List of German supercentenarians

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Edelgard Huber von Gersdorff (1905–2018) was one of the oldest Germans ever recorded. At age 112 she was part of an awareness campaign for the EU's 112 emergency number.

German supercentenarians are citizens, residents or emigrants from Germany who have attained or surpassed 110 years of age. As of January 2015, the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) had validated the longevity claims of 59 German supercentenarians, including 49 residents and 10 emigrants.[1] There are currently at least 9 Germans known to be alive over age 110, including 2 emigrants. The oldest living German is Gustav Gerneth, born 15 October 1905, aged 113 years, 275 days.[2] Gerneth is also the oldest German resident ever, and currently the world's oldest living man, although his age has not yet been fully verified.[3] Augusta Holtz, an emigrant to the United States, was the oldest German citizen whose age was validated; she lived 115 years and 79 days, from 1871 to 1986.[4][5]

Oldest known Germans ever[edit]

  Deceased   Living
Unranked entries have not yet been validated by the GRG.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Place of birth Place of death or residence
01 Augusta Holtz[4] F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days Posen[a] United States
02 Charlotte Benkner[6] F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days Saxony United States
Gustav Gerneth[2] M 15 October 1905 Living 113 years, 275 days Pomerania[b] Saxony-Anhalt
03 Luzia Mohrs[7] F 23 March 1904 16 October 2017 113 years, 207 days Rhine Province Brazil
04 Adelheid Kirschbaum[6] F 29 September 1883 21 December 1996 113 years, 83 days Rhine Province United States
05 Maria Laqua[6] F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days Rhine Province Rhineland-Palatinate
Mathilde Mange[8][9] F 10 August 1906 Living 112 years, 341 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
06 Rosa Rein[10] F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days Silesia[c] Switzerland
07 Louise Schaaf[7] F 16 October 1906 Living 112 years, 274 days Baden United States
Lydia Smuda[11] F 6 November 1906 6 June 2019[12] 112 years, 212 days Rhine Province Hamburg
08 Hildegard Lange[7] F 12 January 1907 Living 112 years, 186 days East Prussia[d][13] North Rhine-Westphalia
09 Frieda Szwillus[7] F 30 March 1902 21 September 2014 112 years, 175 days Anhalt Saxony
10 Marguerite Petit[14] F 5 July 1883 21 December 1995 112 years, 171 days Lorraine[e] France
11 Berta Rosenberg[15] F 5 September 1896 28 January 2009 112 years, 145 days Hesse-Nassau United States
12 Gertrud Henze[7] F 8 December 1901 22 April 2014 112 years, 135 days Pomerania Lower Saxony
Edelgard Huber von Gersdorff[16] F 7 December 1905 9 April 2018 112 years, 123 days Reuss-Gera Baden-Württemberg
Therese Fenners[17] F 8 March 1906 23 June 2018 112 years, 107 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
Elisabeth Tränkner[18] F 11 August 1906 7 November 2018 [19] 112 years, 88 days Hesse-Nassau Baden-Württemberg
13 Meta Berndt[6] F 9 November 1889 28 December 2001 112 years, 49 days Pomerania[f] North Rhine-Westphalia
14 Johanna Klink[7] F 17 January 1903 20 February 2015 112 years, 34 days Silesia[g] Saxony
15 Irmgard von Stephani[20] F 20 September 1895 5 October 2007 112 years, 15 days Hesse-Nassau Berlin
16 Katherine Bodenbender[7] F 19 April 1905 16 April 2017 111 years, 362 days Hesse-Nassau United States
17 Lina Zimmer[6] F 20 November 1892 28 August 2004 111 years, 282 days Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
18 Hermann Dörnemann[6] M 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
19 Helen Johnson[21] F 20 July 1896 17 April 2008 111 years, 272 days Brandenburg United States
20 Charlotte Klamroth[7] F 18 August 1903 16 May 2015 111 years, 271 days Saxony Rhineland-Palatinate
21 Magdalene Regener[6] F 5 March 1891 19 November 2002 111 years, 259 days Hesse-Nassau Lower Saxony
Pauline Raißle[22][23] F 16 December 1905 29 August 2017 111 years, 256 days Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
22 Catherine Trompeter[6] F 26 March 1895 18 November 2006 111 years, 237 days Alsace[h] France
