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List of XML and HTML character entity references

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In SGML, HTML and XML documents, the logical constructs known as character data and attribute values consist of sequences of characters, in which each character can manifest directly (representing itself), or can be represented by a series of characters called a character reference, of which there are two types: a numeric character reference and a character entity reference. This article lists the character entity references that are valid in HTML and XML documents.

A character entity reference refers to the content of a named entity. An entity declaration is created in XML, SGML and HTML documents (before HTML5) by using the <!ENTITY name "value"> syntax in a Document type definition (DTD).

Character reference overview[edit]

In HTML and XML, a numeric character reference refers to a character by its Universal Character Set/Unicode code point, and uses the format:

&#xhhhh;

or

&#nnnn;

where the x must be lowercase in XML documents, hhhh is the code point in hexadecimal form, and nnnn is the code point in decimal form. The hhhh (or nnnn) may be any number of hexadecimal (or decimal) digits and may include leading zeros. The hhhh for hexadecimal digits may mix uppercase and lowercase letters, though uppercase is the usual style. However the XML and HTML standards restrict the usable code points to a set of valid values, which is a subset of UCS/Unicode code point values, that excludes all code points assigned to non-characters or to surrogates, and most code points assigned to C0 and C1 controls (with the exception of line separators and tabulations treated as white spaces).

In contrast, a character entity reference refers to a sequence of one or more characters by the name of an entity which has the desired characters as its replacement text. The entity must either be predefined (built into the markup language), or otherwise explicitly declared in a Document Type Definition (DTD) (see [a]). The format is the same as for any entity reference:

&name;

where name is the case-sensitive name of the entity. The semicolon is usually required in the character entity reference, unless marked otherwise in the table below (see [b]).

Standard public entity sets for characters[edit]

XML
XML specifies five predefined entities needed to support every printable ASCII character: &amp;, &lt;, &gt;, &apos;, and &quot;. The trailing semicolon is mandatory in XML (and XHTML) for these five entities (even if HTML or SGML allows omitting it for some of them, according to their DTD).
ISO Entity Sets
SGML supplied a comprehensive set of entity declarations for characters widely used in Western technical and reference publishing, for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts. The American Mathematical Society also contributed entities for mathematical characters (see [c]).
HTML Entity Sets
Early versions of HTML built in small subsets of these, relating to characters found in three Western 8-bit fonts.
MathML Entity Sets
The W3C developed a set of entity declarations for MathML characters.
XML Entity Sets
The W3C MathML Working Group took over maintenance of the ISO public entity sets, combined with the MathML and documents them in XML Entity Definitions for Characters. This set can support the requirements of XHTML, MathML and as an input to future versions of HTML.
HTML5
HTML5 adopts the XML entities as named character references, however it restates them without reference to their sources and does not group them into sets. The HTML5 specification additionally provides mappings from the names to Unicode character sequences using JSON.

Numerous other entity sets have been developed for special requirements, and for major and minority scripts. However, the advent of Unicode has largely superseded them.

List of character entity references in HTML[edit]

HTML5 defines many named entities, references to which act as mnemonic aliases for certain Unicode characters.[1] The HTML5 specification does not allow users to define additional entities, as it no longer accepts any DTD to be referenced or extended inside HTML documents (this is still needed in XHTML, which is based on stricter XML parsing rules but allows referencing or defining a DTD in the document header, because XML does not predefine most HTML entities).

In the below table, the "Standard" column indicates the first version of the HTML DTD that defines the character entity reference, and indicates characters that are predefined in XML without needing any DTD. To use one of these character entity references in an HTML or XML document, enter an ampersand (&) followed by the entity name, and a semicolon (mandatory in XML, and strongly recommended in HTML for all entities, even if HTML allows omitting the semicolon only from some entities indicated below by [b]), e.g., enter &copy; for the copyright symbol ©.

There are no predefined character entities in HTML for characters or sequences of most scripts encoded in the UCS (except a common subset of whitespace, punctuation, mathematical or technical symbols, currency symbols, a few Hebrew symbols used in mathematical notations, and the most common letters in Latin, Greek or Cyrillic). Note also that not all bidirectional controls defined in UCS/Unicode are represented as standard character entities in HTML (not even in HTML5, which defines more general directional elements and attributes for that purpose). Notably, there are no predefined HTML character entities for controls that were added in the UCS/Unicode and formally defined in version 2 of the Unicode Bidi Algorithm.

Most entities are predefined in XML and HTML to reference just one character in the UCS, but there are no predefined entities for isolated combining characters, variation selectors, or characters for private use assignments; however the list includes some predefined entities for character sequences of two characters containing some of them. Since HTML 5.0 (and MathML 3.0 which shares the same set en entities), all entities are encoded in Unicode normalization forms C and KC (this was not the case with older versions of HTML and MathML, so older entities that were initially defined with characters for private use assignments, CJK compatiblity forms, or in non-NFC forms were modified[2]).

However, all valid characters and sequences in the UCS, including all bidirectional controls or private-use assignments (but with the exception of non-whitespace C0 and C1 controls, non-characters, and surrogates) are also usable and valid in HTML, XML, XHTML and MathML, either in plain-text values of attributes or in text elements (by encoding them directly as plain text, or using numeric character references when needed).

