List of Harley-Davidson motorcycles

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A list of motorcycles produced under the Harley-Davidson brand.

Pre-war[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Models 0, 1 (Named retroactively in 1908) 24.74 cu in (405.4 cc) IOE single 1904–1905 Single-downtube bicycle-like frame, direct leather belt drive, rear coaster brake. Construction began in 1903; sold as production models in 1904–1905
Models 2, 3 (Named retroactively in 1908) 26.8 cu in (439 cc) IOE single 1906–1907 Dual-spring front-end suspension
Model 4 26.8 cu in (439 cc) IOE single 1908 Larger front fork, tires, and fenders.
Models 5, 6 30.16 cu in (494.2 cc) IOE single 1909–1910 Models 5 and 5A had 28-inch (710 mm) wheels, the former with battery ignition and the latter with magneto ignition. 5B and 5C models offered the same choice of ignitions, with 26-inch (660 mm) wheels for shorter riders. Model 6 series added an idler arm.
Model 7D 49 cu in (800 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1911
Models X8D, X8E 60.32 cu in (988.5 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1912 "X" model name designated rear-wheel clutch. "D" indicated belt drive; "E" introduced chain drive for the first time. The frame was redesigned to be lower-slung and had a spring suspension in the rear downtube.
Models 9A, 9B 34.47 cu in (564.9 cc) IOE single 1913 Model 9A was belt-drive-equipped; 9B, chain-drive. The updated single-cylinder motor used a mechanical intake valve, like that first introduced on the V-twin model.
Model 10F 49.48 cu in (810.8 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1914 The two-speed transmission was introduced and showcased on this model, along with a step-starter, enclosed intake valve, a primary chain drive, and optional sidecar.
Model 11F 61 cu in (1,000 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1915 Three-speed transmission and electric head- and taillights debuted on this model.

Hummer/American Lightweight[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Model 125 125 cc (7.6 cu in) two-stroke single 1948–1952 Copy of DKW RT 125 given to Harley-Davidson as war reparations. More than ten thousand were sold in the first year of production.
Model 165 165 cc (10.1 cu in) two-stroke single 1953–1959 Replacement for the Model 125, with larger engine.
Hummer 125 cc (7.6 cu in) two-stroke single 1955–1959 Redesigned "B" engine with the old 125 cc (7.6 cu in) capacity. Extremely basic specification: no battery, horn operated by rubber bulb, no turn signals, no brake light. Last 125 cc (7.6 cu in) American Lightweight.
Super 10 165 cc (10.1 cu in) two-stroke single 1960–1961 Replaced Model 165 and Hummer, used 165 cc (10.1 cu in) version of the "B" engine.
Topper 165 cc (10.1 cu in) two-stroke single 1960–1965 Scooter with fiberglass body, pull-start "B" engine, and continuously variable transmission, but no engine fan.
Ranger 165 cc (10.1 cu in) two-stroke single 1962 Off-road motorcycle without lights or front fender. Extremely low gearing.
Pacer 15 cu in (250 cc) two-stroke single 1962–1965 15 cu in (250 cc) replacement for the Super 10. A new frame with rear suspension was introduced in 1963.
Scat 15 cu in (250 cc) two-stroke single 1962–1965 Dual-purpose motorcycle based on the Pacer. The Ranger's low gearing was optional. Was switched to the sprung frame along with the Pacer in 1963.
Bobcat 15 cu in (250 cc) two-stroke single 1966 Last American Lightweight. Only American Lightweight made with a standard dual seat. One-piece ABS resin bodywork covered the tank and rear tyre and supported the seat.

Aermacchis sold as Harley-Davidsons[edit]

Aermacchi motorcycles sold in US with Harley-Davidson badging.

