List of Governors of Vermont

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The Governor of Vermont is the U.S. state government's chief executive. As of 2015, Vermont is one of only two U.S. states (New Hampshire being the other) that elects Governors for two-year terms. Until 1870, Vermont elected its Governors for one-year terms.[1]

List[edit]

As the independent Vermont Republic[edit]

# Portrait Governor Took office Left office Party Lieutenant Governor
1 ThomasChittenden.png Thomas Chittenden March 1778 October 1789 No party Joseph Marsh

(1778–1779)

No party
Benjamin Carpenter

(1779–1781)

No party
Elisha Payne

(1781–1782)

No party
Paul Spooner

(1782–1787)

No party
Joseph Marsh

(1787–1790)

No party
2 Mosesrobinson.jpg Moses Robinson October 1789 October 1790 No party
3 ThomasChittenden.png Thomas Chittenden October 1790 October 1791 No party Peter Olcott

(1790–1794)

No party

As a U.S. state[edit]

Political party

  Democratic (6)   Democratic-Republican (6)   Federalist (3)   No party (1)   National Republican (2)   Republican (54)   Whig (8)

# Portrait Governor Took office Left office Lieutenant Governor Party Side of the Green Mountains
1 ThomasChittenden.png Thomas Chittenden October 1790 August 25, 1797 Jonathan Hunt Independent West
Paul Brigham
2 Paul Brigham Vermont Governor.jpg Paul Brigham August 25, 1797 October 16, 1797 Democratic-Republican East
3 Isaac Tichenor.jpg Isaac Tichenor October 16, 1797 October 9, 1807 Federalist West
4 Israel Smith.jpg Israel Smith October 9, 1807 October 14, 1808 Democratic-Republican West
5 Isaac Tichenor.jpg Isaac Tichenor October 14, 1808 October 14, 1809 Federalist West
6 Jonas Galusha.jpg Jonas Galusha October 14, 1809 October 23, 1813 Democratic-Republican West
7 Martin Chittenden.jpg Martin Chittenden October 23, 1813 October 14, 1815 William Chamberlain Federalist West
8 Jonas Galusha.jpg Jonas Galusha October 14, 1815 October 23, 1820 Paul Brigham Democratic-Republican West
9 Richard Skinner.jpg Richard Skinner October 23, 1820 October 10, 1823 William Cahoon Democratic-Republican West
Aaron Leland
10 Cornelius P Van Ness.jpg Cornelius P. Van Ness October 10, 1823 October 13, 1826 Democratic-Republican West
11 Ezra Butler (Vermont Governor).jpg Ezra Butler October 13, 1826 October 10, 1828 National Republican East
Henry Olin
12 Samuel Crafts.jpg Samuel C. Crafts October 10, 1828 October 18, 1831 Mark Richards National Republican East
13 William A. Palmer.jpg William A. Palmer October 18, 1831 November 2, 1835 Lebbeus Egerton Anti-Masonic East
Silas H. Jennison (Whig)
14 Silas Hemenway Jenison.jpg Silas H. Jennison November 2, 1835 October 15, 1841 vacant Whig West
David M. Camp
15 VshPaine.JPG Charles Paine October 15, 1841 October 13, 1843 Waitstill R. Ranney Whig East
16 John Mattocks.jpg John Mattocks October 13, 1843 October 11, 1844 Horace Eaton Whig East
17 William Slade.jpg William Slade October 11, 1844 October 9, 1846 Whig West
18 Horace Eaton.jpg Horace Eaton October 9, 1846 October 1848 Leonard Sargeant Whig East
19 Carlos Coolidge.gif Carlos Coolidge October 1848 October 11, 1850 Robert Pierpoint Whig East
20 Charles K Williams.jpg Charles K. Williams October 11, 1850 October 1852 Julius Converse Whig West
21 Erastus Fairbanks.jpg Erastus Fairbanks October 1852 October 27, 1853 William C. Kittredge Whig East
22 John S Robinson.jpg John S. Robinson October 27, 1853 October 13, 1854 Jefferson P. Kidder Democratic West
