List of Governors of Connecticut

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Governor of Connecticut
Seal of the Governor of Connecticut.svg
DannelMalloy.jpg
Incumbent
Dannel Malloy

since January 5, 2011
Style His Excellency
Residence Connecticut Governor's Residence
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Jonathan Trumbull
Deputy Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
Salary $150,000 (2013)[1]
Website www.ct.gov/governor

The Governor of Connecticut is the elected head of the executive branch of Connecticut's state government. The current governor is Dan Malloy, who took office on January 5, 2011.

Governors[edit]

There have been 68 governors of the state, serving 72 distinct spans in office. The longest terms in office were in the state's early years, when four governors were elected to nine or more one-year terms. The longest was that of the first governor, Jonathan Trumbull, who served over 14 years, but 7 of those as colonial governor; the longest-serving state governor — with no other position included in the term — was his son, Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., who served over 11 years. The shortest term was that of Hiram Bingham III, who served only one day before resigning to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate. Lowell P. Weicker, Jr., is noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing A Connecticut Party.

Powers of the Governor[edit]

The Governor of Connecticut is the elected head of the executive branch of Connecticut's state government, and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Connecticut General Assembly and to convene the legislature.[2] Unusual among U.S. governors, the Governor of Connecticut has no power to pardon.[3]

The Governor of Connecticut is automatically a member of the state's Bonding Commission. He is an ex-officio member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Connecticut and Yale University.

History of the Position[edit]

For the period before independence, see the list of colonial governors of Connecticut.

Connecticut was one of the original Thirteen Colonies and was admitted as a state on January 9, 1788.[4] Before it declared its independence, Connecticut was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Like most early states, Connecticut had claims to western areas, but did not cede all of its claims during the formation of the country like the other states. It maintained its Western Reserve until 1800, at which time it was reassigned to the Northwest Territory.[5]


Contemporary Rules[edit]

The current Constitution of Connecticut, ratified in 1965, calls for a four-year term for the governor,[6] commencing on the Wednesday after the first Monday in the January following an election.[7] The previous constitution of 1818 originally had only a one-year term for governor; this was increased to two years in 1875,[8] and four years in 1948.[9] The 1875 amendment also set the start date of the term to its current date; before then, it was the first Wednesday in the May following an election.[10] The constitution provides for the election of a lieutenant governor for the same term as the governor. The two offices are elected on the same ticket; this provision was added in 1962.[11] In the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.[12] Before the adoption of the 1965 constitution, the lieutenant governor only acted as governor.[13] There is no limit of any kind on the number of terms one may serve.

Connecticut did not create a state constitution for itself until several decades after it became a state; until 1818, the state operated under the provisions of its colonial charter. The charter called for the election of a governor every year, but not more than once every two years, with the term commencing on the second Thursday in May.[14]

Parties

  A Connecticut Party (1)   American (1)   Democratic (22)[a]   Democratic-Republican (2)   Federalist (7)   National Republican (1)   No party (1)   Republican (32)[a]   Whig (6)

#[b] Portrait Governor Term in office Party Term[c] Lt. Governor[d][e]
16 JohnTrumbull.jpg   Jonathan Trumbull October 10, 1776

May 13, 1784
No party 1
(1776)
[f]
  Matthew Griswold
2
(1777)
3
(1778)
4
(1779)
5
(1780)
6
(1781)
7
(1782)
8
(1783)
17 Blank.gif Matthew Griswold May 13, 1784

May 11, 1786
Federalist 9
(1784)
Samuel Huntington
10
(1785)
18 Samuel Huntington - Charles Willson Peale.jpg Samuel Huntington May 11, 1786

January 5, 1796
Federalist 11
(1786)
Oliver Wolcott
12
(1787)
13
(1788)
14
(1789)
15
(1790)
16
(1791)
17
(1792)
18
(1793)
19
(1794)
20
(1795)
[g]
19 Oliver Wolcott Ralph Earl.jpeg Oliver Wolcott January 5, 1796

December 1, 1797
Federalist Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
21
(1796)
22
(1797)
[17]
20 JonathanTrumbull.jpg Jonathan Trumbull Jr. December 1, 1797

August 7, 1809
Federalist John Treadwell
23
(1798)
24
(1799)
25
(1800)
26
(1801)
27
(1802)
28
(1803)
29
(1804)
30
(1805)
31
(1806)
32
(1807)
33
(1808)
34
(1809)
[h]
21 John Treadwell (Connecticut Governor).jpg John Treadwell August 7, 1809

