This is a
list of Haitians, born in Haiti or possessing Haitian citizenship, notable in Haiti and abroad. Due to Haitian nationality laws, dual citizenship is now permitted by the Constitution of Haiti, therefore people of Haitian ancestry born outside of the country are not included in this list, unless they have renounced their foreign citizenship or have resided extensively in Haiti and made significant contributions to Haitian government or society. The list includes both native born and naturalized Haitians, as well as permanent foreign residents who have been recognized internationally for artistic, cultural, economic, historical, criminal, and political reasons, among others. If not indicated here, their birth in Haiti and notability are mentioned in their main article. This list does not include fictional characters or Haitian associations and organizations.
Anthropologists [ edit ]
Artists [ edit ]
A master painter and main contributors to the Saint Soleil art movement,
Abner Dubic - painter [8 ]
André Juste - sculptor [9 ]
André LeBlanc - renowned comic book artist [10 ]
Arijac - painter [11 ]
Alexandre Grégoire - painter [12 ] [13 ]
Antonio Joseph - painter, sculptor, and screen-printer [14 ] [15 ]
Bourmond Byron - painter [16 ] [17 ]
Castera Bazile - painter [18 ]
Charles Frédéric Chassériau - born in 1802 in Port-au-Prince, Saint-Domingue, (now Haiti) - Chief architect of Marseille and Algiers [19 ]
Dieudonné Cédor - painter [20 ]
Edith Hollant - photographer and painter [14 ] [21 ]
Edouard Duval-Carrié - painter and sculptor [22 ] [23 ]
Edouard Wah - was a renowned Haitian painter [24 ]
Eric Jean-Louis - painter [14 ] [25 ]
Etienne Chavannes - painter [20 ]
Eugène Jean - painter [14 ] [21 ]
Fabolon Blaise - painter [26 ] [27 ]
Francis Paraison - painter [28 ]
Gabriel Alix - painter [29 ]
Georges Auguste - painter [18 ]
Georges Hector - painter [21 ]
Gerald Bloncourt - painter and photographer [30 ]
Gérard Fombrun - sculptor [12 ]
Gervais Emmanuel Ducasse - painter [31 ]
Gesner Abelard - painter and sculptor [32 ] [33 ]
Gesner Armand - painter [34 ]
Gisou Lamothe - painter and sculptor [14 ] [15 ]
Guerdy J. Préval - painter [35 ] [36 ]
Gisou Lamothe - painter and sculptor [14 ] [15 ]
Guy Joachim - painter [15 ]
Hector Hyppolite - painter [14 ] [21 ]
Henri Jean-Louis - painter [15 ]
Henry-Robert Brésil - painter [37 ]
Jacques-Enguerrand Gourgue - one of Haiti's most renowned painters of the 20th century [12 ] [38 ] [39 ]
Jacques Gabriel - painter [40 ]
Jackson Ambroise - painter [41 ]
Jackson Georges - painter [42 ]
Jacqueline Nesti Joseph - painter [43 ]
Jean-Baptiste Bottex - painter [44 ]
Jean-Baptiste Jean - painter [14 ] [21 ] [45 ]
Jean-Claude Castera - painter [20 ]
Jean-Claude Garoute - painter and sculptor [12 ]
Jean-Louis - painter [46 ]
Jean-René Jérôme - painter, and considered one of Haiti's greatest artists [15 ] [47 ] [48 ]
Laurent Casimir - artist [49 ]
Leonel Jules - painter [50 ]
Levoy Exil - is a master Haitian artist and painter; He is one of the main contributors to the Saint Soleil art movement [51 ]
Louisiane Saint Fleurant - artist and painter [52 ]
Luckner Lazard - painter and sculptor [53 ] [54 ]
Ludovic Booz - painter and sculptor [37 ]
Lyonel Laurenceau - painter [55 ]
Marie-José Nadal-Gardère - painter and sculptor [12 ]
Maurice Borno - painter [56 ]
Max Gerbier - painter [12 ]
Montas Antoine - painter [57 ]
Murat Brierre - one of Haiti's principal metal sculptors [56 ]
Nehemy Jean - painter and graphic artist [14 ] [58 ]
Nicolas Dreux - painter [31 ]
Peterson Laurent - painter [14 ] [54 ]
Petion Savain - prolific painter [59 ]
Philippe Dodard - graphic artist and painter [20 ]
Philomé Obin - painter [60 ]
Préfète Duffaut - painter [31 ] [61 ] [62 ] [63 ]
Prosper Pierre-Louis - artist, painter; and one of the main contributors to the local school of the Saint Soleil art movement [60 ]
Ralph Chapoteau - painter [64 ]
Ralph Allen - painter [29 ]
Rigaud Benoit - one of the three or four most highly prized Haitian artists [65 ]
