List of Governors General of Canada

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The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. Though the present-day office of the Governor General of Canada is legislatively covered under the Constitution Act, 1867, and legally constituted by the Letters Patent, 1947, the institution is the oldest continuous and uniquely Canadian institution in Canada, having existed in an unbroken line since the appointment of Samuel de Champlain in 1627.[1]

Viceroys of Canada, 1541–1627[edit]

CoA France moderne.svg Viceroys representing the monarchs of France
# Name Image Viceroy from Viceroy until
Under Francis I (1541–1547)
1 Jean-François de la Roque[2][3] Jean-François de la Roque de Roberval.jpg 1541 1543
Under Henry III (1574–1589)
2 Troillus des Mesgoüets[2][4] Can GG NoPic.svg 1578 ?
Under Henry IV (1589–1610)
2 Troillus des Mesgoüets[2][4] Can GG NoPic.svg 1598 ?
3 Aymar de Chaste Can GG NoPic.svg 1602 1603
Under Louis XIII (1610-1627)
4 Henri, Prince of Condé[5] Henri Prince of Conde Moncornet.jpg 1614 1619
5 Henri II de Montmorency[6] Henri II Duke of Montmorency 1595 1632.jpg 1619 1625
6 Henri de Lévis de Ventadour[7] Can GG NoPic.svg 1625 1627

Governors of New France, 1627–1663[edit]

CoA France moderne.svg Governors representing the monarchs of France
# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under Louis XIII (1627–1643)
1 Samuel de Champlain GG-Champlain.jpg 1627 1635
2 Charles de Montmagny CharlesHuaultMontmagny.jpg 1635
Under Louis XIV (1643–1663)
2 Charles de Montmagny CharlesHuaultMontmagny.jpg 1648
3 Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge.jpg 1648 1651
4 Jean de Lauson Lausonjean.JPG 1651 1657
5 Le vicompte de Mouzay Can GG NoPic.svg 1658 1661
6 Le baron d'Avaugour Can GG NoPic.svg 1661 1663

Governors General of New France, 1663–1760[edit]

CoA France moderne.svg Governors general representing the monarchs of France
# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under Louis XIV (1663–1715)
7 Augustin de Saffray de Mésy Augustin de Saffray de Mezy.jpg 1663 1665
8 Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle Daniel Remy de Courcelles.JPG 1665 1672
9 Le comte de Frontenac et de Palluau Frontenac bust.jpg 1672 1682
10 Joseph-Antoine de La Barre Joseph-Antoine Le Febvre de La Barre.jpg 1682 1685
11 Le marquis de Denonville Denonville.jpg 1685 1689
9 Le comte de Frontenac Frontenac bust.jpg 1689 1698
12 Louis-Hector de Callière Hector-Calliere.jpg 1698 1703
13 Le marquis de Vaudreuil GG-Vaudreuil.jpg 1703
Under Louis XV (1715–1760)
13 Le marquis de Vaudreuil GG-Vaudreuil.jpg 1725
14 Le marquis de Beauharnois Marquis de Beauharnois.jpg 1725 1747
15 Le comte de La Galissonnière GG-La Galissoniere.jpg 1747 1749
16 Le marquis de la Jonquière GG-Jonquiere.jpg 1749 1752
17 Le marquis du Quesne GG-Quesne.jpg 1752 1755
18 Le marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal GG-Vaudreuil2.jpg 1755 1760

Governors of the Province of Quebec, 1760–1786[edit]

Royal Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg Governors representing the monarchs of Great Britain
# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under George III (1760–1786)
19 Sir Jeffery Amherst GG-Jeffrey Amherst.jpg 1760 1763
20 James Murray GG-James Murray.jpg 1764 1768
21 Sir Guy Carleton
KB
General-Sir-Guy-Carleton 2.jpg 1768 1778
22 Sir Frederick Haldimand
KB
Sir Frederick Haldimand by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpg 1778 1786

Governors-in-Chief/Governors General of The Canadas, 1786–1841[edit]

