List of Hammond organ players

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A Hammond C-3 organ

The Hammond organ is an electric organ invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert.[1] The instrument was first manufactured in 1935.[2] It has two manuals along with a set of bass pedals.[3] A variety of models have been produced. The most popular is the B-3, produced between 1954 and 1974.[4]

The instrument was designed to replace the pipe organ in churches, and early adopters included Henry Ford and George Gershwin,[5] but it was not widely adopted for classical music.[6] However, it was played in African American churches, and its use spread to gospel music and then to jazz in the 1950s. After usage declined in the jazz world in the 1970s, it subsequently regained its popularity in the genre and has become the second most used keyboard instrument in jazz after the piano.[7] Jimmy Smith popularized the Hammond organ, and its technique of using drawbars and pedals.[8]

Having found success in jazz, the Hammond organ became popular in rhythm and blues, including Booker T. & the M.G.'s and other Stax Records artists.[9] From there, it became used in rock music, with users including Ian McLagan, Matthew Fisher, Steve Winwood,[10][11] Mike Finnigan, Gregg Allman[12] and Jon Lord.[13] It became a significant instrument in progressive rock during the early 1970s,[14] and became a featured instrument in ska and reggae.[15] Although the original Hammond Organ Company collapsed, it was purchased by the Suzuki Musical Instrument Corporation, who continued to manufacture the instrument using several former staff for research and development.[16] Jazz organists, including Joey DeFrancesco and Barbara Dennerlein, have continued to feature the Hammond organ in 21st-century jazz.[17][18]


A[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Don Airey in Israel.JPG Don Airey b. 1948 C-3
A-100
Rainbow,
Ozzy Osbourne,
Deep Purple[19]
Used Jon Lord's old C-3 upon joining Deep Purple, but prefers the A-100.[20]
Gregg Allman at City Stages 2006.jpg Gregg Allman 1947–2017 B-3 The Allman Brothers Band Was given a brand new B-3 and Leslie 122RV when the band was formed.[21]
Devil Amos in the Red Dress.jpg Tori Amos b. 1963 B-3 Y Kant Tori Read Played a Hammond on her 2005 album The Beekeeper.[22]
Rod Argent.jpg Rod Argent b. 1945 B-3 The Zombies,
Argent[23]
Solo on 1972 hit single "Hold Your Head Up" cited by Rick Wakeman as "the greatest organ solo ever".[24]
Tony Ashton 1946–2001 The Remo Four, Ashton, Gardner and Dyke, Paice Ashton Lord (PAL)
Brian Auger 1970.jpg Brian Auger b. 1939 L-100 Julie Driscoll, The Trinity, The Oblivion Express Played without a Leslie speaker.[25]

B[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Banks.jpg Tony Banks b. 1950 L-122
T-102
Genesis Bought a L-122 when the band was formed,[26] which was replaced by a T-102.[27]
Van der Graaf Generator @ Bluesfest.jpg Hugh Banton b. 1949 E-100
C-3
Van der Graaf Generator Played a Hammond E-100 organ that he personally modified with customised electronics.[28]
Camel - Peter Bardens (1975).jpg Peter Bardens 1944–2002 C-3 Shotgun Express,
Camel,
Van Morrison[29]
Lou Bennett 1926–1997 B-3 René Thomas, Kenny Clarke
Pat Bianchi b. 1975 B-3 Corey Christiansen (jazz guitarist), Tim Warfield, Mark Whitfield
Graham Bond 1937–1974 Don Rendell Quintet,
Blues Incorporated,
The Graham Bond Organisation
An early adopter of the Hammond in the UK, playing it on stage as early as 1962.[30]
Jamesbrown4.jpg James Brown 1933–2006[31] B-3[32] Used the same model for 20 years, calling it "The Godfather", and played it on sessions for other artists.[33]
Odell Brown 1940–2011 'The Organ-izers'
Milt Buckner 1953.jpg Milt Buckner 1915–1977 B-3[34] The Hammond Organ Trio Pioneered the use of the Hammond organ in jazz.[35] Always played alongside a bass player because he was simply too short to reach the bass pedals.[36]
RabbitBundrick1974.png John "Rabbit" Bundrick b. 1948 C-3,
XB-2
The Who
Free
Used a Hammond on loan from Pete Townshend when he started touring with The Who. Has since used a XB-2.[37]
Jerry Burke 1911–1965 Lawrence Welk Organist for Lawrence Welk from 1934 until his death. Published several volumes of organ arrangements.[38]

