List of Governors of Vermont

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The Governor of Vermont is the state government's chief executive. As of 2015, Vermont is one of only two states (New Hampshire being the other) that elects Governors for two-year terms.

Until 1870, Vermont elected its governors for one-year terms.[1]

List[edit]

The following is a list of Governors of Vermont:

As the independent Vermont Republic[edit]

Parties

      No party

# Governor Took office Left office Party
1 Thomas Chittenden 1778 1789 No party
2 Moses Robinson 1789 1790 No party
3 Thomas Chittenden 1790 1791 No party

As a U.S. state[edit]

Parties

      Democratic       Democratic-Republican       Federalist       No party       National Republican       Republican       Whig

# Governor Took office Left office Party
1 Thomas Chittenden March 4, 1791 August 25, 1797 No party West
2 Paul Brigham August 25, 1797 October 16, 1797 Democratic-Republican East
3 Isaac Tichenor October 16, 1797 October 9, 1807 Federalist West
4 Israel Smith October 9, 1807 October 14, 1808 Democratic-Republican West
5 Isaac Tichenor October 14, 1808 October 14, 1809 Federalist West
6 Jonas Galusha October 14, 1809 October 23, 1813 Democratic-Republican West
7 Martin Chittenden October 23, 1813 October 14, 1815 Federalist West
8 Jonas Galusha October 14, 1815 October 23, 1820 Democratic-Republican West
9 Richard Skinner October 23, 1820 October 10, 1823 Democratic-Republican West
10 Cornelius P. Van Ness October 10, 1823 October 13, 1826 Democratic-Republican West
11 Ezra Butler October 13, 1826 October 10, 1828 National Republican East
12 Samuel C. Crafts October 10, 1828 October 18, 1831 National Republican East
13 William A. Palmer October 18, 1831 November 2, 1835 Anti-Masonic East
14 Silas H. Jennison November 2, 1835 October 15, 1841 Whig West
15 Charles Paine October 15, 1841 October 13, 1843 Whig East
16 John Mattocks October 13, 1843 October 11, 1844 Whig East
17 William Slade October 11, 1844 October 9, 1846 Whig West
18 Horace Eaton October 9, 1846 October 1848 Whig East
19 Carlos Coolidge October 1848 October 11, 1850 Whig East
20 Charles K. Williams October 11, 1850 October 1852 Whig West
21 Erastus Fairbanks October 1852 October 1853 Whig East
22 John S. Robinson October 1853 October 13, 1854 Democratic West
23 Stephen Royce October 13, 1854 October 10, 1856 Whig (1st term) /
Republican (2nd term)
West
24 Ryland Fletcher October 10, 1856 October 10, 1858 Republican East
25 Hiland Hall October 10, 1858 October 12, 1860 Republican West
26 Erastus Fairbanks October 12, 1860 October 11, 1861 Republican East
27 Frederick Holbrook October 11, 1861 October 9, 1863 Republican East
28 J. Gregory Smith October 9, 1863 October 13, 1865 Republican West
29 Paul Dillingham October 13, 1865 October 13, 1867 Republican East
30 John B. Page October 13, 1867 October 15, 1869 Republican West
31 Peter T. Washburn October 15, 1869 February 7, 1870 Republican East
32 George W. Hendee February 7, 1870 October 6, 1870 Republican West
33 John W. Stewart October 6, 1870 October 3, 1872 Republican West
34 Julius Converse October 3, 1872 October 8, 1874 Republican East
35 Asahel Peck October 8, 1874 October 5, 1876 Republican West
36 Horace Fairbanks October 5, 1876 October 3, 1878 Republican East
37 Redfield Proctor October 3, 1878 October 7, 1880 Republican West
38 Roswell Farnham October 7, 1880 October 5, 1882 Republican East
39 John L. Barstow October 5, 1882 October 2, 1884 Republican West
40 Samuel E. Pingree October 2, 1884 October 7, 1886 Republican East
41 Ebenezer J. Ormsbee October 7, 1886 October 4, 1888 Republican West
42 William P. Dillingham October 4, 1888 October 2, 1890 Republican East
43 Carroll S. Page October 2, 1890 October 6, 1892 Republican West
44 Levi K. Fuller October 6, 1892 October 4, 1894 Republican East
45 Urban A. Woodbury October 4, 1894 October 8, 1896 Republican West
46 Josiah Grout October 8, 1896 October 6, 1898 Republican East
47 Edward C. Smith October 6, 1898 October 4, 1900 Republican West
48 William W. Stickney October 4, 1900 October 3, 1902 Republican East
49 John G. McCullough October 3, 1902 October 6, 1904 Republican West
50 Charles J. Bell October 6, 1904 October 4, 1906 Republican East
51 Fletcher D. Proctor October 4, 1906 October 8, 1908 Republican West
52 George H. Prouty October 8, 1908 October 5, 1910 Republican East
53 John A. Mead October 5, 1910 October 3, 1912 Republican West
54 Allen M. Fletcher October 3, 1912 January 7, 1915 Republican East
55 Charles W. Gates January 7, 1915 January 4, 1917 Republican West
56 Horace F. Graham January 4, 1917 January 9, 1919 Republican East
57 Percival W. Clement January 9, 1919 January 6, 1921 Republican West
58 James Hartness January 6, 1921 January 4, 1923 Republican East
59 Redfield Proctor, Jr. January 4, 1923 January 8, 1925 Republican West
60 Franklin S. Billings January 8, 1925 January 6, 1927 Republican East
61 John E. Weeks January 6, 1927 January 8, 1931 Republican West
62 Stanley C. Wilson January 8, 1931 January 10, 1935 Republican East
63 Charles M. Smith January 10, 1935 January 7, 1937 Republican West
64 George David Aiken January 7, 1937 January 9, 1941 Republican East
65 William H. Wills January 9, 1941 January 4, 1945 Republican West
66 Mortimer R. Proctor January 4, 1945 January 9, 1947 Republican West
67 Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. January 9, 1947 January 16, 1950 Republican East
68 Harold J. Arthur January 16, 1950 January 4, 1951 Republican West
69 Lee E. Emerson January 4, 1951 January 6, 1955 Republican East
70 Joseph B. Johnson January 6, 1955 January 8, 1959 Republican East
71 Robert T. Stafford January 8, 1959 January 5, 1961 Republican West
72 F. Ray Keyser, Jr. January 5, 1961 January 10, 1963 Republican East
73 Philip H. Hoff January 10, 1963 January 9, 1969 Democratic West
74 Deane C. Davis January 9, 1969 January 4, 1973 Republican East
75 Thomas P. Salmon January 4, 1973 January 6, 1977 Democratic East
76 Richard A. Snelling January 6, 1977 January 10, 1985 Republican West
77 Madeleine M. Kunin January 10, 1985 January 10, 1991 Democratic West
78 Richard A. Snelling January 10, 1991 August 13, 1991 Republican West
79 Howard Dean August 13, 1991 January 9, 2003 Democratic West
80 Jim Douglas January 9, 2003 January 6, 2011 Republican West
81 Peter Shumlin January 6, 2011 Incumbent Democratic East[2]

