List of Governors of New Mexico

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Number of Governors of New Mexico by party affiliation[a]
Party Governors
Democratic 17
Republican 10
NewMexico-StateSeal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New Mexico

The following is a list of the Governors of the state of New Mexico and New Mexico Territory.

Twenty-seven individuals have held the office of governor of New Mexico since the state's admission to the Union in 1912, two of whom—Edwin L. Mechem and Bruce King—served three non-consecutive terms. William C. McDonald, the first governor, took office on January 6, 1912. The current officeholder is Susana Martinez, who took office on January 1, 2011, as the first elected female governor of the state. Governors are limited to two consecutive terms but a former governor is eligible for re-election after an intervening governor's term expires.

Governors[edit]

Governors under U.S. military rule[edit]

For the governors of Nuevo México under Mexican and Spanish rule prior to the U.S. invasion, see Mexican governors of New Mexico and Spanish governors of New Mexico.

In 1846 the U.S. Army under Stephen W. Kearny invaded and occupied New Mexico. Military governors at times were assisted by civilian governors.

Military governors were:

# Image Governor Took office Left office Notes
1 Stephen W. Kearny.jpg General Stephen W. Kearny August 1846 September 1847 Military
2 SterlingPrice.jpg Colonel Sterling Price September 1847 10 October 1848 Military
3 Lieutenant Colonel John M. Washington 10 October 1848 23 October 1849 Military and civilian.[1]
4 No image.svg Colonel John Munroe 23 October 1849 3 March 1851 Military and civilian[2]

Civilian governors were:

# Picture Governor Took office Left office Notes
1 CharlesBent-cropped.jpg Charles Bent September 1846 19 January 1847 Assassinated in Taos on 19 January 1847.[3]
2 Donaciano Vigil.gif Donaciano Vigil 19 January 1847 11 October 1848 Acting to December 1847.[4]
3 Henry Connelly June 1850 September 1850 Elected under the "State" constitution, which was nullified by the Compromise of 1850.
Prevented from assuming power by Colonel John Munroe.

Governors of the Territory of New Mexico[edit]

In 1850 New Mexico was organized as a Territory, and James S. Calhoun was appointed the first governor.

Parties

  Whig   Democratic   Republican

# Picture Governor Took office Left office Party Appointing President Notes
1   James S. Calhoun 3 March 1851 6 May 1852 Whig   Millard Fillmore [note 1]
2 William Carr Lane (St. Louis Mayor, New Mexico Territory Governor).jpg   William Carr Lane 6 May 1852 1853 Whig
3 DavidMeriwether.jpg   David Meriwether 1853 1855 Democratic   Franklin Pierce
4 Abraham Rencher (New Mexico Governor).jpg   Abraham Rencher 1857 1861 Democratic   James Buchanan
5   Henry Connelly 4 September 1861 6 July 1866 Democratic   Abraham Lincoln [note 2]
6 Robert Byington Mitchell.jpg   Robert Byington Mitchell 6 July 1866 1869 Democratic   Andrew Johnson
7 WAPile.jpg   William Anderson Pile 1869 August 1871 Republican   Ulysses S. Grant
8 Marsh-Giddings-1871.jpg   Marsh Giddings August 1871 3 June 1875 Republican
No image.svg   William G. Ritch 3 June 1875 30 July 1875 Republican   Acting
9 Samuel-Beach-Axtell-1876.jpg   Samuel Beach Axtell 30 July 1875 29 September 1878 Republican   Ulysses S. Grant [note 3]
10 Lewis Wallace.jpg   Lewis Wallace 29 September 1878 9 March 1881 Republican   Rutherford B. Hayes
11 LASheldon crop.png   Lionel Allen Sheldon 9 March 1881 1885 Republican   James A. Garfield
12 Edmund G. Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg   Edmund G. Ross 1885 1889 Democratic   Grover Cleveland
13 Bradford Prince.jpg   L. Bradford Prince 1889 1893 Republican   Benjamin Harrison
14 William Taylor Thornton (New Mexico Territory Governor).jpg   William Taylor Thornton 1893 1897 Democratic   Grover Cleveland
15 Gov Miguel Antonio Otero.jpg   Miguel A. Otero 1897 1906 Republican   William McKinley
16 Herbert J. Hagerman (New Mexico Territory Governor).jpg   Herbert James Hagerman 1906 1907 Republican   Theodore Roosevelt
17 Politician george curry.png   George Curry 1907 1 March 1910 Republican [note 4]
18 William Joseph Mills.jpg   William J. Mills 1 March 1910 15 January 1912 Republican   William H. Taft
Source[5]

