List of German supercentenarians

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This is a list of German supercentenarians (people from Germany who have attained the age of at least 110 years). Until now there have been 52 verified supercentenarians from Germany.[1] The oldest person ever from Germany is Augusta Holtz, who died in the USA in 1986 aged 115 years 79 days. The oldest person ever to be born and die in Germany was Maria Laqua who died aged 112 years and 362 days. As of 15 August 2018, there are eight living supercentenarians in Germany.

Living German supercentenarians[edit]

There are currently eight reported living German supercentenarians.

No. Name Sex Birth date Age as of 15 August 2018 State of birth State of residence
1 Gustav Gerneth[2] M 15 October 1905 112 years, 304 days Prussia (Pomerania) Saxony-Anhalt
2 Mathilde Mange[3] F 10 August 1906 112 years, 5 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
3 Elisabeth Tränkner[4][5] F 11 August 1906 112 years, 4 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Baden-Württemberg
4 Lydia Smuda[6][7] F 6 November 1906 111 years, 282 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Hamburg
5 Hildegard Lange[8] F 12 January 1907 111 years, 215 days (unknown) North Rhine-Westphalia
6 Christine Hoscheid[9] F 16 February 1907 111 years, 180 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
7 Elisabeth Roß[10] F 23 September 1907 110 years, 326 days Prussia (Berlin) Hesse
8 Felicitas Rau[11] F 11 December 1907 110 years, 247 days Hamburg North Rhine-Westphalia

Living German emigrant supercentenarians[edit]

There are currently two living German emigrant supercentenarians.

No. Name Sex Birth date Age as of 15 August 2018 State of birth Country of residence
1 Louise Schaaf[12][13] F 16 October 1906 111 years, 303 days Baden United States
2 Katie Logemann[14] F 15 December 1907 110 years, 243 days Lower Saxony United States

German supercentenarians[edit]