May 9, 1811
Federalist Roger Griswold[i]
35
(1810)
22 Blank.gif Roger Griswold May 9, 1811

October 25, 1812
Federalist 36
(1811)
John Cotton Smith
37
(1812)
[j]
23 John Cotton Smith engraving.png John Cotton Smith October 25, 1812

May 8, 1817
Federalist Chauncey Goodrich
(died August 18, 1815)
39
(1813)
40
(1814)
41
(1815)
Vacant
42
(1816)
Jonathan Ingersoll[k]
(died January 12, 1823)
24 Oliver Wolcott Jr by Gilbert Stuart circa 1820.jpeg Oliver Wolcott Jr. May 8, 1817

May 2, 1827
Toleration
Republican
43
(1817)
44
(1818)
45
(1819)
[l]
46
(1820)
47
(1821)
48
(1822)
Vacant
49
(1823)
David Plant[m]
50
(1824)
51
(1825)
52
(1826)
25 Gideon Tomlinson (Conn. Rep., Gov., US Sen.).jpg Gideon Tomlinson May 2, 1827

March 2, 1831
Democratic-
Republican
53
(1827)
John Samuel Peters[m]
54
(1828)
55
(1829)
56
(1830)
[n]
26 JohnSamuelPeters (cropped).jpg John Samuel Peters March 2, 1831

May 1, 1833
National
Republican
Thaddeus Betts
57
(1831)
58
(1832)
27 HenryEdwards.jpg Henry W. Edwards May 1, 1833

May 7, 1834
Democratic 59
(1833)
Ebenezer Stoddard
28 Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg Samuel A. Foot May 7, 1834

May 6, 1835
Whig 60
(1834)
Thaddeus Betts
29 HenryEdwards.jpg Henry W. Edwards May 6, 1835

May 2, 1838
Democratic 61
(1835)
Ebenezer Stoddard
62
(1836)
63
(1837)
30 William Wolcott Ellsworth.jpeg William W. Ellsworth May 2, 1838

May 4, 1842
Whig 64
(1838)
Charles Hawley
65
(1839)
66
(1840)
67
(1841)
31 Chauncey Fitch Cleveland (Connecticut Governor).jpg Chauncey Fitch Cleveland May 4, 1842

May 1, 1844
Democratic 68
(1842)
William S. Holabird
69
(1843)
32 GovRogerBaldwin.jpg Roger Sherman Baldwin May 1, 1844

May 6, 1846
Whig 70
(1844)
Reuben Booth
71
(1845)
33 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy.jpg Isaac Toucey May 6, 1846

May 5, 1847
Democratic 72
(1846)
[o]
Noyes Billings
34 Clark Bissell professor of law Yale and Governor of Connecticut.jpg Clark Bissell May 5, 1847

May 2, 1849
Whig 73
(1847)
Charles J. McCurdy
74
(1848)
35 Joseph Trumbull Connecticut Governor.jpg Joseph Trumbull May 2, 1849

May 4, 1850
Whig 75
(1849)
Thomas Backus
36 ThomasHartSeymour.jpg Thomas H. Seymour May 4, 1850

October 13, 1853
Democratic 76
(1850)
Charles H. Pond
77
(1851)
Green Kendrick
78
(1852)
Charles H. Pond
79
(1853)
[20]
37 Charles H. Pond (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles H. Pond October 13, 1853

May 3, 1854
Democratic Vacant
38 Henry Dutton (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry Dutton May 3, 1854

May 2, 1855
Whig 80
(1854)
Alexander H. Holley
39 William T. Minor.jpg William T. Minor May 2, 1855

May 6, 1857
American 81
(1855)
William Field
82
(1856)
Albert Day
40 Alexander H. Holley (Connecticut Governor).jpg Alexander H. Holley May 6, 1857

May 5, 1858
Republican 83
(1857)
Alfred A. Burnham
41 William A. Buckingham (Connecticut Governor).jpg William A. Buckingham May 5, 1858

May 2, 1866
Republican 84
(1858)
Julius Catlin
85
(1859)
86
(1860)
87
(1861)
Benjamin Douglas
88
(1862)
Roger Averill
89
(1863)
90
(1864)
91
(1865)
42 Joseph Roswell Hawley - Brady-Handy.jpg Joseph R. Hawley May 2, 1866