Governors of the State of New Mexico[edit]

  Democratic (XX)   Republican (XX)

Portrait Governor Term in office Time served Party Term
[note 5]
Previous office Lieutenant Governor
1 William C. McDonald (1912).jpg   William C. McDonald
July 25, 1858 – April 11, 1918
(aged 59)
    January 14, 1912    

    January 1, 1917    
1815 days Democratic 1 New Mexico Cattle Sanitary Board
(1905-1911)
  Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
2
3
2 Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca.jpg   Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca
November 1, 1864 – February 18, 1917
(aged 52)
    January 1, 1917    

    February 18, 1917    
49 days Democratic 4 1st
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
(1912-1917)
  Washington Lindsey
3 Washington Ellsworth Lindsey.JPG   Washington Lindsey
December 20, 1862 – April 5, 1926
(aged 63)
    February 18, 1917    

    January 1, 1919    
683 days Republican 2nd
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
(1917)
Vacant
4 Octaviano Larrazolo, bw photo portrait, 1919.jpg   Octaviano Larrazolo
December 7, 1859 – April 7, 1930
(aged 70)
    January 1, 1919    

    January 1, 1921    
732 days Republican 5 District Attorney for the
Western District of Texas
(1890-1894)
Benjamin F. Pankey
5 Merrit C. Mechem (1921).jpg   Merritt C. Mechem
10 October 1870 – 24 May 1946
(aged 75)
    January 1, 1921    

    January 1, 1923    
731 days Republican 6 Judge of the Seventh Judicial District
(1911-1920)
William H. Duckworth
6 James Hinkle.jpg   James F. Hinkle
October 20, 1864 – March 26, 1951
(aged 86)
    January 1, 1923    

    January 1, 1925    
732 days Democratic 7 New Mexico State Senator
(1912-1917)
  José A. Baca
January 1, 1923 - May 1924
Vacant
7 ArthurTHannett.jpg   Arthur T. Hannett
February 17, 1884 – March 18, 1966
(aged 82)
    January 1, 1925    

    January 1, 1927    
731 days Democratic 8 State Highway Commission
(1923-1924)
  Edward G. Sargent
January 1, 1925 - January 1, 1929
8 Richard C. Dillon.jpg   Richard C. Dillon
June 24, 1877 – January 5, 1966
(aged 88)
    January 1, 1927    

    January 1, 1931    
1462 days Republican 9 New Mexico State Senator
(1924-1926)
Hugh B. Woodward
January 1, 1929 - July 1929
Vacant
9   Arthur Seligman
June 14, 1873 – September 25, 1933
(aged 60)
    January 1, 1931    

    September 25, 1933    
999 days Democratic 10 Mayor of Santa Fe   Andrew W. Hockenhull
10 Andrew Hockenhull.jpg   Andrew W. Hockenhull
January 16, 1877 – June 20, 1974
(aged 97)
    September 25, 1933    

    January 1, 1935    
464 days Democratic 8th
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
(1931-1933)
Vacant
11   Clyde Tingley
January 5, 1882 – December 24, 1960
(aged 78)
    January 1, 1935    

    January 1, 1939    
1462 days Democratic 11 Superintendent of the State Highway Department
for the Albuquerque district
(1925–1926)
  Louis Cabeza de Baca
1935-1937
12   Hiram M. Dow
1937-1939
12   John E. Miles
July 28, 1884 – October 7, 1971
(aged 87)
    January 1, 1939    