23 Elisabeth Heck[6] F 11 July 1893 3 February 2005 111 years, 207 days Baden Hesse
24 Paula Baumgärtner[24] F 16 August 1881 24 February 1993 111 years, 192 days Westphalia Baden-Württemberg
Adele Ziegenhagel[25] F 12 July 1906 10 January 2018 111 years, 182 days (unknown) Rhineland-Palatinate
25 Margarete Ottmann[7] F 23 February 1903 17 August 2014 111 years, 175 days Silesia[i] Bavaria
Ilse Beck[26] F 5 October 1906 29 March 2018 Saxony Thuringia
26 Elisabeth Schneider[7] F 19 August 1901 9 February 2013 111 years, 174 days Westphalia Lower Saxony
27 Frieda Borchert[7] F 5 January 1897 22 June 2008 111 years, 169 days Pomerania[j] Berlin
Anna Mehlberg[27] F 2 December 1906 16 May 2018 111 years, 165 days Brandenburg Berlin
28 Rosa Rose[7] F 4 December 1903 25 April 2015 111 years, 142 days Hanover Lower Saxony
29 Karolina Krüger[7] F 17 February 1885 3 July 1996 111 years, 137 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
30 Katharina Braun[28] F 23 September 1867 5 February 1979 111 years, 135 days Bavaria (Palatinate) Rhineland-Palatinate
31 Anna Stephan[6] F 25 March 1892 3 August 2003 111 years, 131 days Bohemia[k] Bavaria
32 Elsa Tauser[20] F 10 July 1896 6 October 2007 111 years, 88 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
33 Bertha Lindemann[28] F 11 March 1891 29 May 2002 111 years, 79 days Brunswick Lower Saxony
34 Johanna Frank[6] F 15 September 1875 24 November 1986 111 years, 70 days Hamburg United States
Käthe 'Katie' Logemann[29][30] F 15 December 1907 19 February 2019 111 years, 66 days Oldenburg United States
Christine Hoscheid[31] F 16 February 1907 2018 (after 16 February)[32] 111 years+ Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
35 Else Aßmann[7] F 18 February 1902 15 February 2013 110 years, 363 days Brandenburg Berlin
Agnes Meier[33] F 30 May 1907 19 May 2018 110 years, 355 days (unknown) North Rhine-Westphalia
Katharina Hagemeyer[34] F 4 August 1908 Living 110 years, 347 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
36 Carl Berner[7] M 27 January 1902 7 January 2013 110 years, 346 days Württemberg United States
37 Aloysia Tilscher[6] F 9 December 1893 8 November 2004 110 years, 335 days Moravia[l] Bavaria
Hildegard Henke[35][36] F 4 November 1905 27 September 2016 110 years, 328 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
38 Frieda Schmidt[10] F 15 December 1899 6 November 2010 110 years, 326 days Brandenburg Brandenburg
39 Berta Zeisler[10] F 2 February 1900 1 December 2010 110 years, 302 days Lorraine[e] Rhineland-Palatinate
40 Gisela Metreweli[37] F 10 October 1893 31 July 2004 110 years, 295 days Bavaria Bavaria
41 Marie Stutz[20] F 22 October 1896 11 August 2007 110 years, 293 days Hesse Bavaria
Gerhart Schneider[38] M 13 March 1908 18 December 2018 110 years, 280 days Silesia[m] North Rhine-Westphalia
42 Erna Henningsen[7] F 24 May 1889 27 February 2000 110 years, 279 days Saxony Berlin
43 Frieda Müller[6] F 18 October 1894 21 July 2005 110 years, 276 days Brandenburg Brandenburg
44 Pauline Spyra[28] F 24 April 1886 11 January 1997 110 years, 262 days Silesia[n] Bavaria
Felicitas Rau[39] F 11 December 1907 8 August 2018 110 years, 240 days Hamburg North Rhine-Westphalia
Helga Doerk[40] F 8 February 1908 2 October 2018 110 years, 237 days Carinthia, Austria North Rhine-Westphalia
45 Frieda Tessmer[21] F 5 August 1897 28 March 2008 110 years, 236 days Brandenburg Berlin
46 Clothilde Rey[6] F 20 November 1892 9 July 2003 110 years, 231 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
47 Erna Scharfenberg[6] F 26 June 1894 26 January 2005 110 years, 214 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
48 Mathilde Stoellger[41] F 21 April 1893 16 November 2003 110 years, 209 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
49 Karolina Gröber[42] F 27 April 1901 21 November 2011 110 years, 208 days Bavaria Bavaria
50 Friedrich Wedeking[28] M 10 October 1862 5 May 1973 110 years, 207 days Lippe North Rhine-Westphalia
51 Maria Corba[6] F 15 August 1878 8 March 1989 110 years, 205 days Banat[o] North Rhine-Westphalia
52 Charlotte Bauch[42] F 12 October 1900 2 May 2011 110 years, 202 days Saxony Bavaria
53 Arno Wagner[6] M 4 June 1894 22 December 2004 110 years, 201 days Saxony Saxony
