Fate: Stricken 1 August 1944

U 11[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 6 May 1935
  • Commissioned: 21 September 1935
  • Operations: Served with Unterseebootschulflottille, 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Stricken 5 January 1945

U 12[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 20 May 1935
  • Commissioned: 30 September 1935
  • Operations: 1 patrol, served with 3. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Sunk 8 October 1939 after a mine hit near Dover in the English Channel

The wrecksite of U-12 is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act. U-12 was the vessel nominated by the German authorities to represent all U-Boats sunk in British waters in the second world war.

U 13[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 20 June 1935
  • Commissioned: 30 November 1935
  • Operations: 9 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 9 ships totaling 28,056 GRT plus 3 ships damaged totaling 26,218 GRT
  • Fate: Sunk 31 May 1940 by the Royal Navy sloop HMS Weston

U 14[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 6 July 1935
  • Commissioned: 18 January 1936
  • Operations: 6 patrols, served with 3. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, UnterseeAusbildungsflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 9 ships totaling 12,344 GRT
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 15[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 24 September 1935
  • Commissioned: 7 March 1936
  • Operations: 5 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 3 ships (4,532 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 30 May 1940 in collision with torpedo boat Iltis at Hoofden

U 16[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 5 August 1935
  • Commissioned: 16 May 1936
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 3. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 2 ships (3,435 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 25 October 1939 by the Royal Navy trawler HMS Cayton Wyke and patrol vessel HMS Puffin

U 17[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 1 July 1935
  • Commissioned: 3 December 1935
  • Operations: 4 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, UnterseeAusbildungsflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 3 ships (1,825 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 5 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 18[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 10 July 1935
  • Commissioned: 4 January 1936
  • Operations: 14 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, 30. Unterseebootflottille, UnterseeAusbildungsflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 3 ships (1,985 GRT) plus 2 damaged (7,801 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 25 August 1944 at Constanţa in the Black Sea

U 19[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 20 July 1935
  • Commissioned: 16 January 1936
  • Operations: 20 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, 30. Unterseebootflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 15 ships (35,871 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 10 September 1944 near Turkey in the Black Sea

U 20[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 1 August 1935
  • Commissioned: 1 February 1936
  • Operations: 17 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, 30. Unterseebootflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 14 ships (37,669 GRT) plus 2 damaged (2,690 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 10 September 1944 near Turkey in the Black Sea

U 21[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 4 March 1936
  • Commissioned: 3 August 1936
  • Operations: 7 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 6 ships (11,311 GRT) plus 1 damaged (11,500 tons)
  • Fate: Interned by Norway 27 March to 9 April 1940, stricken 5 August 1944 and scrapped

U 22[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 4 March 1936
  • Commissioned: 20 August 1936
  • Operations: 7 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille and 3. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 7 ships (8,819 GRT) plus 1 damaged (3,633 GRT)
  • Fate: Went missing 27 March 1940 in the Skagerrak

U 23[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 11 April 1936
  • Commissioned: 24 September 1936
  • Operations: 16 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, and 30. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 12 ships (30,703 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 10 September 1944 near Turkey in the Black Sea

U 24[edit]

  • Builder: Germaniawerft at Kiel
  • Laid down: 21 April 1936
  • Commissioned: 10 October 1936
  • Operations: 20 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, 30. Unterseebootflottille, and 1. UnterseeAusbildungsflottille
  • Victories: 7 ships (9,408 GRT) plus 1 damaged (7,661 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 25 August 1944 at Constanţa on the Black Sea

U 120[edit]

  • Builder: Flender Werke AG at Lübeck
  • Laid down: 31 March 1938
  • Commissioned: 20 April 1940
  • Operations: Served with 21. Unterseebootflottille, 31. Unterseebootflottille, and Unterseebootschulflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Bremerhaven, raised 1950 and scrapped

U 121[edit]

  • Builder: Flender Werke AG at Lübeck
  • Laid down: 16 April 1938
  • Commissioned: 28 May 1940
  • Operations: Served with 21. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, 31. Unterseebootflottille, and Unterseebootschulflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Bremerhaven, raised 1950 and scrapped

Type IIC[edit]

U 56[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 21 September 1937
  • Commissioned: 26 November 1938
  • Operations: 12 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 19. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 24. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 4 ships (27,783 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 28 April 1945 at Kiel by Royal Air Force bombers

U 57[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 14 September 1937
  • Commissioned: 29 December 1938
  • Operations: 11 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 19. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 13 ships (55,484 GRT) plus 2 damaged (10,403 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 3 May 1945 at Kiel

