List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Trinidad and Tobago

This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.

From 1962 to 1976 the head of state under the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 was the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Trinidad and Tobago by a Governor-General. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic under the Constitution of 1976 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1962–1976)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Monarch
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG 31 August 1962 1 August 1976 Windsor Williams

Governor-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Trinidad and Tobago and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Trinidad and Tobago without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister
Took office Left office
1 Sir Solomon Hochoy
(1905–1983)
Sir Solomon Hochoy.jpg 31 August 1962 15 September 1972 Elizabeth II Williams
2 Sir Ellis Clarke
(1917–2010)
Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg 15 September 1972 1 August 1976 Elizabeth II Williams

President of Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Under the 1976 Constitution, the constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes President of the Senate acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Ellis Clarke
(1917–2010)
Sir Ellis Clarke.jpg 1 August 1976 28 January 1977 People's National Movement Williams
Chambers
Robinson
28 January 1977 13 March 1987
Michael J. Williams
(1929–)
No image.png 13 March 1987 18 March 1987 National Alliance for Reconstruction Robinson
2 Noor Hassanali
(1918–2006)
No image.png 18 March 1987 17 March 1997 Independent Robinson
Manning
Panaday
3 A. N. R. Robinson
(1926–2014)
Sampson Nanton and former President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago,Arthur NR Robinson.jpg 17 March 1997 18 March 2003 National Alliance for Reconstruction Panday
Manning
4 George Maxwell Richards
(1931–)
Professor George Maxwell Richards 1.jpg 18 March 2003 18 March 2013 People's National Movement Manning
Persad-Bissessar
5 Anthony Carmona
(1953–)
Anthony Carmona.jpg 18 March 2013 Independent Persad-Bissessar
Rowley

Standards[edit]

Living former heads of state[edit]

There are two living former Trinidadian Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II 1962–1976 Queen of Trinidad and Tobabgo (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 90)
Professor George Maxwell Richards 1.jpg George Maxwell Richards 2003–2013 President of Triniad and Tobago (1931-12-01) 1 December 1931 (age 85)
No image.png Michael J. Williams 1987 Acting President (1929-10-16) 16 October 1929 (age 87)

External links[edit]