List of Grand Imams of al-Azhar

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The post of Grand Imam of al-Azhar, or shaykh of al-Azhar, has been filled by a member of the ulema, the religious scholars, of Egypt. The position of Grand Imam of al-Azhar is among the most prominent roles in Sunni Islam, the most prominent official religious role in Egypt,[1] and is considered by some Muslims to be the highest authority in Islamic jurisprudence.[2] Prior to the establishment of the post under the Ottoman Empire, the holder of that position was named mushrif then later a nazir.[3] Between 1860 and 1864 a board of scholars served the role as Grand Imam.[4]

Several of the Grand Imams served multiple terms; each term is listed separately. The original sources give the year based on the Islamic calendar, so the conversion to Gregorian years by later Western sources may not be precise.[4]

List[edit]

Grand Imam Began End Madhhab
Muhammad al-Kharashi 1679 1690 Maliki
Ibrahim al-barmawi 1690 1694 Shafii
Muhammad al-Nasharti 1694 1708 Maliki
Abd al-Baqi al-Qalini 1708  ? Maliki
Muhammad Shanan  ? 1721 Maliki
Ibrahim al-Fayyumi 1721 1725 Maliki
Abdullah al-Shubrawi 1725 1758 Shafii
Muhammad al-Hiffnawi 1758 1767 Shafii
Abd al-Rauf al-Sajini 1767 1768 Shafii
Ahmed al-Damanhuri 1768 1778 Shafii
Ahmed al-Arusi 1778 1793 Shafii
Abdullah al-Sharqawi 1793 1812 Shafii
Muhammed al-Shanawani 1812 1818 Shafii
Muhammed al-Arusi 1818 1829 Shafii
Ahmed al-Damhuji 1829 1830 Shafii
Hasan al-Attar 1830 1834 Shafii
Hasan al-Quwaysini 1834 1838 Shafii
Ahmed al-Sa'im al-Safti 1838 1847 Shafii
Ibrahim al-Bajuri 1847 1860 Shafii
Mustafa al-Arusi 1864 1870 Shafii
Muhammad al-Mahdi 1870 1882 Hanafi
Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Imbabi 1882 1895 Shafii
Hassunah al-Nawawi 1895 1900 Hanafi
Abd al-Rahman al-Qutb al-Nawawi 1900 1900 Hanafi
Salim al-Bishri 1900 1904 Maliki
Ali al-Biblawi 1904 1905 Maliki
Abd al-Rahman al-Shirbini 1905 1909 Shafii
Hassanuh al-Nawawi 1909 1909 Hanafi
Salim al-Bishri 1909 1917 Maliki
Muhammad al-Jizawi 1917 1927 Maliki
Muhammad al-Maraghi 1927 1929 Hanafi
Muhammad al-Zawahiri 1929 1935 Shafii
Mustafa al-Maraghi 1935 1945 Hanafi
Mustafa Abd al-Rizq 1945 1947 Hanafi
Muhammad Ma'mun al-Shinnawi 1948 1950 Hanafi
Abd al-Majid Salim 1950 1951 Hanafi
Ibrahim Hamrush 1951 1952 Hanafi
Abd al-Majid Salim 1952 1952 Hanafi
Muhammad al-Khadi Husayn 1952 1954 Maliki
Abd al-Rahman Taj 1954 1958 Hanafi
Mahmud Shaltut 1958 1963 Hanafi
Hassan Mamoun 1963 1969
Muhammad al-Fahham 1969 1973
Abdel Halim Mahmoud 1973 1978
Muhammad Abd al-Rahman Bisar 1979 1982
Gad al-Haq 1982 1996
Muhammad Sayyid Tantawy 1996 2010 Shafii
Ahmed El-Tayeb 2010 Maliki

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Beattie 2000, p. 225
  2. ^ Bennett 2005, p. 220
  3. ^ Dodge 1961, p. 83
  4. ^ a b Dodge 1961, pp. 193–194

References[edit]