Model Engine Years Notes
Sprint 15 cu in (250 cc) OHC single 1961–1968 Sold in "C" and "H" versions.
M-50, M-50 Sport 3.1 cu in (50 cc) two-stroke single 1965–1966 (M-50)
1966 (M-50 Sport)
Urban commuter bikes. M-50 was a single-seat step-through, M-50 Sport had a conventional gas tank and a dual seat.
M-65, M-65 Sport 4.0 cu in (65 cc) two-stroke single 1967–1972 Enlarged versions of M-50s.
X-90 Shortster 5.5 cu in (90 cc), two-stroke, single cylinder, air cooled 1973–1975 Bikes produced:8250 bikes in 1973, 7019 bikes in 1974 and 1568 bikes in 1975
Rapido 125 cc (7.6 cu in) two-stroke single 1968–1972
Baja 100 100 cc (6.1 cu in) two-stroke single 1969–1972 Off-road
SX-350 21.0 cu in (344 cc) four-stroke OHC single 1971–1974 Sprint with larger engine. Up to 1972 kickstart, 4 speeds, 6 volts
SS-350 21.0 cu in (344 cc) four-stroke ohc single 1969–1974 kick or electric start, 4/5 speeds, 6/12 volts
SS-350 21 cu in (350 cc) two-stroke single 1975–1978 Two-stroke replacement for the four stroke SS350

Touring[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
FL Hydra Glide 73 cu in (1,200 cc) 1949–1957
FL Duo Glide 73 cu in (1,200 cc) 1958–1964
FLH Electra Glide 73 cu in (1,200 cc) (1965–1980),
82 cu in (1,340 cc) (1978–1993)
1965–1993 Fitted with the Panhead engine in the first year of production with an electric start, the Shovelhead engine in the second year of production, and the Evolution engine after 18 years in production.
FLHS Electra Glide Sport 73 cu in (1,200 cc) (1997)
82 cu in (1,340 cc)
1977–1993 A stripped down Electra Glide without the "Batwing" fork-mounted fairing or Tour-Pak with a simple windshield. The Electra Glide Sport was a precursor to the Road King. It was relaunched in 1981 as the Sport Electra Glide and in 1983-84 had an Evolution engine and a new chassis. In 1987, it had the Tour Glide's all-in-one console for its instruments, and a different nacelle.
FLHR/I Road King 82 cu in (1,340 cc) (1998)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (1999–2010)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (2010–2016)
(103–110 cu in (1,690–1,800 cc) on CVO only)
1994–2016 A stripped down FLH touring model with an updated Duo-Glide style headlamp nacelle that replaced Electra Glide Sport. 1994–1998 used the 82 cu in (1,340 cc) Evolution engine power plant and older frame dimension (seat height), with fuel injection being offered as an option from 1996. The 1999–2008 used the newer Twin Cam engine and had a lower seat height. The Road Kings also came in a 'Classic' version with wire spoked wheels (FLHRC-I), a factory custom version with different leather saddlebage and a small chrome windshield (FLHRS-I) and an even more customized Screamin' Eagle edition (FLHRSEI).
FLT Tour Glide 82 cu in (1,340 cc) 1980–1996 Introduced a new touring frame with rubber-mounted engine, five speed transmission, steering geometry with a low rake angle and the fork mounted behind the headset. The Tour Glide had a frame-mounted fairing.
FLTR/I Road Glide 82 cu in (1,340 cc) (1998)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (1999–2010)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (2010–2016)
(103–110 cu in (1,690–1,800 cc) on CVO only)
1998–2016 Introduced an updated frame mounted Tour Glide fairing. 1998 was the only year the Road Glide was offered with the 1340  carburated power plant. Ultra Electra Glide electrical system was standard, allowing plug and play additions and communications. Electrical system from the Electra Glide Classic was used beginning in 2000, with expensive upgrades available, communications upgrades requiring the radio be returned to the factory. The Road Glide has become the preferred touring model for customizing but started off with slow sales and was never available in every country that offered the Electra Glide series.
FLHT Electra Glide/FLHTC/U/I Electra Glide Ultra 82 cu in (1,340 cc) (1998)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (1999–2010)
88 cu in (1,450 cc) (2010–2016)
(103–110 cu in (1,690–1,800 cc) on CVO only)
1983–2016 An updated version of the Electra Glide with the Tour Glide frame and a "Batwing" fork-mounted fairing. Sold as "Standard" (FLHT), "Classic" (FLHTC) and "Ultra" (FLHTCU) models, the latter coming with addition crash bars, fairing lowers, black powder-coated engines and chrome work described as a "full dresser". From 1996, fueld injection became an option, denoted -I, before being adopted as standard equipment.
FLHX Street Glide / FLHXS Street Glide Special 88 cu in (1,450 cc) (2006–2006)
96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2007–2012)
103 cu in (1,690 cc) (2012–2016)
on the Street Glide Special (2014–2016)
(103–110 cu in (1,690–1,800 cc) on CVO only)
2006–2016 A stripped-down version of the Electra Glide, the Street Glide is mechanically identical to the Electra Glide series machines but comes with a chopped down windscreen, no front fender trim, no Tour Pack, and a lower rear air-adjustable suspension. The Street Glide still retains all of the creature comforts of the Electra Glide bikes such as a Harman/Kardon sound system, cruise control, and optional ABS and security. A "Street Glide Special" version, designated FLHXS, was introduced in 2014 with the security system and ABS made standard, a Boom! Box 4.3" (FLHX) or 6.5GT (FLHXS) [with Touch scrren and GPS] infotainment system, manually adjustable upgraded rear suspension, trim (including gloss black inner fairing and pin striping), and paint (some different colors between the FLHX and FLHXS). 2014-15 models of the FLHX and FLHXS incorporated the changes brought forward by Harley-Davidson's Project Rushmore[1]