Royal Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg Governors representing the monarchs of Great Britain
# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under George III (1786–1820)
23 The Lord Dorchester
KB
General-Sir-Guy-Carleton 2.jpg 1786 1796
24 Robert Prescott GG-Robert Prescott.jpg 1796 1799
25 Sir Robert Milnes GG-Milnes.jpg 1799
Royal Arms of United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg Governors representing the monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
25 Sir Robert Milnes GG-Milnes.jpg 1805
26 Thomas Dunn Can GG NoPic.svg 1805 1807
27 Sir James Henry Craig
KB
GG-James Henry Craig.jpg 1807 1811
28 Sir George Prévost
Bt
GG-George Prevost.jpg 1811 1815
29 Sir Gordon Drummond GG-Drummond.jpg 1815 1816
30 Sir John Coape Sherbrooke GG-John Coape Sherbrooke.jpg 1816 1818
31 The Duke of Richmond
KG PC
GG-Charles Lennox.jpg 1818 1819
Under George IV (1820–1830)
32 The Earl of Dalhousie
GCB
GG-George Ramsay.jpg 1820 1828
33 Sir James Kempt
GCB
Sir James Kempt by William Salter cropped 5 6 ratio.jpg 1828 1830
Under William IV (1830–1837)
34 The Lord Aylmer GG-Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer.jpg 1830 1835
35 The Earl of Gosford
GCB
GG-Archibald Acheson.jpg 1835 1837
Under Victoria (1837–1841)
36 Sir John Colborne[n 1]
GCB GCMG GCH AdC(P)
GG-John Colborne.jpg 1837 1838
37 The Earl of Durham GG-John George Lambton.jpg 1838 1839
38 The Lord Sydenham
PC
GG-Charles Poulett Thomson.jpg 1839 1841

Governors General of the Province of Canada, 1841–1867[edit]

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg Governors general representing the monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under Victoria (1841–1867)
38 The Lord Sydenham
PC
GG-Charles Poulett Thomson.jpg 1841
39 Sir Charles Bagot GG-Charles Bagot.jpg 1842 1843
40 Sir Charles Metcalfe
Bt PC
GG-Charles T. Metcalfe.jpg 1843 1845
41 The Earl Cathcart
GCB
GG-Charles Murray Cathcart.jpg 1846 1847
42 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine
PC GCB
GG-James Bruce Elgin.jpg 1847 1854
43 Sir Edmund Walker Head
Bt KCB
GG-Edmund Walker Head.jpg 1854 1861
44 The Viscount Monck
PC GCMG
GG-Charles Monck.jpg 1861 1867

Governors General of Canada, 1867–present[edit]

Arms of the United Kingdom.svg Governors general representing the monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
# # Name Image Governor from Governor until
Under Victoria (1867–1901)
44 1 The Viscount Monck
GCMG PC
GG-Charles Monck.jpg 1 July 1867 14 November 1868
45 2 The Lord Lisgar
GCMG GCB PC
GG-John Young.jpg 2 February 1869 25 June 1872
46 3 The Earl of Dufferin
KP GCB GCMG PC
GG-Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood.jpg 25 June 1872 25 November 1878
47 4 The Marquess of Lorne
KG KT GCMG GCVO PC
GG-John Campbell.jpg 25 November 1878 23 October 1883
48 5 The Marquess of Lansdowne
KG GCMG PC
GG-Henry Petty-FitzMaurice.jpg 23 October 1883 11 June 1888
49 6 The Lord Stanley of Preston
KG GCB GCVO PC
GG-Frederick Stanley.jpg 11 June 1888 18 September 1893
50 7 The Earl of Aberdeen
KT GCMG GCVO PC
John Hamilton Gordon Earl of Aberdeen 1884.jpg 18 September 1893 12 November 1898
51 8 The Earl of Minto
KG GCMG PC
GG-Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound.jpg 12 November 1898
Under Edward VII (1901–1910)
51 8 The Earl of Minto
KG GCMG PC
GG-Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound.jpg 10 December 1904
52 9 The Earl Grey
GCMG GCVO PC
GG-Albert Grey.jpg 10 December 1904
Under George V (1910–1931)
52 9 The Earl Grey
GCMG GCVO PC
GG-Albert Grey.jpg 13 October 1911
53 10 The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
KG KT KP GCB GCSI GCMG GCIE GCVO GBE TD PC ADC(P)
GG-Prince Arthur.jpg 13 October 1911 11 November 1916
54 11 The Duke of Devonshire
KG GCMG GCVO PC JP
GG-Victor Cavendish.jpg 11 November 1916 11 August 1921
55 12 The Lord Byng of Vimy
GCB GCMG MVO
GG-Julian Byng.jpg 11 August 1921
Arms of the United Kingdom.svg Governors general representing the monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
55 12 The Lord Byng of Vimy
GCB GCMG MVO
GG-Julian Byng.jpg 2 October 1926
56 13 The Viscount Willingdon
GCSI GCMG GCIE GBE PC
GG-Freeman Freeman-Thomas.jpg 2 October 1926 4 April 1931
57 14 The Earl of Bessborough
GCMG PC
GG-Vere Ponsonby.jpg 4 April 1931
Canadian Coat of Arms Shield.svg Governors general representing the monarchs of Canada
57 14 The Earl of Bessborough
GCMG PC
GG-Vere Ponsonby.jpg 2 November 1935
58 15 The Lord Tweedsmuir
GCMG GCVO CH PC
GG-John Buchan.jpg 2 November 1935
Under Edward VIII (1936)
58 15 The Lord Tweedsmuir
GCMG GCVO CH PC
GG-John Buchan.jpg
Under George VI (1936–1952)
58 15 The Lord Tweedsmuir
GCMG GCVO CH PC
GG-John Buchan.jpg 11 February 1940
59 16 The Earl of Athlone
KG GCB GCMG GCVO DSO PC ADC(P) FRS
GG-Alexander Cambridge.jpg 21 June 1940 12 April 1946
60 17 The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
KG GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD PC PC
GG-Harold Alexander.jpg 12 April 1946
Under Elizabeth II (1952–present)
60 17 The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
KG GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD PC PC
GG-Harold Alexander.jpg 28 February 1952
61 18 Vincent Massey
PC CH CD FRSC(hon)
Vincent Massey 1927.jpg 28 February 1952 15 September 1959
62 19 Georges Vanier
PC DSO MC* CD
GG-Vanier.jpg 15 September 1959 5 March 1967
63 20 Roland Michener
PC CC CMM CD QC FRHSC
Governor General Roland Michener at Alma College graduation ceremonies 1972 (crop).jpg 17 April 1967 14 January 1974
64 21 Jules Léger
CC CMM CD
Julesleger.gif 14 January 1974 22 January 1979
65
[ 1]
22 Edward Schreyer
CC CMM CD
Edward Schreyer (crop).jpg 22 January 1979 14 May 1984
66 23 Jeanne Sauvé
PC CC CMM CD
Jeanne Sauvé 1984 Ottawa Canada (crop).jpg 14 May 1984 29 January 1990
67 24 Ray Hnatyshyn
PC CC CMM CD QC FRHSC(hon)
GG-Ray Hnatyshyn.jpg 29 January 1990 8 February 1995
68 25 Roméo LeBlanc
PC CC CMM CD
GG-Romeo LeBlanc.jpg 8 February 1995 7 October 1999
69 26 Adrienne Clarkson
PC CC CMM COM CD FRSC(hon) FRAIC(hon) FRCPSC(hon)
GG-Adrienne Clarkson2.jpg 7 October 1999 27 September 2005
70 27 Michaëlle Jean
PC CC CMM COM CD FRCPSC(hon)
GG-Michaelle Jean.jpg 27 September 2005 1 October 2010
71 28 David Johnston
CC CMM COM CD FRSC(hon) FRCPSC(hon)
GG-Johnston.jpg 1 October 2010
  1. ^ Colour denotes living former governors general