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Vermont except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Moses Robinson 1789–1790 (Vt. Republic) S
Isaac Tichenor 1797–1807
1808–1809
S
Israel Smith 1807–1808 H S
Richard Skinner 1820–1823 H
Cornelius P. Van Ness 1823–1826 United States Minister to Spain, Collector of the Port of New York
Ezra Butler 1826–1828 H
Samuel C. Crafts 1828–1831 H S
William A. Palmer 1831–1835 S
John Mattocks 1843–1844 H
William Slade 1844–1846 H
Hiland Hall 1858–1860 H
Paul Dillingham 1865–1867 H
George W. Hendee 1870 H
John W. Stewart 1870–1872 H S
Redfield Proctor 1878–1880 S United States Secretary of War
William P. Dillingham 1888–1890 S
Carroll S. Page 1890–1892 S
John E. Weeks 1927–1931 H
George Aiken 1937–1941 S
William H. Wills 1941–1945 Member, Federal Communications Commission
Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. 1947–1950 S Judge, United States District Court for the District of Vermont
Robert Stafford 1959–1961 H S
Madeleine M. Kunin 1985–1991 United States Deputy Secretary of Education; United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein

Living former governors of Vermont[edit]

As of May 2015, there are five former governors of Vermont who are currently living at this time, the oldest governor of Vermont being Philip H. Hoff (served 1963–1969, born 1924). The most recent governor of Vermont to die was F. Ray Keyser, Jr. (served 1961–1963, born 1927), on March 7, 2015. The most recently serving governor of Vermont to die was Richard A. Snelling (served 1977–1985 and 1991, born 1927), in office on August 13, 1991.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Philip H. Hoff 1963–1969 (1924-06-29) June 29, 1924 (age 92)
Thomas P. Salmon 1973–1977 (1932-08-19) August 19, 1932 (age 83)
Madeleine M. Kunin 1985–1991 (1933-09-28) September 28, 1933 (age 82)
Howard Dean 1991–2003 (1948-11-17) November 17, 1948 (age 67)
Jim Douglas 2003–2011 (1951-06-21) June 21, 1951 (age 65)

Mountain Rule[edit]

From the founding of the Republican Party in the 1850s until the 1960s, only Republicans won general elections for Vermont's statewide offices. One method that made this possible was imposition of the "Mountain Rule." Under the provisions of the Mountain Rule, one U.S. Senator was a resident of the east side of the Green Mountains and one resided on the west side, and the governorship and lieutenant governorship alternated between residents of the east and west side. Nominees for Governor and Lieutenant Governor were allowed two one-year terms and, later, one two-year term. For nearly 100 years, likely Republican candidates for office in Vermont agreed to abide by the Mountain Rule in the interests of party unity. Several factors led to the eventual weakening of the Mountain Rule, including: the long time political dispute between the Proctor (conservative) and AikenGibson (liberal) wings of the party; primaries rather than conventions to select nominees; the direct election of U.S. Senators; and several active third parties, including the Progressives, the Prohibition Party, and the Local Option movement. In the 1960s, the rise of the Vermont Democratic Party and the construction of Interstate 89 also contributed to the end of the Mountain Rule. Though I-89 is a north-south route, it traverses Vermont from east to west and changed the way Vermonters viewed how the state was divided.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ pdf
  2. ^ Samuel B. Hand, Vermont Historical Society, Vermont History magazine, Mountain Rule Revisited, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 149–150
  3. ^ Newspaper article, The Mountain Rule in Vermont, New York Times, February 12, 1895
  4. ^ Magazine article, Mountain Rule Revisited, by Samuel B. Hand, Vermont History Magazine, published by Vermont Historical Society, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 139 to 151