C[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Felix Cavaliere.JPG Felix Cavaliere b. 1942 The (Young) Rascals,
Steven Van Zandt's 'Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul',
Ringo Starr's All-Starr Band[39]
Elbernita "Twinkie" Clark b. 1954 The Clark Sisters US gospel singer, composer, musician, and evangelist dubbed "The Queen of the B-3". Has performed in The Clark Sisters and as a solo artist.[40]
Buddy Cole 1916–1964 Henry Mancini
Rob Collins 1965–1996 The Charlatans[41]
Jerry Corbetta 1947–2016 Sugarloaf
Butch Cornell 1941–2008 B-3 Boogaloo Joe Jones, Stanley Turrentine
Vital Information (4032212350).jpg Tom Coster b. 1941[42] B-3[43] Santana,
John McLaughlin[44]
Vincent Crane 1943–1989 C-3 The Crazy World of Arthur Brown,
Atomic Rooster[45]
JesseCrawford-Wurlitzer.jpg Jesse Crawford 1895–1962 A US pianist and organist well known in the 1920s as a theatre organist for silent films. In the 1930s, he switched to the Hammond, and also used the chord organ.[46]

D[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Jackie Davis 1920–1999 B-3[47]
031 Lionel Hampton (4), Wild Bill Davis, Chubby Jackson.jpg Wild Bill Davis 1918–1995[48] C-3 Floyd Smith, Johnny Hodges American jazz pianist, organist, and arranger.[49]
Lenny Dee.png Lenny Dee 1923–2006 A
B-3
transistor models
An American pop/easy listening/boogie-woogie/jazz organist whose career spanned six decades and 56 albums; he had a Top 20 hit in 1955 with "Plantation Boogie". Used various tonewheel and transistor Hammonds, and was a strong critic of the company.[50]
Joey Defrancesco 2002.JPG Joey DeFrancesco b. 1971 B-3, New B-3 An American jazz organist and trumpeter. Down Beat's 2003 Critics Poll selected him as "top jazz organist". Mentored by Jimmy Smith, he has performed with Miles Davis and John McLaughlin.[51]
PapaJohnDeFrancesco.jpg "Papa" John DeFrancesco b. 1940 B-3[52] Father of Joey DeFrancesco.
BarbaraDennerlein2010.jpg Barbara Dennerlein b. 1964 B-3 Has achieved particular critical acclaim for use of the bass pedals,[17] and mixing the Hammond with samples. Has won the Down Beat "Talent Deserving of Wider Recognition" title five times, and is a three-time recipient of the German Critics Award.[53]
Bill Doggett.jpg Bill Doggett 1916–1996 Billy Butler Co-wrote and recorded the landmark instrumental "Honky Tonk" in 1956.
Tyrone Downie CroixRouge 09834.jpg Tyrone Downie b. 1956 Bob Marley and the Wailers Used on "No Woman, No Cry" on the album Live![54]

E[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Charles Earland 1941–1999[55][56] B-3 Grover Washington, Jr.
Keith Emerson & Moog 15May10.jpg Keith Emerson 1944–2016 L-100
C-3
The Nice /
Emerson, Lake & Palmer /
Emerson, Lake & Powell
Infamously abused a L-100 on stage, sticking knives in the instrument.[57]
Bobby Espinosa 1949–2010 B-3 The VIPs, El Chicano
Jethro-Tull-9-73(2).jpg John Evan b. 1948 C-3 Jethro Tull[58]

F[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Georgie Fame 2009.jpg Georgie Fame b. 1943 M-100 Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames Pioneer of British rhythm and blues through his performances at the Flamingo Club, London in the mid-1960s.[59]
DannyFedericiBoston2007.jpg Danny Federici 1950–2008 B-3 Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band[60]
Mike Finnigan b. 1945 B-3 Jimi Hendrix[12], Les Dudek, Taj Mahal, The Phantom Blues Band
Matthew Fisher.jpg Matthew Fisher b. 1946 M-102 Procol Harum Co-wrote and recorded "A Whiter Shade of Pale".[61]
Henry ford 1919.jpg Henry Ford 1863–1947 A[5]
Chris Foreman b. 197? B-3 Deep Blue Organ Trio, Bobby Broom