Administrators[edit]

The following is a list of Administrators of the Government, who were acting governors appointed as the result of the death or prolonged absence of the sitting viceroy, or for any other reason:

# Name Image Date Reason
1 Sir Lyman Poore Duff
Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Lyman Poore Duff.jpg 1931 Served between the departure of the Earl of Bessborough for India and the arrival of the Lord Tweedsmuir.
1 Sir Lyman Poore Duff
Chief Justice of Canada
Lyman Poore Duff.jpg 1940 Served following the death of the Lord Tweedsmuir.
2 Thibaudeau Rinfret
Chief Justice of Canada
Thibaudeau Rinfret.JPG 1952 Served after the appointment of the Earl Alexander of Tunis to the British Cabinet until the appointment of Vincent Massey as his successor.
3 Robert Taschereau
Chief Justice of Canada
Robert Taschereau.png 1967 Served following the death of Georges Vanier.
4 Beverley McLachlin
Chief Justice of Canada
Beverley McLachlin.jpg 2005 Served for several weeks in July, while Adrienne Clarkson was hospitalized for heart surgery.
5 John C. Major
Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Can GG NoPic.svg 2005 Served on behalf of Adrienne Clarkson, from the morning of 27 September until the installation of Michaëlle Jean the same day.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ content

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage (2015). A Crown of Maples: Constitutional Monarchy in Canada (PDF). Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-100-20079-8. 
  2. ^ a b c Senate of Canada. "Canada: A Constitutional Monarchy". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2015. 
  3. ^ La Roque de Roquebrune, R. (1966), "La Rocque de Roberval, Jean Francois de", Dictionary of Canadian Biography, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 1, retrieved 18 September 2015 
  4. ^ a b Government of Canada. "The Kings and Queens of Canada: The Crown in Canadian History > Henri III (1551–1589)". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Wrong, George M. (2009), Langton, H. H., ed., The Chronicles of Canada, II: The Rise of New France, Fireship Press, pp. 33–35, ISBN 9781934757451, retrieved 18 September 2015 
  6. ^ Wrong 2009, p. 35
  7. ^ Wrong 2009, p. 51
  8. ^ Fidelis (2005). "The Installation of the Governor General in 2005: Innovation and Evolution?" (PDF). Canadian Monarchist News. Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada. Fall-Winter 2005 (24): 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2009. 

External links[edit]