List of historical German names for places in Slovenia

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This is a list of German language names for places located in Slovenia. Those names have important historical value.

Historical perspective[edit]

Until 1866, the only official language used in the Empire of Austria administration was the German. Some German place names were only "Germanised" versions of the original Slavic names.

The compromise of 1867 marked the start of a recognition of the need to bilingualism in areas where an important proportion of another language was used.

In the provinces that now are (completely or not) part of Slovenia, the languages used were (near 1900):[1]

  • Carinthia: German (72%), Slovenian (28%)
  • Carniola: Slovenian (94%), German (6%)
  • Austrian Littoral: Italian (45%), Slovenian (31%), Serbo-Croat (21%), German (2%)
  • Styria: German (68%), Slovenian (32%).

It may thus be more appropriate to state that German names were all official endonyms.

As illustrated by the name of post-offices, many towns and villages received a dual name after 1867 (the fact became a law in 1871[2]), except - as stated - where there was a clear German speaking majority.

The code (used in the list) of the Austrian Districts Bezirkshauptmannschaften in 1900[3] is given hereafter, for verification and further use:

A large part of Slovenia is represented here in 1897

List, sorted by Slovenian alphabet[edit]

Ajdovščina - Haidenschaft in 1859
Bovec - Flitsch in 1859
Tschernembl - Črnomelj in 1897
Rieg only before 1867
Laibach - Ljubliana, Bilingual in 1891
Maribor (St,13)
Early use of letter Č, bilingual named Ratschach - Radeče later
Radmannsdorf - Radovljica, end of the 1860s, bilingual after
Sevnica (St,17)
Windisch Feistritz (St,13)
Slovenske Konjice (St,2)
Šoštanj, 1883 bilingual (St,20)
Trbovlje, bilingual at the end of the 19th c. (St,2)
Zidani Most (St,2)
Sairach - Ziri in 1911

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967 (in German)
  2. ^ Klein p.28, Erlass vom 2. April 1871.
  3. ^ Klein 1967, Die politische Gliederung der Österreishischen Reischshälfte, p.11-14.

External links[edit]