All named character entity references in HTML and XML
Entities Char. Codepoints Standard DTD[a] Old ISO subset[c] Description[d]
&Tab; TAB U+0009 HTML 5.0 character tabulation (TAB)
&NewLine; LF U+000A HTML 5.0 line feed (LF)
&DownBreve;  ̑ U+0020  U+0311[e]
U+0311
  • MathML 2.0
  • HTML 5.0
combining inverted breve (combining down breve)
&tdot;
&TripleDot;
 ⃛ U+0020  U+20DB[e]
U+20DB
  • MathML 2.0
  • HTML 5.0
combining three dots above
&DotDot;  ⃜ U+0020  U+20DC[e]
U+20DC
  • MathML 2.0
  • HTML 5.0
combining four dots above
&excl; ! U+0021 HTML 5.0 ISOnum exclamation mark
&quot;[b]
&QUOT;[b]
" U+0022
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd[f]
HTMLspecial
ISOnum quotation mark
&num; # U+0023 HTML 5.0 ISOnum number sign
&dollar; $ U+0024 HTML 5.0 ISOnum dollar sign
&percnt; % U+0025 HTML 5.0 ISOnum percent sign
&amp;[b]
&AMP;[b]
& U+0026
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum ampersand
&apos; ' U+0027 XML 1.0 HTMLspecial ISOnum apostrophe (apostrophe-quote); see below
&lpar; ( U+0028 HTML 5.0 ISOnum left parenthesis
&rpar; ) U+0029 HTML 5.0 ISOnum right parenthesis
&ast;
&midast;
* U+002A HTML 5.0 ISOnum asterisk (middle asterisk)
&plus; + U+002B HTML 5.0 ISOnum plus sign
&comma; , U+002C HTML 5.0 ISOnum comma
&period; . U+002E HTML 5.0 ISOnum full stop (period)
&sol; / U+002F HTML 5.0 ISOnum solidus
&colon; : U+003A HTML 5.0 ISOnum colon
&semi; ; U+003B HTML 5.0 ISOnum semicolon
&lt;[b]
&LT;[b]
< U+003C
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum less-than sign
&nvlt; <⃒ U+003C  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than sign, combining long vertical line overlay
&equals; = U+003D HTML 5.0 ISOnum equals sign
&bne; =⃥ U+003D  U+20E5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech equals sign, combining reverse solidus overlay
&gt;[b]
&GT;[b]
> U+003E
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum greater-than sign
&nvgt; >⃒ U+003E  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than sign, combining long vertical line overlay
&quest; ? U+003F HTML 5.0 ISOnum question mark
&commat; @ U+0040 HTML 5.0 ISOnum commercial at
&lsqb;
&lbrack;
[ U+005B HTML 5.0 ISOnum left square bracket (left bracket)
&bsol; \ U+005C HTML 5.0 ISOnum reverse solidus (backward solidus)
&rsqb;
&rbrack;
] U+005D HTML 5.0 ISOnum right square bracket (right bracket)
&Hat; ^ U+005E HTML 5.0 circumflex accent (hat)
&lowbar;
&UnderBar;
_ U+005F HTML 5.0 ISOnum low line (low bar; &underbar)
&grave;
&DiacriticalGrave;
` U+0060 HTML 5.0 ISOdia grave accent (diacritical grave)
&fjlig; fj U+0066  U+006A HTML 5.0 ISOpub latin small letter f, latin small letter j
&lcub;
&lbrace;
{ U+007B HTML 5.0 ISOnum left curly bracket (left brace)
&verbar;
&vert;
&VerticalLine;
| U+007C HTML 5.0 ISOnum vertical line (vertical bar), (pipe character)
&rcub;
&rbrace;
} U+007D HTML 5.0 ISOnum right curly bracket (right brace)
&nbsp;[b]
&NonBreakingSpace;
  U+00A0
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum no-break space (non-breaking space)[g]
&iexcl;[b] ¡ U+00A1 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum inverted exclamation mark
&cent;[b] ¢ U+00A2 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum cent sign
&pound;[b] £ U+00A3 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum pound sign
&curren;[b] ¤ U+00A4 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum currency sign
&yen;[b] ¥ U+00A5 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum yen sign ( yuan sign)
&brvbar;[b] ¦ U+00A6 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum broken bar (broken vertical bar)
&sect;[b] § U+00A7 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum section sign
&uml;[b]
&Dot;
&die;
&DoubleDot;
¨ U+00A8
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia diaeresis (spacing dieresis, double dot); see also Germanic umlaut
&copy;[b]
&COPY;[b]
© U+00A9
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum copyright sign[h]
&ordf;[b] ª U+00AA HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum feminine ordinal indicator
&laquo;[b] « U+00AB HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum left-pointing double angle quotation mark (left pointing guillemet)
&not;[b] ¬ U+00AC HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum not sign
&shy;[b] SHY U+00AD HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum soft hyphen (discretionary hyphen)
&reg;[b]
&circledR;
&REG;
[b]
® U+00AE
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum registered sign (registered trademark symbol)[i]
&macr;[b]
&strns;
¯ U+00AF
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia macron (spacing macron, overline, APL overbar)
&deg;[b] ° U+00B0 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum degree sign
&plusmn;[b]
&pm;
&PlusMinus;
± U+00B1
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum plus–minus sign (plus-or-minus sign)
&sup2;[b] ² U+00B2 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript two (superscript digit two, squared)
&sup3;[b] ³ U+00B3 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript three (superscript digit three, cubed)
&acute;[b]
&DiacriticalAcute;
´ U+00B4
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia acute accent (diacritical acute, spacing acute)
&micro;[b] µ U+00B5 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum micro sign
&para;[b] U+00B6 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum pilcrow sign (paragraph sign)
&middot;[b]
&centerdot;
&CenterDot;
· U+00B7
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum middle dot (center dot, Georgian comma, Greek middle dot)
&cedil;[b]
&Cedilla;
¸ U+00B8
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia cedilla (spacing cedilla)
&sup1;[b] ¹ U+00B9 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript one (superscript digit one)
&ordm;[b] º U+00BA HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum masculine ordinal indicator
&raquo;[b] » U+00BB HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum right-pointing double angle quotation mark (right pointing guillemet)
&frac14;[b] ¼ U+00BC HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction one quarter (fraction one quarter)
&frac12;[b]
&half;
½ U+00BD
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction one half (fraction one half)
&frac34;[b] ¾ U+00BE HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction three quarters (fraction three quarters)
&iquest;[b] ¿ U+00BF HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum inverted question mark (turned question mark)
&Agrave;[b] À U+00C0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with grave (Latin capital letter A grave)
&Aacute;[b] Á U+00C1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with acute
&Acirc;[b] Â U+00C2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with circumflex
&Atilde;[b] Ã U+00C3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with tilde
&Auml;[b] Ä U+00C4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with diaeresis
&Aring;[b]
&angst;
Å U+00C5
  • HTML 2.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with ring above (Latin capital letter A ring Angstrom sign[j])
&AElig;[b] Æ U+00C6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter AE (Latin capital ligature AE)
&Ccedil;[b] Ç U+00C7 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter C with cedilla
&Egrave;[b] È U+00C8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with grave
&Eacute;[b] É U+00C9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with acute
&Ecirc;[b] Ê U+00CA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with circumflex
&Euml;[b] Ë U+00CB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with diaeresis
&Igrave;[b] Ì U+00CC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with grave
&Iacute;[b] Í U+00CD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with acute
&Icirc;[b] Î U+00CE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with circumflex
&Iuml;[b] Ï U+00CF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with diaeresis
&ETH;[b] Ð U+00D0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter Eth
&Ntilde;[b] Ñ U+00D1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter N with tilde
&Ograve;[b] Ò U+00D2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with grave
&Oacute;[b] Ó U+00D3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with acute
&Ocirc;[b] Ô U+00D4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with circumflex
&Otilde;[b] Õ U+00D5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with tilde
&Ouml;[b] Ö U+00D6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with diaeresis
&times;[b] × U+00D7 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum multiplication sign (times sign)
&Oslash;[b] Ø U+00D8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with stroke (Latin capital letter O slash)
&Ugrave;[b] Ù U+00D9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with grave
&Uacute;[b] Ú U+00DA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with acute
&Ucirc;[b] Û U+00DB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with circumflex
&Uuml;[b] Ü U+00DC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with diaeresis
&Yacute;[b] Ý U+00DD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter Y with acute
&THORN;[b] Þ U+00DE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter Thorn
&szlig;[b] ß U+00DF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter sharp s (ess-zed); see also German eszett
&agrave;[b] à U+00E0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with grave
&aacute;[b] á U+00E1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with acute
&acirc;[b] â U+00E2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with circumflex
&atilde;[b] ã U+00E3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with tilde
&auml;[b] ä U+00E4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with diaeresis
&aring;[b] å U+00E5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with ring above
&aelig;[b] æ U+00E6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter ae (Latin small ligature ae)
&ccedil;[b] ç U+00E7 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter c with cedilla
&egrave;[b] è U+00E8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with grave
&eacute;[b] é U+00E9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with acute
&ecirc;[b] ê U+00EA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with circumflex
&euml;[b] ë U+00EB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with diaeresis
&igrave;[b] ì U+00EC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with grave
&iacute;[b] í U+00ED HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with acute
&icirc;[b] î U+00EE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with circumflex
&iuml;[b] ï U+00EF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with diaeresis
&eth;[b] ð U+00F0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter eth
&ntilde;[b] ñ U+00F1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter n with tilde
&ograve;[b] ò U+00F2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with grave
&oacute;[b] ó U+00F3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with acute
&ocirc;[b] ô U+00F4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with circumflex
&otilde;[b] õ U+00F5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with tilde
&ouml;[b] ö U+00F6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with diaeresis
&divide;[b]
&div;
÷ U+00F7
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum division sign
&oslash;[b] ø U+00F8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with stroke (Latin small letter o slash)
&ugrave;[b] ù U+00F9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with grave
&uacute;[b] ú U+00FA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with acute
&ucirc;[b] û U+00FB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with circumflex
&uuml;[b] ü U+00FC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with diaeresis
&yacute;[b] ý U+00FD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter y with acute
&thorn;[b] þ U+00FE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter thorn
&yuml;[b] ÿ U+00FF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter y with diaeresis
&Amacr; Ā U+0100 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter A with macron
&amacr; ā U+0101 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter a with macron
&Abreve; Ă U+0102 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter A with breve
&abreve; ă U+0103 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter a with breve
&Aogon; Ą U+0104 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter A with ogonek
&aogon; ą U+0105 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter a with ogonek
&Cacute; Ć U+0106 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter C with acute
&cacute; ć U+0107 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter c with acute
&Ccirc; Ĉ U+0108 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter C with circumflex
&ccirc; ĉ U+0109 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter c with circumflex
&Cdot; Ċ U+010A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter C with dot above
&cdot; ċ U+010B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter c with dot above
&Ccaron; Č U+010C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter C with caron
&ccaron; č U+010D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter c with caron
&Dcaron; Ď U+010E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter D with caron
&dcaron; ď U+010F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter d with caron
&Dstrok; Đ U+0110 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter D with stroke
&dstrok; đ U+0111 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter d with stroke
&Emacr; Ē U+0112 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter E with macron
&emacr; ē U+0113 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter e with macron
&Edot; Ė U+0116 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter E with dot above
&edot; ė U+0117 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter e with dot above
&Eogon; Ę U+0118 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter E with ogonek
&eogon; ę U+0119 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter e with ogonek
&Ecaron; Ě U+011A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter E with caron
&ecaron; ě U+011B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter e with caron
&Gcirc; Ĝ U+011C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter G with circumflex
&gcirc; ĝ U+011D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter g with circumflex
&Gbreve; Ğ U+011E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter G with breve
&gbreve; ğ U+011F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter g with breve
&Gdot; Ġ U+0120 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter G with dot above
&gdot; ġ U+0121 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter g with dot above
&Gcedil; Ģ U+0122 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter G with cedilla
&Hcirc; Ĥ U+0124 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter H with circumflex
&hcirc; ĥ U+0125 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter h with circumflex
&Hstrok; Ħ U+0126 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter H with stroke
&hstrok; ħ U+0127 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter h with stroke
&Itilde; Ĩ U+0128 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter I with tilde
&itilde; ĩ U+0129 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter i with tilde
&Imacr; Ī U+012A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter I with macron
&imacr; ī U+012B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter i with macron
&Iogon; Į U+012E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter I with ogonek
&iogon; į U+012F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter i with ogonek
&Idot; İ U+0130 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter I with dot above
&inodot;
&imath;
ı U+0131 HTML 5.0
  • ISOlat2
  • ISOamso
Latin small letter dotless i (i mathematical)
&IJlig; IJ U+0132 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital ligature IJ[k]
&ijlig; ij U+0133 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small ligature ij[k]
&Jcirc; Ĵ U+0134 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter J with circumflex
&jcirc; ĵ U+0135 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter j with circumflex
&Kcedil; Ķ U+0136 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter K with cedilla
&kcedil; ķ U+0137 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter k with cedilla
&kgreen; ĸ U+0138 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter kra (k greenlandic)
&Lacute; Ĺ U+0139 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter L with acute
&lacute; ĺ U+013A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter l with acute
&Lcedil; Ļ U+013B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter L with cedilla
&lcedil; ļ U+013C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter l with cedilla
&Lcaron; Ľ U+013D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter L with caron
&lcaron; ľ U+013E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter l with caron
&Lmidot; Ŀ U+013F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter L with middle dot[l]
&lmidot; ŀ U+0140 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter l with middle dot[l]
&Lstrok; Ł U+0141 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter L with stroke
&lstrok; ł U+0142 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter l with stroke
&Nacute; Ń U+0143 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter N with acute
&nacute; ń U+0144 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter n with acute
&Ncedil; Ņ U+0145 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter N with cedilla
&ncedil; ņ U+0146 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter n with cedilla
&Ncaron; Ň U+0147 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter N with caron
&ncaron; ň U+0148 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter n with caron
&napos; ʼn U+0149 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter n preceded by apostrophe[m]
&ENG; Ŋ U+014A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Eng
&eng; ŋ U+014B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter eng
&Omacr; Ō U+014C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter O with macron
&omacr; ō U+014D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter o with macron
&Odblac; Ő U+0150 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter O with double acute
&odblac; ő U+0151 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter o with double acute
&OElig; ΠU+0152 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital ligature OE[n]
&oelig; œ U+0153 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin small ligature oe[n]
&Racute; Ŕ U+0154 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter R with acute
&racute; ŕ U+0155 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter r with acute
&Rcedil; Ŗ U+0156 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter R with cedilla
&rcedil; ŗ U+0157 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter r with cedilla
&Rcaron; Ř U+0158 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter R with caron
&rcaron; ř U+0159 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter r with caron
&Sacute; Ś U+015A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter S with acute
&sacute; ś U+015B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter s with acute
&Scirc; Ŝ U+015C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter S with circumflex
&scirc; ŝ U+015D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter s with circumflex
&Scedil; Ş U+015E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter S with cedilla
&scedil; ş U+015F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter s with cedilla
&Scaron; Š U+0160 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital letter S with caron
&scaron; š U+0161 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin small letter s with caron
&Tcedil; Ţ U+0162 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter T with cedilla
&tcedil; ţ U+0163 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter t with cedilla
&Tcaron; Ť U+0164 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter T with caron
&tcaron; ť U+0165 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter t with caron
&Tstrok; Ŧ U+0166 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter T with stroke
&tstrok; ŧ U+0167 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter t with stroke
&Utilde; Ũ U+0168 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with tilde
&utilde; ũ U+0169 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with tilde
&Umacr; Ū U+016A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with macron
&umacr; ū U+016B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with macron
&Ubreve; Ŭ U+016C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with breve
&ubreve; ŭ U+016D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with breve
&Uring; Ů U+016E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with ring above
&uring; ů U+016F HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with ring above
&Udblac; Ű U+0170 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with double acute
&udblac; ű U+0171 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with double acute
&Uogon; Ų U+0172 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter U with ogonek
&uogon; ų U+0173 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter u with ogonek
&Wcirc; Ŵ U+0174 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter W with circumflex
&wcirc; ŵ U+0175 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter w with circumflex
&Ycirc; Ŷ U+0176 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Y with circumflex
&ycirc; ŷ U+0177 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter y with circumflex
&Yuml; Ÿ U+0178 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Y with diaeresis
&Zacute; Ź U+0179 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Z with acute
&zacute; ź U+017A HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter z with acute
&Zdot; Ż U+017B HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Z with dot above
&zdot; ż U+017C HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter z with dot above
&Zcaron; Ž U+017D HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Z with caron
&zcaron; ž U+017E HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter z with caron
&fnof; ƒ U+0192 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech Latin small letter f with hook ( function, florin)
&imped; Ƶ U+01B5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech Latin capital letter Z with stroke
&gacute; ǵ U+01F5 HTML 5.0 ISOlat2 Latin small letter g with acute
&jmath; ȷ U+0237 HTML 5.0 ISOamso Latin small letter dotless j (j mathematical)
&circ; ˆ U+02C6 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub modifier letter circumflex accent
&caron;
&Hacek;
ˇ U+02C7 HTML 5.0 ISOdia caron (hacek)
&breve;
&Breve;
˘ U+02D8 HTML 5.0 ISOdia breve
&dot;
&DiacriticalDot;
˙ U+02D9 HTML 5.0 ISOdia dot above (diacritical dot)
&ring; ˚ U+02DA HTML 5.0 ISOdia ring above
&ogon; ˛ U+02DB HTML 5.0 ISOdia ogonek
&tilde;
&DiacriticalTilde;
˜ U+02DC
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOdia small tilde (diacritical tilde)
&dblac;
&DiacriticalDoubleAcute;
˝ U+02DD HTML 5.0 ISOdia double acute accent (diacritical double acute)
&Alpha; Α U+0391 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Alpha
&Beta; Β U+0392 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Beta
&Gamma; Γ U+0393 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Gamma
&Delta; Δ U+0394 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Delta
&Epsilon; Ε U+0395 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Epsilon
&Zeta; Ζ U+0396 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Zeta
&Eta; Η U+0397 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Eta
&Theta; Θ U+0398 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Theta
&Iota; Ι U+0399 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Iota
&Kappa; Κ U+039A HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Kappa
&Lambda; Λ U+039B HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Lambda
&Mu; Μ U+039C HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Mu
&Nu; Ν U+039D HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Nu
&Xi; Ξ U+039E HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Xi
&Omicron; Ο U+039F HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Omicron
&Pi; Π U+03A0 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Pi
&Rho; Ρ U+03A1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Rho
&Sigma; Σ U+03A3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Sigma
&Tau; Τ U+03A4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Tau
&Upsilon; Υ U+03A5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Upsilon
&Phi; Φ U+03A6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Phi
&Chi; Χ U+03A7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol [o] Greek capital letter Chi
&Psi; Ψ U+03A8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Psi
&Omega;
&ohm;
Ω U+03A9
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek capital letter Omega (Ohm sign[p])
&alpha; α U+03B1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter alpha
&beta; β U+03B2 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter beta
&gamma; γ U+03B3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter gamma
&delta; δ U+03B4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter delta
&epsi;
&epsilon;
ε U+03B5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter epsilon
&zeta; ζ U+03B6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter zeta
&eta; η U+03B7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter eta
&theta; θ U+03B8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter theta
&iota; ι U+03B9 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter iota
&kappa; κ U+03BA HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter kappa
&lambda; λ U+03BB HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter lambda
&mu; μ U+03BC HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter mu
&nu; ν U+03BD HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter nu
&xi; ξ U+03BE HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter xi
&omicron; ο U+03BF HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New[o] Greek small letter omicron
&pi; π U+03C0 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter pi
&rho; ρ U+03C1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter rho
&sigmav;
&varsigma;
&sigmaf;
ς U+03C2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter final sigma (variant sigma)
&sigma; σ U+03C3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter sigma
&tau; τ U+03C4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter tau
&upsi;
&upsilon;
υ U+03C5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter upsilon
&phi; φ U+03C6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter phi
&chi; χ U+03C7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter chi
&psi; ψ U+03C8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter psi
&omega; ω U+03C9 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3[o] Greek small letter omega
&thetav;
&vartheta;
&thetasym;
ϑ U+03D1
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New Greek theta symbol (variant theta)
&Upsi;
&upsih;
ϒ U+03D2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New Greek Upsilon with hook symbol
&phiv;
&straightphi;
&varphi;
ϕ U+03D5 HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek phi symbol (straight phi, variant phi)
&piv;
&varpi;
ϖ U+03D6
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek pi symbol (variant pi)
&Gammad; Ϝ U+03DC HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek letter digamma
&gammad;
&digamma;
ϝ U+03DD HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek small letter digamma
&kappav;
&varkappa;
ϰ U+03F0 HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek kappa symbol (variant kappa)
&rhov;
&varrho;
ϱ U+03F1 HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek rho symbol (variant rho)
&epsiv;
&varepsilon;
&straightepsilon;
ϵ U+03F5 HTML 5.0 ISOgrk3 Greek lunate epsilon symbol (epsilon, variant epsilon, straight epsilon)
&bepsi;
&backepsilon;
϶ U+03F6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr Greek reversed lunate epsilon symbol (back epsilon)
&IOcy; Ё U+0401 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Io
&DJcy; Ђ U+0402 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Dje
&GJcy; Ѓ U+0403 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Gje
&Jukcy; Є U+0404 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Ukrainian Ie
&DScy; Ѕ U+0405 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Dze
&Iukcy; І U+0406 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Byelorussian-Ukrainian I (Ukrainian I)
&YIcy; Ї U+0407 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter yi
&Jsercy; Ј U+0408 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Je (Serbian J)
&LJcy; Љ U+0409 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Lje
&NJcy; Њ U+040A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Nje
&TSHcy; Ћ U+040B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Tshe
&KJcy; Ќ U+040C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Kje
&Ubrcy; Ў U+040E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter short U (U breve)
&DZcy; Џ U+040F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic capital letter Dzhe
&Acy; А U+0410 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter A
&Bcy; Б U+0411 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Be
&Vcy; В U+0412 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ve
&Gcy; Г U+0413 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ghe
&Dcy; Д U+0414 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter De
&IEcy; Е U+0415 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ie
&ZHcy; Ж U+0416 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Zhe
&Zcy; З U+0417 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ze
&Icy; И U+0418 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter I
&Jcy; Й U+0419 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter short I (J)
&Kcy; К U+041A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ka
&Lcy; Л U+041B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter El
&Mcy; М U+041C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Em
&Ncy; Н U+041D HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter En
&Ocy; О U+041E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter O
&Pcy; П U+041F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Pe
&Rcy; Р U+0420 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Er
&Scy; С U+0421 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Es
&Tcy; Т U+0422 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Te
&Ucy; У U+0423 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter U
&Fcy; Ф U+0424 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ef
&KHcy; Х U+0425 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ha (Kha)
&TScy; Ц U+0426 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Tse
&CHcy; Ч U+0427 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Che
&SHcy; Ш U+0428 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Sha
&SHCHcy; Щ U+0429 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Shcha
&HARDcy; Ъ U+042A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Hard Sign
&Ycy; Ы U+042B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Yeru (Y)
&SOFTcy; Ь U+042C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Soft Sign
&Ecy; Э U+042D HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter E
&YUcy; Ю U+042E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Yu
&YAcy; Я U+042F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic capital letter Ya
&acy; а U+0430 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter a
&bcy; б U+0431 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter be
&vcy; в U+0432 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ve
&gcy; г U+0433 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ghe
&dcy; д U+0434 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter de
&iecy; е U+0435 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ie
&zhcy; ж U+0436 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter zhe
&zcy; з U+0437 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ze
&icy; и U+0438 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter i
&jcy; й U+0439 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter short i (j)
&kcy; к U+043A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ka
&lcy; л U+043B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter el
&mcy; м U+043C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter em
&ncy; н U+043D HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter en
&ocy; о U+043E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter o
&pcy; п U+043F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter pe
&rcy; р U+0440 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter er
&scy; с U+0441 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter es
&tcy; т U+0442 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter te
&ucy; у U+0443 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter u
&fcy; ф U+0444 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ef
&khcy; х U+0445 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ha (kha)
&tscy; ц U+0446 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter tse
&chcy; ч U+0447 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter che
&shcy; ш U+0448 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter sha
&shchcy; щ U+0449 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter shcha
&hardcy; ъ U+044A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter hard sign
&ycy; ы U+044B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter yeru (y)
&softcy; ь U+044C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter soft sign
&ecy; э U+044D HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter e
&yucy; ю U+044E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter yu
&yacy; я U+044F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter ya
&iocy; ё U+0451 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 Cyrillic small letter io
&djcy; ђ U+0452 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter dje
&gjcy; ѓ U+0453 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter gje
&jukcy; є U+0454 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter ukrainian ie
&dscy; ѕ U+0455 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter dze
&iukcy; і U+0456 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter Byelorussian-Ukrainian i (Ukrainian i)
&yicy; ї U+0457 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter yi
&jsercy; ј U+0458 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter je (Serbian j)
