List of German interior ministers

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Federal Minister of Interior
Bundesadler Bundesorgane.svg
OT Berlin 09-13 Thomas de Maizière.jpg
Incumbent
Thomas de Maizière

since 17 December 2013
Formation 21 December 1879
First holder Karl von Hofmann
Website bmi.bund.de

The Federal Minister of the Interior (German: Bundesminister des Innern) is the head of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and a member of the Cabinet of Germany. The current office holder is Thomas de Maizière.

List of officeholders[edit]

Secretaries of State for the Interior, 1879–1919[edit]

Political Party:   Zentrum

Name
(Born–Died)
Image Party Term of Office Chancellor
Karl von Hofmann
(1827–1910)
Karl von Hofmann 1867 (IZ 48-150 HScherenberg).jpg N/A 21 December 1879 31 August 1880 Bismarck
Karl Heinrich von Boetticher
(1833–1907)
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1981-127-06A, Karl-Heinrich von Boetticher.jpg N/A 1 September 1880 1 July 1897 Bismarck

von Caprivi
Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst

Arthur von Posadowsky-Wehner
(1845–1932)
Nicola Perscheid - Arthur von Posadowsky-Wehner.jpg N/A 1 July 1897 24 June 1907 Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst

von Bülow

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
(1856–1921)
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg Portrait.jpg N/A 24 June 1907 10 July 1909 von Bülow
Clemens von Delbrück
(1856–1921)
Delbrück, Clemens von (1856-1921).jpg N/A 14 July 1909 22 May 1916 von Bethmann-Hollweg
Karl Helfferich
(1872–1924)
Karl Helfferich.jpg N/A 22 May 1916 24 October 1917 von Bethmann-Hollweg

Michaelis

Max Wallraf
(1859–1941)
Max Wallraf 1925.png N/A 25 October 1917 9 November 1918 Michaelis

von Hertling (I)
von Baden (I)

Karl Trimborn
(1854–1921)
Zentrum 14 November 1918 13 February 1919 Ebert (Council of the People's Deputies)

Ministers of the Interior, 1919–1945[edit]

Political Party:   DDP   DNVP   DVP   NSDAP   SPD   Zentrum

Name
(Born–Died)
Image Party Term of Office Chancellor
(Cabinet)
Hugo Preuß
(1860–1925)
Hugo Preuß.jpg DDP 13 February 1919 20 June 1919 Scheidemann (I)
Eduard David
(1863–1930)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H28785, Dr. Eduard David.jpg SPD 21 June 1919 3 October 1919 Bauer (I)
Erich Koch-Weser
(1875–1944)
Erich Koch-Weser, Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1986-014-10, Kabinett Müller (cropped).jpg DDP 3 October 1919 4 May 1921 Bauer (I)

Müller (I)
Fehrenbach (I)

Georg Gradnauer
(1866–1946)
SDP 10 May 1921 22 October 1921 Wirth (I)
Adolf Köster
(1883–1930)
Adolf Köster.jpg SDP 26 October 1921 14 November 1922 Wirth (II)
Rudolf Oeser
(1858–1926)
DDP 22 November 1922 12 August 1923 Cuno (I)
Wilhelm Sollmann
(1881–1951)
SDP 14 August 1923 3 November 1923 Stresemann (I)
Karl Jarres
(1874–1951)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-01175, Karl Jarres.jpg DVP 11 November 1923 15 December 1924 Stresemann (II)

Marx (I, II)

Martin Schiele
(1870–1939)
DNVP 15 January 1925 23 October 1925 Luther (I)
Otto Geßler
(Acting)
(1875–1955)
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1968-100-04A, Otto Karl Geßler.jpg DDP 23 October 1925 5 December 1925
Wilhelm Külz
Fotothek df pk 0000190 018 Porträt des Vorsitzenden der LDP Dr. Wilhelm Külz.jpg DDP 20 January 1926 17 December 1926 Luther (II)
Marx (III)
Walter von Keudell
(1884–1973)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-04216A, Walter von Keudell auf der Jagd.jpg DNVP January 1927 12 June 1928 Marx (IV)
Carl Severing
(1875–1952)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R11405, Carl Severing.jpg SDP 28 June 1928 27 March 1930 Müller (II)
Joseph Wirth
(1879–1956)
Bundesarchiv Bild 146III-105, Joseph Wirth.jpg Zentrum 30 March 1930 7 October 1931 Brüning (I)
Wilhelm Groener
(1867–1939)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-01049, Wilhelm Groener.jpg Independent 9 October 1931 30 May 1932 Brüning (II)
Wilhelm von Gayl
(1879–1945)
Wilhelm Freiherr von Gayl.JPG DNVP 1 June 1932 17 November 1932 von Papen (I)
Franz Bracht
(1877–1933)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-1009-501, Franz Bracht.jpg Independent 3 December 1932 28 January 1933 von Schleicher (I)
Wilhelm Frick
(1877–1946)
FrickMinistroDeInterior1933.jpeg NSDAP 30 January 1933 20 August 1943 Hitler (I)
Heinrich Himmler
(1900–1945)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S72707, Heinrich Himmler.jpg NSDAP 24 August 1943 29 April 1945
Paul Giesler
(1895–1945)
Paul Giesler.jpg NSDAP 30 April 1945 2 May 1945 Donitz (Flensburg)
Wilhelm Stuckart
(1902–1953)
Wilhelm Stuckart at the Ministries Trial.jpg NSDAP 3 May 1945 23 May 1945

