List of Governors of Illinois

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Governor of Illinois
Seal of Illinois.svg
Flag of Illinois.svg
Bruce Rauner 2016 cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Bruce Rauner

since January 12, 2015
Residence Illinois Executive Mansion
Term length Four years, no term limits
Inaugural holder Shadrach Bond
Formation October 6, 1818 (1818-10-06)
Salary $177,412 (2015)[1]
Website www2.illinois.gov/gov/

The Governor of Illinois is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Illinois. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Illinois's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Illinois Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.[2] The governor is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.

Since becoming a state in 1818, 42 people have served as governor of Illinois; before statehood, it had only one territorial governor, Ninian Edwards. The longest-serving governor was James R. Thompson, who was elected four times to a term lasting 14 years, from 1977 to 1991. Only one governor, Richard J. Oglesby, has served multiple separate terms, having been elected in 1864, 1872, and 1884. One governor, Rod Blagojevich, was impeached and removed from office in 2009. The current governor is Bruce Rauner, elected for a four-year term in 2014.

Governors[edit]

Governor of the Territory of Illinois[edit]

Illinois Territory was formed on March 1, 1809, from Indiana Territory. It had only one governor appointed by the President of the United States before it became a state, Ninian Edwards. From March to June 1809, Territorial Secretary Nathaniel Pope served as acting governor until Edwards arrived in Illinois.[3]

Governor of the Territory of Illinois
Portrait Governor Term in office Appointed by
Ninian.Edwards.png Ninian Edwards March 1, 1809

October 6, 1818
James Madison

Governors of the State of Illinois[edit]

Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, consisting of the southern portion of Illinois Territory; the remainder was assigned to Michigan Territory.[4]

The first Illinois Constitution, ratified in 1818, provided that a governor be elected every four years[5] for a term starting on the first Monday in the December following an election.[6] The constitution of 1848 moved the start of the term to the second Monday in January starting in 1849, thus shortening the term won in the 1844 election to two years.[7] Governors were not allowed to succeed themselves[8] until the 1870 constitution, which removed this limit.

The office of lieutenant governor was created in the first constitution,[9] to exercise the power of governor if that office becomes vacant.[10] The 1848 constitution changed this to say the power "devolves" upon the lieutenant governor in case of a vacancy.[11] The current constitution of 1970 made it so that, in the event of a vacancy, the lieutenant becomes governor,[12] and the governor and lieutenant governor are now elected on the same ticket.[13] If the governor feels seriously impeded in performing their job, they can inform the secretary of state and the next in the line of succession, who becomes acting governor until the governor can resume office.[12]

Governors of the State of Illinois
No.[a] Portrait Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[b][c]
1 Shadrach.Bond.png   Shadrach Bond October 6, 1818

December 5, 1822
Independent 1818   Pierre Menard
2 Edward.Coles.png Edward Coles December 5, 1822

December 6, 1826
Independent 1822 Adolphus Hubbard
3 Ninian.Edwards.png   Ninian Edwards December 6, 1826

December 6, 1830
Adams-Clay
Republican
1826   William Kinney
4 John.Reynolds.png John Reynolds December 6, 1830

November 17, 1834
Democratic 1830
[d]
Zadok Casey
(resigned March 1, 1833)
William Lee D. Ewing
(acting)
5 William Lee Davidson Ewing bioguide.jpg William Lee D. Ewing November 17, 1834

December 3, 1834
Democratic Vacant
6 Governor Joseph Duncan.jpg Joseph Duncan December 3, 1834

December 7, 1838
Whig 1834 Alexander Jenkins
(resigned December 9, 1836)
William H. Davidson[e]
(acting)
7 Governor Thomas Carlin.jpg Thomas Carlin December 7, 1838

December 8, 1842
Democratic 1838 Stinson Anderson
8 Governor Thomas Ford.jpg Thomas Ford December 8, 1842

December 9, 1846
Democratic 1842 John Moore
9 Augustus.C.French.jpg Augustus C. French December 9, 1846

January 10, 1853
Democratic 1846
[f]
Joseph Wells
1848 William McMurtry
10 Joel.A.Matteson.png Joel Aldrich Matteson January 10, 1853

January 12, 1857
Democratic 1852 Gustav Koerner
11 William.H.Bissel.jpg William Henry Bissell January 12, 1857