Roland Blain - painter [65 ]
Roland Dorcely - painter [66 ]
Rose-Marie Desruisseau - painter [20 ]
Sacha Thébaud - aka "Tebó", artist, sculptor, architect, furniture designer and known for encaustics in international contemporary fine art; 1934-2004 [67 ]
Saint-Louis Blaise - painter [65 ]
Samuel Roker - painter [68 ]
Serge Moléon Blaise - painter [65 ]
Seymour Etienne Bottex - painter [37 ]
Stevenson Magloire - painter [69 ]
Thony Belizaire - photographer and photojournalist [70 ] [71 ]
Villard Denis - painter [72 ]
Wilson Bigaud - painter [73 ] [74 ]
Business [ edit ]
Economists/Finance [ edit ]
Entertainment [ edit ]
Arnold Antonin – film director
Emmanuel Pierre-Antoine - professional ballroom dancer
Fabienne Colas - actress, director and producer and head of the Fabienne Colas Foundation
Garcelle Beauvais - television actress ( , NYPD Blue ) The Jamie Foxx Show
Jean-Claude La Marre - writer, director, and film and television actor
Jean-Léon Destiné - dancer and choreographer
Jeanguy Saintus - a choreographer, dancer and dancing educator
Jeanne Duval - muse, actress and dancer
Jeanne-Marie Marsan - French dramatic actress and an opera singer who moved to Saint-Domingue
Jimmy Jean-Louis, model and actor (film ; television series Phat Girlz ) Heroes
Johny Joseph - news anchor
Lenelle Moïse - actress, playwright and poet
Luck Mervil – Canadian actor and singer-songwriter
Michèle Stephenson - filmmaker
Minette et Lise - the most popular duet actresses of Saint-Domingue
Panou - Canadian actor
Perri Pierre - award-winning filmmaker and actor
Pierre-Louis Dieufaite - actor
Raoul Peck, film director
Sony Esteus, radio journalist
Stanley Barbot - Haitian-American radio personality
Vladimir Thelisma, actor, director, screenwriter, and sociologist
Val Jeanty, electronic music artist [90 ]
Fashion designers [ edit ]
Berny Martin - founder of Catou
Fabrice Simon - award-winning artist and fashion designer, best known for his handmade beaded dresses
Historical personalities [ edit ]
Adélina Lévêque - was Empress Consort of Haiti from 1849 until 1859, as wife of Faustin I of Haiti
Alice Garoute - Haitian suffragist and women's rights advocates among the founders of Ligue Féminine d'Action Sociale
Alix Pasquet - a World War II fighter pilot, one of only five Haitian members of the Tuskegee Airmen
Anacaona - was a Taíno cacica (chief) at the time of arrival of Christopher Columbus
Catherine Flon - sewed the first Haitian flag
Charles Terres Weymann - racing pilot and businessman
Cécile Fatiman - Vodou priestess and a figure of the Haitian Revolution
Charlemagne Péralte, nationalist leader who opposed the U.S. Invasion
Clairvius Narcisse, man said to have been turned into a living zombie by a combination of drugs
Dominique You, privateer, soldier, and politician
Dutty Boukman, slave who was one of the most visible early leaders of the Haitian Revolution
Emmanuel Wilmer - martyr who was killed in an armed assault on Cité Soleil carried out by MINUSTAH forces
François Mackandal – (Vodou priest) and rebel slave leader houngan
Georges Biassou – rebel slave
Gérard Pierre-Charles - politician and former leader of the Unified Party of Haitian Communists
Guy François - colonel of the armed forces of Haiti. François was accused twice of conspiring to overthrow the government of Haiti, in 1989 and in 2001
Henri Caesar - allegedly a 19th-century Haitian revolutionary and pirate nicknamed the black Caesar
Jacquotte Delahaye - was one of the few known female pirates (or buccaneers)
Jean Lafitte, pirate (born in France or Saint-Domingue, the modern-day Haiti)
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable - Founder of Chicago born in Saint-Domingue, the modern-day Haiti
Jean-Baptiste Chavannes - Haitian soldier and abolitionist
Jean François – rebel slave
Jeannot – rebel slave
Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche, engineer and passenger on the ill-fated RMS Titanic
Luckner Cambronne - head of the Tonton Macoutes; known as the "Vampire of the Caribbean" for his profiting from the sale of Haitian blood and cadavers to the West for medical uses