G[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Mick Gallagher Photo Ph.BRIZARD.jpg Mick Gallagher b. 1945 C-3 Ian Dury, The Blockheads, The Animals, Peter Frampton, The Clash[62]
George Gershwin 1937.jpg George Gershwin 1898–1937 A[5]
John Ginty b. 1972 B-3 Robert Randolph and the Family Band, Citizen Cope
Larry Goldings.jpg Larry Goldings b. 1968 B-3[63] Maceo Parker, Peter Bernstein
Earl Grant 1967.jpg Earl Grant 1931–1970
Dave-Greenfield.jpg Dave Greenfield b. 1949 L-100 The Stranglers[64]
Greenslade Wissen 2011.JPG Dave Greenslade b. 1943 Greenslade,
Colosseum
Focused on Hammond organ in Greenslade while Dave Lawson played synthesizers.[65]
Jimmy Greenspoon 1948–2015 B-3 Three Dog Night

H[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Jon Hammond at XK-1 Hammond Organ JAZZKELLER FRANKFURT.jpg Jon Hammond b. 1953 SK-1 Endorsed by Hammond-Suzuki.[66]
Bo Hansson 2007.jpg Bo Hansson 1943–2010 Hansson & Karlsson A jam session featuring Hansson with Jimi Hendrix has been widely bootlegged.[67]
Atsuko Hashimoto b. 197? B-3 with one or two Leslie speakers Jeff Hamilton, Yutaka Hashimoto (jazz guitarist) Plays in jazz trios with a drummer and either a saxophonist or a guitarist.[68]
Greg Hatza b. 1948 B-3 The Greg Hatza ORGANization
Alexander Hawkins Cosmopolite 2017 (230643).jpg Alexander Hawkins b. 1981 As part of the trio Decoy.[69]
Isaac hayes 1973.jpg Isaac Hayes 1942–2008[70] B-3 Stax Records Used on Hot Buttered Soul.[71]
Bill Heid b. 1948 B-3
Cory Henry (cropped).jpg Cory Henry[72] b. 1987 B-3 'Cory Henry & The Funk Apostles'
Ken Hensley&Sunrize - ROCK ON THE ROCKS TOUR 2011 - Sofia - 27.jpg Ken Hensley b. 1945 A-100 Uriah Heep[73]
Milt Herth.jpg Milt Herth[74] 1902–1969[75]
Charles Hodges b. 1947 B-3 Hi Rhythm Section, Willie Mitchell, Al Green Backed many "hits" for the Hi Records label.
Ingfried Hoffmann b. 1935
Christopher Holland.JPG Christopher Holland[76] b. 196? Brother of Jools Holland.[77]
Richard "Groove" Holmes 1931–1991 B-3, X-77, Concorde[78] Gene Ammons, Les McCann, Gerald Wilson
John Hondorp b. 1964 A-100, B-3,
HX-3
Unit Records[79]

I[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Doug Ingle b. 1945 Iron Butterfly Started with a Vox organ and later moved to Hammond.[80]

J[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
BookerT-KitchenerBluesFest1.JPG Booker T. Jones[81] b. 1944[82] M-1,
M-3,
B-3[83]
Booker T. & the M.G.'s, The Mar-Keys, Otis Redding, Stephen Stills, Dirty Dozen Brass Band, Drive By Truckers, Rancid Played a M-3 on the 1962 R&B hit "Green Onions".[81]
Melvyn "Deacon" Jones 1943–2017 B-3 Baby Huey & the Babysitters, The Impressions band, Freddie King band, John Lee Hooker band [84][85]
John Paul Jones playing alongside Seasick Steve at the Roundhouse (8700800098).jpg John Paul Jones b. 1946 M-100, C-3,
SK-1
Led Zeppelin[86] English multi-instrumentalist, best known as a bass player
Lonnie Jordan.jpg Lonnie Jordan b. 1948 B-3 Eric Burdon, War [87]

K[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Tony Kaye.jpg Tony Kaye b. 1946[88] M-100
C-3
Yes,
Badger[89]
Kooper at keyboards 2013.jpg Al Kooper b. 1944[90] Bob Dylan / Super Session /
Blood, Sweat & Tears
Played a Hammond on Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone".[91]
JoeKrownJazzFest2008.jpg Joe Krown b. 1962 A-100, B-3,
XK-2
Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown Played with Brown from 1992 to 2005.[92]
Charles Kynard 1933–1979 B-3
WojciechKarolak20101121.jpg Wojciech Karolak b. 1939 B-3 The Karolak Trio Polish American-style jazz and rhythm and blues musician