March 18, 1860
Republican 1856
[g]
John Wood
12 John.Wood.png John Wood March 18, 1860

January 14, 1861
Republican Thomas Marshall[e]
(acting)
13 Richard.Yates.1.jpg Richard Yates January 14, 1861

January 16, 1865
Republican 1860 Francis Hoffmann
14 Richard James Oglesby.jpg Richard J. Oglesby January 16, 1865

January 11, 1869
Republican 1864 William Bross
15 John.M.Palmer.jpg John M. Palmer January 11, 1869

January 13, 1873
Republican 1868 John Dougherty
14 Richard James Oglesby.jpg Richard J. Oglesby January 13, 1873

January 23, 1873
Republican 1872
[h]
John Lourie Beveridge
16 John.L.Beveridge.1.jpg John Lourie Beveridge January 23, 1873

January 8, 1877
Republican John Early
(acting)
(term ended January 8, 1875)
Archibald A. Glenn[e]
(acting)
17 Shelby Moore Cullom - Brady-Handy.jpg Shelby Moore Cullom January 8, 1877

February 5, 1883
Republican 1876 Andrew Shuman
1880
[i]
John Marshall Hamilton
18 John.Marshall.Hamilton.jpg John Marshall Hamilton February 5, 1883

January 30, 1885
Republican William J. Campbell
(acting)
14 Richard James Oglesby.jpg Richard J. Oglesby January 30, 1885

January 14, 1889
Republican 1884 John C. Smith
19 Joseph.W.Fifer.jpg Joseph W. Fifer January 14, 1889

January 10, 1893
Republican 1888 Lyman Beecher Ray
20 John Peter Altgeld.jpg John Peter Altgeld January 10, 1893

January 11, 1897
Democratic 1892 Joseph B. Gill
21 John.R.Tanner.jpg John Riley Tanner January 11, 1897

January 14, 1901
Republican 1896 William Northcott
22 Richard Yates Jr.jpg Richard Yates Jr. January 14, 1901

January 9, 1905
Republican 1900
23 Charles.S.Deneen.jpg Charles S. Deneen January 9, 1905

February 3, 1913
Republican 1904 Lawrence Yates Sherman
1908 John G. Oglesby
24 EFDunne.jpg Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne February 3, 1913

January 8, 1917
Democratic 1912 Barratt O'Hara
25 Frank O Lowden portrait.jpg Frank Orren Lowden January 8, 1917

January 10, 1921
Republican 1916 John G. Oglesby
26 Lensmall.jpg Len Small January 10, 1921

January 14, 1929
Republican 1920 Fred E. Sterling
1924
27 Louis Lincoln Emmerson.jpg Louis Lincoln Emmerson January 14, 1929

January 9, 1933
Republican 1928
28 Henry Horner.jpg Henry Horner January 9, 1933

October 6, 1940
Democratic 1932 Thomas Donovan
1936
[j]
John Henry Stelle
29 John stelle.png John Henry Stelle October 6, 1940

January 13, 1941
Democratic Vacant
30 Dwight H. Green cph.3b30070.jpg Dwight H. Green January 13, 1941

January 10, 1949
Republican 1940 Hugh W. Cross
1944
31 AdlaiEStevenson1900-1965.jpg Adlai Stevenson II January 10, 1949

January 12, 1953
Democratic 1948 Sherwood Dixon
32 William Stratton.jpg William Stratton January 12, 1953

January 9, 1961
Republican 1952 John William Chapman
1956
33 Otto Kerner cropped.png Otto Kerner Jr. January 9, 1961

May 21, 1968
Democratic 1960 Samuel H. Shapiro
1964
[k]
34 Sam Shapiro.png Samuel H. Shapiro May 21, 1968

January 13, 1969
Democratic Vacant
35 Richard B. Ogilvie.jpg Richard B. Ogilvie January 13, 1969

January 8, 1973
Republican 1968 Paul Simon[e]
36 ILLINOIS GOVERNOR DAN WALKER GREETS CHICAGO CONSTITUENTS DURING THE BUD BILLIKEN DAY PARADE, ONE OF THE LARGEST... - NARA - 556272 (cropped).jpg Dan Walker January 8, 1973

January 10, 1977
Democratic 1972 Neil Hartigan
37 Bio thompson.jpg James R. Thompson January 10, 1977