Small twins (Model W / 45 / K-series / Sportster)[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Model W 33.4 cu in (548 cc) flathead flat-twin 1919–1923 First of two H-D flat-twin motorcycle designs put into production, first H-D flathead motorcycle. The fork was a trailing link design.
D-series (45 solo) 45.1 cu in (739 cc) flathead 1929–1932 First H-D 45 cubic inch motorcycle, first H-D flathead V-twin motorcycle.
R-series (45 solo: R, RL, RLD,) 45.1 cu in (739 cc) flathead 1932–1936 Second series of 45 solo
W-series (45 solo: W, WL, WLA, WLC, WLD, WR) 45.1 cu in (739 cc) flathead 1937–1952 Recirculating oil system introduced on all H-D engines in 1936, R became W to denote this. WLA and WLC were military models, WR was a racing model
Servi-Car 45.1 cu in (739 cc) flathead 1932–1936 (R-series engine)

1937–1973 (W-series engine)

From 1964, the first Harley-Davidson to have electric starting.[2]
Model K and KK 46 cu in (750 cc) flathead 1952–1953 Last 45 street solo, all-new engine, first civilian H-D with rear suspension
Model KR 46 cu in (750 cc) flathead 1953–1969 Racing only
Model KH and KHK 54.2 cu in (888 cc) flathead 1954–1956 KH-series: K series, same bore but longer stroke.
XL, Ironhead 53.9 cu in (883 cc),
61 cu in (1,000 cc) (1972–1985)
1957–1985 The first year of Sportster, a development of the KH with overhead-valve engines and cast iron heads. The engine was updated after 29 years.[3]
XR-750 46 cu in (750 cc) 1970–1985 Overhead-valve engines, iron heads (1970–1971), alloy heads (1972–1985)
XLCR 61 cu in (1,000 cc) 1977–1978 OHV engines, iron heads, solo seats, snake exhaust, also includes reverse shifting pedal, and rear pegs.
XR1000 61 cu in (1,000 cc) 1983–1984 Street model using XR racing cylinder head and other XR engine parts.
XL, Evolution, "EVO" 53.9 cu in (883 cc),
1,100 cc (6.1 cu in) (1986–1987),
73 cu in (1,200 cc) (1988–)
1986– The first year of the new Sportster to have the Evolution overhead-valve engine, alloy heads
XL883N, Iron 53.9 cu in (883 cc) 2009– A "baby" version of the popular 73 cu in (1,200 cc) Nightster, it comes with more black and cast wheels.
XR1200(X), 73 cu in (1,200 cc) 2008–2010, 2011–2012 for X series Redesigned frame, male-slider forks, improved brakes, and performance engine, along with orange paint evokes XR750 race bike; the XR1200X replaced the XR1200 - it included fully adjustable suspension both front and rear