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of 15 August 2018

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age State or Country of birth State of death or residence
1 Maria Laqua[15] F 12 February 1889 9 February 2002 112 years, 362 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Rhineland-Palatinate
Gustav Gerneth[2] M 15 October 1905 Living 112 years, 304 days Prussia (Pomerania)[a] Living in Saxony-Anhalt
2 Frieda Szwillus[1] F 30 March 1902 21 September 2014 112 years, 175 days Anhalt Saxony
3 Gertrud Henze[1] F 8 December 1901 22 April 2014 112 years, 135 days Prussia (Pomerania) Lower Saxony
Edelgard Huber von Gersdorff[16] F 7 December 1905 9 April 2018 112 years, 123 days Reuss-Gera Baden-Württemberg
Therese Fenners[17] F 8 March 1906 23 June 2018 112 years, 107 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
4 Meta Berndt[15] F 9 November 1889 28 December 2001 112 years, 49 days Prussia (Pomerania)[b] North Rhine-Westphalia
5 Johanna Klink[1] F 17 January 1903 20 February 2015 112 years, 34 days Prussia (Silesia)[c] Saxony
6 Irmgard von Stephani[18] F 20 September 1895 5 October 2007 112 years, 15 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Berlin
Mathilde Mange[19] F 10 August 1906 Living 112 years, 5 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Living in North Rhine-Westphalia
Elisabeth Tränkner[20] F 11 August 1906 Living 112 years, 4 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Living in Baden-Württemberg
Lydia Smuda[6][7] F 6 November 1906 Living 111 years, 282 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Living in Hamburg
7 Lina Zimmer[15] F 20 November 1892 28 August 2004 111 years, 282 days Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
8 Hermann Dörnemann[15] M 27 May 1893 2 March 2005 111 years, 279 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
9 Charlotte Klamroth[1] F 18 August 1903 16 May 2015 111 years, 271 days Prussia (Saxony) Rhineland-Palatinate
10 Magdalene Regener[15] F 5 March 1891 19 November 2002 111 years, 259 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) Lower Saxony
Pauline Raißle[21][22] F 16 December 1905 29 August 2017 111 years, 256 days Württemberg Baden-Württemberg
Hildegard Lange[8] F 12 January 1907 Living 111 years, 215 days (unknown) Living in North Rhine-Westphalia
11 Elisabeth Heck[15] F 11 July 1893 3 February 2005 111 years, 207 days Baden Hesse
12 Paula Baumgärtner[23] F 16 August 1881 24 February 1993 111 years, 192 days Prussia (Westphalia) Baden-Württemberg
Adele Ziegenhagel[24] F 12 July 1906 10 January 2018 111 years, 182 days (unknown) Rhineland-Palatinate
Christine Hoscheid[9] F 16 February 1907 Living 111 years, 180 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Living in North Rhine-Westphalia
13 Margarete Ottmann[1] F 23 February 1903 17 August 2014 111 years, 175 days Prussia (Silesia)[d] Bavaria
Ilse Beck[25][better source needed] F 5 October 1906 29 March 2018 111 years, 175 days Saxony Thuringia
14 Elisabeth Schneider[1] F 19 August 1901 9 February 2013 111 years, 174 days Prussia (Westphalia) Lower Saxony
15 Frieda Borchert[1] F 5 January 1897 22 June 2008 111 years, 169 days Prussia (Pomerania)[e] Berlin
Anna Mehlberg[26] F 2 December 1906 16 May 2018 111 years, 165 days Prussia (Berlin) Berlin
16 Rosa Rose[1] F 4 December 1903 25 April 2015 111 years, 142 days Prussia (Hanover) Lower Saxony
17 Karolina Krüger[1] F 17 February 1885 3 July 1996 111 years, 137 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
18 Katharina Braun[27] F 23 September 1867 5 February 1979 111 years, 135 days Bavaria (Palatinate) Rhineland-Palatinate
19 Anna Stephan[15] F 25 March 1892 3 August 2003 111 years, 131 days Bohemia[f] Bavaria
20 Elsa Tauser[18] F 10 July 1896 6 October 2007 111 years, 88 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
21 Bertha Lindemann[27] F 11 March 1891 29 May 2002 111 years, 79 days Brunswick Lower Saxony
22 Else Aßmann[1] F 18 February 1902 15 February 2013 110 years, 363 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Berlin
Agnes Meier[28] F 30 May 1907 19 May 2018 110 years, 355 days (unknown) North Rhine-Westphalia
23 Aloysia Tilscher[15] F 9 December 1893 8 November 2004 110 years, 335 days Moravia[g] Bavaria
Elisabeth Roß[10] F 23 September 1907 Living 110 years, 326 days Prussia (Berlin) Living in Hesse
24 Frieda Schmidt[29] F 15 December 1899 6 November 2010 110 years, 326 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Brandenburg
25 Berta Zeisler[29] F 2 February 1900 1 December 2010 110 years, 302 days Lorraine[h] Rhineland-Palatinate