&ljcy; љ U+0459 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter lje
&njcy; њ U+045A HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter nje
&tshcy; ћ U+045B HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter tshe
&kjcy; ќ U+045C HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter kje
&ubrcy; ў U+045E HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter short u (u breve)
&dzcy; џ U+045F HTML 5.0 ISOcyr2 Cyrillic small letter dzhe
&ensp; U+2002 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub en space[g]
&emsp; U+2003 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub em space[g]
&emsp13; U+2004 HTML 5.0 ISOpub three-per-em space (1/3 em space)
&emsp14; U+2005 HTML 5.0 ISOpub four-per-em space (1/4 em space)
&numsp; U+2007 HTML 5.0 ISOpub figure space (number space)
&puncsp; U+2008 HTML 5.0 ISOpub punctuation space
&thinsp;
&ThinSpace;
U+2009
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub thin space[g]
&hairsp;
&VeryThinSpace;
U+200A HTML 5.0 ISOpub hair space (very thin space)
&ZeroWidthSpace;
&NegativeVeryThinSpace;[q]
&NegativeThinSpace;[q]
&NegativeMediumSpace;[q]
&NegativeThickSpace;[q]
ZWSP U+200B HTML 5.0 zero width space (negative space)
&zwnj; ZWNJ U+200C HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 zero width non-joiner
&zwj; ZWJ U+200D HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 zero width joiner
&lrm; LRM U+200E HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 left-to-right mark
&rlm; RLM U+200F HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 right-to-left mark
&hyphen;
&dash;
U+2010 HTML 5.0 ISOnum hyphen (Unicode hyphen)
&ndash; U+2013 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub en dash
&mdash; U+2014 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub em dash
&horbar; U+2015 HTML 5.0 ISOnum horizontal bar
&Verbar;
&Vert;
U+2016 HTML 5.0 ISOtech double vertical line
&lsquo;
&OpenCurlyQuote;
U+2018
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum left single quotation mark (open curly quote)
&rsquo;
&rsquor;
&CloseCurlyQuote;
U+2019
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum right single quotation mark (close curly quote)
&sbquo;
&lsquor;
U+201A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial New single low-9 quotation mark
&ldquo;
&OpenCurlyDoubleQuote;
U+201C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum left double quotation mark (open curly double quote)
&rdquo;
&rdquor;
&CloseCurlyDoubleQuote;
U+201D
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum right double quotation mark (close curly double quote)
&bdquo;
&ldquor;
U+201E
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial New double low-9 quotation mark
&dagger; U+2020 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub dagger (obelisk)
&Dagger;
&ddagger;
U+2021
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub double dagger (double obelisk)
&bull;
&bullet;
U+2022
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub bullet (black small circle)[r]
&nldr; U+2025 HTML 5.0 ISOpub two dot leader (n leader)
&hellip;
&mldr;
U+2026
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub horizontal ellipsis (three dot leader, m leader)
&permil; U+2030 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOtech per mille sign
&pertenk; U+2031 HTML 5.0 ISOtech per ten thousand sign (basis point)
&prime; U+2032 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech prime (arcminutes  feet)
&Prime; U+2033 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech double prime (arcseconds inches)
&tprime; U+2034 HTML 5.0 ISOtech triple prime (thirds, lignes)
&bprime;
&backprime;
U+2035 HTML 5.0 ISOamso reversed prime (back prime)
&lsaquo; U+2039 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISO proposed single left-pointing angle quotation mark[s]
&rsaquo; U+203A HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISO proposed single right-pointing angle quotation mark[s]
&oline;
&OverBar;
U+203E
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New overline (spacing overscore)
&caret; U+2041 HTML 5.0 ISOpub caret insertion point
&hybull; U+2043 HTML 5.0 ISOpub hyphen bullet
&frasl; U+2044 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New fraction slash ( solidus)
&bsemi; U+204F HTML 5.0 ISOamso reversed semicolon (backward semicolon)
&qprime; U+2057 HTML 5.0 ISOtech quadruple prime (fourths)
&MediumSpace; U+205F HTML 5.0 medium mathematical space (medium space)
&ThickSpace;    U+205F  U+200A HTML 5.0 medium mathematical space, hair space
&NoBreak; WJ U+2060 HTML 5.0 word joiner (no break)
&ApplyFunction;
&af;
() U+2061 HTML 5.0 function application (apply function)
&InvisibleTimes;
&it;
× U+2062 HTML 5.0 invisible times
&InvisibleComma;
&ic;
, U+2063 HTML 5.0 invisible separator (invisible comma)
&euro; U+20AC HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial New euro sign
&Copf;
&complexes;
U+2102 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital C (Complex number)
&incare; U+2105 HTML 5.0 ISOpub care of
&gscr; U+210A HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script small g
&hamilt;
&HilbertSpace;
&Hscr;
U+210B HTML 5.0 ISOtech script capital H (Hilbert space Hamiltonian mechanics)
&Hfr;
&Poincareplane;
U+210C HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk black-letter capital H (Fraktur capital H Poincare plane)
&Hopf;
&quaternions;
U+210D HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital H (Quaternion)
&planckh; U+210E HTML 5.0 Planck constant
&planck;
&hbar;
&plankv;
&hslash;
U+210F HTML 5.0 ISOamso Planck constant over two pi (h bar, h slash, Planck variant)
&Iscr;
&imagline;
U+2110 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script capital I (image line)
&image;[t]
&Im;
&imagpart;
&Ifr;
U+2111
  • HTML 4.0[t]
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso black-letter capital I (Fraktur capital I, imaginary part)
&Lscr;
&lagran;
&Laplacetrf;
U+2112 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script capital L (Lagrangian mechanics, Laplace transform)
&ell; U+2113 HTML 5.0 ISOamso script small l (ell, a mathematical symbol)
&Nopf;
&naturals;
U+2115 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital N (Natural number)
&numero; U+2116 HTML 5.0 ISOcyr1 numero sign
&copysr; U+2117 HTML 5.0 ISOpub sound recording copyright; or phonogram copyright symbol[u]
&weierp;
&wp;
U+2118
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso script capital P (power set Weierstrass p)
&Popf;
&primes;
U+2119 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital P (prime number)
&Qopf;
&rationals;
U+211A HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital Q (rational number)
&Rscr;
&realine;
U+211B HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script capital R (Riemann integral)
&real;
&Re;
&realpart;
&Rfr;
U+211C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso black-letter capital R (Fraktur capital R, real part symbol)
&Ropf;
&reals;
U+211D HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital R (real number)
&rx; U+211E HTML 5.0 ISOpub prescription take (Rx)
&trade;
&TRADE;
U+2122
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum trademark symbol; see superscript Latin capital letters TM
&Zopf;
&integers;
U+2124 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf double-struck capital Z (integer)
&mho; U+2127 HTML 5.0 ISOamso inverted ohm sign ( mho)
&Zfr;
&zeetrf;
U+2128 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk black-letter capital Z (Fraktur capital Z, dram)
&iiota; U+2129 HTML 5.0 ISOamso turned Greek small letter iota (inverted iota)
&bernou;
&Bernoullis;
&Bscr;
U+212C HTML 5.0 ISOtech script capital B (Bernoulli polynomials)
&Cfr;
&Cayleys;
U+212D HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk black-letter capital C (Fraktur capital C)
&escr; U+212F HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script small e
&Escr;
&expectation;
U+2130 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script capital E (electromotive force)
&Fscr;
&Fouriertrf;
U+2131 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr script capital F (Fourier transform)
&phmmat;
&Mellintrf;
&Mscr;
U+2133 HTML 5.0 ISOtech script capital M (Mellin transform, M-matrix (physics))
&order;
&orderof;
&oscr;
U+2134 HTML 5.0 ISOtech script small o (order, of inferior order to)
&alefsym;
&aleph;
U+2135
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New alef symbol (first transfinite cardinal)[v]
&beth; U+2136 HTML 5.0 ISOamso bet symbol (beth symbol)[w]
&gimel; U+2137 HTML 5.0 ISOamso gimel symbol[x]
&daleth; U+2138 HTML 5.0 ISOamso dalet symbol (daleth symbol)[y]
&CapitalDifferentialD;
&DD;
U+2145 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic capital D
&DifferentialD;
&dd;
U+2146 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small d
&ExponentialE;
&exponentiale;
&ee;
U+2147 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small e
&ImaginaryI;
&ii;
U+2148 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small i
&frac13; U+2153 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction one third (fraction one third)
&frac23; U+2154 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction two thirds (fraction two thirds)
&frac15; U+2155 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction one fifth (fraction one fifth)
&frac25; U+2156 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction two fifths (fraction two fifths)
&frac35; U+2157 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction three fifths (fraction three fifths)
&frac45; U+2158 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction four fifths (fraction four fifths)
&frac16; U+2159 HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction one sixth (fraction one sixth)
&frac56; U+215A HTML 5.0 ISOpub vulgar fraction five sixths (fraction five sixths)
&frac18; U+215B HTML 5.0 ISOnum vulgar fraction one eighth (fraction one eighth)
&frac38; U+215C HTML 5.0 ISOnum vulgar fraction three eighths (fraction three eighths)
&frac58; U+215D HTML 5.0 ISOnum vulgar fraction five eighths (fraction five eighths)
&frac78; U+215E HTML 5.0 ISOnum vulgar fraction seven eighths (fraction seven eighths)
&larr;
&leftarrow;
&LeftArrow;
&slarr;
&ShortLeftArrow;
U+2190
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum leftwards arrow
&uarr;
&uparrow;
&UpArrow;
&ShortUpArrow;
U+2191
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum upwards arrow
&rarr;
&rightarrow;
&RightArrow;
&srarr;
&ShortRightArrow;
U+2192
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum rightwards arrow
&darr;
&downarrow;
&DownArrow;
&ShortDownArrow;
U+2193
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum downwards arrow
&harr;
&leftrightarrow;
&LeftRightArrow;
U+2194
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa left right arrow (horizontal arrow)
&varr;
&updownarrow;
&UpDownArrow;
U+2195 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa up down arrow (vertical arrow)
&nwarr;
&UpperLeftArrow;
&nwarrow;
U+2196 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north west arrow (upper left arrow)
&nearr;
&UpperRightArrow;
&nearrow;
U+2197 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north east arrow (upper right arrow)
&searr;
&searrow;
&LowerRightArrow;
U+2198 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south east arrow (lower right arrow)
&swarr;
&swarrow;
&LowerLeftArrow;
U+2199 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south west arrow (lower left arrow)
&nlarr;
&nleftarrow;
U+219A HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow with stroke (not left arrow)
&nrarr;
&nrightarrow;
U+219B HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with stroke (not right arrow)
&rarrw;
&rightsquigarrow;
U+219D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards wave arrow (rightwards squiggle arrow)
&nrarrw; ↝̸ U+219D  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards wave arrow, combining long solidus overlay
&Larr;
&twoheadleftarrow;
U+219E HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards two headed arrow
&Uarr; U+219F HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards two headed arrow
&Rarr;
&twoheadrightarrow;
U+21A0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards two headed arrow
&Darr; U+21A1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards two headed arrow
&larrtl;
&leftarrowtail;
U+21A2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow with tail
&rarrtl;
&rightarrowtail;
U+21A3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with tail
&LeftTeeArrow;
&mapstoleft;
U+21A4 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow from bar (maps to leftward, left tee arrow)
&UpTeeArrow;
&mapstoup;
U+21A5 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow from bar (maps to upward, up tee arrow)
&map;[t]
&RightTeeArrow;
&mapsto;
U+21A6 HTML 5.0[t] ISOamsa rightwards arrow from bar (maps to, right tee arrow)
&DownTeeArrow;
&mapstodown;
U+21A7 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow from bar (maps to downward, down tee arrow)
&larrhk;
&hookleftarrow;
U+21A9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow with hook
&rarrhk;
&hookrightarrow;
U+21AA HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with hook
&larrlp;
&looparrowleft;
U+21AB HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow with loop
&rarrlp;
&looparrowright;
U+21AC HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with loop
&harrw;
&leftrightsquigarrow;
U+21AD HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right wave arrow (horizontal wave arrow, left right squiggle arrow)
&nharr;
&nleftrightarrow;
U+21AE HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right arrow with stroke (not horizontal arrow, not left right arrow)
&lsh;
&Lsh;
U+21B0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards arrow with tip leftwards (left shift)
&rsh;
&Rsh;
U+21B1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards arrow with tip rightwards (right shift)
&ldsh; U+21B2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards arrow with tip leftwards (left down shift)
&rdsh; U+21B3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards arrow with tip rightwards (right down shift)
&crarr; U+21B5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New downwards arrow with corner leftwards (carriage return)
&cularr;
&curvearrowleft;
U+21B6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa anticlockwise top semicircle arrow (curve arrow left)
&curarr;
&curvearrowright;
U+21B7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa clockwise top semicircle arrow (curve arrow right)
&olarr;
&circlearrowleft;
U+21BA HTML 5.0 ISOamsa anticlockwise open circle arrow (circle arrow left, open left arrow)
&orarr;
&circlearrowright;
U+21BB HTML 5.0 ISOamsa clockwise open circle arrow (circle arrow right, open right arrow)
&lharu;
&LeftVector;
&leftharpoonup;
U+21BC HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb upwards (left vector)
&lhard;
&leftharpoondown;
&DownLeftVector;
U+21BD HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb downwards (down left vector)
&uharr;
&upharpoonright;
&RightUpVector;
U+21BE HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards harpoon with barb rightwards (right up vector)
&uharl;
&upharpoonleft;
&LeftUpVector;
U+21BF HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards harpoon with barb leftwards (left up vector)
&rharu;
&RightVector;
&rightharpoonup;
U+21C0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb upwards (right vector)
&rhard;
&rightharpoondown;
&DownRightVector;
U+21C1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb downwards (down right vector)
&dharr;
&RightDownVector;
&downharpoonright;
U+21C2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards harpoon with barb rightwards (right down vector)
&dharl;
&LeftDownVector;
&downharpoonleft;
U+21C3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards harpoon with barb leftwards (left down vector)
&rlarr;
&rightleftarrows;
&RightArrowLeftArrow;
U+21C4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow over leftwards arrow
&udarr;
&UpArrowDownArrow;
U+21C5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards arrow leftwards of downwards arrow
&lrarr;
&leftrightarrows;
&LeftArrowRightArrow;
U+21C6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow over rightwards arrow
&llarr;
&leftleftarrows;
U+21C7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards paired arrows
&uuarr;
&upuparrows;
U+21C8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards paired arrows
&rrarr;
&rightrightarrows;
U+21C9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards paired arrows
&ddarr;
&downdownarrows;
U+21CA HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards paired arrows
&lrhar;
&ReverseEquilibrium;
&leftrightharpoons;
U+21CB HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon over rightwards harpoon (Reverse Equilibrium)
&rlhar;
&rightleftharpoons;
&Equilibrium;
U+21CC HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon over leftwards harpoon (Equilibrium)
&nlArr;
&nLeftarrow;
U+21CD HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards double arrow with stroke (not leftwards double arrow)
&nhArr;
&nLeftrightarrow;
U+21CE HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right double arrow with stroke (not horizontal double arrow, not left right double arrow)
&nrArr;
&nRightarrow;
U+21CF HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards double arrow with stroke (not rightwards double arrow)
&lArr;
&Leftarrow;
&DoubleLeftArrow;
U+21D0
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech leftwards double arrow[z]
&uArr;
&Uparrow;
&DoubleUpArrow;
U+21D1
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa upwards double arrow
&rArr;
&Rightarrow;
&Implies;
&DoubleRightArrow;
U+21D2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum rightwards double arrow ( implies)[aa]
&dArr;
&Downarrow;
&DoubleDownArrow;
U+21D3
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa downwards double arrow
&hArr;
&Leftrightarrow;
&DoubleLeftRightArrow;
&iff;
U+21D4
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa left right double arrow ( iff)
&vArr;
&Updownarrow;
&DoubleUpDownArrow;
U+21D5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa up down double arrow
&nwArr; U+21D6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north west double arrow
&neArr; U+21D7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north east double arrow
&seArr; U+21D8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south east double arrow
&swArr; U+21D9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south west double arrow
&lAarr;
&Lleftarrow;
U+21DA HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards triple arrow
&rAarr;
&Rrightarrow;
U+21DB HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards triple arrow
&zigrarr; U+21DD HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards squiggle arrow (rightwards zigzag arrow)
&larrb;
&LeftArrowBar;
U+21E4 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow to bar
&rarrb;
&RightArrowBar;
U+21E5 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow to bar
&duarr;
&DownArrowUpArrow;
U+21F5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards arrow leftwards of upwards arrow
&loarr; U+21FD HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards open-headed arrow
&roarr; U+21FE HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards open-headed arrow
&hoarr; U+21FF HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right open-headed arrow (horizontal open-headed arrow)
&forall;
&ForAll;
U+2200
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech for all
&comp;
&complement;
U+2201 HTML 5.0 ISOamso complement
&part;
&PartialD;
U+2202
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech partial differential
&npart; ∂̸ U+2202  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOtech partial differential, combining long solidus overlay
&exist;
&Exists;
U+2203
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech there exists
&nexist;
&NotExists;
&nexists;
U+2204 HTML 5.0 ISOamso there does not exist
&empty;
&emptyset;
&emptyv;
&varnothing;
U+2205
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso empty set (null set, empty variable, variable nothing); see also U+8960, ⌀
&nabla;
&Del;
U+2207
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech nabla (del, vector differential operator)
&isin;
&isinv;
&Element;
&in;
U+2208
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech element of (in set)
&notin;
&NotElement;
&notinva;
U+2209
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech not an element of (not in set)
&niv;
&ReverseElement;
&ni;
&SuchThat;
U+220B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech contains as member (Reversed element, Reversed in set, such that)
&notni;
&notniva;
&NotReverseElement;
U+220C HTML 5.0 ISOtech does not contain as member (Not reversed element, nor reversed in set)
&prod;
&Product;
U+220F
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb n-ary product (product sign)[ab]
&coprod;
&Coproduct;
U+2210 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary coproduct (coproduct sign)
&sum;
&Sum;
U+2211
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb n-ary summation[ac]
&minus; U+2212 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech minus sign
&mnplus;
&mp;
&MinusPlus;
U+2213 HTML 5.0 ISOtech minus-or-plus sign (minus–plus sign)
&plusdo;
&dotplus;
U+2214 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb dot plus (dot plus sign, plus dot sign)
&setmn;
&setminus;
&Backslash;
&ssetmn;
&smallsetminus;
U+2216 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb set minus
&lowast; U+2217 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech asterisk operator
&compfn;
&SmallCircle;
U+2218 HTML 5.0 ISOtech ring operator (composition function, small circle)
&radic;
&Sqrt;
U+221A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech square root (radical sign)
&prop;
&propto;
&Proportional;
&vprop;
&varpropto;
U+221D
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech proportional to
&infin; U+221E HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech infinity
&angrt; U+221F HTML 5.0 ISOtech right angle
&ang;
&angle;
U+2220
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso angle
&nang; ∠⃒ U+2220  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamso angle, combining long vertical line overlay
&angmsd;
&measuredangle;
U+2221 HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle
&angsph; U+2222 HTML 5.0 ISOtech spherical angle
&mid;
&VerticalBar;
&smid;
&shortmid;
U+2223 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr divides (vertical bar, mid, short mid)
&nmid;
&NotVerticalBar;
&nsmid;
&nshortmid;
U+2224 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not divide (not vertical bar, not mid, not short mid)
&par;
&parallel;
&DoubleVerticalBar;
&spar;
&shortparallel;
U+2225 HTML 5.0 ISOtech parallel to (double vertical bar)
&npar;
&nparallel;
&NotDoubleVerticalBar;
&nspar;
&nshortparallel;
U+2226 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not parallel to (not double vertical bar)
&and;
&wedge;
U+2227
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech logical and (wedge)
&or;
&vee;
U+2228
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech logical or (vee)
&cap; U+2229 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech intersection (cap)
&caps; ∩︀ U+2229  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection, variation selector-1
&cup; U+222A HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech union (cup)
&cups; ∪︀ U+222A  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union, variation selector-1
&int;
&Integral;
U+222B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech integral
&Int; U+222C HTML 5.0 ISOtech double integral
&tint;
&iiint;
U+222D HTML 5.0 ISOtech triple integral
&conint;
&oint;
&ContourIntegral;
U+222E HTML 5.0 ISOtech contour integral (circle integral)
&Conint;
&DoubleContourIntegral;
U+222F HTML 5.0 ISOtech surface integral (double contour integral)
&Cconint; U+2230 HTML 5.0 ISOtech volume integral
&cwint; U+2231 HTML 5.0 ISOtech clockwise integral
&cwconint;
&ClockwiseContourIntegral;
U+2232 HTML 5.0 ISOtech clockwise contour integral
&awconint;
&CounterClockwiseContourIntegral;
U+2233 HTML 5.0 ISOtech anticlockwise contour integral
&there4;
&therefore;
&Therefore;
U+2234
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech therefore
&becaus;
&because;
&Because;
U+2235 HTML 5.0 ISOtech because
&ratio; U+2236 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr ratio
&Colon;
&Proportion;
U+2237 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr proportion
&minusd;
&dotminus;
U+2238 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb dot minus
&mDDot; U+223A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr geometric proportion
&homtht; U+223B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr homothetic
&sim;
&Tilde;
&thksim;
&thicksim;
U+223C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech tilde operator (varies with, similar to, thick tilde)[ad]
&nvsim; ∼⃒ U+223C  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn tilde operator, combining long vertical line overlay
&bsim;
&backsim;
U+223D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr reversed tilde (back similar to)
&race; ∽̱ U+223D  U+0331 HTML 5.0 reversed tilde, combining macron below
&ac;
&mstpos;
U+223E HTML 5.0 ISOamsb inverted lazy s
&acE; ∾̳ U+223E  U+0333 HTML 5.0 inverted lazy s, combining double low line
&acd; U+223F HTML 5.0 ISOtech sine wave
&wreath;
&VerticalTilde;
&wr;
U+2240 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb wreath product (vertical tilde)
&nsim;
&NotTilde;
U+2241 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not tilde (is not similar to)
&esim;
&EqualTilde;
&eqsim;
U+2242 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr minus tilde (equal tilde)
&nesim;
&NotEqualTilde;
≂̸ U+2242  U+0338 HTML 5.0 minus tilde, combining long solidus overlay
&sime;
&TildeEqual;
&simeq;
U+2243 HTML 5.0 ISOtech asymptotically equal to (tilde equal)
&nsime;
&nsimeq;
&NotTildeEqual;
U+2244 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not asymptotically equal to (not tilde equal)
&cong;
&TildeFullEqual;
U+2245
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech approximately equal to (congruent to)
&simne; U+2246 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn approximately but not actually equal to (similar but not equal to)
&ncong;
&NotTildeFullEqual;
U+2247 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither approximately nor actually equal to (not congruent to)
&asymp;
&ap;
&TildeTilde;
&approx;
&thkap;
&thickapprox;
U+2248
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsr almost equal to (asymptotic to, approximately, tilde over tilde)
&nap;
&NotTildeTilde;
&napprox;
U+2249 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not almost equal to (not approximately, not tilde over tilde)
&ape;
&approxeq;
U+224A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr almost equal or equal to (approximately equal to)
&apid; U+224B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr triple tilde
&napid; ≋̸ U+224B  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn triple tilde, combining long solidus overlay
&bcong;
&backcong;
U+224C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr all equal to (backwards congruent to)
&asympeq;
&CupCap;
U+224D HTML 5.0 equivalent to (asymptotically equivalent to, Cup and Cap)
&nvap; ≍⃒ U+224D  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn equivalent to, combining long vertical line overlay
&bump;
&HumpDownHump;
&Bumpeq;
U+224E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr geometrically equivalent to (bump equals, hump and down hump equals)
&nbump;
&NotHumpDownHump;
≎̸ U+224E  U+0338 HTML 5.0 geometrically equivalent to, combining long solidus overlay
&bumpe;
&HumpEqual;
&bumpeq;
U+224F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr difference between (hump equals)
&nbumpe;
&NotHumpEqual;
≏̸ U+224F  U+0338 HTML 5.0 difference between, combining long solidus overlay
&esdot;
&DotEqual;
&doteq;
U+2250 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr approaches the limit (dot equal)
&nedot; ≐̸ U+2250  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOtech approaches the limit, combining long solidus overlay
&eDot;
&doteqdot;
U+2251 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr geometrically equal to (dot equal dot)
&efDot;
&fallingdotseq;
U+2252 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr approximately equal to or the image of (falling dot sequence)
&erDot;
&risingdotseq;
U+2253 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr image of or approximately equal to (rising dot sequence)
&colone;
&coloneq;
&Assign;
U+2254 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr colon equals (Assignment (computer science))
&ecolon;
&eqcolon;
U+2255 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals colon
&ecir;
&eqcirc;
U+2256 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr ring in equal to (equals circle)
&cire;
&circeq;
U+2257 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr ring equal to (circle equals)
&wedgeq; U+2259 HTML 5.0 ISOtech estimates (wedge equals)
&veeeq; U+225A HTML 5.0 ISOtech equiangular to (vee equals)
&trie;
&triangleq;
U+225C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr delta equal to (triangle equals)
&equest;
&questeq;
U+225F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr questioned equal to
&ne;
&NotEqual;
U+2260
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech not equal to
&equiv;
&Congruent;
U+2261
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech identical to; sometimes used for 'equivalent to' or 'congruent'
&bnequiv; ≡⃥ U+2261  U+20E5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech identical to, combining reverse solidus overlay
&nequiv;
&NotCongruent;
U+2262 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not identical to; sometimes used for 'not congruent'
&le;
&leq;
U+2264
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech less-than or equal to
&nvle; ≤⃒ U+2264  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&ge;
&GreaterEqual;
&geq;
U+2265
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech greater-than or equal to
&nvge; ≥⃒ U+2265  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&lE;
&LessFullEqual;
&leqq;
U+2266 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than over equal to
&nlE;
&nleqq;
≦̸ U+2266  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than over equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&gE;
&GreaterFullEqual;
&geqq;
U+2267 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than over equal to
&ngE;
&ngeqq;
&NotGreaterFullEqual;
≧̸ U+2267  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than over equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&lnE;
&lneqq;
U+2268 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than but not equal to
&lvnE;
&lvertneqq;
≨︀ U+2268  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than but not equal to, variation selector-1
&gnE;
&gneqq;
U+2269 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than but not equal to
&gvnE;
&gvertneqq;
≩︀ U+2269  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than but not equal to, variation selector-1
&Lt;
&NestedLessLess;
&ll;
U+226A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr much less-than
&nLtv;
&NotLessLess;
≪̸ U+226A  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn much less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&nLt; ≪⃒ U+226A  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn much less-than, combining long vertical line overlay
&Gt;
&NestedGreaterGreater;
&gg;
U+226B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr much greater-than
&nGtv;
&NotGreaterGreater;
≫̸ U+226B  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn much greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&nGt; ≫⃒ U+226B  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn much greater-than, combining long vertical line overlay
&twixt;
&between;
U+226C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr between
&NotCupCap; U+226D HTML 5.0 not equivalent to (not cup cap)
&nlt;
&NotLess;
&nless;
U+226E HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not less-than
&ngt;
&NotGreater;
&ngtr;
U+226F HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not greater-than
&nle;
&NotLessEqual;
&nleq;
U+2270 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither less-than nor equal to
&nge;
&NotGreaterEqual;
&ngeq;
U+2271 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither greater-than nor equal to
&lsim;
&LessTilde;
&lesssim;
U+2272 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or equivalent to (less-than tilde, less-than or similar to)
&gsim;
&gtrsim;
&GreaterTilde;
U+2273 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or equivalent to (greater-than tilde, greater-than or similar to)
&nlsim;
&NotLessTilde;
U+2274 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither less-than nor equivalent to (not less-than tilde, neither less-than nor similar to)
&ngsim;
&NotGreaterTilde;
U+2275 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither greater-than nor equivalent to (not greater-than tilde, neither greater-than nor similar to)
&lg;
&lessgtr;
&LessGreater;
U+2276 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or greater-than
&gl;
&gtrless;
&GreaterLess;
U+2277 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or less-than
&ntlg;
&NotLessGreater;
U+2278 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither less-than nor greater-than
&ntgl;
&NotGreaterLess;
U+2279 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither greater-than nor less-than
&pr;
&Precedes;
&prec;
U+227A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes
&sc;
&Succeeds;
&succ;
U+227B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds
&prcue;
&PrecedesSlantEqual;
&preccurlyeq;
U+227C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes or equal to (precedes curly equals, precedes slant equals)
&sccue;
&SucceedsSlantEqual;
&succcurlyeq;
U+227D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds or equal to (succeeds curly equals, succeeds slant equals)
&prsim;
&precsim;
&PrecedesTilde;
U+227E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes or equivalent to (precedes or similar to, precedes tilde)
&scsim;
&succsim;
&SucceedsTilde;
U+227F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds or equivalent to (succeeds or similar to, succeeds tilde)
&NotSucceedsTilde; ≿̸ U+227F  U+0338 HTML 5.0 succeeds or equivalent to, combining long solidus overlay
&npr;
&nprec;
&NotPrecedes;
U+2280 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not precede
&nsc;
&nsucc;
&NotSucceeds;
U+2281 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not succeed
&sub;
&subset;
U+2282
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech subset of
&vnsub;
&NotSubset;
&nsubset;
⊂⃒ U+2282  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of, combining long vertical line overlay
&sup;
&supset;
&Superset;
U+2283
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech superset of
&vnsup;
&NotSuperset;
&nsupset;