U 58[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 29 September 1937
  • Commissioned: 4 February 1939
  • Operations: 12 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 19. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 7 ships (26,549 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 3 May 1945 at Kiel

U 59[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 5 October 1937
  • Commissioned: 4 March 1939
  • Operations: 13 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 19. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 19 ships (35,121 GRT)
  • Fate: Stricken April 1945, scuttled and scrapped

U 60[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 1 October 1937
  • Commissioned: 22 July 1939
  • Operations: 9 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 3 ships (7,561 GRT) plus 1 damaged (15,434 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 61[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 1 October 1937
  • Commissioned: 12 August 1939
  • Operations: 10 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 5 ships (19,668 GRT) plus 1 damaged (4,434 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 62[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 2 January 1939
  • Commissioned: 21 December 1939
  • Operations: 5 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, and 21. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 2 ships (5,931 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 63[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 2 January 1939
  • Commissioned: 18 January 1940
  • Operations: 1 patrol, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 1 ship (3,840 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 25 February 1940 near the Shetland Islands in the North Sea by Royal Navy destroyers Escort, Inglefield, and Imogen, and the submarine Narwhal

Type IID[edit]

U 137[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 16 November 1939
  • Commissioned: 15 June 1940
  • Operations: 4 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 6 ships (24,136 GRT) plus 2 damaged (16,469 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 138[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 16 November 1939
  • Commissioned: 27 June 1940
  • Operations: 5 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 6 ships (48,564 GRT) plus 1 damaged (6,993 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 18 June 1941 near Cadiz, Spain in the Atlantic Ocean by the Royal Navy destroyers HMS Faulknor, HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Foresight and HMS Foxhound.

U 139[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 20 November 1939
  • Commissioned: 24 July 1940
  • Operations: Served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 140[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 16 November 1939
  • Commissioned: 7 August 1940
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 4 ships (12,616 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven, later scrapped

U 141[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 12 December 1939
  • Commissioned: 21 August 1940
  • Operations: 4 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, 21. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 4 ships (6,801 GRT) plus 1 damaged (5,133 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven, later scrapped

U 142[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 12 December 1939
  • Commissioned: 4 September 1940
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 5. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 24. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven, later scrapped

U 143[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 3 January 1940
  • Commissioned: 18 September 1940
  • Operations: 4 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 24. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 1 ship (1,409 GRT)
  • Fate: Surrendered to the Allies 30 June 1945 for Operation Deadlight, sunk 22 December 1945

U 144[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 10 January 1940
  • Commissioned: 2 October 1940
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 1 ship (206 tons)
  • Fate: Sunk 10 August 1941 near Hiiumaa (Dagö) in the Gulf of Finland by Soviet Navy submarine Щ-307

U 145[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 29 March 1940
  • Commissioned: 16 October 1940
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Surrendered to the Allies 30 June 1945 for Operation Deadlight, sunk 22 December 1945

U 146[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 30 March 1940
  • Commissioned: 30 October 1940
  • Operations: 2 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 1 ship (3,496 GRT)
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 147[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 10 April 1940
  • Commissioned: 11 December 1940
  • Operations: 3 patrols, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 3. Unterseebootflottille, and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 3 ships (8,636 GRT) plus 1 damaged (4,996 GRT)
  • Fate: Sunk 2 June 1941 near Ireland in the Atlantic Ocean, by the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Wanderer and corvette Periwinkle

U 148[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 10 April 1940
  • Commissioned: 28 December 1940
  • Operations: Served with 21. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven, later scrapped

U 149[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 25 May 1940
  • Commissioned: 13 November 1940
  • Operations: 1 patrol, served with 1. Unterseebootflottille and 22. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: 1 ship (206 tons)
  • Fate: Surrendered to the Allies 30 June 1945 for Operation Deadlight, sunk 22 December 1945

U 150[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 25 May 1940
  • Commissioned: 27 November 1940
  • Operations: Served with 1. Unterseebootflottille, 22. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Surrendered to the Allies May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 151[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 6 July 1940
  • Commissioned: 15 January 1941
  • Operations: Served with 21. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven

U 152[edit]

  • Builder: Deutsche Werke AG at Kiel
  • Laid down: 6 July 1940
  • Commissioned: 29 January 1941
  • Operations: Served with 21. Unterseebootflottille, 24. Unterseebootflottille, and 31. Unterseebootflottille
  • Victories: None
  • Fate: Scuttled 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven, later scrapped

See also[edit]