Macaya, a traitor
Madame Max Adolphe - the right hand woman of François Duvalier during his presidency in Haiti
Magloire Ambroise, a hero of the Haitian Independence
Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité, the Empress of Haiti (1804-1806) as the spouse of Jean-Jacques Dessalines
Marie-Madeleine Lachenais - the first of Haiti to First Lady Alexandre Pétion
Marie St. Fleur - the first Haitian U.S. Massachusetts State Representative
Michel François - a colonel in the Haitian army, who plotted a coup d'etat
Pierre Lafitte, pirate (born in France or Saint-Domingue, the modern-day Haiti)
Sanité Bélair - Freedom fighter and revolutionary; sergeant in the army of Toussaint Louverture
Tony Bloncourt - communist who joined the French Resistance against Nazi occupation in World War II
Victoire Jean-Baptiste - a Haitian politician de facto, mistress to President Florvil Hyppolite
Lawyers [ edit ]
Literature [ edit ]
Ady Jean-Gardy - journalist and activist; founder of the Haitian Press Federation
Alain Turnier - historian
Alibée Féry - playwright, poet, and storyteller
Anténor Firmin - anthropologist, journalist, and politician
Antoine Dupré - poet and playwright
Aubelin Jolicoeur - columnist
Bayyinah Bello - historian
Beaubrun Ardouin - historian and politician
Boisrond-Tonnerre - the author of the Independence Act of Haiti
Carl Brouard - poet
Céligny Ardouin - historian and politician
Charles Moravia - poet, dramatist, teacher, and diplomat
Choiseul Henriquez - journalist
Christophe Charles - poet
Coriolan Ardouin - romantic poet
Dantès Bellegarde - historian and diplomat
Dany Laferrière - Haitian-Canadian novelist and journalist, member of the Académie française
Demesvar Delorme - theoretician, writer, and politician
Dimitry Elias Léger - novelist
Edmond Laforest - poet
Edner Brutus - historian, diplomat and politician
Edris Saint-Amand - novelist
Edwidge Danticat - American author
Elsie Augustave, author
Emeric Bergeaud - novelist
Émile Nau - historian and politician
Émile Roumer - poet
Etzer Vilaire - poet
Félix Morisseau-Leroy - Haitian-American author, writer, educator, activist, poet, and playwright
Fernand Hibbert - novelist and is one of the most widely read Haitian authors
Frantz Duval - editor-in-chief of newspaper Le Nouvelliste
François-Romain Lhérisson - poet and educator
Frankétienne (born Franck Étienne) - author, poet, playwright, musician and painter. Candidate for Nobel Prize for Literature in 2009
Gary Victor - award-winning writer and playwright [92 ] [93 ]
Guy Joseph Bonnet - historian and a Major General of the Army of the Republic of Haiti. He was one of the signers of the Haitian Act of Independence
Jacques Roumain - poet, novelist, editor
Jean-Fernand Brierre - poet
Jean-Jacob Jeudy - journalist, activist, politician
Joel Dreyfuss - Haitian-American journalist, editor, and writer now based in Paris, France
Johny Joseph - journalist and academic
Josaphat-Robert Large - poet, novelist and art critic; won the Prix littéraire des Caraïbes (Caribbean literary Prize) in 2003 and was nominated for the Haitian grand Literary Prize of 2004
Louis-Philippe Dalembert - novelist, poet and essayist. Winner of the Prestigious Cuban Literary Prize Casa de las Américas in 2008
Marilene Phipps - Haitian-American poet, painter, and short story writer
Michel DeGraff - is a Creolist who has served on the board of the Journal of Haitian Studies [94 ]
Michèle Bennett - former First Lady of Haiti and the ex-wife of former President for Life of Haiti, Jean-Claude Duvalier, whom were both exiled from Haiti
Michèle Montas - journalist
Nathalie Handal - award-winning poet, writer, and playwright
Oswald Durand - was a Haitian poet and politician, said to be "to Haiti what Shakespeare is to England and Dante to Italy." [95 ]
Pradel Pompilus - writer; is considered one of the most respected Haitian scholars. He is best known for his three-volume study of [96 ] Haitian literature.
