Governor of Jakarta

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Governor of Jakarta
Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg
Seal of the Province
Incumbent
Djarot Syaiful Hidayat

since 9 May 2017
Residence Jalan Taman Suropati No. 7, Jakarta
Term length Five years
Inaugural holder Suwiryo
(as Mayor of Jakarta)
Formation 1960
Deputy None currently
Website www.jakarta.go.id

Jakarta is administratively equal to a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia. Executive head of Jakarta is a Governor, instead of a Mayor. The Governor of Jakarta is an elected politician who, along with Deputy Governor and 106 members of People's regional representative council (DPRD), is accountable for the strategic government of Jakarta.

Background[edit]

Governing system of Jakarta has changed throughout its history. On March 5, 1942, Japanese occupied Batavia from the Dutch control and the city was named Jakarta (Jakarta Special City (ジャカルタ特別市, Jakaruta tokubetsu-shi), in accordance with the special status that was assigned to the city). After the collapse of Japan, Indonesian nationalists who declared independence on August 17, 1945, [1] the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese into the Jakarta National Administration in September,1945. After the war, the Dutch name Batavia was internationally recognized until full Indonesian independence was achieved on December 27, 1949 and Jakarta was officially proclaimed the national capital of Indonesia. Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital of Indonesia and one of Indonesia's 26 provinces in 1974 at that time.[2]

Elections[edit]

This first government was held by a Mayor until the end of 1960, when the office was changed to that of a Governor. The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as governor of the province. In August 2007, Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city's governors were elected by members of DPRD. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralisation drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.[3] Elections for Governor and Deputy Governor is held for a fixed five year term.

Most recent election[edit]

The most election was held in Jakarta on 15 February, 2017. There were 3 contesting pairs in that election, but no one obtained 50% of the vote. As per law, a runoff election was held between the top two pairs on 19 April, 2017. The official results of the election is Anies Baswedan - Sandiaga Uno won the election with 57.96% of vote defeating Basuki Tjahaja Purnama - Djarot Saiful Hidayat, who got 42.04% of the vote. [4][5][6][7]

List of Governors[edit]

Below is a list of Mayors and Governors who have held office in the regional government district of Jakarta in Indonesia after Indonesian independence in 1945.

List of governors of Jakarta
No Image Name[8] Title Took office Left office Year(s) Deputy Governor(s) Nickname
1
Suwiryo
Mayor
1945
1948
3
 
2 Let Col Daan Jahja, Kenang-Kenangan Pada Panglima Besar Letnan Djenderal Soedirman, p27.jpg
Daan Jahja
Military Governor
1948
1950
2
 
3
Suwiryo
Mayor
1950
1951
1
 
4
Sjamsuridjal
Mayor
1951
1953
2
 
5
Sudiro
Mayor
1953
1960
7
 
6
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo
Governor
1960
1964
4
Henk Ngantung
 
7
Henk Ngantung
Governor
1964
1965
1
 
8
Soemarno Sosroatmodjo[N. 1]
Governor
1965
1966
1
 
9
Ali Sadikin (1975).jpg
Ali Sadikin
Governor
28 April 1966
5 July 1977
11
RHA Wiriadinata
Bang Ali
10
Tjokropranolo
Governor
1977
1982
5
Bang Noli
11
Soeprapto
Governor
1982
1987
5
(1) Eddie Marzuki Nalapraya
(2) Bunyamin Ramto
 
12
Wiyogo Atmodarminto
Governor
1987
1992
5
(1) Basofi Sudirman
(2) Herbowo
Bang Wi
13
Soerjadi Soedirdja
Governor
1992
1997
5
(1) M. Idroes
(2) Tubagus Muhammad Rais
(3) RS Museno
 
14
Sutiyoso
Governor
6 October 1997
7 October 2007
10
(1997–2002)
(1) Abdul Kahfi
(2) Boedihardjo Soekmadi
(3) Djailani
(4) Fauzi Alvi
Bang Yos
(2002–2007)
Fauzi Bowo
15 Fauzi Bowo.jpg
Fauzi Bowo
Governor
7 October 2007
7 October 2012
5
Prijanto
Foke
16 Gubernur DKI Jokowi.jpg
Joko Widodo[N. 2]
Governor
15 October 2012
16 October 2014
2
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Jokowi
17 Gubernur DKI Basuki TP 鐘萬學.jpg
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Governor
19 November 2014
9 May 2017[N. 3]
3[N. 4]
Djarot Saiful Hidayat
Ahok
18
Djarot Syaiful Hidayat[N. 5]
Governor
15 May 2017
Present
None
19 Anies-baswedan-Dec-2010.jpg
Anies Baswedan
Governor
(elect)
October 2017
5
Sandiaga Uno (elect)

Acting governors[edit]

At certain times, acting governors have replaced governors who have taken leave, for example to campaign for re-election or for other offices.[11][12]

No Image Acting governor Took office Left office Governor on leaving
1
Fadjar Panjaitan
8 October 2012
15 October 2012
2
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
1 June 2014
22 July 2014
Joko Widodo
16 October 2014
19 November 2014
3 Soni Sumarsono.jpg
Soni Sumarsono
28 October 2016
11 February 2017
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
7 March 2017
15 April 2017
4
Djarot Syaiful Hidayat[N. 6]
9 May 2017
14 June 2017
Basuki Tjahaja Purnama

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In this second period, he also served as the Home Affairs Minister of Indonesia.
  2. ^ Resigned after being elected as the President of Indonesia.[9]
  3. ^ Dismissed after being sentenced to two years in prison due to blasphemy case.[10]
  4. ^ Counted three years including when he served as the Acting Governor.
  5. ^ In exception of Djarot who replaced Basuki due to criminal penalty of blasphemy.
  6. ^ In exception of Djarot who replaced Basuki due to criminal penalty of blasphemy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Waworoentoe 2013.
  2. ^ Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008. 
  3. ^ "Jakarta holds historic election". BBC News. BBC. 8 August 2007. 
  4. ^ Joe Cochrane (19 April 2017). "Jakarta Governor Concedes Defeat in Religiously Tinged Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Jakarta’s ‘Ahok’ concedes heavy defeat in governor race". South China Morning Post. 
  6. ^ "Indonesia has been mercifully resistant to extremism—until now". The Economist. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  7. ^ http://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2017/04/20/21125081/hasil.final.real.count.kpu.anies-sandi.57.95.ahok-djarot.42.05.
  8. ^ Jakarta in Figures. Statistics DKI Jakarta Provincial Office, Jakarta. 2008. 
  9. ^ "Hari ini Jokowi Sudah bukan Gubernur DKI Jakarta Lagi". Suara Pembaruan (in Indonesian). Beritasatu.com. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Ahok Diberhentikan dari Jabatan Gubernur" (in Indonesian). news.metrotvnews.com. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  11. ^ Fana FS Putra Tambun (13 June 2014). "Ahok Announces Run for Jakarta Governor in 2017 If Jokowi Becomes President". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  12. ^ Lenny Tristia Tambun (9 December 2015). "Sumarsono Returns as Jakarta Acting Governor While Ahok Starts Runoff Campaign". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 21 April 2017.