⊃⃒ U+2283  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of, combining long vertical line overlay
&nsub; U+2284 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsn not a subset of
&nsup; U+2285 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsn not a superset of[ae]
&sube;
&SubsetEqual;
&subseteq;
U+2286
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech subset of or equal to
&supe;
&supseteq;
&SupersetEqual;
U+2287
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech superset of or equal to
&nsube;
&nsubseteq;
&NotSubsetEqual;
U+2288 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither a subset of nor equal to
&nsupe;
&nsupseteq;
&NotSupersetEqual;
U+2289 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn neither a superset of nor equal to
&subne;
&subsetneq;
U+228A HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of with not equal to
&vsubne;
&varsubsetneq;
⊊︀ U+228A  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of with not equal to, variation selector-1
&supne;
&supsetneq;
U+228B HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of with not equal to
&vsupne;
&varsupsetneq;
⊋︀ U+228B  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of with not equal to, variation selector-1
&cupdot; U+228D HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiset multiplication (cup dot)
&uplus;
&UnionPlus;
U+228E HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiset union (union plus)
&sqsub;
&SquareSubset;
&sqsubset;
U+228F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr square image of (square subset)
&NotSquareSubset; ⊏̸ U+228F  U+0338 HTML 5.0 square image of, combining long solidus overlay
&sqsup;
&SquareSuperset;
&sqsupset;
U+2290 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr square original of (square superset)
&NotSquareSuperset; ⊐̸ U+2290  U+0338 HTML 5.0 square original of, combining long solidus overlay
&sqsube;
&SquareSubsetEqual;
&sqsubseteq;
U+2291 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr square image of or equal to (square subset equal)
&sqsupe;
&SquareSupersetEqual;
&sqsupseteq;
U+2292 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr square original of or equal to (square superset equal)
&sqcap;
&SquareIntersection;
U+2293 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb square cap (square intersection)
&sqcaps; ⊓︀ U+2293  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb square cap, variation selector-1
&sqcup;
&SquareUnion;
U+2294 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb square cup (square union)
&sqcups; ⊔︀ U+2294  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb square cup, variation selector-1
&oplus;
&CirclePlus;
U+2295
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb circled plus (direct sum)
&ominus;
&CircleMinus;
U+2296 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled minus
&otimes;
&CircleTimes;
U+2297
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb circled times (vector product)
&osol; U+2298 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled division slash (circled solidus)
&odot;
&CircleDot;
U+2299 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled dot operator (circled dot)
&ocir;
&circledcirc;
U+229A HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled ring operator (circled circle)
&oast;
&circledast;
U+229B HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled asterisk operator
&odash;
&circleddash;
U+229D HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled dash
&plusb;
&boxplus;
U+229E HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared plus (boxed plus)
&minusb;
&boxminus;
U+229F HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared minus (boxed minus)
&timesb;
&boxtimes;
U+22A0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared times (boxed times)
&sdotb;
&dotsquare;
U+22A1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared dot operator (boxed small dot)
&vdash;
&RightTee;
U+22A2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr right tack ( proves, right tee)
&dashv;
&LeftTee;
U+22A3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr left tack (left tee)
&top;
&DownTee;
U+22A4 HTML 5.0
  • ISOtech
  • ISOamsb
down tack (top tack, down tee)
&bottom;
&bot;
&perp;
&UpTee;
U+22A5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech up tack (orthogonal to perpendicular, bottom tack, up tee)[af]
&models; U+22A7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr models
&vDash;
&DoubleRightTee;
U+22A8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr true (double right tee)
&Vdash; U+22A9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr forces
&Vvdash; U+22AA HTML 5.0 ISOamsr triple vertical bar right turnstile
&VDash; U+22AB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double vertical bar double right turnstile
&nvdash; U+22AC HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not prove
&nvDash; U+22AD HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not true
&nVdash; U+22AE HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not force
&nVDash; U+22AF HTML 5.0 ISOamsn negated double vertical bar double right turnstile
&prurel; U+22B0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes under relation
&vltri;
&vartriangleleft;
&LeftTriangle;
U+22B2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr normal subgroup of (left triangle)
&vrtri;
&vartriangleright;
&RightTriangle;
U+22B3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr contains as normal subgroup (right triangle)
&ltrie;
&trianglelefteq;
&LeftTriangleEqual;
U+22B4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr normal subgroup of or equal to (left triangle equal)
&nvltrie; ⊴⃒ U+22B4  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn normal subgroup of or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&rtrie;
&trianglerighteq;
&RightTriangleEqual;
U+22B5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr contains as normal subgroup or equal to (right triangle equal)
&nvrtrie; ⊵⃒ U+22B5  U+20D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn contains as normal subgroup or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&origof; U+22B6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa original of
&imof; U+22B7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa image of
&mumap;
&multimap;
U+22B8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa multimap
&hercon; U+22B9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb Hermitian conjugate matrix
&intcal;
&intercal;
U+22BA HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intercalate
&veebar; U+22BB HTML 5.0
  • ISOamsr
  • ISOamsb
xor
&barvee; U+22BD HTML 5.0 nor
&angrtvb; U+22BE HTML 5.0 ISOamso right angle with arc
&lrtri; U+22BF HTML 5.0 ISOamso right triangle (lower right triangle)
&xwedge;
&Wedge;
&bigwedge;
U+22C0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary logical and (x wedge, big wedge)
&xvee;
&Vee;
&bigvee;
U+22C1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary logical or (x vee, big vee)
&xcap;
&Intersection;
&bigcap;
U+22C2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary intersection (x cap, big cap)
&xcup;
&Union;
&bigcup;
U+22C3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary union (x cup, big cup)
&diam;
&diamond;
&Diamond;
U+22C4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb diamond operator
&sdot; U+22C5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsb dot operator (small dot)[ag]
&sstarf;
&Star;
U+22C6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb star operator
&divonx;
&divideontimes;
U+22C7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb division times
&bowtie; U+22C8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr bowtie
&ltimes; U+22C9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb left normal factor semidirect product (left times)
&rtimes; U+22CA HTML 5.0 ISOamsb right normal factor semidirect product (right times)
&lthree;
&leftthreetimes;
U+22CB HTML 5.0 ISOamsb left semidirect product (left three times)
&rthree;
&rightthreetimes;
U+22CC HTML 5.0 ISOamsb right semidirect product (right three times)
&bsime;
&backsimeq;
U+22CD HTML 5.0 ISOamsr reversed tilde equals (back similar or equal to)
&cuvee;
&curlyvee;
U+22CE HTML 5.0 ISOamsb curly logical or (curly vee)
&cuwed;
&curlywedge;
U+22CF HTML 5.0 ISOamsb curly logical and (curly wedge)
&Sub;
&Subset;
U+22D0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double subset
&Sup;
&Supset;
U+22D1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double superset
&Cap; U+22D2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb double intersection (double cap)
&Cup; U+22D3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb double union (double cup)
&fork;
&pitchfork;
U+22D4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr pitchfork (Transversality theorem)
&epar; U+22D5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech equal and parallel to
&ltdot;
&lessdot;
U+22D6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than with dot
&gtdot;
&gtrdot;
U+22D7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than with dot
&Ll; U+22D8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr very much less-than[ah]
&nLl; ⋘̸ U+22D8  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn very much less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&Gg;
&ggg;
U+22D9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr very much greater-than
&nGg; ⋙̸ U+22D9  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn very much greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&leg;
&LessEqualGreater;
&lesseqgtr;
U+22DA HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than equal to or greater-than
&lesg; ⋚︀ U+22DA  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than equal to or greater-than, variation selector-1
&gel;
&gtreqless;
&GreaterEqualLess;
U+22DB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than equal to or less-than
&gesl; ⋛︀ U+22DB  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than equal to or less-than, variation selector-1
&cuepr;
&curlyeqprec;
U+22DE HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equal to or precedes (curly equal to or precedes)
&cuesc;
&curlyeqsucc;
U+22DF HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equal to or succeeds (curly equal to or succeeds)
&nprcue;
&NotPrecedesSlantEqual;
U+22E0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not precede or equal (not precedes curly equal, not precedes slant equal)
&nsccue;
&NotSucceedsSlantEqual;
U+22E1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not succeed or equal (not succeeds curly equal, not succeeds slant equal)
&nsqsube;
&NotSquareSubsetEqual;
U+22E2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not square image of or equal to (not square subset equal)
&nsqsupe;
&NotSquareSupersetEqual;
U+22E3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not square original of or equal to (not square superset equal)
&lnsim; U+22E6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than but not equivalent to (less-than but not similar to)
&gnsim; U+22E7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than but not equivalent to (greater-than but not similar to)
&prnsim;
&precnsim;
U+22E8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn precedes but not equivalent to (precedes but not similar to)
&scnsim;
&succnsim;
U+22E9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn succeeds but not equivalent to (succeeds but not similar to)
&nltri;
&ntriangleleft;
&NotLeftTriangle;
U+22EA HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not normal subgroup of (not left triangle)
&nrtri;
&ntriangleright;
&NotRightTriangle;
U+22EB HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not contain as normal subgroup (not right triangle)
&nltrie;
&ntrianglelefteq;
&NotLeftTriangleEqual;
U+22EC HTML 5.0 ISOamsn not normal subgroup of or equal to (not left triangle equal)
&nrtrie;
&ntrianglerighteq;
&NotRightTriangleEqual;
U+22ED HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not contain as normal subgroup or equal (not right triangle equal)
&vellip; U+22EE HTML 5.0 ISOpub vertical ellipsis
&ctdot; U+22EF HTML 5.0 ISOtech midline horizontal ellipsis (centered triple dot)
&utdot; U+22F0 HTML 5.0 ISOtech up right diagonal ellipsis (upward triple dot)
&dtdot; U+22F1 HTML 5.0 ISOtech down right diagonal ellipsis (downward triple dot)
&disin; U+22F2 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with long horizontal stroke
&isinsv; U+22F3 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&isins; U+22F4 HTML 5.0 ISOtech small element of with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&isindot; U+22F5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with dot above
&notindot; ⋵̸ U+22F5  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with dot above, combining long solidus overlay
&notinvc; U+22F6 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with overbar
&notinvb; U+22F7 HTML 5.0 ISOtech small element of with overbar
&isinE; U+22F9 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with two horizontal strokes
&notinE; ⋹̸ U+22F9  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOtech element of with two horizontal strokes, combining long solidus overlay
&nisd; U+22FA HTML 5.0 ISOtech contains with long horizontal stroke
&xnis; U+22FB HTML 5.0 ISOtech contains with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&nis; U+22FC HTML 5.0 ISOtech small contains with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&notnivc; U+22FD HTML 5.0 ISOtech contains with overbar
&notnivb; U+22FE HTML 5.0 ISOtech small contains with overbar
&barwed;
&barwedge;
U+2305 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb projective
&Barwed;
&doublebarwedge;
U+2306 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb perspective
&lceil;
&LeftCeiling;
U+2308
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc left ceiling (APL upstile)
&rceil;
&RightCeiling;
U+2309
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc right ceiling
&lfloor;
&LeftFloor;
U+230A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc left floor (APL downstile)
&rfloor;
&RightFloor;
U+230B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc right floor
&drcrop; U+230C HTML 5.0 ISOpub bottom right crop (down right crop)
&dlcrop; U+230D HTML 5.0 ISOpub bottom left crop (down left crop)
&urcrop; U+230E HTML 5.0 ISOpub top right crop (up right crop)
&ulcrop; U+230F HTML 5.0 ISOpub top left crop (up left crop)
&bnot; U+2310 HTML 5.0 ISOtech reversed not sign (backwards not sign)
&profline; U+2312 HTML 5.0 ISOtech arc
&profsurf; U+2313 HTML 5.0 ISOtech segment
&telrec; U+2315 HTML 5.0 ISOpub telephone recorder
&target; U+2316 HTML 5.0 ISOpub position indicator (target)
&ulcorn;
&ulcorner;
U+231C HTML 5.0 ISOamsc top left corner (up left corner)
&urcorn;
&urcorner;
U+231D HTML 5.0 ISOamsc top right corner (up right corner)
&dlcorn;
&llcorner;
U+231E HTML 5.0 ISOamsc bottom left corner (down left corner)
&drcorn;
&lrcorner;
U+231F HTML 5.0 ISOamsc bottom right corner (down right corner)
&frown;
&sfrown;
U+2322 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr frown
&smile;
&ssmile;
U+2323 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr smile
&cylcty; U+232D HTML 5.0 ISOtech cylindricity
&profalar; U+232E HTML 5.0 ISOtech all around-profile
&topbot; U+2336 HTML 5.0 ISOtech APL functional symbol I-beam (top bottom)
&ovbar; U+233D HTML 5.0 ISOamsb APL functional symbol circle stile (circle vertical bar)
&solbar; U+233F HTML 5.0 ISOamsn APL functional symbol slash bar (solidus bar)
&angzarr; U+237C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa right angle with downwards zigzag arrow (angzarr)
&lmoust;
&lmoustache;
U+23B0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc upper left or lower right curly bracket section (left moustache)
&rmoust;
&rmoustache;
U+23B1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc upper right or lower left curly bracket section (right moustache)
&tbrk;
&OverBracket;
U+23B4 HTML 5.0 ISOamso top square bracket (over bracket)
&bbrk;
&UnderBracket;
U+23B5 HTML 5.0 ISOamso bottom square bracket (under bracket)
&bbrktbrk; U+23B6 HTML 5.0 ISOamso bottom square bracket over top square bracket
&OverParenthesis; U+23DC HTML 5.0 top parenthesis (over parenthesis)
&UnderParenthesis; U+23DD HTML 5.0 bottom parenthesis (under parenthesis)
&OverBrace; U+23DE HTML 5.0 top curly bracket (over brace)
&UnderBrace; U+23DF HTML 5.0 bottom curly bracket (under brace)
&trpezium; U+23E2 HTML 5.0 ISOamso white trapezium
&elinters; U+23E7 HTML 5.0 ISOtech electrical intersection
&blank; U+2423 HTML 5.0 ISOpub open box (blank)
&oS;
&circledS;
U+24C8 HTML 5.0 ISOamso circled Latin capital letter S
&boxh;
&HorizontalLine;
U+2500 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light horizontal (horizontal line)
&boxv; U+2502 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light vertical
&boxdr; U+250C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light down and right
&boxdl; U+2510 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light down and left
&boxur; U+2514 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light up and right
&boxul; U+2518 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light up and left
&boxvr; U+251C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light vertical and right
&boxvl; U+2524 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light vertical and left
&boxhd; U+252C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light down and horizontal (horizontal and down)
&boxhu; U+2534 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light up and horizontal (horizontal and up)
&boxvh; U+253C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings light vertical and horizontal
&boxH; U+2550 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double horizontal
&boxV; U+2551 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double vertical
&boxdR; U+2552 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down single and right double
&boxDr; U+2553 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down double and right single
&boxDR; U+2554 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double down and right
&boxdL; U+2555 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down single and left double
&boxDl; U+2556 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down double and left single
&boxDL; U+2557 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double down and left
&boxuR; U+2558 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up single and right double
&boxUr; U+2559 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up double and right single
&boxUR; U+255A HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double up and right
&boxuL; U+255B HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up single and left double
&boxUl; U+255C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up double and left single
&boxUL; U+255D HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double up and left
&boxvR; U+255E HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical single and right double
&boxVr; U+255F HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical double and right single
&boxVR; U+2560 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double vertical and right
&boxvL; U+2561 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical single and left double
&boxVl; U+2562 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical double and left single
&boxVL; U+2563 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double vertical and left
&boxHd; U+2564 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down single and horizontal double (horizontal double and down single)
&boxhD; U+2565 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings down double and horizontal single (horizontal single and down double)
&boxHD; U+2566 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double down and horizontal (horizontal and down)
&boxHu; U+2567 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up single and horizontal double (horizontal double and up single)
&boxhU; U+2568 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings up double and horizontal single (horizontal single and up double)
&boxHU; U+2569 HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double up and horizontal (horizontal and up)
&boxvH; U+256A HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical single and horizontal double
&boxVh; U+256B HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings vertical double and horizontal single
&boxVH; U+256C HTML 5.0 ISObox box drawings double vertical and horizontal
&uhblk; U+2580 HTML 5.0 ISOpub upper half block
&lhblk; U+2584 HTML 5.0 ISOpub lower half block
&block; U+2588 HTML 5.0 ISOpub full block
&blk14; U+2591 HTML 5.0 ISOpub light shade (1/4 block)
&blk12; U+2592 HTML 5.0 ISOpub medium shade (1/2 block)
&blk34; U+2593 HTML 5.0 ISOpub dark shade (3/4 block)
&squ;
&square;
&Square;
U+25A1 HTML 5.0 ISOpub white square
&squf;
&squarf;
&blacksquare;
&FilledVerySmallSquare;
U+25AA HTML 5.0 ISOpub black small square (filled very small square)
&EmptyVerySmallSquare; U+25AB HTML 5.0 white small square (empty very small square)
&rect; U+25AD HTML 5.0 ISOpub white rectangle
&marker; U+25AE HTML 5.0 ISOpub black vertical rectangle (marker)
&fltns; U+25B1 HTML 5.0 ISOtech white parallelogram
&xutri;
&bigtriangleup;
U+25B3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb white up-pointing triangle (big up-pointing triangle)
&utrif;
&blacktriangle;
U+25B4 HTML 5.0 ISOpub black up-pointing small triangle (black triangle, up-pointing triangle filled)
&utri;
&triangle;
U+25B5 HTML 5.0 ISOpub white up-pointing small triangle (up-pointing triangle)
&rtrif;
&blacktriangleright;
U+25B8 HTML 5.0 ISOpub black right-pointing small triangle (black right-pointing triangle, right-pointing triangle filled)
&rtri;
&triangleright;
U+25B9 HTML 5.0 ISOpub white right-pointing small triangle (right-pointing triangle)
&xdtri;
&bigtriangledown;
U+25BD HTML 5.0 ISOamsb white down-pointing triangle (big down-pointing triangle)
&dtrif;
&blacktriangledown;
U+25BE HTML 5.0 ISOpub black down-pointing small triangle (black down-pointing triangle, down-pointing triangle filled)
&dtri;
&triangledown;
U+25BF HTML 5.0 ISOpub white down-pointing small triangle (down-pointing triangle)
&ltrif;
&blacktriangleleft;
U+25C2 HTML 5.0 ISOpub black left-pointing small triangle (black left-pointing triangle, left-pointing triangle filled)
&ltri;
&triangleleft;
U+25C3 HTML 5.0 ISOpub white left-pointing small triangle (left-pointing triangle)
&loz;
&lozenge;
U+25CA
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub lozenge
&cir; U+25CB HTML 5.0 ISOpub white circle (circle)
&tridot; U+25EC HTML 5.0 ISOamsb white up-pointing triangle with dot (triangle dot)
&xcirc;
&bigcirc;
U+25EF HTML 5.0 ISOamsb large circle (big circle)
&ultri; U+25F8 HTML 5.0 ISOamso upper left triangle
&urtri; U+25F9 HTML 5.0 ISOamso upper right triangle
&lltri; U+25FA HTML 5.0 ISOamso lower left triangle
&EmptySmallSquare; U+25FB HTML 5.0 white medium square (empty small square)
&FilledSmallSquare; U+25FC HTML 5.0 black medium square (filled small square)
&starf;
&bigstar;
U+2605 HTML 5.0 ISOpub black star (filled star, big star)
&star; U+2606 HTML 5.0 ISOpub white star (star)
&phone; U+260E HTML 5.0 ISOpub black telephone (phone)
&female; U+2640 HTML 5.0 ISOpub female sign
&male; U+2642 HTML 5.0 ISOpub male sign
&spades;
&spadesuit;
U+2660
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black spade suit[r]
&clubs;
&clubsuit;
U+2663
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black club suit (shamrock)[r]
&hearts;
&heartsuit;
U+2665
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black heart suit (valentine)[r]
&diams;
&diamondsuit;
U+2666
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black diamond suit[r]
&sung; U+266A HTML 5.0 ISOnum eighth note (sung)
&flat; U+266D HTML 5.0 ISOpub music flat sign
&natur;
&natural;
U+266E HTML 5.0 ISOpub music natural sign
&sharp; U+266F HTML 5.0 ISOpub music sharp sign
&check;
&checkmark;
U+2713 HTML 5.0 ISOpub check mark
&cross; U+2717 HTML 5.0 ISOpub ballot x (cross)
&malt;
&maltese;
U+2720 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Maltese cross
&sext; U+2736 HTML 5.0 ISOpub six pointed black star (sextile)
&VerticalSeparator; U+2758 HTML 5.0 light vertical bar (vertical separator)
&lbbrk; U+2772 HTML 5.0 ISOtech light left tortoise shell bracket ornament
&rbbrk; U+2773 HTML 5.0 ISOtech light right tortoise shell bracket ornament
&bsolhsub; U+27C8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr reverse solidus preceding subset
&suphsol; U+27C9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset preceding solidus
&lobrk;
&LeftDoubleBracket;
U+27E6 HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical left white square bracket
&robrk;
&RightDoubleBracket;
U+27E7 HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical right white square bracket
&lang;
&LeftAngleBracket;
&langle;
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech mathematical left angle bracket (bra)[ai]
&rang;
&RightAngleBracket;
&rangle;
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech mathematical right angle bracket (ket)[aj]
&Lang; U+27EA HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical left double angle bracket
&Rang; U+27EB HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical right double angle bracket
&loang; U+27EC HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical left white tortoise shell bracket
&roang; U+27ED HTML 5.0 ISOtech mathematical right white tortoise shell bracket
&xlarr;
&longleftarrow;
&LongLeftArrow;
U+27F5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long leftwards arrow
&xrarr;
&longrightarrow;
&LongRightArrow;
U+27F6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long rightwards arrow
&xharr;
&longleftrightarrow;
&LongLeftRightArrow;
U+27F7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long left right arrow (long horizontal arrow)
&xlArr;
&Longleftarrow;
&DoubleLongLeftArrow;
U+27F8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long leftwards double arrow
&xrArr;
&Longrightarrow;
&DoubleLongRightArrow;
U+27F9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long rightwards double arrow
&xhArr;
&Longleftrightarrow;
&DoubleLongLeftRightArrow;
U+27FA HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long left right double arrow (long horizontal double arrow)
&xmap;
&longmapsto;
U+27FC HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long rightwards arrow from bar (long maps to)
&dzigrarr; U+27FF HTML 5.0 ISOamsa long rightwards squiggle arrow (long rightwards zigzag arrow)
&nvlArr; U+2902 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards double arrow with vertical stroke
&nvrArr; U+2903 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards double arrow with vertical stroke
&nvHarr; U+2904 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right double arrow with vertical stroke
&Map; U+2905 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards two-headed arrow from bar (double maps to)
&lbarr; U+290C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards double dash arrow
&rbarr;
&bkarow;
U+290D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards double dash arrow
&lBarr; U+290E HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards triple dash arrow
&rBarr;
&dbkarow;
U+290F HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards triple dash arrow
&RBarr;
&drbkarow;
U+2910 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards two-headed triple dash arrow
&DDotrahd; U+2911 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with dotted stem
&UpArrowBar; U+2912 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow to bar
&DownArrowBar; U+2913 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow to bar
&Rarrtl; U+2916 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards two-headed arrow with tail
&latail; U+2919 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow-tail
&ratail; U+291A HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow-tail
&lAtail; U+291B HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards double arrow-tail
&rAtail; U+291C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards double arrow-tail
&larrfs; U+291D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow to black diamond
&rarrfs; U+291E HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow to black diamond
&larrbfs; U+291F HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow from bar to black diamond
&rarrbfs; U+2920 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow from bar to black diamond
&nwarhk; U+2923 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north west arrow with hook
&nearhk; U+2924 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north east arrow with hook
&searhk;
&hksearow;
U+2925 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south east arrow with hook
&swarhk;
&hkswarow;
U+2926 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south west arrow with hook
&nwnear; U+2927 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north west arrow and north east arrow
&nesear;
&toea;
U+2928 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa north east arrow and south east arrow (to east arrow)
&seswar;
&tosa;
U+2929 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south east arrow and south west arrow (to south arrow)
&swnwar; U+292A HTML 5.0 ISOamsa south west arrow and north west arrow
&rarrc; U+2933 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa wave arrow pointing directly right (right arrow curved)
&nrarrc; ⤳̸ U+2933  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa wave arrow pointing directly right, combining long solidus overlay
&cudarrr; U+2935 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa arrow pointing rightwards then curving downwards (curved down arrow right)
&ldca; U+2936 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa arrow pointing downwards then curving leftwards (left down curved arrow)
&rdca; U+2937 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa arrow pointing downwards then curving rightwards (right down curved arrow)
&cudarrl; U+2938 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa right-side arc clockwise arrow (curved down arrow left)
&larrpl; U+2939 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left-side arc anticlockwise arrow
&curarrm; U+293C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa top arc clockwise arrow with minus (curved right arrow with minus)
&cularrp; U+293D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa top arc anticlockwise arrow with plus (curved left arrow with plus)
&rarrpl; U+2945 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow with plus below
&harrcir; U+2948 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left right arrow through small circle
&Uarrocir; U+2949 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards two-headed arrow from small circle
&lurdshar; U+294A HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left barb up right barb down harpoon (left up right down short arrow)
&ldrushar; U+294B HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left barb down right barb up harpoon (left down right up short arrow)
&LeftRightVector; U+294E HTML 5.0 left barb up right barb up harpoon (left right vector)
&RightUpDownVector; U+294F HTML 5.0 up barb right down barb right harpoon (right up down vector)
&DownLeftRightVector; U+2950 HTML 5.0 left barb down right barb down harpoon (down left right vector)
&LeftUpDownVector; U+2951 HTML 5.0 up barb left down barb left harpoon (left up down vector)
&LeftVectorBar; U+2952 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up to bar (left vector bar)
&RightVectorBar; U+2953 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up to bar (right vector bar)
&RightUpVectorBar; U+2954 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb right to bar (right up vector bar)
&RightDownVectorBar; U+2955 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb right to bar (right down vector bar)
&DownLeftVectorBar; U+2956 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down to bar (down left vector bar)
&DownRightVectorBar; U+2957 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down to bar (down right vector bar)
&LeftUpVectorBar; U+2958 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left to bar (left up vector bar)
&LeftDownVectorBar; U+2959 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left to bar (left down vector bar)
&LeftTeeVector; U+295A HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up from bar (left tee vector)
&RightTeeVector; U+295B HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up from bar (right tee vector)
&RightUpTeeVector; U+295C HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb right from bar (right up tee vector)
&RightDownTeeVector; U+295D HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb right from bar (right down tee vector)
&DownLeftTeeVector; U+295E HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down from bar (down left tee vector)
&DownRightTeeVector; U+295F HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down from bar (down right tee vector)
&LeftUpTeeVector; U+2960 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left from bar (left up tee vector)
&LeftDownTeeVector; U+2961 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left from bar (left down tee vector)
&lHar; U+2962 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb up above leftwards harpoon with barb down
&uHar; U+2963 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards harpoon with barb left beside upwards harpoon with barb right
&rHar; U+2964 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb up above rightwards harpoon with barb down
&dHar; U+2965 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards harpoon with barb left beside downwards harpoon with barb right
&luruhar; U+2966 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb up above rightwards harpoon with barb up
&ldrdhar; U+2967 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb down above rightwards harpoon with barb down
&ruluhar; U+2968 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb up above leftwards harpoon with barb up
&rdldhar; U+2969 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb down above leftwards harpoon with barb down
&lharul; U+296A HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb up above long dash
&llhard; U+296B HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards harpoon with barb down below long dash
&rharul; U+296C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb up above long dash
&lrhard; U+296D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards harpoon with barb down below long dash
&udhar;
&UpEquilibrium;
U+296E HTML 5.0 ISOamsa upwards harpoon with barb left beside downwards harpoon with barb right (up equilibrium)
&duhar;
&ReverseUpEquilibrium;
U+296F HTML 5.0 ISOamsa downwards harpoon with barb left beside upwards harpoon with barb right (reverse up equilibrium)
&RoundImplies; U+2970 HTML 5.0 right double arrow with rounded head (round implies)
&erarr; U+2971 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa equals sign above rightwards arrow