Prince Saunders - author; emigrated to Haiti from the United States
Raymond Chassagne - poet and essayist [97 ] [98 ]
Raymond Joseph - journalist, diplomat, political activist
Thomas Madiou - his work Histoire d'Haïti (English: History of Haiti) is considered one of the most valuable documents of Haitian literature
Timoléon C. Brutus - historian and politician
Medicine [ edit ]
Alexandrine-Caroline Branchu – French opera soprano (born in Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue; the modern-day Cap-Haïtien, Haiti)
André Toussaint - singer and guitarist
Andrée Lescot - folk singer; daughter of former President Élie Lescot. [107 ]
Beethova Obas - guitarist [108 ]
Bélo - interpreter, composer and guitarist.
Bigga Haitian - first Haitian singer to break into the Jamaican reggae scene
Coupé Cloué - singer and bandleader
Eddy François (singer) - founding member of Boukman Eksperyans; left the band in 1990, to become the front-man of a new band called, Boukan Ginen
Édouard Woolley - tenor, actor, composer, and music educator
Emeline Michel - singer
Emerante Morse - singer
Fabrice Rouzier - pianist, producer, and entrepreneur
Frantz Casseus, guitarist and composer
Frisner Augustin, major performer and composer of Haitian Vodou drumming
Imposs, Canadian rapper
J. Perry, singer and songwriter; song Dekole inspired the theme of the 2012 Carnival and was awarded a Gold Disk Plaque
Jazz Guignard - distinguished by his completion of one of the first noncommercial recordings of Haitian music
Jerry Duplessis, producer
Jimmy O, rapper
John Steve Brunache, musician
Justin Elie, composer and pianist. He is one of the best-known composers outside of Haiti. [109 ] [110 ]
Kangol Kid – American rapper
Lee Holdridge - Puerto Rican-American composer (born in Haiti)
Luck Mervil - songwriter-singer
Ludovic Lamothe - composer and virtuoso pianist
Manno Charlemagne - political folk singer, songwriter and acoustic guitarist, lifelong political activist and former politician
Master Dji - rapper
MC Tee, rapper
Michael Brun - DJ, record producer
Michel Mauléart Monton - composer; notable for composing the classic song choucoune (known as yellow bird in the English version) [111 ] [112 ]
Misty Jean - singer
Nemours Jean-Baptiste, composer and band leader; credited with being the inventor of compas direct
Nicolas Geffrard – musician; composed Haitian national anthem
Othello Bayard - musician, violinist, poet, and composer; notable for composing the music of the patriotic song " Haïti Chérie." [113 ] [114 ]
Qwote - singer
Richard Auguste Morse - is the founder of a mizik rasin band, RAM, named after his initials, and famous in Haiti for their political songs
Sha Money XL, rapper [115 ]
Sweet Micky - singer, politician
Ti Manno - singer, guitar player, keyboard player, and percussionist
Ti Ro Ro - drummer; known as King of the drum in Haiti and has done solo recordings and works for orchestras like Issa El Saieh Orquestra and singer Guy Durosier
Toto Bissainthe, folk music artist
Val Jeanty, vodou electronica turntablist, percussionist and artist
Webert Sicot, sax player, composer and band leader and one of the creators of compas direct. He renamed the music after he left Nemours' band to differentiate himself in 1962 in the spirit of competition. cadence rampa
Werner Jaegerhuber, known for composing "Messe sur les Airs Vodoussques."