L[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Robert Lamm.jpg Robert Lamm b. 1944 B-3[93] Chicago
Neil Larsen b. 1948 B-3 Buzz Feiten, Robben Ford, Leonard Cohen Cohen always introduced Larsen on stage as "today's foremost exponent of the Hammond B-3 organ".
Eddie Layton.jpg Eddie Layton 1925–2004 Promoted the Hammond as a touring demonstrator, and played the organ at old Yankee Stadium for nearly 40 years.[94]
Mike-LeDonne DSC00954.jpg Mike LeDonne b. 1956 B-3 Eric Alexander
Ron Levy[95] b. 1951 B-3[96] B.B. King band, Roomful of Blues, Ron Levy's Wild Kingdom
Jon2 sunflower 2007.JPG Jon Lord 1941–2012 C-3 Deep Purple Founding member of Deep Purple, played a C-3 through a Marshall amplifier.[13]
Eddy Louiss 1941–2015 Jean-Luc Ponty
Gene Ludwig.jpg Gene Ludwig 1937–2010 M-100, C-3,
B-3
One of Pittsburgh's many Hammond legends[citation needed]

M[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Ray Manzarek.JPG Ray Manzarek 1939–2013 C-3[97] The Doors Used a C-3 on L.A. Woman and the band's post-Jim Morrison career.
Hank Marr 1927–2004[98] C-3, B-3
X-66[99]
[100]
Page-McConnell.jpg Page McConnell b. 1963[101] B-3 Phish[102]
Jack McDuff[103] 1926–2001 B-3[104] Willis Jackson Also known as "Brother" Jack McDuff. An early collaborator with George Benson.[105]
Jimmy McGriff.jpg Jimmy McGriff[106] 1936–2008 B-3 Hank Crawford Bought a B-3 in 1956, having already accomplished several other instruments.[107]
*GOLDY DSC 0144-1.jpg Goldy McJohn 1945–2017 M-3, B-3 Steppenwolf[108]
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan.jpg Ron "Pigpen" McKernan 1945–1973 B-3 Grateful Dead Upgraded from a Vox Continental to a B-3 in 1968.[109]
IanMcLagen.jpg Ian McLagan 1945–2014[110] M-100 Small Faces[10],
Faces,
Rolling Stones[111]
John Medeski Innsbruck.JPG John Medeski[112] b. 1965[113] B-3 Medeski Martin & Wood, John Scofield
20170803 Wacken Wacken Open Ai Europer0227.jpg Mic Michaeli b. 1962 C-3 Europe,
Brazen Abbot,
Last Autumn's Dream,
Glenn Hughes
Lee Michaels 1973.jpg Lee Michaels[114] b. 1945 B-2 Often played as a duo, with the Hammond covering all sounds except drums.[115]
Jackie Mittoo 1948–1990 The Skatalites, The Sheiks, The Soul Brothers, The Soul Vendors, Sound Dimension
Tony Monaco b. 1959 B-3,
New B-3
Chicken Coup/Summit Records Artist in Residence at Hope College in Holland, Michigan since 2017.
MoneyMarklive.jpg Money Mark b. 197? Beastie Boys[116]
Brent Mydland 1952–1990[117] B-3 Grateful Dead[118]

N[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Art Neville b. 1937 B-3 The Meters, The Funky Meters, The Neville Brothers
Crnambrosia.png Christopher North b. 1951 B-3 Ambrosia[119]

O[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Spooner Oldham b. 1943 B-3 FAME Studios, Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, Dan Penn, Neil Young On The Box Tops' "Cry Like a Baby"[120] and on Keith Richards' Crosseyed Heart.[121]
Mike Oldfield NOTP 2006.jpg Mike Oldfield b. 1953 On Tubular Bells,[122] and Tubular Bells II.[123]

P[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Don Patterson[124] 1936–1988[125] B-3 Booker Ervin, Sonny Stitt
Big John Patton[126] 1935–2002 B-3 Grant Green
Sonny Phillips.jpg Sonny Phillips b. 1936 B-3 Gene Ammons, Houston Person
Trudy Pitts 1932–2010 B-3 Pat Martino
Ian Stewart and Billy Preston with The Rolling Stones (1975).jpg Billy Preston 1946–2006[127] B-3 The Beatles, [128]
The Rolling Stones[127], Eric Clapton
Alan Price b. 1942[129] The Animals,
Alan Price Set[130]
Started off with a Vox Continental organ.