&simrarr; U+2972 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa tilde operator above rightwards arrow (similar to above rightwards arrow)
&larrsim; U+2973 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa leftwards arrow above tilde operator (leftwards arrow above similar to)
&rarrsim; U+2974 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow above tilde operator (rightwards arrow above similar to)
&rarrap; U+2975 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa rightwards arrow above almost equal to (rightwards arrow above approximately equal to)
&ltlarr; U+2976 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above leftwards arrow
&gtrarr; U+2978 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above rightwards arrow
&subrarr; U+2979 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset above rightwards arrow
&suplarr; U+297B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset above leftwards arrow
&lfisht; U+297C HTML 5.0 ISOamsa left fish tail
&rfisht; U+297D HTML 5.0 ISOamsa right fish tail
&ufisht; U+297E HTML 5.0 ISOamsa up fish tail
&dfisht; ⥿ U+297F HTML 5.0 ISOamsa down fish tail
&lopar; U+2985 HTML 5.0 ISOtech left white parenthesis
&ropar; U+2986 HTML 5.0 ISOtech right white parenthesis
&lbrke; U+298B HTML 5.0 ISOamsc left square bracket with underbar
&rbrke; U+298C HTML 5.0 ISOamsc right square bracket with underbar
&lbrkslu; U+298D HTML 5.0 ISOamsc left square bracket with tick in top corner
&rbrksld; U+298E HTML 5.0 ISOamsc right square bracket with tick in bottom corner
&lbrksld; U+298F HTML 5.0 ISOamsc left square bracket with tick in bottom corner
&rbrkslu; U+2990 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc right square bracket with tick in top corner
&langd; U+2991 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc left angle bracket with dot
&rangd; U+2992 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc right angle bracket with dot
&lparlt; U+2993 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc left arc less-than bracket (left parenthesis less-than)
&rpargt; U+2994 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc right arc greater-than bracket (right parenthesis greater-than)
&gtlPar; U+2995 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc double left arc greater-than bracket (double left parenthesis greater-than)
&ltrPar; U+2996 HTML 5.0 ISOamsc double right arc less-than bracket (double right parenthesis less-than)
&vzigzag; U+299A HTML 5.0 ISOamso vertical zigzag line
&vangrt; U+299C HTML 5.0 ISOtech right angle variant with square
&angrtvbd; U+299D HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured right angle with dot
&ange; U+29A4 HTML 5.0 ISOamso angle with underbar
&range; U+29A5 HTML 5.0 ISOamso reversed angle with underbar
&dwangle; U+29A6 HTML 5.0 ISOtech oblique angle opening up
&uwangle; U+29A7 HTML 5.0 ISOtech oblique angle opening down
&angmsdaa; U+29A8 HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing up and right
&angmsdab; U+29A9 HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing up and left
&angmsdac; U+29AA HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing down and right
&angmsdad; U+29AB HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing down and left
&angmsdae; U+29AC HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing right and up
&angmsdaf; U+29AD HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing left and up
&angmsdag; U+29AE HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing right and down
&angmsdah; U+29AF HTML 5.0 ISOamso measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing left and down
&bemptyv; U+29B0 HTML 5.0 ISOamso reversed empty set (backwards empty set)
&demptyv; U+29B1 HTML 5.0 ISOamso empty set with overbar (dash over empty set)
&cemptyv; U+29B2 HTML 5.0 ISOamso empty set with small circle above
&raemptyv; U+29B3 HTML 5.0 ISOamso empty set with right arrow above
&laemptyv; U+29B4 HTML 5.0 ISOamso empty set with left arrow above
&ohbar; U+29B5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circle with horizontal bar
&omid; U+29B6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled vertical bar (circled middle line)
&opar; U+29B7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled parallel
&operp; U+29B9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled perpendicular
&olcross; U+29BB HTML 5.0 ISOtech circle with superimposed x (circled large cross)
&odsold; U+29BC HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled anticlockwise-rotated division sign
&olcir; U+29BE HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled white bullet (circled light circle)
&ofcir; ⦿ U+29BF HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled bullet (circled full circle)
&olt; U+29C0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled less-than
&ogt; U+29C1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled greater-than
&cirscir; U+29C2 HTML 5.0 ISOamso circle with small circle to the right
&cirE; U+29C3 HTML 5.0 ISOamso circle with two horizontal strokes to the right
&solb; U+29C4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared rising diagonal slash (boxed solidus)
&bsolb; U+29C5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb squared falling diagonal slash (backward boxed solidus)
&boxbox; U+29C9 HTML 5.0 ISOamso two joined squares (two joined boxes)
&trisb; U+29CD HTML 5.0 triangle with serifs at bottom
&rtriltri; U+29CE HTML 5.0 ISOamsr right triangle above left triangle
&LeftTriangleBar; U+29CF HTML 5.0 left triangle beside vertical bar
&NotLeftTriangleBar; ⧏̸ U+29CF  U+0338 HTML 5.0 left triangle beside vertical bar, combining long solidus overlay
&RightTriangleBar; U+29D0 HTML 5.0 vertical bar beside right triangle
&NotRightTriangleBar; ⧐̸ U+29D0  U+0338 HTML 5.0 vertical bar beside right triangle, combining long solidus overlay
&iinfin; U+29DC HTML 5.0 ISOtech incomplete infinity
&infintie; U+29DD HTML 5.0 ISOtech tie over infinity
&nvinfin; U+29DE HTML 5.0 ISOtech infinity negated with vertical bar
&eparsl; U+29E3 HTML 5.0 ISOtech equals sign and slanted parallel
&smeparsl; U+29E4 HTML 5.0 ISOtech equals sign and slanted parallel with tilde above (similar to over equals sign and slanted parallel)
&eqvparsl; U+29E5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech identical to and slanted parallel ('equivalent to' and slanted parallel)
&lozf;
&blacklozenge;
U+29EB HTML 5.0 ISOpub black lozenge (lozenge filled)
&RuleDelayed; U+29F4 HTML 5.0 rule-delayed
&dsol; U+29F6 HTML 5.0 ISOtech solidus with overbar (dash over solidus)
&xodot;
&bigodot;
U+2A00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary circled dot operator
&xoplus;
&bigoplus;
U+2A01 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary circled plus operator
&xotime;
&bigotimes;
U+2A02 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary circled times operator
&xuplus;
&biguplus;
U+2A04 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary union operator with plus (big u plus)
&xsqcup;
&bigsqcup;
U+2A06 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb n-ary square union operator (big square cup)
&qint;
&iiiint;
U+2A0C HTML 5.0 ISOtech quadruple integral operator
&fpartint; U+2A0D HTML 5.0 ISOtech finite part integral
&cirfnint; U+2A10 HTML 5.0 ISOtech circulation function
&awint; U+2A11 HTML 5.0 ISOtech anticlockwise integration
&rppolint; U+2A12 HTML 5.0 ISOtech line integration with rectangular path around pole
&scpolint; U+2A13 HTML 5.0 ISOtech line integration with semicircular path around pole
&npolint; U+2A14 HTML 5.0 ISOtech line integration not including the pole
&pointint; U+2A15 HTML 5.0 ISOtech integral around a point operator
&quatint; U+2A16 HTML 5.0 ISOtech quaternion integral operator
&intlarhk; U+2A17 HTML 5.0 ISOtech integral with leftwards arrow with hook
&pluscir; U+2A22 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with small circle above
&plusacir; U+2A23 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with circumflex accent above
&simplus; U+2A24 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with tilde above (plus sign with similar to above)
&plusdu; U+2A25 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with dot below (plus dot under)
&plussim; U+2A26 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with tilde below (plus sign with similar to below)
&plustwo; U+2A27 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign with subscript two
&mcomma; U+2A29 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr minus sign with comma above
&minusdu; U+2A2A HTML 5.0 ISOamsb minus sign with dot below (minus dot under)
&loplus; U+2A2D HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign in left half circle
&roplus; U+2A2E HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign in right half circle
&Cross; U+2A2F HTML 5.0 vector or cross product
&timesd; U+2A30 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign with dot above (times dot)
&timesbar; U+2A31 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign with underbar
&smashp; U+2A33 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb smash product
&lotimes; U+2A34 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign in left half circle
&rotimes; U+2A35 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign in right half circle
&otimesas; U+2A36 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled multiplication sign with circumflex accent
&Otimes; U+2A37 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign in double circle
&odiv; U+2A38 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb circled division sign
&triplus; U+2A39 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign in triangle
&triminus; U+2A3A HTML 5.0 ISOamsb minus sign in triangle
&tritime; U+2A3B HTML 5.0 ISOamsb multiplication sign in triangle
&iprod;
&intprod;
U+2A3C HTML 5.0 ISOamsb interior product
&amalg; ⨿ U+2A3F HTML 5.0 ISOamsb amalgamation or coproduct
&capdot; U+2A40 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection with dot (cap dot)
&ncup; U+2A42 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union with overbar
&ncap; U+2A43 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection with overbar
&capand; U+2A44 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection with logical and (cap and)
&cupor; U+2A45 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union with logical or (cup or)
&cupcap; U+2A46 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union above intersection (cup cap)
&capcup; U+2A47 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection above union (cap cup)
&cupbrcap; U+2A48 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union above bar above intersection (cup bar cap)
&capbrcup; U+2A49 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection above bar above union (cap bar cup)
&cupcup; U+2A4A HTML 5.0 ISOamsb union beside and joined with union (cup cup)
&capcap; U+2A4B HTML 5.0 ISOamsb intersection beside and joined with intersection (cap cap)
&ccups; U+2A4C HTML 5.0 closed union with serifs
&ccaps; U+2A4D HTML 5.0 closed intersection with serifs
&ccupssm; U+2A50 HTML 5.0 closed union with serifs and smash product
&And; U+2A53 HTML 5.0 ISOtech double logical and
&Or; U+2A54 HTML 5.0 ISOtech double logical or
&andand; U+2A55 HTML 5.0 ISOtech two intersecting logical and
&oror; U+2A56 HTML 5.0 ISOtech two intersecting logical or
&orslope; U+2A57 HTML 5.0 ISOtech sloping large or
&andslope; U+2A58 HTML 5.0 ISOtech sloping large and
&andv; U+2A5A HTML 5.0 ISOtech logical and with middle stem
&orv; U+2A5B HTML 5.0 ISOtech logical or with middle stem
&andd; U+2A5C HTML 5.0 ISOtech logical and with horizontal dash
&ord; U+2A5D HTML 5.0 ISOtech logical or with horizontal dash
&wedbar; U+2A5F HTML 5.0 logical and with underbar
&sdote; U+2A66 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals sign with dot below
&simdot; U+2A6A HTML 5.0 ISOtech tilde operator with dot above (similar with dot)
&congdot; U+2A6D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr congruent with dot above
&ncongdot; ⩭̸ U+2A6D  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn congruent with dot above, combining long solidus overlay
&easter; U+2A6E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals with asterisk
&apacir; U+2A6F HTML 5.0 ISOtech almost equal to with circumflex accent
&apE; U+2A70 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr approximately equal or equal to
&napE; ⩰̸ U+2A70  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn approximately equal or equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&eplus; U+2A71 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb equals sign above plus sign
&pluse; U+2A72 HTML 5.0 ISOamsb plus sign above equals sign
&Esim; U+2A73 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals sign above tilde operator
&Colone; U+2A74 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double colon equal
&Equal; U+2A75 HTML 5.0 two consecutive equals signs
&eDDot;
&ddotseq;
U+2A77 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals sign with two dots above and two dots below
&equivDD; U+2A78 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equivalent with four dots above
&ltcir; U+2A79 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than with circle inside
&gtcir; U+2A7A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than with circle inside
&ltquest; U+2A7B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than with question mark above
&gtquest; U+2A7C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than with question mark above
&les;
&LessSlantEqual;
&leqslant;
U+2A7D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or slanted equal to
&nles;
&nleqslant;
&NotLessSlantEqual;
⩽̸ U+2A7D  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than or slanted equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&ges;
&GreaterSlantEqual;
&geqslant;
U+2A7E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or slanted equal to
&nges;
&ngeqslant;
&NotGreaterSlantEqual;
⩾̸ U+2A7E  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than or slanted equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&lesdot; ⩿ U+2A7F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or slanted equal to with dot inside
&gesdot; U+2A80 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or slanted equal to with dot inside
&lesdoto; U+2A81 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or slanted equal to with dot above
&gesdoto; U+2A82 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or slanted equal to with dot above
&lesdotor; U+2A83 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or slanted equal to with dot above right
&gesdotol; U+2A84 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or slanted equal to with dot above left
&lap;
&lessapprox;
U+2A85 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than or approximate
&gap;
&gtrapprox;
U+2A86 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than or approximate
&lne;
&lneq;
U+2A87 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than and single-line not equal to
&gne;
&gneq;
U+2A88 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than and single-line not equal to
&lnap;
&lnapprox;
U+2A89 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn less-than and not approximate
&gnap;
&gnapprox;
U+2A8A HTML 5.0 ISOamsn greater-than and not approximate
&lEg;
&lesseqqgtr;
U+2A8B HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above double-line equal above greater-than
&gEl;
&gtreqqless;
U+2A8C HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above double-line equal above less-than
&lsime; U+2A8D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above similar or equal
&gsime; U+2A8E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above similar or equal
&lsimg; U+2A8F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above similar above greater-than
&gsiml; U+2A90 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above similar above less-than
&lgE; U+2A91 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above greater-than above double-line equal
&glE; U+2A92 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above less-than above double-line equal
&lesges; U+2A93 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than above slanted equal above greater-than above slanted equal
&gesles; U+2A94 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than above slanted equal above less-than above slanted equal
&els;
&eqslantless;
U+2A95 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr slanted equal to or less-than
&egs;
&eqslantgtr;
U+2A96 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr slanted equal to or greater-than
&elsdot; U+2A97 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr slanted equal to or less-than with dot inside
&egsdot; U+2A98 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr slanted equal to or greater-than with dot inside
&el; U+2A99 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double-line equal to or less-than
&eg; U+2A9A HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double-line equal to or greater-than
&siml; U+2A9D HTML 5.0 ISOamsr similar or less-than
&simg; U+2A9E HTML 5.0 ISOamsr similar or greater-than
&simlE; U+2A9F HTML 5.0 ISOamsr similar above less-than above equals sign
&simgE; U+2AA0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr similar above greater-than above equals sign
&LessLess; U+2AA1 HTML 5.0 double nested less-than
&NotNestedLessLess; ⪡̸ U+2AA1  U+0338 HTML 5.0 double nested less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&GreaterGreater; U+2AA2 HTML 5.0 double nested greater-than
&NotNestedGreaterGreater; ⪢̸ U+2AA2  U+0338 HTML 5.0 double nested greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&glj; U+2AA4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than overlapping less-than
&gla; U+2AA5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than beside less-than
&ltcc; U+2AA6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than closed by curve
&gtcc; U+2AA7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than closed by curve
&lescc; U+2AA8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr less-than closed by curve above slanted equal
&gescc; U+2AA9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr greater-than closed by curve above slanted equal
&smt; U+2AAA HTML 5.0 ISOamsr smaller than
&lat; U+2AAB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr larger than
&smte; U+2AAC HTML 5.0 ISOamsr smaller than or equal to
&smtes; ⪬︀ U+2AAC  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr smaller than or equal to, variation selector-1
&late; U+2AAD HTML 5.0 ISOamsr larger than or equal to
&lates; ⪭︀ U+2AAD  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr larger than or equal to, variation selector-1
&bumpE; U+2AAE HTML 5.0 ISOamsr equals sign with bumpy above
&pre;
&preceq;
&PrecedesEqual;
U+2AAF HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes above single-line equals sign
&npre;
&NotPrecedesEqual;
&npreceq;
⪯̸ U+2AAF  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn precedes above single-line equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&sce;
&succeq;
&SucceedsEqual;
U+2AB0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds above single-line equals sign
&nsce;
&NotSucceedsEqual;
&nsucceq;
⪰̸ U+2AB0  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn succeeds above single-line equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&prE; U+2AB3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes above equals sign
&scE; U+2AB4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds above equals sign
&prnE;
&precneqq;
U+2AB5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn precedes above not equal to
&scnE;
&succneqq;
U+2AB6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn succeeds above not equal to
&prap;
&precapprox;
U+2AB7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr precedes above almost equal to
&scap;
&succapprox;
U+2AB8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr succeeds above almost equal to
&prnap;
&precnapprox;
U+2AB9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn precedes above not almost equal to
&scnap;
&succnapprox;
U+2ABA HTML 5.0 ISOamsn succeeds above not almost equal to
&Pr; U+2ABB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double precedes
&Sc; U+2ABC HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double succeeds
&subdot; U+2ABD HTML 5.0 ISOamsb subset with dot
&supdot; U+2ABE HTML 5.0 ISOamsb superset with dot
&subplus; ⪿ U+2ABF HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset with plus sign below
&supplus; U+2AC0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset with plus sign below
&submult; U+2AC1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset with multiplication sign below
&supmult; U+2AC2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset with multiplication sign below
&subedot; U+2AC3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset of or equal to with dot above
&supedot; U+2AC4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset of or equal to with dot above
&subE;
&subseteqq;
U+2AC5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset of above equals sign
&nsubE;
&nsubseteqq;
⫅̸ U+2AC5  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of above equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&supE;
&supseteqq;
U+2AC6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset of above equals sign
&nsupE;
&nsupseteqq;
⫆̸ U+2AC6  U+0338 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of above equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&subsim; U+2AC7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset of above tilde operator
&supsim; U+2AC8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset of above tilde operator
&subnE;
&subsetneqq;
U+2ACB HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of above not equal to
&vsubnE;
&varsubsetneqq;
⫋︀ U+2ACB  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn subset of above not equal to, variation selector-1
&supnE;
&supsetneqq;
U+2ACC HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of above not equal to
&vsupnE;
&varsupsetneqq;
⫌︀ U+2ACC  U+FE00 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn superset of above not equal to, variation selector-1
&csub; U+2ACF HTML 5.0 ISOamsr closed subset
&csup; U+2AD0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr closed superset
&csube; U+2AD1 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr closed subset or equal to
&csupe; U+2AD2 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr closed superset or equal to
&subsup; U+2AD3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset above superset
&supsub; U+2AD4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset above subset
&subsub; U+2AD5 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr subset above subset
&supsup; U+2AD6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset above superset
&suphsub; U+2AD7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset beside subset
&supdsub; U+2AD8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr superset beside and joined by dash with subset
&forkv; U+2AD9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr element of opening downwards
&topfork; U+2ADA HTML 5.0 ISOamsr pitchfork with tee top
&mlcp; U+2ADB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr transversal intersection
&Dashv;
&DoubleLeftTee;
U+2AE4 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr vertical bar double left turnstile
&Vdashl; U+2AE6 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr long dash from left member of double vertical
&Barv; U+2AE7 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr short down tack with overbar
&vBar; U+2AE8 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr short up tack with underbar
&vBarv; U+2AE9 HTML 5.0 ISOamsr short up tack above short down tack
&Vbar; U+2AEB HTML 5.0 ISOamsr double up tack
&Not; U+2AEC HTML 5.0 ISOtech double stroke not sign
&bNot; U+2AED HTML 5.0 ISOtech reversed double stroke not sign
&rnmid; U+2AEE HTML 5.0 ISOamsn does not divide with reversed negation slash
&cirmid; U+2AEF HTML 5.0 ISOamsa vertical line with circle above
&midcir; U+2AF0 HTML 5.0 ISOamsa vertical line with circle below
&topcir; U+2AF1 HTML 5.0 ISOtech down tack with circle below
&nhpar; U+2AF2 HTML 5.0 ISOtech parallel with horizontal stroke
&parsim; U+2AF3 HTML 5.0 ISOamsn parallel with tilde operator
&parsl; U+2AFD HTML 5.0 ISOtech double solidus operator
&nparsl; ⫽⃥ U+2AFD  U+20E5 HTML 5.0 ISOtech double solidus operator, combining reverse solidus overlay
&fflig; U+FB00 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Latin small ligature ff
&filig; U+FB01 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Latin small ligature fi
&fllig; U+FB02 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Latin small ligature fl
&ffilig; U+FB03 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Latin small ligature ffi
&ffllig; U+FB04 HTML 5.0 ISOpub Latin small ligature ffl
&Ascr; 𝒜 U+1D49C HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital A
&Cscr; 𝒞 U+1D49E HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital C
&Dscr; 𝒟 U+1D49F HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital D
&Gscr; 𝒢 U+1D4A2 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital G
&Jscr; 𝒥 U+1D4A5 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital J
&Kscr; 𝒦 U+1D4A6 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital K
&Nscr; 𝒩 U+1D4A9 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital N
&Oscr; 𝒪 U+1D4AA HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital O
&Pscr; 𝒫 U+1D4AB HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital P
&Qscr; 𝒬 U+1D4AC HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital Q
&Sscr; 𝒮 U+1D4AE HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital S
&Tscr; 𝒯 U+1D4AF HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital T
&Uscr; 𝒰 U+1D4B0 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital U
&Vscr; 𝒱 U+1D4B1 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital V
&Wscr; 𝒲 U+1D4B2 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital W
&Xscr; 𝒳 U+1D4B3 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital X
&Yscr; 𝒴 U+1D4B4 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital Y
&Zscr; 𝒵 U+1D4B5 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script capital Z
&ascr; 𝒶 U+1D4B6 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small a
&bscr; 𝒷 U+1D4B7 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small b
&cscr; 𝒸 U+1D4B8 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small c
&dscr; 𝒹 U+1D4B9 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small d
&fscr; 𝒻 U+1D4BB HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small f
&hscr; 𝒽 U+1D4BD HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small h
&iscr; 𝒾 U+1D4BE HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small i
&jscr; 𝒿 U+1D4BF HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small j
&kscr; 𝓀 U+1D4C0 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small k
&lscr; 𝓁 U+1D4C1 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small l
&mscr; 𝓂 U+1D4C2 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small m
&nscr; 𝓃 U+1D4C3 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small n
&pscr; 𝓅 U+1D4C5 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small p
&qscr; 𝓆 U+1D4C6 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small q
&rscr; 𝓇 U+1D4C7 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small r
&sscr; 𝓈 U+1D4C8 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small s
&tscr; 𝓉 U+1D4C9 HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small t
&uscr; 𝓊 U+1D4CA HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small u
&vscr; 𝓋 U+1D4CB HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small v
&wscr; 𝓌 U+1D4CC HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small w
&xscr; 𝓍 U+1D4CD HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small x
&yscr; 𝓎 U+1D4CE HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small y
&zscr; 𝓏 U+1D4CF HTML 5.0 ISOmscr mathematical script small z
&Afr; 𝔄 U+1D504 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital A
&Bfr; 𝔅 U+1D505 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital B
&Dfr; 𝔇 U+1D507 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital D
&Efr; 𝔈 U+1D508 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital E
&Ffr; 𝔉 U+1D509 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital F
&Gfr; 𝔊 U+1D50A HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital G
&Jfr; 𝔍 U+1D50D HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital J
&Kfr; 𝔎 U+1D50E HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital K
&Lfr; 𝔏 U+1D50F HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital L
&Mfr; 𝔐 U+1D510 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital M
&Nfr; 𝔑 U+1D511 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital N
&Ofr; 𝔒 U+1D512 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital O
&Pfr; 𝔓 U+1D513 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital P
&Qfr; 𝔔 U+1D514 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital Q
&Sfr; 𝔖 U+1D516 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital S
&Tfr; 𝔗 U+1D517 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital T
&Ufr; 𝔘 U+1D518 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital U
&Vfr; 𝔙 U+1D519 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital V
&Wfr; 𝔚 U+1D51A HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital W
&Xfr; 𝔛 U+1D51B HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital X
&Yfr; 𝔜 U+1D51C HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur capital Y
&afr; 𝔞 U+1D51E HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small a
&bfr; 𝔟 U+1D51F HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small b
&cfr; 𝔠 U+1D520 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small c
&dfr; 𝔡 U+1D521 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small d
&efr; 𝔢 U+1D522 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small e
&ffr; 𝔣 U+1D523 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small f
&gfr; 𝔤 U+1D524 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small g
&hfr; 𝔥 U+1D525 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small h
&ifr; 𝔦 U+1D526 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small i
&jfr; 𝔧 U+1D527 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small j
&kfr; 𝔨 U+1D528 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small k
&lfr; 𝔩 U+1D529 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small l
&mfr; 𝔪 U+1D52A HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small m
&nfr; 𝔫 U+1D52B HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small n
&ofr; 𝔬 U+1D52C HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small o
&pfr; 𝔭 U+1D52D HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small p
&qfr; 𝔮 U+1D52E HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small q
&rfr; 𝔯 U+1D52F HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small r
&sfr; 𝔰 U+1D530 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small s
&tfr; 𝔱 U+1D531 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small t
&ufr; 𝔲 U+1D532 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small u
&vfr; 𝔳 U+1D533 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small v
&wfr; 𝔴 U+1D534 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small w
&xfr; 𝔵 U+1D535 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small x
&yfr; 𝔶 U+1D536 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small y
&zfr; 𝔷 U+1D537 HTML 5.0 ISOmfrk mathematical Fraktur small z
&Aopf; 𝔸 U+1D538 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital A
&Bopf; 𝔹 U+1D539 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital B
&Dopf; 𝔻 U+1D53B HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital D
&Eopf; 𝔼 U+1D53C HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital E
&Fopf; 𝔽 U+1D53D HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital F
&Gopf; 𝔾 U+1D53E HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital G
&Iopf; 𝕀 U+1D540 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital I
&Jopf; 𝕁 U+1D541 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital J
&Kopf; 𝕂 U+1D542 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital K
&Lopf; 𝕃 U+1D543 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital L
&Mopf; 𝕄 U+1D544 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital M
&Oopf; 𝕆 U+1D546 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital O
&Sopf; 𝕊 U+1D54A HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital S
&Topf; 𝕋 U+1D54B HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital T
&Uopf; 𝕌 U+1D54C HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital U
&Vopf; 𝕍 U+1D54D HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital V
&Wopf; 𝕎 U+1D54E HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital W
&Xopf; 𝕏 U+1D54F HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital X
&Yopf; 𝕐 U+1D550 HTML 5.0 ISOmopf mathematical double-struck capital Y
&aopf; 𝕒 U+1D552 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small a
&bopf; 𝕓 U+1D553 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small b
&copf; 𝕔 U+1D554 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small c
&dopf; 𝕕 U+1D555 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small d
&eopf; 𝕖 U+1D556 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small e
&fopf; 𝕗 U+1D557 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small f
&gopf; 𝕘 U+1D558 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small g
&hopf; 𝕙 U+1D559 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small h
&iopf; 𝕚 U+1D55A HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small i
&jopf; 𝕛 U+1D55B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small j
&kopf; 𝕜 U+1D55C HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small k
&lopf; 𝕝 U+1D55D HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small l
&mopf; 𝕞 U+1D55E HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small m
&nopf; 𝕟 U+1D55F HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small n
&oopf; 𝕠 U+1D560 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small o
&popf; 𝕡 U+1D561 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small p
&qopf; 𝕢 U+1D562 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small q
&ropf; 𝕣 U+1D563 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small r
&sopf; 𝕤 U+1D564 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small s
&topf; 𝕥 U+1D565 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small t
&uopf; 𝕦 U+1D566 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small u
&vopf; 𝕧 U+1D567 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small v
&wopf; 𝕨 U+1D568 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small w
&xopf; 𝕩 U+1D569 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small x
&yopf; 𝕪 U+1D56A HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small y
&zopf; 𝕫 U+1D56B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small z