May 1, 1867
Republican 92
(1866)
Oliver Winchester
43 JEEnglish.jpg James E. English May 1, 1867

May 5, 1869
Democratic 93
(1867)
Ephraim H. Hyde
94
(1868)
44 Marshall Jewell - Brady-Handy.jpg Marshall Jewell May 5, 1869

May 4, 1870
Republican 95
(1869)
Francis Wayland
45 JEEnglish.jpg James E. English May 4, 1870

May 16, 1871
Democratic 96
(1870)
Julius Hotchkiss
97
(1871)
[p]
46 Marshall Jewell - Brady-Handy.jpg Marshall Jewell May 16, 1871

May 7, 1873
Republican Morris Tyler
98
(1872)
47 Charles R. Ingersoll (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles R. Ingersoll May 7, 1873

January 3, 1877
Democratic 99
(1873)
George G. Sill
100
(1874)
101
(1875)
[q]
48 Richard D. Hubbard (Connecticut Governor).jpg Richard D. Hubbard January 3, 1877

January 9, 1879
Democratic 102
(1876)
[r]
Francis Loomis
49 Charles B. Andrews (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles B. Andrews January 9, 1879

January 5, 1881
Republican 103
(1878)
David Gallup
50 Hobart Baldwin Bigelow (Connecticut Governor).jpg Hobart B. Bigelow January 5, 1881

January 3, 1883
Republican 104
(1880)
William H. Bulkeley
51 Thomas M. Waller (Connecticut Governor).jpg Thomas M. Waller January 3, 1883

January 8, 1885
Democratic 105
(1882)
George G. Sumner
52 Henry Baldwin Harrison (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry B. Harrison January 8, 1885

January 7, 1887
Republican 106
(1884)
Lorrin A. Cooke
53 Phineas C. Lounsbury (Connecticut Governor).jpg Phineas C. Lounsbury January 7, 1887

January 10, 1889
Republican 107
(1886)
James L. Howard
54 Bulkeley Morgan 2.jpg Morgan G. Bulkeley January 10, 1889

January 4, 1893
Republican 108
(1888)
Samuel E. Merwin
109
(1890)
[s]
55 Luzon B. Morris (Connecticut Governor).jpg Luzon B. Morris January 4, 1893

January 9, 1895
Democratic 110
(1892)
Ernest Cady
56 Owen Vincent Coffin (Connecticut Governor).jpg Owen Vincent Coffin January 9, 1895

January 6, 1897
Republican 111
(1894)
Lorrin A. Cooke
57 Lorrin A. Cooke (Connecticut Governor).jpg Lorrin A. Cooke January 6, 1897

January 4, 1899
Republican 112
(1896)
James D. Dewell
58 George E. Lounsbury.jpg George E. Lounsbury January 4, 1899

January 9, 1901
Republican 113
(1898)
Lyman A. Mills
59 George P. McLean.jpg George P. McLean January 9, 1901

January 7, 1903
Republican 114
(1900)
Edwin O. Keeler
60 Abiram Chamberlain (Connecticut Governor).jpg Abiram Chamberlain January 7, 1903

January 4, 1905
Republican 115
(1902)
Henry Roberts
61 Henry Roberts (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry Roberts January 4, 1905

January 9, 1907
Republican 116
(1904)
Rollin S. Woodruff
62 Rollin S. Woodruff (Connecticut Governor).jpg Rollin S. Woodruff January 9, 1907

January 6, 1909
Republican 117
(1906)
Everett J. Lake
63 GeorgeLLilley.jpg George L. Lilley January 6, 1909

April 21, 1909
Republican 118
(1908)
[t]
Frank B. Weeks
64 Frank B. Weeks (Connecticut Governor).jpg Frank B. Weeks April 21, 1909

January 4, 1911
Republican Vacant
65 Simeon Eben Baldwin.jpg Simeon E. Baldwin January 4, 1911

January 6, 1915
Democratic 119
(1910)
Dennis A. Blakeslee[u]
120
(1912)
Lyman T. Tingier
66 Marcus H. Holcomb (Connecticut Governor).jpg Marcus H. Holcomb January 6, 1915

January 5, 1921
Republican 121
(1914)
Clifford B. Wilson
122
(1916)
123
(1918)
67 Everett J. Lake (Connecticut Governor).jpg Everett J. Lake January 5, 1921