23 Stephen Royce.jpg Stephen Royce October 13, 1854 October 10, 1856 Ryland Fletcher Whig (1st term) West
Republican (2nd term)
24 Ryland Fletcher (Vermont Governor).jpg Ryland Fletcher October 10, 1856 October 10, 1858 James M. Slade Republican East
25 Hiland Hall.jpg Hiland Hall October 10, 1858 October 12, 1860 Burnham Martin Republican West
26 Erastus Fairbanks.jpg Erastus Fairbanks October 12, 1860 October 11, 1861 Levi Underwood Republican East
27 Frederick Holbrook.jpg Frederick Holbrook October 11, 1861 October 9, 1863 Levi Underwood
Paul Dillingham
Republican East
28 J. Gregory Smith.jpg J. Gregory Smith October 9, 1863 October 13, 1865 Paul Dillingham Republican West
29 Paul Dillingham.jpg Paul Dillingham October 13, 1865 October 13, 1867 Abraham B. Gardner Republican East
30 John b page.jpg John B. Page October 13, 1867 October 15, 1869 Stephen Thomas Republican West
31 Peter T Washburn.jpg Peter T. Washburn October 15, 1869 February 7, 1870 George W. Hendee Republican East
32 GeorgeWHendee.jpg George W. Hendee February 7, 1870 October 6, 1870 George N. Dale Republican West
33 John Wolcott Stewart.jpg John W. Stewart October 6, 1870 October 3, 1872 George N. Dale Republican West
34 Julius Converse.gif Julius Converse October 3, 1872 October 8, 1874 Russell S. Taft Republican East
35 Asahel Peck.jpg Asahel Peck October 8, 1874 October 5, 1876 Lyman G. Hinckley Republican West
36 Horace Fairbanks.jpg Horace Fairbanks October 5, 1876 October 3, 1878 Redfield Proctor Republican East
37 Redfield Proctor, 37th United States Secretary of War.jpg Redfield Proctor October 3, 1878 October 7, 1880 Eben Pomeroy Colton Republican West
38 Roswell Farnham.jpg Roswell Farnham October 7, 1880 October 5, 1882 John L. Barstow Republican East
39 John L Barstow.gif John L. Barstow October 5, 1882 October 2, 1884 Samuel E. Pingree Republican West
40 Samuel E. Pingree.jpg Samuel E. Pingree October 2, 1884 October 7, 1886 Ebenezer J. Ormsbee Republican East
41 Ebenezer Jolls Ormsbee.jpg Ebenezer J. Ormsbee October 7, 1886 October 4, 1888 Levi K. Fuller Republican West
42 William P. Dillingham, governor 1888-1890 (Republican).jpg William P. Dillingham October 4, 1888 October 2, 1890 Urban A. Woodbury Republican East
43 Carroll Smalley Page, 1920.jpg Carroll S. Page October 2, 1890 October 6, 1892 Henry A. Fletcher Republican West
44 Fuller.jpg Levi K. Fuller October 6, 1892 October 4, 1894 F. Stewart Stranahan Republican East
45 Urban A Woodbury.jpg Urban A. Woodbury October 4, 1894 October 8, 1896 Zophar M. Mansur Republican West
46 VshJosiahGrout.JPG Josiah Grout October 8, 1896 October 6, 1898 Nelson W. Fisk Republican East
47 Edward Curtis Smith.jpg Edward C. Smith October 6, 1898 October 4, 1900 Henry C. Bates Republican West
48 William Wallace Stickney.jpg William W. Stickney October 4, 1900 October 3, 1902 Martin F. Allen Republican East
49 John G McCullough.jpg John G. McCullough October 3, 1902 October 6, 1904 Zed S. Stanton Republican West
50 Charles J. Bell.jpg Charles J. Bell October 6, 1904 October 4, 1906 Charles H. Stearns Republican East
51 Fletcher D. Proctor.jpg Fletcher D. Proctor October 4, 1906 October 8, 1908 George H. Prouty Republican West
52 GeorgeProuty.jpg George H. Prouty October 8, 1908 October 5, 1910 John A. Mead Republican East
53 John Abner Mead USA politician Governor Vermont-crop.jpg John A. Mead October 5, 1910 October 3, 1912 Leighton P. Slack Republican West
54 Allen Miller Fletcher.jpg Allen M. Fletcher October 3, 1912 January 7, 1915 Frank E. Howe Republican East