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b DTD: see § Formal public identifiers for HTML DTD entities subsets
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd The trailing semicolon may be omitted for this named entity.
  3. ^ a b Old ISO subset: see § Formal public identifiers for old ISO entities subsets
  4. ^ Description: the standard ISO 10646 and Unicode character name is displayed first for each character, with non-standard but legacy synonyms shown in italics between parentheses after an equal sign.
  5. ^ a b c The leading space before combining characters used in old DTDs for MathML2.0 was removed in MathML 3.0 and HTML 5.0.
  6. ^ &quot; was omitted from the HTML 3.2 specification,[1] but was restored as of HTML 4.0.[2] In practice, most web browsers displaying HTML 3.2 pages render it as if it had been included in the spec.
  7. ^ a b c d spaces: a blue background is used to display each space's width.
  8. ^ &copy;: U+00A9 'copyright symbol' is not the same as U+24B8 'circled Latin capital letter C', although the same glyph could be used do depict both characters. See also U+24D2 'Latin small letter c'.
  9. ^ &reg;: U+00AE 'registered sign' is not the same as U+24C7 'circled Latin capital letter R', although the same glyph could be used do depict both characters.
  10. ^ &angst;: The use of U+212B 'Angstrom sign', which was encoded due to round-trip mapping compatibility with an East-Asian character encoding, is discouraged, and the preferred representation is U+00C5 'capital letter A with ring above', which has the same glyph.
  11. ^ a b &IJlig; and &ijlig;: The use of U+0132 'IJ ligature' or U+0133 'ij ligature', which were encoded for usage in Dutch and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937 and Code page 1102 (which only includes the lowercase ij, also part of the Dutch version of ISO 646 National Replacement Character Set), is discouraged, and the preferred representation is simply 'IJ' or 'ij' (as two separate letters).
  12. ^ a b &lmidot;: The use of U+013F 'Latin small letter l with middle dot' or U+0140 'Latin capital letter L with middle dot', which were encoded for usage in Catalan and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937, is discouraged, and the preferred representation is 'L' or 'l', followed by U+00B7.
  13. ^ &napos;: The use of U+0149 'n preceded by apostrophe', which was encoded for usage in Afrikaans and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937, has been deprecated by Unicode (since Unicode 5.2), and the preferred representation is ʼn (U+02BC followed by n). (Unicode.org – Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).
  14. ^ a b ligature: this is a standard misnomer as this is a separate character in some languages.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Greek letters: the ISOgrk1 set includes a set of entity names for the entire Greek alphabet (without diacritics),[3] while the ISOgrk3 set includes a different set of entity names for the subset of the Greek letters used contrastively with Latin letters in mathematical notation.[4] The HTML HTMLsymbol set includes an expanded version of the ISOgrk3 set, not the ISOgrk1 set.
  16. ^ &ohm;: The use of U+2126 'ohm sign', is discouraged, and the preferred representation is U+03A9 'Greek capital letter Omega', which has the same glyph.
  17. ^ a b c d &NegativeMediumSpace;, &NegativeThickSpace;, &NegativeThinSpace;, &NegativeVeryThinSpace;: these are names used in the Wolfram Language for Private Use Area characters with negative advance widths;[5][6][7][8] HTML5 approximates them with the zero-width space.
  18. ^ a b c d e black: here it seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow.
  19. ^ a b ISO proposed: these characters have been standardized in ISO 10646 after the release of HTML 4.0.
  20. ^ a b c d &image;, &map;: these two entity names were defined differently, as file-type icons, in the abandoned specification for HTML version 3.0.[9][10]
  21. ^ &copysr;: U+2117 'sound recording copyright' is not the same as U+24C5 'circled Latin capital letter P', although the same glyph could be used do depict both characters.
  22. ^ &alefsym;: U+2135 'alef symbol' is not the same as U+05D0 'Hebrew letter alef', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  23. ^ &beth;: U+2136 'bet symbol' is not the same as U+05D1 'Hebrew letter bet', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  24. ^ &gimel;: U+2137 'gimel symbol' is not the same as U+05D2 'Hebrew letter gimel', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  25. ^ &daleth;: U+2138 'dalet symbol' is not the same as U+05D3 'Hebrew letter dalet', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  26. ^ &lArr;: ISO 10646 does not say that 'leftwards double arrow' is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow, but also does not have any other character for that function, so lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests.
  27. ^ &rArr;: ISO 10646 does not say that 'rightwards double arrow' is the same as the 'implies' arrow, but also does not have any other character with this function, so rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests.
  28. ^ &prod;: U+220F 'n-ary product' is not the same character as U+03A0 'Greek capital letter Pi' though the same glyph might be used for both.
  29. ^ &sum;: U+2211 'n-ary summation' is not the same character as U+03A3 'Greek capital letter Sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both.
  30. ^ &sim;: U+223C 'tilde operator' is not the same character as U+007E 'tilde', although the same glyph might be used to represent both.
  31. ^ &nsup;: U+2285 'not a superset of' is in the 'ISOamsn' subset, but is not covered by the Symbol font encoding, and is not listed in the HTML 4.0 entities list on the documentation, where it was erroneously omitted; it should be included for symmetry and analogy with other entities.
  32. ^ &perp;: Unicode only defines U+22A5 as the "up tack", and the Unicode symbol for "perpendicular" is U+27C2: the two symbols look similar, but are separate in Unicode. However, HTML uses U+22A5 as its "perpendicular" symbol: this is a discrepancy between HTML and Unicode. As well, the U+22A4 character (the "down tack" symbol) rendered in a browser such as Firefox 3.6 can match the font of either "up tack" or "perpendicular", but not both, depending on whether a fixed-width or a proportional font is used. When viewed in Firefox 3.6, the symbols rendered in the order U+22A5, U+22A4, U+27C2 in a proportional font: "⊥ ⊤ ⟂" and a fixed width one: ⊥ ⊤ ⟂, shows that the "down tack" has a similar look to U+22A5 (HTML's "perpendicular") in the first case but matches U+27C2 in the second. This exemplifies the difficulties of the semiotics involved in interpreting glyphs, symbols and characters generally.
  33. ^ &sdot;: U+22C5 'dot operator' is not the same character as U+00B7 'middle dot'.
  34. ^ &Ll;: U+22D8 'very much less-than' is missing in the HTML 5.2 list of entities, where it was omitted.
  35. ^ &lang;: U+27E8 'mathematical left angle bracket' is not the same character as U+003C 'less than', U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark', or U+3008 'left angle bracket'. In HTML 5.0, lang was remapped to this code, as U+2329 'left-pointing angle bracket' has been marked deprecated in Unicode (since version 5.2) (Unicode.org – Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).
  36. ^ &rang;: U+27E9 'mathematical right angle bracket' is not the same character as U+003E 'greater than', U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark', or U+3009 'right angle bracket'. In HTML 5.0, rang had been remapped to this code, as U+232A 'right-pointing angle bracket' has been marked deprecated in Unicode (since version 5.2) (Unicode.org – Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).