January 3, 1923
Republican 124
(1920)
Charles A. Templeton
68 Charles A. Templeton (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles A. Templeton January 3, 1923

January 7, 1925
Republican 125
(1922)
Hiram Bingham III
69 HirambinghamIII.jpg Hiram Bingham III January 7, 1925

January 8, 1925
Republican 126
(1924)
[v]
John H. Trumbull
70 Blank.gif John H. Trumbull January 8, 1925

January 7, 1931
Republican J. Edwin Brainard[w]
127
(1926)
128
(1928)
Ernest E. Rogers
71 Blank.gif Wilbur Lucius Cross January 7, 1931

January 4, 1939
Democratic 129
(1930)
Samuel R. Spencer[u]
130
(1932)
Roy C. Wilcox[u]
131
(1934)
T. Frank Hayes
132
(1936)
72 Raymond Earl Baldwin.jpg Raymond E. Baldwin January 4, 1939

January 8, 1941
Republican 133
(1938)
James L. McConaughy
73 Blank.gif Robert A. Hurley January 8, 1941

January 6, 1943
Democratic 134
(1940)
Odell Shepard
74 Raymond Earl Baldwin.jpg Raymond E. Baldwin January 6, 1943

December 27, 1946
Republican 135
(1942)
William L. Hadden
136
(1944)
[x]
Charles W. Snow[y]
75 Blank.gif Charles W. Snow December 27, 1946

January 8, 1947
Democratic Vacant
76 Blank.gif James L. McConaughy January 8, 1947

March 7, 1948
Republican 137
(1946)
[z]
James C. Shannon
77 Blank.gif James C. Shannon March 7, 1948

January 5, 1949
Republican Robert E. Parsons[w]
78 Chester Bowles (Connecticut Governor and Congressman).jpg Chester Bowles January 5, 1949

January 3, 1951
Democratic 138
(1948)
William T. Carroll
79 John Davis Lodge.jpg John Davis Lodge January 3, 1951

January 5, 1955
Republican 139
(1950)
[aa]
Edward N. Allen
80 Abraham ribicoff.jpg Abraham A. Ribicoff January 5, 1955

January 21, 1961
Democratic 140
(1954)
Charles W. Jewett
141
(1958)
[ab]
John N. Dempsey
81 John Dempsey Connecticut.jpg John N. Dempsey January 21, 1961

January 6, 1971
Democratic Anthony J. Armentano[w]
142
(1962)
Samuel J. Tedesco
(resigned January 15, 1966)
Fred J. Doocy[ac]
143
(1966)
Attilio R. Frassinelli
82 Thomas Meskill.jpg Thomas J. Meskill January 6, 1971

January 8, 1975
Republican 144
(1970)
T. Clark Hull
(resigned June 1, 1973)
Peter L. Cashman[ac]
83 Ella Grasso.jpg Ella T. Grasso January 8, 1975

December 31, 1980
Democratic 145
(1974)
Robert K. Killian
146
(1978)
[ad]
William A. O'Neill
84 W A ONeill.jpg William A. O'Neill December 31, 1980

January 9, 1991
Democratic Joseph J. Fauliso[ac]
147
(1982)
148
(1986)
85 Lweicker.jpg Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. January 9, 1991

January 4, 1995
A Connecticut Party 149
(1990)
Eunice Groark
86 CT Governor John Rowland.jpg John G. Rowland January 4, 1995

July 1, 2004
Republican 150
(1994)
Jodi Rell
151
(1998)
152
(2002)
[ae]
87 FEMA - 29383 - Photograph by Debra Young taken on 04-19-2007 in Connecticut.jpg Jodi Rell July 1, 2004

January 5, 2011
Republican Kevin Sullivan[y][ac]
153
(2006)
Michael Fedele
88 DannelMalloy.jpg Dannel Malloy January 5, 2011

Incumbent
Democratic 154
(2010)
Nancy Wyman
155
(2014)
[af]

Other high offices held[edit]

Thirty-three governors have served other high office, including four Cabinet secretaries (one of whom served in two different departments) and four ambassadors. One served as a judge on a U.S. Court of Appeals. Three represented Connecticut in the Continental Congress and 28 have represented the state in the U.S. Congress, including one Speaker of the House. Four (marked with *) resigned to take other offices, and one (marked with dagger) resigned his seat in the U.S. House to take office as governor.