Won-G Bruny, rapper and entrepreneur
Wyclef Jean - former singer of The Fugees, hip hop recording artist, musician, actor, and politician
Yanick Etienne - singer
Naturalists and Agronomists [ edit ]
Philanthropists [ edit ]
Political figures [ edit ]
Alexandre Pétion – nationalist, revolutionary and first President of Haiti
Alice Téligny Mathon - feminine activist
André Apaid – politician and activist' leader of Group 184 that helped oust former President, Jean-Bertrand Aristide
André Rigaud - leading military leader during the Haitian Revolution. His protégés were Alexandre Pétion and Jean-Pierre Boyer, both presidents of Haiti
Bonivert Claude - former governor of the Banque de la République d'Haïti
Charlemagne Péralte – nationalist leader and revolutionary
Claudette Werleigh - first Haitian woman to become Prime Minister
Emmanuel Dubourg - Canadian politician
Ertha Pascal-Trouillot - was the provisional President of Haiti for 11 months in 1990 and 1991. She was the first woman in Haitian history to hold that office
Faustin Soulouque - Emperor of Haiti (Faustin I)
François Capois - Independence war hero
François Duvalier - former President for Life
Gérard Latortue - Prime Minister and official in the United Nations
Henri Christophe - King of Haiti (King Henri I)
Jacques Nicolas Léger - politician, diplomat
Jean-Bertrand Aristide - President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Bajeux - political activist and professor of Caribbean literature
Jean-Claude Duvalier – President of Haiti
Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Founding Father and Emperor of Haiti (Jacques I)
Jean-Pierre Boyer – soldier and President of Haiti
Jean Rénald Clérismé - politician, diplomat, and ambassador of Haiti for the World Trade Organization, the International Trade Center, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the International Telecommunication Union
Jonathas Granville - soldier, experienced diplomat, and civil servant as well as a musician, poet, and skilled swordsman. He worked in the United States, promoting the emigration of free Blacks to Haiti.
José Francisco Peña Gómez - Dominican politician and activist [118 ]
Julien Raimond – agriculturalist/planter and revolutionary
Mathieu Eugene - U.S. New York City councilman
Marc Bazin – United Nations diplomat and World Bank official
Marie-Louise Coidavid - the Queen of the Kingdom of Haiti 1811-20 as the spouse of Henri I of Haiti
Michaëlle Jean - former Governor General of Canada
Michel Martelly - musician ( Sweet Micky) and current President of Haiti
Michèle Pierre-Louis - was Prime Minister of Haiti from September 2008 to November 2009. She was Haiti's second female ever to hold this position.
Philippe Derose - first Haitian elected to public office in the U.S.
Prosper Avril - President of Haiti from 1988 to 1990
Raymond Joseph - diplomat, political activist and journalist. He was the Haitian ambassador to the United States from 2005 to 2010.
René Préval - President (2006-2011)
Simone Duvalier – former First Lady of Haiti of the Baby Doc regime
Solange Pierre - was a human rights advocate in the Dominican Republic who worked to end antihaitianismo
Sténio Vincent - President of Haiti from November 18, 1930 to May 15, 1941
Thomas-Alexandre Dumas - was a general in Revolutionary France and was the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a continental European army
Toussaint Louverture – military general and leader of the slave rebellion in the Haitian Revolution. He declared himself Governor for Life of Haiti.
Ulises Heureaux - President of the Dominican Republic (Haitian father) [118 ]
Ulrick Chérubin - Canadian politician
Vincent Ogé – revolutionary
Religion [ edit ]
Scientists [ edit ]
Basketball [ edit ]
Other sports [ edit ]
Olympic long jump world record holder and still (2009) the Haitian national record with 79 years; the oldest standing national record in athletics,
Stade Sylvio Cator
, a multi-use stadium in
, was named after him.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Firmin, Anténor; Introduction by Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban (2002). "The Equality of the Human Races". University of Illinois Press . Retrieved . 24 January 2010
^ Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn (2005). "Anténor Firmin and Haiti's contribution to anthropology". Gradhiva - musée du quai Branly (2005 : Haïti et l'anthropologie): 95–108.