Formal public identifiers for HTML DTD entities subsets[edit]

The full formal public identifier and system identifier for the DTD entities subset (where the character entity name is defined) is actually mapped from one of the following three defined named entities:

HTML DTD entities subsets
Name Version Formal public identifier System identifier
HTMLlat1 HTML 4 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Latin 1//EN//HTML" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/HTMLlat1.ent" (optional)
XHTML 1 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Latin 1 for XHTML//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml-lat1.ent"
HTMLsymbol HTML 4 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Symbols//EN//HTML" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/HTMLsymbol.ent" (optional)
XHTML 1 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Symbols for XHTML//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml-symbol.ent"
HTMLspecial HTML 4 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Special//EN//HTML" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/HTMLspecial.ent" (optional)
XHTML 1 "-//W3C//ENTITIES Special for XHTML//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml-special.ent"
html.dtd[a] N/A "http://info.cern.ch/MarkUp/html-spec/html.dtd"
HTML 5[b] "-//W3C//ENTITIES HTML MathML Set//EN//XML" "http://www.w3.org/2003/entities/2007/htmlmathml-f.ent"
  1. ^ The original HTML 1.0 DTD, which would have been available at http://info.cern.ch/MarkUp/html-spec/html.dtd
  2. ^ There is no DTD for HTML 5, where all entities are predefined; it is impossible to strictly validate in XML the schema needed for (X)HTML 5, without also defining custom XSD's (at least for the custom "data-*" attributes). Rather than requiring support for a DTD (with the associated security concerns such as billion laughs), the best way to securely interchange HTML5 with XHTML is to convert all entity references to plain-text, numerical character references, or (where applicable) the five standard entities of XML 1.0. That being said:
    • The HTML 5 entity set is also used in MathML 3 and, for that purpose, its DTD entities subset is assigned the identifier set PUBLIC "-//W3C//ENTITIES HTML MathML Set//EN//XML" "http://www.w3.org/2003/entities/2007/htmlmathml-f.ent".[11]
    • The WHATWG specification encourages browsers to map the formal public identifiers for MathML 2 or XHTML 1.x (when used in XML) to a data URI containing the HTML5 entity set, and give this precedence over the provided system identifier, so as to "handle entities in an interoperable fashion without requiring any network access".[12]