January 14, 1991
Republican 1976
[l]
Dave O'Neal
(resigned July 31, 1981)
1978
Vacant
1982 George Ryan
1986
38 JimEdgar2013.png Jim Edgar January 14, 1991

January 11, 1999
Republican 1990 Bob Kustra
1994
39 2007 Governor George Ryan crop4.JPG George Ryan January 11, 1999

January 13, 2003
Republican 1998 Corinne Wood
40 Rod Blagojevich (2911120436) (cropped).jpg Rod Blagojevich January 13, 2003

January 29, 2009
Democratic 2002 Pat Quinn
2006
[m]
41 Governor Pat Quinn.jpg Pat Quinn January 29, 2009

January 12, 2015
Democratic Vacant
2010 Sheila Simon
42 Bruce Rauner 2016 cropped (cropped).jpg Bruce Rauner January 12, 2015

present
Republican 2014
[n]
Evelyn Sanguinetti

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Based on the official site labeling Bruce Rauner as the 42nd governor,[14] it is assumed the official numbering includes repeat governors only once; subsequent terms are marked with their original number italicized.
  2. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  3. ^ When the lieutenant governor is serving as governor, the Illinois Blue Book considers the president pro tempore of the senate to be acting lieutenant governor. However, this only applies to acting lieutenant governors before 1883; after that, there are no acting lieutenant governors noted, and instead these are marked vacant. It is unknown why this changed; the constitution does not appear to have any relevant changes around that time.[15]
  4. ^ Reynolds resigned to take elected seat in the United States House of Representatives;[16] as acting lieutenant governor, Ewing acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  5. ^ a b c d Represented the Democratic Party.
  6. ^ The election schedule was shifted after this term, shortening it to two years.[7]
  7. ^ Bissell died in office;[17] as lieutenant governor, Wood acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  8. ^ Oglesby resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate;[18][19] as lieutenant governor, Beveridge acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  9. ^ Cullom resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate;[20] as lieutenant governor, Hamilton acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  10. ^ Horner died in office;[21] as lieutenant governor, Stelle acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  11. ^ Kerner resigned to take seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit;[22][23] as lieutenant governor, Shapiro acted as governor for the remainder of the term.
  12. ^ The schedule for the 1970 constitution provided that the 1976 election would be for a two-year term, shifting the election schedule away from presidential election years.[24]
  13. ^ Blagojevich was impeached and removed from office on charges of corruption;[25][26] as lieutenant governor, Quinn succeeded him.
  14. ^ Governor Rauner's first term expires on January 14, 2019.

References[edit]

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "Governors' Salaries, 2015". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  2. ^ IL Const. art. V
  3. ^ Robert P. Howard (1988), Mostly Good and Competent Men: Illinois Governors, 1818–1988, Illinois Issues and the Illinois State Historical Society, 39–40.
  4. ^ Stat. 428, 3 Stat. 536
  5. ^ 1818 Const. art. III, § 2
  6. ^ 1818 Const. art. III, § 3
  7. ^ a b 1848 Const. art. IV, § 3
  8. ^ 1818 Const. art. III, § 3
  9. ^ 1818 Const. art. III, § 13
  10. ^ 1818 Const. art. III, § 18
  11. ^ 1848 Const. art. IV, § 19
  12. ^ a b IL Const. art. V, § 6
  13. ^ IL Const. art. V, § 4
  14. ^ "About the Governor". State of Illinos. Retrieved April 25, 2018. 
  15. ^ Illinois Blue Book, p. 360
  16. ^ "John Reynolds". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  17. ^ "William Henry Bissell". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Richard James Oglesby". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Nomination of Gov. Oglesby for United States Senator". The New York Times. January 10, 1873. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  20. ^ "Shelby Moore Cullom". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  21. ^ "Henry Horner". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  22. ^ "Otto Kerner". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  23. ^ "Otto Kerner Goes to Jail Today, His Once‐Shining Career at End". The New York Times. July 29, 1974. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  24. ^ Lousin, Ann (2011). The Illinois State Constitution. Oxford University Press. p. 130. 
  25. ^ "Rod R. Blagojevich". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 1, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Blagojevich Ousted by Illinois State Senate". The New York Times. January 29, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2018.