List of Gulf War military equipment

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Iraqi EE-9 Cascavel armoured car hit by Coalition tank fire in February 1991.
Coalition aircraft inbound during Operation Desert Shield.

List of Gulf War Military Equipment is a summary of the various military weapons and vehicles used by the different nations during the Gulf War of 1990–1991.

Coalition[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Infantry weapons[edit]

M1 Abrams in formation, February 1991.
Artillerymen of the US Marine Corps reloading an M198 howitzer during Operation Desert Storm.

Land-based[edit]

Tanks

  • M1 Abrams MBT (Main Battle Tank) 105mm cannon type
  • M1A1 Abrams MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • M1A1 HA Abrams MBT (Main Battle Tank) Heavy Armor
  • M60A1/A3 Patton MBT (Main Battle Tank) (USMC)
  • M551A1 Sheridan TTS (Tank Thermal Sight) Armored Reconnaissance Airborne Assault Vehicle

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

  • M577A2 ACP (Armored Command Post) Carrier
  • AACV7A1 (Assault Amphibian Vehicle Command) (USMC)
  • LAV-25C2 Light Armored Vehicle (Command & Control) (USMC)
  • M981 FISTV (Fire Support Team Vehicle)

Other vehicles

Aircraft[edit]

United States Air Force (USAF) F4 Phantom IIs during Operation Desert Shield.
USAF F-16s and F-15s over oil fires set by withdrawing Iraqi forces in Kuwait.

Helicopters

Airplanes

Ships[edit]

Command Ships

Aircraft carriers

Battleships

Submarines

Amphibious assault ships

Guided missile cruisers

Destroyer tenders

Destroyers

Guided missile destroyers

Frigates

Amphibious transport docks

Ammunition ships

Dock landing ships

Tank landing ships

Fast sealift ships

Fleet oilers

Combat stores ships

Fast combat support ships

Replenishment oiler ships

Minesweepers

Repair ships

Rescue and salvage ships

Sealift ships

Hospital ships

Amphibious cargo ships

Mine countermeasure ships

Survey ships

Light water craft

United Kingdom[edit]

British Army convoy during Operation Desert Storm.
FV432 armoured personnel carrier bypasses a demolished Iraqi BRDM-2.

Land-based[edit]

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

  • FV432(M) Trojan SPMC (Self-Propelled Mortar Carrier)
  • M109 155 mm SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M109A2
  • M110 8 inch SPH (Self-Propelled Howitzer) M110A2
  • MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System)

Anti-aircraft

Artillery and Mortars

Engineering and recovery vehicles

  • FV4205 Chieftain AVLB (Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge)
  • FV180 CET (Combat Engineer Tractor)
  • FV106 CVR(T) Samson ARV (Armoured Recovery Vehicle)
  • FV434 ARV (Armoured Recovery Vehicle)
  • FV512 Warrior MCRV (Mechanised Combat Repair Vehicle)
  • FV513 Warrior MRV(R) (Mechanised Recovery Vehicle (Repair))
  • CHARRV (Challenger Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle)

Command vehicles

Other vehicles

  • Land Rover Defender
  • Leyland 4×4 4-Tonne Lorry
  • Bedford 4×4 8-Tonne Lorry
  • Mercedes Unimog Support Vehicle
  • FV620 Stalwart Amphibious Truck
  • Harley Davidson MT530E
  • Scammell Commander (TK/TPTR) Tank Transporter
  • Scammell Crusader (AVLB) Bridge Transporter
  • Scammell S26 Self Loading Dump Truck
  • Armstrong 500
  • Leyland DROPs (Demountable Rack Off Pickup System)
Royal Air Force SEPECAT Jaguar on takeoff, January 1991.

Aircraft[edit]

Rotary-wing[edit]
Fixed-wing[edit]

Ships[edit]

Frigates

Destroyers

Submarines

Fleet support tankers

Fast fleet tankers

Stores ships

Mine countermeasure vessels

Primary casualty reception vessels

Fleet repair ships

Kuwait/Free Kuwait[edit]

Kuwaiti M-84 tank advances during Operation Desert Shield.

Land-based[edit]

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

  • BMP-2 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • M113A1 APC (Armored Personnel Carrier)

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters

Airplanes

France[edit]

French ERC 90 Sagaie during Operation Desert Shield.
French VCAC (VAB) Mephisto anti-tank missile system.