    January 1, 1943    
1462 days Democratic 13 Secretary of the New Mexico
State Tax Commission
(1925)
  James Murray, Sr.
1939-1941
14   Ceferino Quintana
1941-1943
13 John J. Dempsey.jpg   John J. Dempsey
June 22, 1879 – March 11, 1958
(aged 78)
    January 1, 1943    

    January 1, 1947    
1462 days Democratic 15 U.S. Representative for New Mexico's At-large
(1935-1941)
  James B. Jones
16
14   Thomas J. Mabry
October 17, 1884 – December 23, 1962
(aged 78)
    January 1, 1947    

    January 1, 1951    
1462 days Democratic 17 Chief Justice
New Mexico Supreme Court
(1939-1946)
  Joseph Montoya
18
15 Edwin Mechem.jpg   Edwin L. Mechem
July 2, 1912 – November 27, 2002
(aged 90)
    January 1, 1951    

    January 1, 1955    
1462 days Republican 19 New Mexico Representative
(1947-1948)
Tibo J. Chávez
20
16   John F. Simms
December 18, 1916 – April 11, 1975
(aged 58)
    January 1, 1955    

    January 1, 1957    
732 days Democratic 21 New Mexico Representative
(1947-1949)
  Joseph Montoya
January 1, 1957 - April 1957
17 Edwin Mechem.jpg   Edwin L. Mechem
July 2, 1912 – November 27, 2002
(aged 90)
    January 1, 1957    

    January 1, 1959    
731 days Republican 22 15th
Governor of New Mexico
(1951-1955)
Vacant
18   John Burroughs
April 7, 1907 – May 21, 1978
(aged 71)
    January 1, 1959    

    January 1, 1961    
732 days Democratic 23 New Mexico Representative
(1957-1959)
  Ed V. Mead
19 Edwin Mechem.jpg   Edwin L. Mechem
July 2, 1912 – November 27, 2002
(aged 90)
    January 1, 1961    

    November 30, 1962    
699 days Republican 24 17th
Governor of New Mexico
(1957-1959)
  Tom Bolack
20   Tom Bolack
May 18, 1918 – May 20, 1998
(aged 80)
    November 30, 1962    

    January 1, 1963    
33 days Republican 25 18th
Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico
(1961-1962)
Vacant
21   Jack M. Campbell
September 10, 1916 – June 14, 1999
(aged 82)
    January 1, 1963    

    January 1, 1967    
1462 days Democratic 26 Speaker of the
New Mexico House of Representatives

(1960-1962)
  Mack Easley
27
22 David F. Cargo 2006.jpg   David Cargo
January 13, 1929 – July 5, 2013
(aged 84)
    January 1, 1967    

    January 1, 1971    
1462 days Republican 28 New Mexico Representative
(1963-1967)
Lee Francis
29
23   Bruce King
April 6, 1924 – November 13, 2009
(aged 85)
    January 1, 1971    

    January 1, 1975    
1462 days Democratic 30 Speaker of the
New Mexico House of Representatives
  Roberto Mondragón
24   Jerry Apodaca
(1934-10-03) October 3, 1934 (age 81)
    January 1, 1975    

    January 1, 1979    
1462 days Democratic 31 New Mexico Senator
(1966-1974)
  Robert E. Ferguson
25   Bruce King
April 6, 1924 – November 13, 2009
(aged 85)
    January 1, 1979    

    January 1, 1983    
1462 days Democratic 32 23rd
Governor of New Mexico
(1971-1975)
  Roberto Mondragón
26 Toney Anaya 2008.jpg   Toney Anaya
(1941-04-29) April 29, 1941 (age 75)
    January 1, 1983    

    January 1, 1987    
1462 days Democratic 33 24th
Attorney General of New Mexico
(1975-1978)
  Robert E. Ferguson
27   Garrey Carruthers
(1939-08-29) August 29, 1939 (age 77)
    January 1, 1987    

    January 1, 1991    
1462 days Republican 34 Asst. Secretary of the
United States Department of the Interior
(1981-1984)
  Jack L. Stahl
28   Bruce King
April 6, 1924 – November 13, 2009
(aged 85)
    January 1, 1991    