R[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Melvin Rhyne 1936–2013 B-3 Wes Montgomery
Doug Riley 1945–2007 Famous People Players Known as "Dr. Music".[131][132]
Billy Ritchie b. 1944 '1–2–3',
Clouds[133]
Freddie Roach 1931–1980 Ike Quebec
Gregg Rolie with Ringo Starr All Starrs 2012.jpg Gregg Rolie b. 1947[134] B-3 Santana,
Journey[135]

S[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Merl Saunders 1934–2008 B-3, XB-2 Jerry Garcia[136]
PhotoRhodaScottpro.JPG Rhoda Scott[137] b. 1938 B-3, B-3000 (custom model)
Shirley Scott[138] 1934–2002 B-3[139] Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Stanley Turrentine
Gayle Serdan[138] b. 1963 B-3[139], XK-3
Paul Shaffer 1992 crop.jpg Paul Shaffer b. 1949[140] B-3 Saturday Night Live (SNL), The Blues Brothers,
David Letterman[141]
Beginning in 1982 through 2015 (33 years), Shaffer served as musical director/band leader for David Letterman's late night talk shows.
Dave Sinclair[142] b.1947 A-100 Caravan[143] Used a fuzz-box to achieve distorted guitar-like sound on solos.[144]
Ethel Smith Billboard.jpg Ethel Smith 1902–1996[145] [146] A Known as "The First Lady of the Hammond Organ".[147]
Jimmy Oscar Smith Hammond.JPG Jimmy Smith 1925–2005 B-3 Wes Montgomery His 1950s Blue Note recordings inspired countless organists of the 1960s and 1970s.[8]
Johnny "Hammond" Smith[148] 1933–1997[149] B-3[150] Houston Person
Dr. Lonnie Smith on Hammond, NAMM 2013.jpg Lonnie Smith[151] b. 1942[152] B-3 George Benson, Lou Donaldson
Leon Spencer 1945–2012 B-3 Melvin Sparks, Idris Muhammad
Mark Stein of Vanilla Fudge.jpg Mark Stein b. 1947 B-3 Vanilla Fudge[153]
Dave Stewart b. 1950 L-100 Egg,
Hatfield and the North,
National Health,
Bruford[154]
Les Strand 1925–2002 He was considered a pioneer, Jimmy Smith called him "the Art Tatum of the organ".

T[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
James Taylor b. 196? B-3 The Prisoners, James Taylor Quartet (JTQ), New Jersey Kings Credited with bringing the Hammond to the forefront of the "acid jazz" movement.
Akiko Tsuruga b. 197? B-3 Jerry Weldon, Eric Johnson (jazz guitarist), Jeff Hamilton, Graham Dechter

V[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Earl Van Dyke 1930–1992[155] B-3 The Funk Brothers, Fred Jackson, Ike Quebec Backed many "hits" for the Motown Records label.[156]
Thijsvanleer.jpg Thijs van Leer b. 1948[157] L-100
XB-3[158]
Focus[159]

W[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Cherry Wainer 1935–2014 Lord Rockingham's XI[160] Hammond customised with quilted white-leather and diamanté studs.
Rickwakemanmoog.jpg Rick Wakeman b. 1949 L-100
C-3
Yes,
Strawbs,
English Rock Ensemble[161]
Fats Waller edit.jpg Fats Waller 1904–1943[162] A Started his career on pipe organ, then became an early adopter of the Hammond.[163]
Steve Walsh, Kansas.jpg Steve Walsh b. 1951 Kansas
RobertWalter2018PressShot.jpg Robert Walter b. 1970 B-3 The Greyboy Allstars
Mick Weaver b. 1944 B-3 Taj Mahal, Gary Moore, Buddy Guy
Peter Weltner b. 1952 New B-3
soloist,
organ-drums duo[164]
Baby Face Willette 1933–1971 Lou Donaldson, Grant Green
Reuben Wilson b. 1935 B-3 Bernard Purdie, Grant Green Jr.
Steve Winwood on Hammond 2, Hangout Music Festival 2012.jpg Steve Winwood b. 1948 C-3, B-3 The Spencer Davis Group,
Traffic,
Blind Faith[165]
Rickwright.jpg Rick Wright 1943–2008 M-100
C-3
Pink Floyd Founding member of Pink Floyd, upgraded from a Farfisa Compact Duo to a M-100 on stage in 1970.[166]
Winston Wright 1944 – 1993 Tommy McCook's Supersonics, Harry J Allstars Acknowledged as Jamaica's master of the Hammond organ.[167]
Klaus Wunderlich 1931–1997

Y[edit]

Image Name Lifetime Models played Associated acts Notes
Sam Yahel b. 1971 B-3 Joshua Redman
Larry Young 1940–1978 B-3[168] Tony Williams' Lifetime

References[edit]

Citations
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Bibliography

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