54 Caroline Dott[10] F 5 February 1900 8 August 2010 110 years, 184 days Alsace[h] France
Marie Freund[43] F 25 September 1885 13 March 1996[44] 110 years, 170 days East Prussia[p] Brandenburg
55 Franziska Umrath[45] F 5 September 1885 18 February 1996 110 years, 166 days West Prussia[q] Hamburg
56 Maria Volmer[7] F 8 June 1890 6 November 2000 110 years, 151 days Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia
Johanne Rasmus[20] F 25 October 1896 25 March 2007 Hanover Lower Saxony
58 Helene Heidbreder[20] F 19 May 1897 8 October 2007 110 years, 142 days Westphalia Lower Saxony
Maria Jantke[7] F 18 October 1902 9 March 2013 Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia
60 Emma Joisten[21] F 21 June 1898 8 November 2008 110 years, 140 days Hesse-Nassau North Rhine-Westphalia
61 Johanne Wilks[28] F 8 February 1893 23 June 2003 110 years, 135 days Oldenburg Lower Saxony
62 Else Hessberg[41] F 5 December 1892 12 April 2003 110 years, 128 days Hesse-Nassau United States
63 Ella Ille Rentel[46] F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days Russia[r] North Rhine-Westphalia
Lina von Veh[21] F 17 February 1898 19 June 2008 Russia[s] Bavaria
Theresia Guglberger[47] F 26 August 1908 25 December 2018 110 years, 121 days (unknown) (unknown)
Christine Steinhauer[48] F 12 August 1908 2 December 2018 110 years, 112 days [49] (unknown) North Rhine-Westphalia
Ruth Weyl F 6 November 1908 23 February 2019[50] 110 years, 109 days Silesia[t] United States
65 John Mauch[6] M 24 December 1888 7 March 1999 110 years, 73 days Württemberg United States
Martin Eichel[51] M 13 July 1907 18 September 2017 110 years, 67 days (unknown) Hesse
66 Maria Schmitz[6] F 27 August 1886 22 October 1996 110 years, 56 days Rhine Province North Rhine-Westphalia
67 Wilhelm Schorner[28] M 3 February 1889 29 March 1999 110 years, 54 days Bavaria Bavaria
68 Giovanna Meyer-Zettel[6] F 6 December 1896 12 January 2007 110 years, 37 days Alsace[h] Italy
69 Wilhelmine Gnueg[37] F 12 March 1894 17 April 2004 110 years, 36 days Hesse-Nassau United States
Else Giesecke[52] F 23 February 1908 27 March 2018[53] 110 years, 33 days (unknown) Lower Saxony
70 Franziska Maier[21] F 23 April 1898 20 May 2008 110 years, 27 days Bohemia[k] Saxony-Anhalt
71 Mathilde Bonzo-Wrede[6] F 29 May 1890 8 June 2000 110 years, 10 days Westphalia Switzerland
72 Irene Mergelsberg[6] F 4 March 1893 6 March 2003 110 years, 2 days Hesse Hesse
  1. ^ Holtz was born in Czarnikau, then in the German Empire, now Czarnków in Poland.
  2. ^ Gerneth was born in Stettin, then in the German Empire, now Szczecin in Poland.
  3. ^ Rein was born in Myslowitz, then in the German Empire, now Mysłowice in Poland.
  4. ^ Lange was born in Wehlau, then in the German Empire, now Znamensk in Russia.
  5. ^ a b Petit and Zeisler were born in Lorraine, then part of the German Empire, now in France.
  6. ^ Berndt was born in Kaffzig, then in the German Empire, now Kawcze in Poland.
  7. ^ Klink was born in Siemianowitz, then in the German Empire, now Siemianowice in Poland.
  8. ^ a b c Trompeter, Dott and Meyer-Zettel were born in Alsace, then part of the German Empire, now in France.
  9. ^ Ottmann was born in Bauerwitz, then in the German Empire, now Baborów in Poland.
  10. ^ Borchert was born in Gusscht, then in the German Empire, now in Poland.
  11. ^ a b Stephan and Maier were born in Bohemia, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in the Czech Republic.
  12. ^ Tilscher was born in Moravia, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in the Czech Republic.
  13. ^ Schneider was born in Habelschwerdt, then in the German Empire, now Bystrzyca Kłodzka in Poland.
  14. ^ Spyra was born in Wendzin, then in the German Empire, now Wędzina in Poland.
  15. ^ Corba was born in Izgar, then in Austria-Hungary, now in Romania.
  16. ^ Freund was born in Königsberg, then in the German Empire, now Kaliningrad in Russia.
  17. ^ Umrath was born in Danzig, then in the German Empire, now Gdańsk in Poland.
  18. ^ Rentel was born in Geldauschinken, then in the Russian Empire, now in Lithuania.
  19. ^ von Veh was born in the Russian Empire, now Russia.
  20. ^ Weyl was born in Breslau, then in the German Empire, now Wrocław in Poland.