26 Gisela Metreweli[30] F 10 October 1893 31 July 2004 110 years, 295 days Bavaria Bavaria
27 Marie Stutz[18] F 22 October 1896 11 August 2007 110 years, 293 days Hesse Bavaria
28 Erna Henningsen[1] F 24 May 1889 27 February 2000 110 years, 279 days Prussia (Saxony) Berlin
29 Frieda Müller[15] F 18 October 1894 21 July 2005 110 years, 276 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Brandenburg
30 Pauline Spyra[27] F 24 April 1886 11 January 1997 110 years, 262 days Prussia (Silesia)[i] Bavaria
Felicitas Rau[11] F 11 December 1907 Living 110 years, 247 days Hamburg Living in North Rhine-Westphalia
31 Frieda Tessmer[31] F 5 August 1897 28 March 2008 110 years, 236 days Prussia (Brandenburg) Berlin
32 Clothilde Rey[15] F 20 November 1892 9 July 2003 110 years, 231 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
33 Erna Scharfenberg[15] F 26 June 1894 26 January 2005 110 years, 214 days Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein
34 Mathilde Stoellger[32] F 21 April 1893 16 November 2003 110 years, 209 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
35 Karolina Gröber[33] F 27 April 1901 21 November 2011 110 years, 208 days Bavaria Bavaria
36 Friedrich Wedeking[27] M 10 October 1862 5 May 1973 110 years, 207 days Lippe North Rhine-Westphalia
37 Maria Corba[15] F 15 August 1878 8 March 1989 110 years, 205 days Banat[j] North Rhine-Westphalia
38 Charlotte Bauch[33] F 12 October 1900 2 May 2011 110 years, 202 days Saxony Bavaria
39 Arno Wagner[15] M 4 June 1894 22 December 2004 110 years, 201 days Saxony Saxony
40 Franziska Umrath[34] F 5 September 1885 18 February 1996 110 years, 166 days Prussia (West Prussia)[k] Hamburg
41 Johanne Rasmus[18] F 25 October 1896 25 March 2007 110 years, 151 days Prussia (Hanover) Lower Saxony
Maria Volmer[1] F 8 June 1890 6 November 2000 110 years, 151 days Prussia (Westphalia) North Rhine-Westphalia
43 Helene Heidbreder[18] F 19 May 1897 8 October 2007 110 years, 142 days Prussia (Westphalia) Lower Saxony
Maria Jantke[1] F 18 October 1902 9 March 2013 110 years, 142 days Prussia (Westphalia) North Rhine-Westphalia
45 Emma Joisten[31] F 21 June 1898 8 November 2008 110 years, 140 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) North Rhine-Westphalia
46 Johanne Wilks[27] F 8 February 1893 23 June 2003 110 years, 135 days Oldenburg Lower Saxony
47 Ella Ille Rentel[35] F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days Russia[l] North Rhine-Westphalia
Lina von Veh[31] F 17 February 1898 19 June 2008 110 years, 123 days Russia[m] Bavaria
Martin Eichel[36] M 13 July 1907 18 September 2017 110 years, 67 days (unknown) Hesse
49 Maria Schmitz[15] F 27 August 1886 22 October 1996 110 years, 56 days Prussia (Rhine Province) North Rhine-Westphalia
50 Wilhelm Schorner[27] M 3 February 1889 29 March 1999 110 years, 54 days Bavaria Bavaria
Else Giesecke[37] F 23 February 1908 27 March 2018[38] 110 years, 33 days (unknown) Lower Saxony
51 Franziska Maier[31] F 23 April 1898 20 May 2008 110 years, 27 days Bohemia[n] Saxony-Anhalt
52 Irene Mergelsberg[15] F 4 March 1893 6 March 2003 110 years, 2 days Hesse Hesse
  1. ^ Gerneth was born in Stettin, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now Szczecin and located in Poland.
  2. ^ Berndt was born in Kaffzig, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now Kawcze and located in Poland.
  3. ^ Klink was born in Siemianowitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Siemianowice Śląskie in Poland.
  4. ^ Ottmann was born in Bauerwitz, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Baborów in Poland.
  5. ^ Borchert was born in Gusscht, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is now located in Poland.
  6. ^ Stephan was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
  7. ^ Tilscher was born in Moravia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.
  8. ^ Zeisler was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
  9. ^ Spyra was born in Wendzin, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now Wędzina in Poland.
  10. ^ Corba was born in Izgar, which was then part of the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.
  11. ^ Umrath was born in Danzig, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Gdańsk and located in Poland.
  12. ^ Rentel was born in Geldauschinken, which was then part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Lithuania.
  13. ^ von Veh was born in a part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Russia.
  14. ^ Maier was born in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in the Czech Republic.