Formal public identifiers for old ISO entities subsets[edit]

The ISO entities subsets are old (documented) character subsets, which are given SGML character entity names in ISO 8879 and ISO 9573, and which were used in legacy encodings before the unification within ISO 10646. Their full formal public identifiers are as follows:

ISO entities subsets
Name Formal public identifier(s)
ISOamsa
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Arrow Relations//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Arrow Relations//EN"[14]
ISOamsb
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Binary Operators//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Binary Operators//EN"[14]
ISOamsc
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Delimiters//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Delimiters//EN"[14]
ISOamsn
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Negated Relations//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Negated Relations//EN"[14]
ISOamso
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Ordinary//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Ordinary//EN"[14]
ISOamsr
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Relations//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Added Math Symbols: Relations//EN"[14]
ISObox "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Box and Line Drawing//EN"[a][13]
ISOchem "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Chemistry//EN"[14]
ISOcyr1 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Russian Cyrillic//EN"[a][13]
ISOcyr2 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Non-Russian Cyrillic//EN"[a][13]
ISOdia "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Diacritical Marks//EN"[a][13]
ISOgrk1 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Greek Letters//EN"[a][13]
ISOgrk2 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Monotoniko Greek//EN"[a][13]
ISOgrk3
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Greek Symbols//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Greek Symbols//EN"[14]
ISOgrk4
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Alternative Greek Symbols//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Alternative Greek Symbols//EN"[14]
ISOlat1 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Latin 1//EN"[a][b][13]
ISOlat2 "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Latin 2//EN"[a][13]
ISOmfrk "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Math Alphabets: Fraktur//EN"[14]
ISOmopf "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Math Alphabets: Open Face//EN"[14]
ISOmscr "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES Math Alphabets: Script//EN"[14]
ISOnum "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Numeric and Special Graphic//EN"[a][13]
ISOpub "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Publishing//EN"[a][13]
ISOtech
  • "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES General Technical//EN"[a][13]
  • "ISO 9573-13:1991//ENTITIES General Technical//EN"[14]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s A version beginning with ISO 8879-1986// instead of ISO 8879:1986// is considered deprecated.[13]
  2. ^ A version with appended //HTML is sometimes erroneously used for the larger HTMLlat1 entity set, i.e. instead of "-//W3C//ENTITIES Latin 1//EN//HTML"[13] (see above).

Entities representing special characters in XHTML[edit]

The XHTML DTDs explicitly declare 253 entities (including the 5 predefined entities of XML 1.0) whose expansion is a single character, which can therefore be informally referred to as "character entities". These (with the exception of the &apos; entity) have the same names and represent the same characters as the 252 character entities in HTML 4.0. Also, by virtue of being XML, XHTML documents may reference the predefined &apos; entity, which is not one of the 252 character entities in HTML 4.0. Additional entities of any size may be defined on a per-document basis. However, the usability of entity references in XHTML is affected by how the document is being processed:[citation needed]

  • Legacy abbreviated character entities (without the final colon) inherited from HTML 2.0 (and still supported in HTML 5.0) are not supported in XML 1.0 and XHTML; the trailing semicolon must be present in all entity references used in XML and XHTML documents.
  • If the XHTML document is read by a conforming HTML 4.0 processor, then only the 252 HTML 4.0 character entities may safely be used. The use of &apos; or custom entity references may not be supported and may produce unpredictable results (it is recommended to use the numerical character reference &#39; instead).
  • If the document is read by an XML parser that does not or cannot read external entities, then only the five built-in XML character entities can safely be used, although other entities may be used if they are declared in the internal DTD subset. However, modern XML parsers recognize and implement a builtin cache for SGML references to DTDs used by all standard versions of HTML, XHTML, SVG and MathML, without needing to parse and process the external DTD via their URL and without needing to process entities defined in an internal DTD subset of the document.
  • If the document is read by an XML parser that does read external entities and does not implement a builtin cache for well-known DTDs, then the five built-in XML character entities (and numeric character references) can safely be used. The other 248 HTML character entities can be used as long as the XHTML DTD is accessible to the parser at the time the document is read. Other entities may also be used if they are declared in the internal DTD subset and the XML processor can parse internal DTD subsets.[citation needed]
  • HTML 5.0 parsers cannot process XHTML documents, and it's impossible to define a fully validating DTD for HTML5 documents encoded with the XHTML syntax (notably it's impossible to validate all attributes names, notably "data-*" attributes); as well it's still impossible to fully validate (with W3C standard schemas for XML, such as XSD or relax NG) HTML5 documents represented in the XHTML syntax, and for now a custom validator specific to HTML 5.0 is required.

Because of the special &apos; case mentioned above, only &quot;, &amp;, &lt;, and &gt; will work in all XHTML processing situations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HTML5 Named Character Reference List".
  2. ^ "XML Entity Definitions for Characters (3rd Edition) - § C Differences between these entities and earlier W3C DTDs".
  3. ^ Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) (2002). "ISO Greek Letters Entities V0.3". Debian.
  4. ^ Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) (2002). "ISO Greek Symbols Entities V0.3". Debian.
  5. ^ Wolfram. "\[NegativeThickSpace]". Wolfram Language Documentation.
  6. ^ Wolfram. "\[NegativeMediumSpace]". Wolfram Language Documentation.
  7. ^ Wolfram. "\[NegativeThinSpace]". Wolfram Language Documentation.
  8. ^ Wolfram. "\[NegativeVeryThinSpace]". Wolfram Language Documentation.
  9. ^ Hannah, Michael J. (7 December 1995). "HTML Icons: Proposed HTML Icon Entity Names". Archived from the original on 2 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Standard ISO/WWW icons courtesy of Bert Bos and Kevin Hughes". W3C.
  11. ^ "htmlmathml-f entity set". W3C. 2011.
  12. ^ "14.2 Parsing XML documents". HTML Standard. WHATWG. Retrieved 13 July 2024.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "sgml-iso-entities-8879.1986/catalog". Debian. 2013.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "sgml-iso-entities-9573-13.1991/catalog". Debian. 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]