    January 1, 1995    
1462 days Democratic 35 25th
Governor of New Mexico
(1979-1983)
  Casey Luna
29 Garyjohnsonphoto - modified.jpg   Gary Johnson
(1953-01-01) January 1, 1953 (age 63)
    January 1, 1995    

    January 1, 2003    
2923 days Republican 36 None Walter Dwight Bradley
37
30 Bill Richardson at an event in Kensington, New Hampshire, March 18, 2006.jpg   Bill Richardson
(1947-11-15) November 15, 1947 (age 68)
    January 1, 2003    

    January 1, 2011    
2923 days Democratic 38 9th
United States Secretary of Energy
(1998-2001)
  Diane Denish
39
31 Governor NewMexico.jpg   Susana Martinez
(1959-07-14) July 14, 1959 (age 57)
    January 1, 2011    

    Incumbent    
2095 days Republican 40 District Attorney for the
3rd Judicial District of New Mexico
(1997-2011)
John Sanchez
41

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ James Calhoun resigned in 1852 to return to his native state of Georgia
  2. ^ The territory broke into two, and then three during Connelly's tenure due to the civil war and administrative problems (see: Arizona Territory and Arizona Territory (CSA))
  3. ^ Samuel Axtell was suspended by the Secretary of the Interior for misconduct in 1878.
  4. ^ George Curry resigned in 1910 to be a framer in the New Mexico Constitutional Convention.
  5. ^ Each term for which a governor is elected is listed here; if multiple governors served in a single term, due to resignations, deaths, and the like, then that term will be shared among those governors. If a governor was elected multiple times, then there will be multiple terms listed for that governor.

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of the higher federal offices and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators represented New Mexico. * denotes offices that the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term Higher offices held
Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo 1919–1921 U.S. Senator
John E. Miles 1939–1943 U.S. Representative
John J. Dempsey 1943–1947 U.S. Representative
Edwin L. Mechem 1951–1955
1957–1959
1961–1962
U.S. Senator*
Bill Richardson 2003–2011 U.S. Representative, U.S. Secretary of Energy, Ambassador to the United Nations

Living former U.S. governors of New Mexico[edit]

As of May 2015, there are five former U.S. governors of New Mexico who are currently living at this time, the oldest U.S. governor of New Mexico being Jerry Apodaca (served 1975–1979, born 1934). The most recent U.S. governor of New Mexico to die was David Cargo (served 1967–1971, born 1929), who died on July 5, 2013. The most recently serving U.S. governor of New Mexico to die was Bruce King (served 1971–1975, 1979–1983 and 1991–1995, born 1924), who died on November 13, 2009.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Jerry Apodaca 1975–1979 (1934-10-03) October 3, 1934 (age 81)
Toney Anaya 1983–1987 (1941-04-29) April 29, 1941 (age 75)
Garrey Carruthers 1987–1991 (1939-08-29) August 29, 1939 (age 77)
Gary Johnson 1995–2003 (1953-01-01) January 1, 1953 (age 63)
Bill Richardson 2003–2011 (1947-11-15) November 15, 1947 (age 68)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Table only includes state governors; 26 people have served as governor, two thrice; the table includes these non-consecutive terms as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simmons, Marc (November 25, 2011). "Colonel left little mark as governorTrail Dust". The New Mexican. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  2. ^ Clay, Henry; Hay, Melba Porter (1991-03-14). The Papers of Henry Clay. Volume 10: Candidate, Compromiser, Elder Statesman, January 1, 1844-June 29, 1852. University Press of Kentucky. p. 730. ISBN 978-0-8131-0060-9. Retrieved 2012-07-11. 
  3. ^ Wroth, Wiliam H. (2012). "Bent, Charles". New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  4. ^ Weber, David J. (2012). "Vigil, Donaciano". New Mexico State Record Center and Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  5. ^ State of New Mexico (July 2012). Kathryn A. Flynn, ed. 2012 Centennial Blue Book (PDF). Diana J. Duran. Office of the New Mexico Secretary of State. p. 210.