German emigrant supercentenarians[edit]

  Deceased   Living
^ denotes age at death, or, if living, age as of 15 August 2018

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age State of birth Country of death or residence
1 Augusta Holtz[39] F 3 August 1871 21 October 1986 115 years, 79 days Prussia (Posen)[a] United States
2 Charlotte Benkner[15] F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days Saxony United States
3 Luzia Mohrs[1] F 23 March 1904 16 October 2017 113 years, 207 days Prussia (Rhine Province) Brazil
4 Adelheid Kirschbaum[15] F 29 September 1883 21 December 1996 113 years, 83 days Prussia (Rhine Province) United States
5 Rosa Rein[29] F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days Prussia (Silesia)[b] Switzerland
6 Marguerite Petit[40] F 5 July 1883 21 December 1995 112 years, 171 days Lorraine[c] France
7 Berta Rosenberg[41] F 5 September 1896 28 January 2009 112 years, 145 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
8 Katherine Bodenbender[1] F 19 April 1905 16 April 2017 111 years, 362 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
Louise Schaaf[12][13] F 16 October 1906 Living 111 years, 303 days Baden Living in the United States
9 Helen Johnson[31] F 20 July 1896 17 April 2008 111 years, 272 days Prussia (Berlin) United States
10 Catherine Trompeter[15] F 26 March 1895 18 November 2006 111 years, 237 days Alsace[d] France
11 Johanna Frank[15] F 15 September 1875 24 November 1986 111 years, 70 days Hamburg United States
12 Carl Berner[1] M 27 January 1902 7 January 2013 110 years, 346 days Württemberg United States
Katie Logemann[14] F 15 December 1907 Living 110 years, 243 days Lower Saxony Living in the United States
13 Caroline Dott[29] F 5 February 1900 8 August 2010 110 years, 184 days Alsace[e] France
14 Else Hessberg[32] F 5 December 1892 12 April 2003 110 years, 128 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
15 John Mauch[15] M 24 December 1888 7 March 1999 110 years, 73 days Württemberg United States
16 Giovanna Meyer-Zettel[15] F 6 December 1896 12 January 2007 110 years, 37 days Alsace[f] Italy
17 Wilhelmine Gnueg[30] F 12 March 1894 17 April 2004 110 years, 36 days Prussia (Hesse-Nassau) United States
18 Mathilde Bonzo-Wrede[15] F 29 May 1890 8 June 2000 110 years, 10 days Prussia (Westphalia) Switzerland

People[edit]

Friedrich Wedeking[edit]

Karl Friedrich Wedeking (10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973) was one of the first German supercentenarians. He was born in Blomberg and died in Dortmund. He was one of the founding members of the gliders club, which was started in 1931 and is still active in Blomberg today.[42]

He was the oldest living man from an unknown period of time prior to Wedeking's death at age 110 years, 207 days. Wedeking was succeeded as world's oldest living man by Frederick Butterfield.[43]

Maria Laqua[edit]

Maria Laqua (12 February 1889 – 9 February 2002) was a German supercentenarian who is the oldest person ever to be born and die in Germany.

Maria Laqua was born in 1889 in Rheydt-Odenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, as one of 13 children. She worked as housemaid, married and gave birth to two children in the 1920s. Her husband Charles died in 1958. Their both sons fell in the Second World War. Laqua lived for 35 years in a retirement home in Bad Hönningen, Rhineland-Palatinate and died in her sleep, three days before her 113th birthday. She was only survived by a great-niece who attended her regularly. It was reported that Laqua was in need of care, bedridden and inaccessible during her last years. Nevertheless there were also good days when she had a flash and spoke.[44]

Elisabeth Schneider[edit]

Elisabeth Schneider (19 August 1901 – 9 February 2013) was a German supercentenarian who was the oldest person in Germany from the death of Karolina Gröber on November 21, 2011 until her own death on 9 February 2013 at the age of 111 years and 174 days. She was born in Bad Oeynhausen, North Rhine-Westphalia, in 1901 and had two sisters. She married in 1923 and gave birth to a daughter two years later. Schneider lived on her own until the age of 97. At her 111th birthday she was asked for the secret of her longevity as the oldest living German supercentenarian and replied laughing that others just would have given up gasping for breath. On 9 February 2013, she died in a retirement home in Varel, Lower Saxony. Schneider was outlived by her daughter, two grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.[45][46]

Gertrud Henze[edit]

Gertrud Henze (8 December 1901 – 22 April 2014) was a German supercentenarian who had been the oldest living person in Germany from the death of Elisabeth Schneider on 9 February 2013 until her death on 22 April 2014. The former librarian was born on Rügen and never got married or gave birth to a child. She was still in good condition and lived in a retirement home in Göttingen since 1993 where she was well-liked by many residents for her open and life-affirming attitude. Henze traced her longevity to reading a lot, having lively contact with other people, enjoying sometimes a cigarette and a glass of wine and never marry. She celebrated her 112th birthday only with some friends and relatives because the public interest in consequence of her birthday the year before was too exhausting. She enjoyed reading, even with the help of a magnifying glass. Nevertheless of physical limitations Henze was able to walk with the help of a walking frame to meet acquaintances and friends for having a chat. Henze died on 22 April 2014 at the age of 112 years and 135 days. She bequeath her body for genetic research to science.[47][48][49]