^ San Miguel, Pedro L. (2005). The Imagined Island: History, Identity, and Utopia in Hispaniola. United States: The University of North Carolina Press. pp. 67–97. ISBN 0-8078-5627-4.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 105. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ "Faculty Profiles". Trinity College . Retrieved . 22 June 2011
^ "Michel-Rolph Trouillot". University of Chicago . Retrieved . 2007-12-29
^ Haiti Press Network, Décès de l’éminent intellectuel et universitaire: Michel-Rolph Trouillot:
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 111. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Cotter, Holland (July 2, 2009). "Art in Review". New York Times . Retrieved . 21 May 2015
^ "André LeBlanc" . Retrieved . 24 March 2014
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 113. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ a b c d e f Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 112. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Arthur, Charles (2001-08-07). "Alexandre Gregoire: One of the greatest 'naive' painters". Obituaries of famous Haitians. Haiti Support Group. Archived from the original on 2006-12-08 . Retrieved . 2007-01-18
^ a b c d e f g h i j Corbett, Bob. "Brief Biographies of Haitian Artists". Webster University . Retrieved . 2006-11-16
^ a b c d e f Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 114. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Demme, Jonathan (1997). Island on fire: passionate visions of Haiti from the collection of Jonathan Demme. Kaliko Press. p. 93.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7.
^ a b Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 108. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Morineau (1985). "Incroyables gazettes et fabuleux métaux: les retours des trésors américains d'apres les gazettes hollandaises". Maison de Sciences de l'Homme and Cambridge University Press. p. 327 . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ a b c d e Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 110. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ a b c d e Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 113. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Kristin G. Congdon and Kara Kelley Hallmark (2002). . Greenwood Press. pp. 74–76. Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Biographical Dictionary ISBN 978-0-313-31544-2 . Retrieved . 2009-05-09
^ Le monde caraïbe: défis et dynamiques: p544 Christian Lerat, Université Michel de Montaigne-Bordeaux III. Pôle de recherche interdisciplinaire Caraïbe plurielle - 2005 "Ensemble avec le cinéaste Jonathan Demme (qui adapta à l'écran Beloved, de Toni Morrison31), avec Édouard Duval-Carrié (un peintre qui vit à Miami), Marilene Phipps, Myriam Chancy, Marie-Hélène Laforest, et les « Fugees » (Wyclif Jean),"
^ "Haiti Before the Quake: Exhibit at Burns Library". Boston College. 2010 . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 113. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ "Galerie Macondo, A Haitian Art Gallery". Artshaitian.com . Retrieved . 2012-03-27
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7.
^ "Winslow Anderson Collection of Haitian Art" (PDF). Huntington Museum of Art . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ a b Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 107. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. pp. 108–109. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ a b c Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 111. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ * Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7.
^ Bihalji-Merin, Oto (1959). Modern Primitives: Masters of Naive Painting. trans. Norbert Guterman. New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 265.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7.
^ Bloncourt, Gérald and Nadal-Gardère, Marie-José (1986). Haitian Arts/La Peinture haïtienne. Paris, France: éditions Nathan.
^ Lerebours, Michel-Philippe (1989). Haïti et ses peintres de 1804 à 1980 : Souffrances et espoirs d'un peuple. Port-au-Prince, Haiti: Imprimeur II.
^ a b c Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 109. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Rodman, Selden (1982). Artists in Tune with Their World: Masters of Popular Art in the Americas & Their Relation to the Folk Tradition. Simon & Schuster.
^ Stebich, Ute (1978). Haitian Art. Henry N. Adams Inc.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. pp. 111–112. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 107. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ "Jackson Georges". Art and Free World . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ Corbett, Bob. "Brief Biographies of Haitian Artists". Webster University.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 109. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Benson, LeGrace. "Arts of Haiti Artists Gallery". Arts of Haiti . Retrieved . 2007-05-21
^ "ArtSumo - Jean-Louis" . Retrieved . 20 April 2013
^ "Jean Rene Jerome".
^ "Aritist Portfolio: Jean Rene Jerome".
^ "Galerie Macondo" . Retrieved . 20 April 2013
^ Journet, Paul (2010). "Couleurs d'Haïti à Montréal". La Presse . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ Basu, Moni and Ravitz, Jessica (2010). "Quake's toll on Haitian art, heritage and income". CNN . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ Luce, Jim (2012). "One of Tens of Thousands: Diaspora Doctor Continues to Help Haiti". Huffington Post . Retrieved . 7 February 2015
^ Corbett, Bob. "Brief Biographies of Haitian Artists". Webster University . Retrieved . 2006-12-09
^ a b Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 115. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 114. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ a b Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 109. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.
^ Schutt-Ainé, Patricia; Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-9638599-0-7.
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