All representatives and senators listed represented Connecticut.

Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Source
Huntington, SamuelSamuel Huntington 1786–1796 Continental Delegate (including President of the Continental Congress) [25]
Wolcott, OliverOliver Wolcott 1796–1797 Continental Delegate [26]
Trumbull, Jr., JonathanJonathan Trumbull, Jr. 1797–1809 Representative (including Speaker of the House), Senator [27]
Treadwell, JohnJohn Treadwell 1809–1811 Continental Delegate [28]
Griswold, RogerRoger Griswold 1811–1812 Representative [29]
Smith, John CottonJohn Cotton Smith 1812–1817 Representative [30]
Wolcott, Jr., OliverOliver Wolcott, Jr. 1817–1827 Secretary of the Treasury [31]
Tomlinson, GideonGideon Tomlinson 1827–1831 Representative, Senator* [32]
Edwards, Henry W.Henry W. Edwards 1833–1834
1835–1838
Representative, Senator [33]
Foot, Samuel A.Samuel A. Foot 1834–1835 Representativedagger, Senator [34]
Ellsworth, William W.William W. Ellsworth 1838–1842 Representative [35]
Cleveland, Chauncey FitchChauncey Fitch Cleveland 1842–1843 Representative [36]
Baldwin, Roger ShermanRoger Sherman Baldwin 1844–1846 Senator [37]
Toucey, IsaacIsaac Toucey 1846–1847 Representative, Senator, Attorney General, Secretary of the Navy [19]
Trumbull, JosephJoseph Trumbull 1849–1850 Representative [38]
Seymour, Thomas HartThomas Hart Seymour 1850–1853 Representative, Minister to Russia* [39]
Buckingham, William A.William A. Buckingham 1858–1866 Senator [40]
Hawley, Joseph R.Joseph R. Hawley 1866–1867 Representative, Senator [41]
English, James E.James E. English 1867–1869
1870–1871
Representative, Senator [42]
Jewell, MarshallMarshall Jewell 1869–1870
1871–1873
Minister to Russia, Postmaster General [43]
Hubbard, Richard D.Richard D. Hubbard 1878–1879 Representative [44]
Bulkeley, Morgan G.Morgan G. Bulkeley 1889–1893 Senator [45]
McLean, George P.George P. McLean 1901–1903 Senator [46]
Lilley, George L.George L. Lilley 1909 Representative [47]
Bingham III, HiramHiram Bingham III 1925 Senator [48]
Baldwin, Raymond E.Raymond E. Baldwin 1939–1941
1943–1946
Senator* [49]
Bowles, ChesterChester Bowles 1949–1951 Representative, Ambassador to India, Ambassador to Nepal [50]
Lodge, John DavisJohn Davis Lodge 1951–1955 Representative, Ambassador to Argentina, Ambassador to Spain, Ambassador to Switzerland [51]
Ribicoff, Abraham A.Abraham A. Ribicoff 1955–1961 Representative, Senator, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare* [52]
Meskill, Thomas J.Thomas J. Meskill 1971–1975 Representative, Second Circuit Court Judge [53]
Grasso, Ella T.Ella T. Grasso 1975–1980 Representative [54]
Weicker, Jr., Lowell P.Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. 1991–1995 Representative, Senator [55]
Rowland, John G.John G. Rowland 1995–2004 Representative [56]

Living former governors[edit]