Frieda Szwillus[edit]

Frieda Szwillus (née Hennig; 30 March 1902 – 21 September 2014[50]) was a German supercentenarian who had been Germany's oldest living person from 22 April 2014 until her death 5 months later, aged 112 years, 175 days. In 1902 she was born in Dessau, today in Saxony-Anhalt, as Frieda Hennig and had six siblings. In 1908 she and her family moved to Erla. Szwillus was married two times, raised one biological and three step-children and outlived all of them.

At the end of 2011 Szwillus was bedridden for some weeks but recovered. Until her later years, she was living at home in Raschau with her family and she needed no medicine. Mrs. Szwillus was in a good physical but not mental condition in consequence of suffering from dementia. Szwillus’ family traced her longevity to having a lively family life. She often visited her siblings but never went on vacation. Furthermore Szwillus was only physically active during her youth. She also enjoyed knitting and embroidering. She died on 21 September 2014 at age 112 years and 175 days.[51][52][53]

Gustav Gerneth[edit]

Gustav Gerneth (born 15 October 1905) is, at age 112 years, 304 days, currently the oldest living person in Germany.[54] He was born in 1905 in Stettin, which was then part of the German Empire and is now in Poland as Szczecin.[2] He worked in a shipping company and at a gas plant. In the Second World War he was a mechanic with the Luftwaffe.[54] He married his wife Charlotte (died in 1988) in 1930 and the couple had three sons. The death of Luzia Mohrs, who was born on 23 March 1904 in Germany and emigrated to Brazil[55] on 16 October 2017[1], meant that Gerneth became the oldest German person just one day after his 112th birthday. He currently lives in Saxony-Anhalt in the same brick house with steep entrance stairs where he has lived for over 40 years.[2][56]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Holtz was born in Czarnikau, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Czarnków and located in Poland.
  2. ^ Rein was born in Myslowitz, which was then part of the German Empire; it is now Mysłowice and located in Poland.
  3. ^ Petit was born in Lorraine, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
  4. ^ Trompeter was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
  5. ^ Dott was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.
  6. ^ Meyer-Zettel was born in Alsace, which was then part of the German Empire. It is now in France.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Validated living supercentenarians The Gerontology Research Group lists persons as living whose age has been validated and confirmed to be alive within the past year.
  2. ^ a b c d "Deutschlands wohl ältester Mann feiert 112. Geburtstag". wn.de.  15 October 2017 Retrieved 15 October 2017
  3. ^ Spruck, Matthias. "Die älteste Sprockhövelerin wurde zu Kaisers Zeiten geboren" (in German). Retrieved 2018-02-23. 
  4. ^ Von Ursula Kuttler-Merz (2016-08-11). "Elisabeth Tränkner feiert heute ihren 110. Geburtstag" (in German). Schwäbisches Tagblatt. Retrieved 2016-08-13. 
  5. ^ Ursula Kuttler-Merz (2017-08-11). "Elisabeth Heimweh nach der Grünau" (in German). Schwäbisches Tagblatt. Retrieved 2017-09-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Älteste Hamburgerin feiert 110. Geburtstag" (in German). 2016-11-06. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Jahrgang 1906" (in German). 2015-11-06. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
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  10. ^ a b KG, VRM GmbH & Co. "Elisabeth Roß feiert im Wiesbadener Hildastift ihren 110. Geburtstag". 
  11. ^ a b ONLINE, RP. "Düsseldorf: Düsseldorfs älteste Bürgerin wird 110 Jahre alt". RP ONLINE. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  12. ^ a b "Kelterner Auswanderin zählt zu ältesten Menschen der Welt". October 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "Chicago woman celebrates 110th birthday". October 17, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Gilbert, Lori. "Finally a tame birthday celebration". recordnet.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018. 