Ministers of the Interior of the GDR, 1949–1990[edit]

Political Party:   SED   DSU

Name
(Born–Died)
Image Party Term of Office Chairman
Karl Steinhoff
(1892–1981)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-10279-0001, Karl Steinhoff.jpg SED 11 October 1949 6 May 1952 Otto Grotewohl
Willi Stoph
(1914–1999)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0617-024, Willi Stoph.jpg SED 6 May 1952 1 July 1955
Karl Maron
(1903–1975)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-52112-0001, Karl Maron.jpg SED 1 July 1955 14 November 1963
Friedrich Dickel
(1913–1993)
Friedrich Dickel 1983.PNG SED 14 November 1963 7 November 1989 Otto Grotewohl

Willi Stoph
Horst Sindermann
Willi Stoph

Lothar Ahrendt
(1936–)
SED 7 November 1989 12 April 1990 Hans Modrow
Peter-Michael Diestel
(1952–)
Peter-Michael Diestel.JPG DSU 12 April 1990 2 October 1990 Lothar de Maizière

Ministers of the Interior (Bundesminister des Innern), since 1949[edit]

Political Party:   CDU   CSU   FDP   SPD

Name
(Born–Died)
Image Party Term of Office Chancellor
(Cabinet)
Gustav Heinemann
(1899–1976)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F028544-0006, Gustav Heinemann.jpg CDU 20 September 1949 11 October 1950 Adenauer
(I)
Robert Lehr
(1883–1956)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-P004377, Robert Lehr.jpg CDU 11 October 1950 20 October 1953
Gerhard Schröder
(1910–1989)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F008145-0002, Gerhard Schröder (crop).jpg CDU 20 October 1953 13 November 1961 Adenauer
(II • III)
Hermann Höcherl
(1912–1989)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-92106-0011, Hermann Höcherl.jpg CSU 14 November 1961 25 October 1965 Adenauer (IV • V)
Erhard (I)
Paul Lücke
(1914–1976)
KAS-Lücke, Paul-Bild-644-1.jpg CDU 26 October 1965 2 April 1968 Erhard (II)
Kiesinger (I)
Ernst Benda
(1925–2009)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F041440-0013, Hamburg, CDU-Bundesparteitag, Ernst Benda.jpg CDU 2 April 1968 21 October 1969 Kiesinger
(I)
Hans-Dietrich Genscher
(1927–2016)
Bundesarchiv FDP-Bundesparteitag, Genscher.jpg FDP 22 October 1969 16 May 1974 Brandt
(III)
Werner Maihofer
(1918–2009)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F042278-0004, Prof. Dr. Werner Maihofer.jpg FDP 16 May 1974 8 June 1978 Schmidt
(I • II)
Gerhart Baum
(1932–)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F055881-0013, Bonn, Bundesrat, Pressekonferenz der Innenminister.jpg FDP 8 June 1978 17 September 1982 Schmidt
(II • III)
Jürgen Schmude
(1936–)
Jürgen Schmude-01 retouched.jpg SPD 17 September 1982 1 October 1982 Schmidt
(III)
Friedrich Zimmermann
(1925–2012)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F085285-0011a, Bonn Friedrich Zimmermann.jpg CSU 4 October 1982 21 April 1989 Kohl
(IIIIII)
Wolfgang Schäuble
(1942–)
WSchaeuble.jpg CDU 21 April 1989 26 November 1991 Kohl
(IIIIV)
Rudolf Seiters
(1937–)
RudolfSeiters.jpg CDU 26 November 1991 7 July 1993 Kohl
(IV)
Manfred Kanther
(1939–)
KAS-Kanther, Manfred-Bild-15003-1.jpg CDU 7 July 1993 27 October 1998 Kohl
(IVV)
Otto Schily
(1932–)
Otto Schily MUC-20050910-02.jpg SPD 27 October 1998 22 November 2005 Schröder
(III)
Wolfgang Schäuble
(1942–)
WSchaeuble.jpg CDU 22 November 2005 28 October 2009 Merkel
(I)
Thomas de Maizière
(1954–)
OT Berlin 09-13 Thomas de Maizière.jpg CDU 28 October 2009 3 March 2011 Merkel
(II)
Hans-Peter Friedrich
(1957–)
Hans-Peter Friedrich.jpg CSU 3 March 2011 17 December 2013
Thomas de Maizière
(1954–)
OT Berlin 09-13 Thomas de Maizière.jpg CDU 17 December 2013 Incumbent Merkel
(III)

References[edit]