There are three living former governors of Connecticut, the oldest being Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. (served 1991–1995, born 1931). The most recent death of a former governor was that of William O'Neill (served 1980–1991, born 1930), who died on November 24, 2007.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr. 1991–1995 (1931-05-16) May 16, 1931 (age 85)
John G. Rowland 1995–2004 (1957-05-24) May 24, 1957 (age 59)
M. Jodi Rell 2004–2011 (1946-06-16) June 16, 1946 (age 70)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Includes two terms served by repeat governors.
  2. ^ According to the Connecticut State Library, the official listing goes back to the first governor of Connecticut Colony in 1639, and did not include repeat governors serving non-consecutive terms in the colonial period; this makes Trumbull the 16th governor.[15] The official numbering since statehood includes repeat and acting governors.
  3. ^ Each term for which a governor is elected is listed here; if multiple governors served in a single term, due to resignations, deaths, and the like, then that term will be shared among those governors. If a governor was elected multiple times, then there will be multiple terms listed for that governor.
  4. ^ The office of Lieutenant Governor was known as Deputy-Governor under the colonial charter, but the name 'Lieutenant Governor' was predominantly used after independence.[14]
  5. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  6. ^ The Connecticut General Assembly approved the United States Declaration of Independence on October 10, 1776, and resolved that the state's government would continue as established under the charter. So, as colonial governor, Jonathan Trumbull became state governor, serving roughly 14 years total.[16]
  7. ^ Huntington died in office; as lieutenant governor, Wolcott acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  8. ^ Trumbull died in office; as lieutenant governor, Treadwell acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  9. ^ Appointed by the general assembly to fill the vacant Lieutenant Governor office.[18]
  10. ^ Griswold died in office; as lieutenant governor, Smith acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  11. ^ Represented the Democratic-Republican Party.
  12. ^ The 1818 constitution took effect starting with this term, moving the start date of the term from May 13 to May 5.
  13. ^ a b Represented the National Republican Party.
  14. ^ Tomlinson esigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Peters acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  15. ^ Toucey lost the election, but was appointed governor by the state legislature.[19]
  16. ^ James English won the popular vote, but a canvassing committee found the election was fraudulent, and named Jewell governor several days into the term.[21]
  17. ^ The end date of this term was moved back to January 3, 1877, due to the adoption of the 26th amendment to the state constitution, lengthening the term by 7 months.
  18. ^ The 26th amendment to the state constitution took effect with this term, increasing term lengths to two years and moving the start date to January.
  19. ^ Morgan Bulkeley did not run for re-election in 1890, but due to such a close contest and controversies, the results were not certified, and the legislature spent two years debating the issue; Bulkeley essentially served as governor by default.[22]
  20. ^ Lilley died in office; as lieutenant governor, Weeks acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  21. ^ a b c Represented the Republican Party.
  22. ^ Bingham resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Trumbull acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  23. ^ a b c As president pro tempore of the state senate, filled vacancy in office of lieutenant governor.[18]
  24. ^ Baldwin resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Snow acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  25. ^ a b Represented the Democratic Party.
  26. ^ McConaughy died in office; as lieutenant governor, Shannon acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  27. ^ The 45th amendment to the state constitution took effect beginning with this term, lengthening terms to four years.
  28. ^ Ribicoff resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare; as lieutenant governor, Dempsey acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  29. ^ a b c d As president pro tempore of the state senate, became lieutenant governor.[18]
  30. ^ Grasso resigned due to ovarian cancer; as lieutenant governor, O'Neill became governor.
  31. ^ Rowland resigned due to a federal corruption investigation;[23] he later pleaded guilty to corruption.[24] As lieutenant governor, Rell became governor.
  32. ^ Governor Malloy's second term expires on January 9, 2019.

References[edit]

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ CT Const. art. IV
  3. ^ "Pardons Power in Connecticut". Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Today in History: January 9". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Research Guide to Connecticut's "Western Lands" or "Western Reserve"". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved February 21, 2009. 
  6. ^ CT Const. art. IV, § 1
  7. ^ CT Const. art. IV, § 2
  8. ^ 1818 Const. amendment XVI
  9. ^ 1818 Const. amendment XLV
  10. ^ 1818 Const. art. IV § 1
  11. ^ 1818 Const. new amendment VII
  12. ^ CT Const. art. IV § 19
  13. ^ 1818 Const. art. IV § 14
  14. ^ a b 1662 Charter
  15. ^ "Roster of Connecticut Governors". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved April 4, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Jonathan Trumbull". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  17. ^ Wolcott died in office; as lieutenant governor, Trumbull acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  18. ^ a b c "Brief Descriptions of Connecticut State Agencies: Lieutenant Governor". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  19. ^ a b "Toucey, Issac". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved February 22, 2009. 
  20. ^ Seymour resigned to be U.S. Minister to Russia. As lieutenant governor, Pond acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  21. ^ "Connecticut Governor James Edward English". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on November 12, 2009. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Connecticut Governor Morgan Gardner Bulkeley". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2009. 
  23. ^ William Yardley; Stacey Stowe; Avi Salzman and Alison Leigh Cowan (June 22, 2004). "Connecticut's Governor Steps Down". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ Robert D. McFadden (December 24, 2004). "An Ex-Governor Says He's Guilty". The New York Times. 
  25. ^ "Huntington, Samuel". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved February 22, 2009. 
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