Land-based[edit]

Infantry weapons

Tanks

Armoured vehicles

Artillery and mortars

  • TRF1 155 mm Towed Howitzer
  • MO-81-61C 81 mm Mortar
  • MO-120-RT-61 120 mm Mortar

Anti-aircraft

  • GIAT 20 mm 53T2 Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • Mistral SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher

Other vehicles

  • Peugeot P4 4WD
  • VLRA (Véhicule de Liaison et Reconnaissance de L'Armée) Truck
  • GIAT VAB (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé)
  • GIAT VAB-PC (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) (Command)
  • GIAT VAB-VCAC/HOT (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launching Vehicle
  • GIAT VAB-VTM (Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé) Mortar Tractor

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters

Airplanes

Ships[edit]

Aircraft carriers

Qatar[edit]

Land-based[edit]

Tanks

  • AMX-30S MBT (Main Battle Tank)

Saudi arabia[edit]

Land-based[edit]

Infantry weapons

Tank

Armoured vehicles

Other vehicles

Self-propelled artillery/mortars/rockets

Artillery and mortars

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters

Airplanes

Ships[edit]

Italy[edit]

Airplanes

Ships

Iraq[edit]

Iraqi T-55 Enigma.
Iraqi G5 155mm howitzer.
Iraqi Air Force Mikoyan MiG-29 destroyed on the ground by US Special Forces at the Tallil Airbase near Nasiriyah, southern Iraq.

Iraq[edit]

List of substantial numbers of various military equipment in Iraq’s possession from around 1970 onwards. (Not a guarantee that all were used in combat or in theatre during the war.)

Land-based[edit]

Infantry weapons

Tanks

  • T-72M1 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Asad Babil MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-62 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-54 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55 Enigma MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55QM MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • T-55QM2 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 59 MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 69-II MBT (Main Battle Tank)
  • Type 69-QM MBT (Main Battle Tak)
  • Type 69-QM2 MBT (Main Battle Tak)
  • PT-76 Amphibious Tank

Armoured vehicles

  • BMP-1 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • BMP-2 IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • AMX-10P IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
  • Panhard AML-60 Armoured Car
  • Panhard AML-90 Armoured Car
  • Engesa EE-9 Cascavel Armoured Car
  • Engesa EE-3 Jararaca Reconnaissance Vehicle
  • BRDM-2 Reconnaissance Vehicle
  • Panhard M3(Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • Engesa EE-11 Urutu APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • YW351 APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • OT-62C APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • OT-64C SKOT-2A APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • Walid APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • PSZH D-944 APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • MT-LB APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • Roland APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • BTR-50P APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • BTR-60PB APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • OT M-60P APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier)
  • Panhard VCR-TH ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launcher Vehicle
  • BRDM-2 9P133 ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) Launcher Vehicle

Self-Propelled Artillery/Mortars/Rockets/Missiles

Anti-aircraft

  • ZSU-57-2 SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZSU-23-4 Shilka SPAAA (Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • NIIP\Vympel 2K12 "Kub" SA-6a Gainful Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Antey 9K33M Osa-AK SA-8b Gecko Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Nudelman 9K31 "Strela-1" SA-9 Gaskin Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • ZRK-BD 9K35 "Strela-10" SA-13 Gopher Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • AMX-30 Roland 2 Self-Propelled SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Lavochkin OKB S-75 Dvina SA-2 Guideline SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Isayev S-125M "Neva-M" SA-3b Goa SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • Roland 2 SAM (Surface-To-Air Missile) Launcher
  • ZPU-1 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZPU-2 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZPU-4 14.5 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • ZU-23-2 23 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • M1939 37 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • S-60 57 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • S-60 Twin 57 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
  • KS-19 100 mm Towed AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)

Artillery/mortars/rockets

Engineering and recovery vehicles

Command vehicles

  • Type 63 YW-701 CP (Command Post)
  • BTR-50PU Command Vehicle
  • BTR-60PU Command Vehicle

Other vehicles

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters

Airplanes

Ships[edit]

Landing ships

Fast attack ships

Minelayers

  • Type 43 Class

Patrol boats

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]