Biographies[edit]

Friedrich Wedeking[edit]

Karl Friedrich Wedeking (10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973) was the first German-born person to reach age 110 (as Ella Ille Rentel, who was the first German supercentenarian, was born in Lithuania) and when he died aged 110 years, 207 days, was also the world's oldest living man. He was born in Blomberg and died in Dortmund. He was one of the founding members of the gliders club, which was started in 1931 and is still active in Blomberg today.[54]

Wedeking was succeeded as world's oldest living man by Frederick Butterfield.[55]

Maria Laqua[edit]

Maria Laqua (12 February 1889 – 9 February 2002) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person ever in Germany (as German-born Augusta Holtz lived in the United States) when she died aged 112 years, 362 days, though until 12 October 2018 when her age was surpassed by Gustav Gerneth.

Maria Laqua was born in 1889 in Rheydt-Odenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, as one of 13 children. She worked as a housemaid, married and gave birth to two children in the 1920s. Her husband Charles died in 1958. Both of their sons died in the Second World War. Laqua lived for 35 years in a retirement home in Bad Hönningen, Rhineland-Palatinate and died in her sleep on 9 February 2002, just three days before her 113th birthday. She was only survived by a great-niece who attended her regularly. It was reported that Laqua was in need of care, bedridden and inaccessible during her last years. Nevertheless there were also good days when she had a flash and spoke.[56]

Hermann Dörnemann[edit]

Hermann Dörnemann (27 May 1893 – 2 March 2005) was a German supercentenarian who, at the time of his death, was the oldest living person in Germany since the death of 111-year-old Lina Zimmer on 28 August 2004 and the oldest living man in Europe since the death of 114-year-old Spaniard Joan Riudavets on 5 March 2004. He was believed to have become the world's oldest living man upon the death of 113-year-old American man Fred H. Hale Sr. on 19 November 2004[57] but later Puerto Rican man Emiliano Mercado del Toro, who died aged 115 in January 2007, was confirmed to be almost two years older than Dörnemann.