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  16. ^ GmbH, Südwest Presse Online-Dienste (7 December 2017). "Senioren: Geistig fit mit 112: Die älteste Deutsche ist eine Karlsruherin". swp.de. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  17. ^ "Therese Fenners feiert 110. Geburtstag". 8 March 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "2007 Deaths, as of September 24, 2014". www.grg.org. 
  19. ^ Hansmann, Rolf. "Deutschlands älteste Frau wird 112: „Nicht aufgeben, was immer kommt"". 
  20. ^ "Die Zeitung als Hörrohr: Heute wird die Rottenburgerin Elisabeth Tränkner 112 Jahre alt". 
  21. ^ "Im Herzen und Kopf jung geblieben". 17 December 2014. 
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  24. ^ "Screenshot: ⁨660962_3178417.pdf - Adfele-Ziegenhagel-Traueranzeige-bb5e2295-b46f-4a84-b5ca-2627276c59be.pdf⁩". screenshots.firefox.com. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  25. ^ de:Diskussion:Liste der ältesten Menschen#Ilse Beck
  26. ^ "Anna Medwenitsch feiert 111. Geburtstag" (in German). Retrieved 2018-03-18. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f "Table B, as of March 21, 2012". grg.org. 
  28. ^ "Gedenkseite von Agnes Meier". www.wirtrauern.de. 
  29. ^ a b c d "2010 Deaths, as of September 18, 2014". www.grg.org. 
  30. ^ a b "2004 Deaths, as of July 13, 2014". www.grg.org. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "GRG Deaths in 2008". Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. 
  32. ^ a b "2003 Deaths, as of April 21, 2014". www.grg.org. 
  33. ^ a b "2011 Deaths, as of November 17, 2014". www.grg.org. 
  34. ^ "1996 Deaths as of January 1, 2015". grg.org. 
  35. ^ "World's Oldest Person Titleholders since 1955". 
  36. ^ "Zweitältester Deutscher aus Kassel ist tot". 28 September 2017. 
  37. ^ Redaktion, Goslarsche Zeitung, GZ, GZ live,. "Else Giesecke ist mit 110 Jahren gestorben - GZ Live". 
  38. ^ Germany, Wolfenbütteler Zeitung, Wolfenbüttel,. "Mit 110 Jahren - älteste Niedersächsin stirbt in Goslar". 
  39. ^ "GRG Table C (2012) - World's Oldest Person Titleholders (since 1955)". GRG. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  40. ^ "Verified Supercentenarian France - Chronology". GRG. 2 May 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  41. ^ "2009 Deaths as of May 18, 2014". www.grg.org. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  42. ^ "Einen guten Rotwein bis zum letzten Tag". www.kreis.aw-online.de. 
  43. ^ "Table M - World's Oldest Men (WOM) Titleholders Since 1973". grg.org. Retrieved 2015-10-07. 
  44. ^ "Älteste Frau Deutschlands gestorben". 12 February 2002. 
  45. ^ "Varelerin hat mit 110 Jahren stets ein Gedicht parat". 19 August 2012. 
  46. ^ "Älteste Einwohnerin mit 111 Jahren gestorben". 11 March 2013. 
  47. ^ "Gertrud Henze feiert 111. Geburtstag". 7 December 2012. 
  48. ^ "Sonntag wird sie 112: Göttingerin Gertrud Henze ist die älteste Deutsche". 7 December 2013. 
  49. ^ "Gertrud Henze war wohl älteste Deutsche". 22 April 2014. 
  50. ^ "Älteste Frau Deutschlands tot: Erzgebirgerin wurde 112 Jahre alt". 24 September 2014. 
  51. ^ "Oma Frieda braucht ihren Trubel". 30 March 2011. 
  52. ^ "Sachsens ältester Mensch wird heute 110 Jahre alt". 30 March 2012. 
  53. ^ "Sachsens älteste Bürgerin wird morgen 112 Jahre alt". 29 March 2014. 
  54. ^ a b Conrad, Annett (2014-11-28). "Gustav Gerneth aus Havelberg ist der älteste Deutsche". bild.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-02-09. 
  55. ^ "111 years of life and 87 years of Consecrated Religious Life -- Blog Archive -- Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame". snd1.org. 
  56. ^ Schröder, Andrea. "Herr Gerneth steht mit 109 noch am Herd". www.volksstimme.de.