List of governors of Punjab (British India)

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The Governor of the Punjab was head of the British administration in the province of the Punjab. In 1849 the East India Company defeated the Sikh Empire and annexed the Punjab region. The Governor-General of India, Lord Dalhousie implemented a three-member Board of Administration to govern the province.[1] The Board of Administration was abolished in 1853 and replaced by the office of Chief Commissioner.[2] Following the liquidation of the East India Company and the transfer of its assets to the British Crown, the office of lieutenant-governor was instituted in 1859. This lasted until it was replaced by the office of governor in the aftermath of the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms.

In 1947, the British Raj came to an end and the countries of India and Pakistan were created. The Punjab was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab, with the former joining Pakistan and the latter India. In Pakistan, the first governor of West Punjab was Sir Francis Mudie. In 1955, West Punjab was dissolved, and became Punjab province. In 1956 East Punjab was divided into the present-day Indian states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

List of Heads of the Punjab (1849-1947)[edit]

# Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Notes
President of the Board of Administration
1 Sir Henry Montgomery Lawrence
(1806-1857)
1 Apr 1849 1853
Chief Commissioners
1 John Laird Mair Lawrence
(1811-1879)
1853 31 Dec 1858
Lieutenant-Governors
1 Sir John Laird Mair Lawrence, Bt
(1811-1879)
1 Jan 1859 25 Feb 1859
2 Robert Montgomery
(1809-1887)
25 Feb 1859 10 Jan 1865
3 Donald Friell McLeod
(1810-1872)
10 Jan 1865 1 Jun 1870
4 Sir Henry Marion Durand
(1812-1871)
1 Jun 1870 20 Jan 1871
5 Robert Henry Davies
(1824-1902)
20 Jan 1871 2 Apr 1877
6 Robert Eyles Egerton
(1857-1912)
2 Apr 1877 3 Apr 1882
7 Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchinson
(1832-1896)
3 Apr 1882 2 Apr 1887
8 James Broadwood Lyall
(1845-1920)
2 Apr 1887 5 Mar 1892
9 Sir Dennis Fitzpatrick
(1827-1920)
5 Mar 1892 6 Mar 1897
10 William Mackworth Young
(1840-1924)
6 Mar 1897 6 Mar 1902
11 Sir Charles Montgomery Rivaz
(1845-1926)
6 Mar 1902 36 Mar 1907
12 Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson
(1847-1908)
6 Mar 1907 26 May 1907
- Thomas Gordon Walker
(1849-1917)
26 May 1907 12 Aug 1907
  • Acting Lieutenant-Governor
12 Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson
(1847-1908)
12 Aug 1907 22 Jan 1908
- Thomas Gordon Walker
(1849-1917)
22 Jan 1908 25 May 1908
  • Acting Lieutenant-Governor
13 Sir Louis William Dane
(1856-1948)
25 May 1908 28 Apr 1911
  • Anand Marriage Act, 1909
- James McCrone Douie
(1854-1935)
28 Apr 1911 4 Aug 1911
  • Acting Lieutenant-Governor
13 Sir Louis William Dane
(1856-1948)
4 Aug 1911 26 May 1913
14 Sir Michael Francis O'Dwyer
(1864-1940)
26 May 1913 26 May 1919
15 Sir Edward Douglas Maclagan
(1864-1952)
26 May 1919 3 Jan 1921
Governors
1 Sir Edward Douglas Maclagan
(1864-1952)
3 Jan 1921 31 May 1924
2 Sir William Malcolm Hailey
(1872-1969)
31 May 1924 9 Aug 1928
  • Ministers: Manohar Lal (Education) (1927-1930), Joginder Singh (Agriculture) (1927-1930), Feroz Khan Noon (Local Self-government) (1927-1930)
3 Sir Geoffrey Fitzhervey de Montmorency
(1876-1955)
9 Aug 1928 19 Jul 1932
- Sikandar Hayat Khan
(1892-1942)
19 Jul 1932 19 Oct 1932
  • Acting Governor
3 Sir Geoffrey Fitzhervey de Montmorency
(1876-1955)
19 Oct 1932 12 Apr 1933
4 Sir Herbert William Emerson
(1881-1962)
12 Apr 1933 1 Feb 1934
- Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan
(1892-1942)
15 Feb 1934 9 Jun 1934
  • Acting Governor
4 Sir Herbert William Emerson
(1881-1962)
9 Jun 1934 4 Apr 1938
5 Sir Henry Duffield Craik, Bt
(1876-1955)
4 Apr 1938 7 Apr 1941
6 Sir Bertrand James Glancy
(1882-1953)
7 Apr 1941 8 Apr 1946
7 Sir Evan Meredith Jenkins
(1896-1985)
8 Apr 1946 15 Aug 1947

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Col. H. C. Wylly, History of the 5th Battalion 13th Frontier Force Rifles: 1849–1926, Andrews UK Limited, 20 Dec 2011, p.1
  2. ^ K. M. Sarkar, The Grand Trunk Road in the Punjab: 1849-1886, Atlantic Publishers & Distri, 1927, p.13
  3. ^ Nijjar, Bakshish Singh. History of the United Panjab, Volume 1. 
  4. ^ Singh, Virinder. Dyarchy In Punjab. National Book Organisation.