Dörnemann credited his longevity to "drinking a beer a day".[58][59] He died of pneumonia in Düsseldorf on 2 March 2005 aged 111 years, 279 days and was the oldest German man ever before being surpassed by Gustav Gerneth on 22 July 2017 (however, Gerneth is still not verified).

Elisabeth Schneider[edit]

Elisabeth Schneider (19 August 1901 – 9 February 2013) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest living person in Germany from the death of Karolina Gröber on 21 November 2011 until her own death on 9 February 2013 at the age of 111 years and 174 days. She was born in Bad Oeynhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in 1901 and had two sisters. She married in 1923 and gave birth to a daughter two years later. Schneider lived on her own until the age of 97. At her 111th birthday she was asked for the secret of her longevity as the oldest living German supercentenarian and replied laughing that others just would have given up gasping for breath. On 9 February 2013, she died in a retirement home in Varel, Lower Saxony. Schneider was outlived by her daughter, two grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.[60][61]

Gertrud Henze[edit]

Gertrud Henze (8 December 1901 – 22 April 2014) was a German supercentenarian who had been the oldest living person in Germany from the death of Elisabeth Schneider on 9 February 2013 until her death on 22 April 2014. The former librarian was born on Rügen and never got married or gave birth to a child. She was still in good condition and lived in a retirement home in Göttingen since 1993 where she was well-liked by many residents for her open and life-affirming attitude. Henze traced her longevity to reading a lot, having lively contact with other people, enjoying sometimes a cigarette and a glass of wine and never marry. She celebrated her 112th birthday only with some friends and relatives because the public interest in consequence of her birthday the year before was too exhausting. She enjoyed reading, even with the help of a magnifying glass. Notwithstanding her physical limitations, Henze was able to walk with the help of a walking frame to meet acquaintances and friends for a chat. Henze died on 22 April 2014 at the age of 112 years and 135 days. She bequeathed her body for genetic research to science.[62][63][64]

Frieda Szwillus[edit]

Frieda Szwillus (née Hennig; 30 March 1902 – 21 September 2014[65]) was a German supercentenarian who had been Germany's oldest living person from 22 April 2014 until her death 5 months later, aged 112 years, 175 days. Frieda Hennig was born in Dessau in 1902 (now in Saxony-Anhalt) and had six siblings. In 1908, aged six; she and her family moved to Erla. Szwillus was married twice, raised one biological child and three stepchildren, and outlived all four of them.

In late-2011, Szwillus was bedridden for some weeks but recovered. Until her later years, she was living at home in Raschau with her family and she needed no medicine. Mrs. Szwillus was in good physical condition, but suffered from dementia. Szwillus’s family attributed her longevity to having a lively family life. She often visited her siblings but never went on holiday. Furthermore, Szwillus was only physically active during her youth. She also enjoyed knitting and embroidering. She died on 21 September 2014 at the age of 112 years and 175 days.[66][67][68]

Gustav Gerneth[edit]

Gustav Gerneth (born 15 October 1905) is, at age 113 years, 275 days, the world's oldest living man since the death of Japanese Masazō Nonaka on 19 January 2019.[a][69][70][71] Gerneth was born in Stettin, German Empire (now Szczecin, Poland).[72] He worked in a shipping company and at a gas plant. During World War II, he was a mechanic with the German air force (Luftwaffe ).[citation needed] He married Charlotte Grubert in 1930 and the couple had three sons; she died in 1988.

Gerneth has lived in Havelberg in Saxony-Anhalt for over forty years, and continues to do so on his own, with family members caring for his household.[72][73] According to a statement by his granddaughter on his 113th birthday, he still has a lucid mind, watching football, solving crosswords and doing mental arithmetic.[74] Asked for the reason of his long life, he said: "I have always been living and eating well. No diet. Always butter, never margarine. I have not touched any cigarette all my life and I drank alcohol only at celebrations."[75]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Masazō Nonaka died on 20 January 2019 at 1:30am (JST). However, in Germany where Gerneth lives, the date was still 19 January 2019.

References[edit]

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