FX/FXR/FXD/FLD/Dyna[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Super Glide FX FXE FXD FXD35 96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2007–2012) 1971–2012 First custom designed by Willie G. Davidson for the Super Glide series. FXD35 combined a fuel injected TC88 with 6 speed transmission in a numbered limited edition run of 3,500 to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the 1971 Super Glide design.
Low Rider FXS FXR FXDL 96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2007–2009),
| 103 cu in (1,690 cc) (2014.5–)
1977–2009, 2014.5–2016 Second custom designed for the Dyna Glide family series. 2014 mid-year return of the Lowrider after 3 model years hiatus.
Fat Bob FXEF FXDF 96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2008–) 1979–1986, 2008–2016 2012 sees the introduction of new 103ci engine
Wide Glide FXWG FXDWG FXDWGI 96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2007–) 1980–1986, 1993–2016 Extended 41 mm forks, a 21" front wheel, and forward foot controls.
Sturgis FXB 82 cu in (1,340 cc) 1980–1982, 1991 First production Harley-Davidson with a belt final drive and a belt primary drive.
Super Glide II FXR 82 cu in (1,340 cc) 1982–1985
Sport Glide FXRT 82 cu in (1,340 cc) 1983–1993
Super glide II FXRS 82 cu in (1,340 cc)[4] 1982–1988
Low Glide 82 cu in (1,340 cc) 1984–1985
Street Bob FXDB 96.7 cu in (1,584 cc) (2007–2013),
| 103 cu in (1,690 cc) (2013–)
2006–2016 First "Dark Custom" designed for the Dyna Glide family series.
Switchback FLD 103 cu in (1,690 cc)
2012–2016 Quick attach/detach saddlebags and windshield (for touring or cruising)

Softail[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
FXST Softail 1984–? First model in the Softail series.
FLSTC Heritage Softail Classic 81.8–85.4 cu in (1,340–1,399 cc) OHV Evolution 1986 - 1999 Second entry in the Softail family.
Springer Softail 1988–2006 The third version of the Softail series sporting the retro Springer frontend.
FLSTF/FLFB Fat Boy 1990–
Softail Standard 1998-
FXSTD Softail Deuce 1999–2007
FXSTB Night Train 1998–2009
FLSTN Softail Deluxe 103 cu in (1,690 cc) (Twin Cam 103B) 2005–
FXSTC Softail Custom 1988–2010
Cross Bones 2008–2011
Rocker and Rocker C 2008–2011
Fat Boy Lo 2010–
Blackline 2011–2013
Softail Slim 103 cu in (1,690 cc) 2012–
Breakout 103 cu in (1,690 cc) 2013–
FXDRS FXDR 114 cu in (1,870 cc) 2019–2020
FXDR 114 cu in (1,870 cc) 2019–2020
FXDRS 114 cu in (1,870 cc) 2019–2020
FXBRS 114 cu in (1,870 cc) 2018-2020
Low Rider "S" FXLRS 114 cu in (1,870 CC) 2019-2021

Military[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
WLA 45 cu in (740 cc) 1940–1945,
1949–1952
WLA was the U.S. Army version of civilian WL; WLC was the Canadian Army version
XA 45 cu in (740 cc) flat-twin circa 1942 Tactical motorcycle for desert warfare. Based heavily on BMW and Zündapp designs. Flat-twin engine with a longitudinal crankshaft, a gearshift pedal, shaft drive, and plunger rear suspension. Approximately 1000 produced for testing. Not used in combat nor ordered in volume.
MT350E Rotax 21.2 cu in (348 cc) OHC single 1993–2000 A development of the Armstrong MT500 dual-purpose military motorcycle.

Trikes[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Harley-Davidson Servi-Car 1932-1973
Harley-Davidson Tri Glide Ultra Classic 103 cu in (1,690 cc) OHV V-twin 2009–
Harley-Davidson Freewheeler 104–107 cu in (1,700–1,750 cc) Milwaukee 8 2015–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fogelson, Jason. "Project RUSHMORE: 2014 Harley-Davidson Motorcycles". Forbes. Jersey City, NJ. Timeline. Retrieved 2013-09-03. Project RUSHMORE: 2014 Harley-Davidson Motorcycles CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Hornsby, Andy. "A Potted History of Harley-Davidson: Part 2 1955–1978". Crewe, UK: American-V. Timeline. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 1964: KRTT DROPPED, FIRST ELECTRIC START HARLEY: THE SERVICAR CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Backus, Richard (March–April 2010). "1972–1985 Harley-Davidson Sportster 1000". Motorcycle Classics. Retrieved 2009-05-21. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ http://www.hotbikeweb.com/bikes/separating-men-boys-history-fxr

External links[edit]