55 Charles W. Gates.jpg Charles W. Gates January 7, 1915 January 4, 1917 Hale K. Darling Republican West
56 Horace French Graham.jpg Horace F. Graham January 4, 1917 January 9, 1919 Roger W. Hulburd Republican East
57 Percivalclement.jpg Percival W. Clement January 9, 1919 January 6, 1921 Mason S. Stone Republican West
58 James Hartness.jpg James Hartness January 6, 1921 January 4, 1923 Abram W. Foote Republican East
59 RedfieldProctorjr.jpg Redfield Proctor, Jr. January 4, 1923 January 8, 1925 Franklin S. Billings Republican West
60 Franklin S. Billings.jpg Franklin S. Billings January 8, 1925 January 6, 1927 Walter K. Farnsworth Republican East
61 John Eliakim Weeks.jpg John E. Weeks January 6, 1927 January 8, 1931 Hollister Jackson
Stanley C. Wilson
Republican West
62 Stanley Calef Wilson.jpg Stanley C. Wilson January 8, 1931 January 10, 1935 Benjamin Williams
Charles Manley Smith
Republican East
63 Charles Manley Smith 2.jpg Charles M. Smith January 10, 1935 January 7, 1937 George D. Aiken Republican West
64 GeorgeAiken-VTSEN-.jpg George David Aiken January 7, 1937 January 9, 1941 William H. Wills Republican East
65 Wm Henry Wills.jpg William H. Wills January 9, 1941 January 4, 1945 Mortimer R. Proctor Republican West
66 Mortimer Robinson Proctor.jpg Mortimer R. Proctor January 4, 1945 January 9, 1947 Lee E. Emerson Republican West
67 Ernest W. Gibson Jr..jpg Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. January 9, 1947 January 16, 1950 Lee E. Emerson
Harold J. Arthur
Republican East
68 Harold J. Arthur.jpg Harold J. Arthur January 16, 1950 January 4, 1951 vacant Republican West
69 Lee Emerson Vermont 2.jpg Lee E. Emerson January 4, 1951 January 6, 1955 Joseph B. Johnson Republican East
70 Joseph Blaine Johnson.jpg Joseph B. Johnson January 6, 1955 January 8, 1959 Consuelo N. Bailey
Robert T. Stafford
Republican East
71 Robert Theodore Stafford.jpg Robert T. Stafford January 8, 1959 January 5, 1961 Robert S. Babcock Republican West
72 F. Ray Keyser, Jr..jpg F. Ray Keyser, Jr. January 5, 1961 January 10, 1963 Ralph A. Foote Republican East
73 Philip H. Hoff for Vermont Governor poster 1962 (cropped).jpeg Philip H. Hoff January 10, 1963 January 9, 1969 Ralph A. Foote (Republican) Democratic West
John J. Daley (Democratic)
74 Deane C. Davis Vermont Governor poster 1970 (cropped).jpg Deane C. Davis January 9, 1969 January 4, 1973 Thomas L. Hayes
John S. Burgess
Republican East
75 Thomas P. Salmon.jpg Thomas P. Salmon January 4, 1973 January 6, 1977 John S. Burgess (Republican) Democratic East
Brian D. Burns (Democratic)
76 Richard A Snelling.jpg Richard A. Snelling January 6, 1977 January 10, 1985 T. Garry Buckley (Republican)
Madeleine M. Kunin (Democratic)
Peter P. Smith (Republican)
Republican West
77 Madeleine kunin 20041011.jpg Madeleine M. Kunin January 10, 1985 January 10, 1991 Peter P. Smith (Republican)
Howard Dean (Democratic)
Democratic West
78 Richard A Snelling.jpg Richard A. Snelling January 10, 1991 August 13, 1991 Howard Dean (Democratic) Republican West
79 Howard Dean (cropped).jpg Howard Dean August 13, 1991 January 9, 2003 vacant Democratic West
Barbara W. Snelling (Republican)
Douglas Racine (Democratic)
80 Jim Douglas-2009.jpg Jim Douglas January 9, 2003 January 6, 2011 Brian Dubie Republican West
81 Peter Shumlin.jpg Peter Shumlin January 6, 2011 January 5, 2017 Phil Scott (Republican) Democratic East
82 Phil Scott.jpg Phil Scott January 5, 2017 Incumbent David Zuckerman (Progressive/Democratic) Republican East

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Vermont except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Moses Robinson 1789–1790 (Vt. Republic) S
Isaac Tichenor 1797–1807
1808–1809
S
Israel Smith 1807–1808 H S
Richard Skinner 1820–1823 H
Cornelius P. Van Ness 1823–1826 United States Minister to Spain, Collector of the Port of New York
Ezra Butler 1826–1828 H
Samuel C. Crafts 1828–1831 H S
William A. Palmer 1831–1835 S
John Mattocks 1843–1844 H
William Slade 1844–1846 H
Hiland Hall 1858–1860 H
Paul Dillingham 1865–1867 H
George W. Hendee 1870 H
John W. Stewart 1870–1872 H S
Redfield Proctor 1878–1880 S United States Secretary of War
William P. Dillingham 1888–1890 S
Carroll S. Page 1890–1892 S
John E. Weeks 1927–1931 H
George Aiken 1937–1941 S
William H. Wills 1941–1945 Member, Federal Communications Commission
Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. 1947–1950 S Judge, United States District Court for the District of Vermont
Robert Stafford 1959–1961 H S
Madeleine M. Kunin 1985–1991 United States Deputy Secretary of Education; United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein

Living former governors of Vermont[edit]

As of April 2018, there are five former governors of Vermont who are currently living at this time, the oldest governor of Vermont being Thomas P. Salmon (served 1973–1977, born 1932). The most recent governor of Vermont to die was Philip H. Hoff (served 1963–1969, born 1924), in April 2018. The most recently serving governor of Vermont to die was Richard A. Snelling (served 1977–1985 and 1991, born 1927), in office on August 13, 1991.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Thomas P. Salmon 1973–1977 (1932-08-19) August 19, 1932 (age 86)
Madeleine M. Kunin 1985–1991 (1933-09-28) September 28, 1933 (age 84)
Howard Dean 1991–2003 (1948-11-17) November 17, 1948 (age 69)
Jim Douglas 2003–2011 (1951-06-21) June 21, 1951 (age 67)
Peter Shumlin 2011–2017 (1956-03-24) March 24, 1956 (age 62)

Mountain Rule[edit]

From the founding of the Republican Party in the 1850s until the 1960s, only Republicans won general elections for Vermont's statewide offices. One method that made this possible was imposition of the "Mountain Rule." Under the provisions of the Mountain Rule, one U.S. Senator was a resident of the east side of the Green Mountains and one resided on the west side, and the governorship and lieutenant governorship alternated between residents of the east and west side. Nominees for Governor and Lieutenant Governor were allowed two one-year terms and, later, one two-year term. For nearly 100 years, likely Republican candidates for office in Vermont agreed to abide by the Mountain Rule in the interests of party unity. Several factors led to the eventual weakening of the Mountain Rule, including: the long time political dispute between the Proctor (conservative) and AikenGibson (liberal) wings of the party; primaries rather than conventions to select nominees; the direct election of U.S. Senators; and several active third parties, including the Progressives, the Prohibition Party, and the Local Option movement. In the 1960s, the rise of the Vermont Democratic Party and the construction of Interstate 89 also contributed to the end of the Mountain Rule. Though I-89 is a north-south route, it traverses Vermont from east to west and changed the way Vermonters viewed how the state was divided.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ pdf Archived 2016-01-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Newspaper article, The Mountain Rule in Vermont, New York Times, February 12, 1895
  3. ^ Magazine article, Mountain Rule Revisited, by Samuel B. Hand, Vermont History Magazine, published by Vermont Historical Society, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 139 to 151