List of Heisman Trophy winners

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Heisman Trophy
Given forThe outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence, perseverance, and hard work.
LocationPlayStation Theater,
Times Square, Manhattan
Presented byDowntown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
History
First awardDecember 9, 1935 to Jay Berwanger
Most recentBaker Mayfield, University of Oklahoma
Websitehttp://www.heisman.com/

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in American college football, has been awarded 81 times since its creation in 1935, including 79 unique winners and one two-time winner. The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the PlayStation Theater in Times Square, Manhattan.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible; the first player from the western United States was selected in 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award twice.[4]

On June 10, 2010, following several years of investigation, the NCAA announced that USC running back Reggie Bush, the 2005 Heisman trophy winner, received gifts from agents while still in college. The university received major sanctions,[5][6] and there were reports that the Heisman Trophy Trust would strip his award.[7] In September of that year, Bush voluntarily forfeited his title as the 2005 winner. The Heisman Trust decided to leave the award vacated with no new winner to be announced.[8]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[9] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[10] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the venue now known as PlayStation Theater, also in Times Square.[11] The move to the PlayStation Theater allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[12]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions (Far West, Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, South West), and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states.[13] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[14]

Key[edit]

* First overall draft pick in the NFL Draft
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
First overall draft pick and inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

List of Heisman Trophy winners[edit]

Heisman Winners
Year Image Name School Position Points % of Points Possible[15] Class
1935 Jay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84 43.08% Senior
1936 Larry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41% Senior
1937 Clint Frank Yale Halfback 524 32.89% Senior
1938 Davey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519 29.62% Senior
1939 A picture of Nile Kinnick posing. Nile Kinnick Iowa Halfback/Quarterback 651 31.00% Senior
1940 A picture of Tom Harmon posing. Tom Harmon* Michigan Halfback 1,303 54.29% Senior
1941 Bruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554 49.99% Senior
1942 Sinkwich bulldogs.jpg Frank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059 56.15% Senior
1943 Angelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648 64.80% Senior
1944 Les Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412 18.31% Senior
1945 A picture of Doc Blanchard posing. Doc Blanchard Army Fullback 860 33.81% Junior
1946 A picture of Glenn Davis posing. Glenn Davis Army Halfback 792 79.20% Senior
1947 A picture of John Lujack Johnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742 74.20% Senior
1948 A picture of Doak Walker. Doak Walker SMU Halfback 778 28.56% Junior
1949 Leon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53% Senior
1950 Vic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633 22.03% Junior
1951 A bronze cast statue of Kazmaier, by Timothy Maslin. Dick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777 60.01% Senior
1952 Billy Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525 14.32% Senior
1953 A picture of Johnny Lattner posing. Johnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850 49.14% Senior
1954 Alan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068 27.01% Senior
1955 A picture of Howard Cassady posing. Howard Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219 55.87% Senior
1956 Top 1961 playing card of Paul Hornugn. Paul Hornung Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066 26.96% Senior
1957 A picture of John David Crow posing. John David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183 31.12% Senior
1958 A picture of Pete Dawkins posing. Pete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394 39.01% Senior
1959 Billy Cannon at LSU.jpg Billy Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929 53.72% Senior
1960
Joe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793 52.89% Senior
1961 Statue of Ernie Davis, located in Syracuse University Quad. Ernie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824 25.18% Senior
1962
Terry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707 21.25% Senior
1963 Staubach cowboys qb.jpg Roger Staubach Navy Quarterback 1,860 55.21% Junior
1964
John Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026 30.98% Senior
1965 A picture of Mike Garrett speaking. Mike Garrett USC Halfback 926 26.61% Senior
1966 A picture of Steve Spurrier while coaching. Steve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679 48.25% Senior
1967
Gary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968 63.50% Senior
1968 A picture of O.J. Simpson posing. O. J. Simpson USC Halfback 2,853 80.64% Senior
1969
Steve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488 40.92% Senior
1970 A picture of Jim Plunkett on a phone. Jim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229 58.78% Senior
1971
Pat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597 42.25% Senior
1972
Johnny Rodgers Nebraska Wide receiver/Running back 1,310 38.75% Senior
1973
John Cappelletti Penn State Running back 1,057 32.78% Senior
1974 A picture of Archie Griffin on a phone. Archie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,920 59.53% Junior
1975 Archie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,800 57.64% Senior
1976 A picture of Tony Dorsett on a phone. Tony Dorsett Pittsburgh Running back 2,357 74.97% Senior
1977 A picture of Earl Campbell rushing the ball. Earl Campbell Texas Running back 1,547 49.11% Senior
1978 BillySimsWithFan (cropped).JPG Billy Sims* Oklahoma Running back 1,896 26.25% Junior
1979
Charles White USC Running back 1,695 53.81% Senior
1980
George Rogers* South Carolina Running back 1,128 35.81% Senior
1981 A picture of Marcus Allen golfing. Marcus Allen USC Running back 1,797 57.05% Senior
1982 A picture of Herschel Walker posing. Herschel Walker Georgia Running back 1,926 61.14% Junior
1983 A picture of Mike Rozier in 1987. Mike Rozier Nebraska Running back 1,801 57.17% Senior
1984 A picture of Doug Flutie posing. Doug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240 71.11% Senior
1985 A picture of Bo Jackson signing a football. Bo Jackson* Auburn Running back 1,509 47.90% Senior
1986 A picture of Vinny Testaverde while throwing a football. Vinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213 70.25% Senior
1987 A picture of Tim Brown wearing a jersey. Tim Brown Notre Dame Wide receiver 1,442 45.78% Senior
1988 A picture of Barry Sanders posing. Barry Sanders Oklahoma State Running back 1,878 68.27% Junior
1989 A picture of Andre Ware wearing pads. Andre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073 38.96% Junior
1990 A picture of Ty Detmer wearing a button down. Ty Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482 53.87% Junior
1991 A picture of Desmond Howard wearing a suit. Desmond Howard Michigan Wide receiver/Punt returner 2,077 75.50% Junior
1992 A picture of Gino Torreta posing. Gino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400 50.84% Senior
1993 A picture of Charlie Ward wearing a football uniform. Charlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 2,310 83.79% Senior
1994 Rashaan Salaam Colorado Running back 1,743 63.15% Junior
1995 A picture of Eddie George wearing sunglasses. Eddie George Ohio State Running back 1,460 52.84% Senior
1996 A picture of Danny Wuerffel giving a speech. Danny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363 49.38% Senior
1997 A picture of Charles Woodson signing an autograph. Charles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/Punt returner 1,815 65.69% Junior
1998 A picture of Ricky Williams while playing for the Dolphins. Ricky Williams Texas Running back 2,355 85.23% Senior
1999 Ron Dayne in 2010. Ron Dayne Wisconsin Running back 2,042 73.83% Senior
2000 A picture of Chris Weinke at a podium. Chris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628 58.86% Senior
2001
Eric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770 27.75% Senior
2002 A picture of Carson Palmer playing for the Raiders. Carson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328 48.01% Senior
2003 A picture of Jason White while with the Sooners. Jason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481 53.54% Junior
2004 A picture of Matt Leinart holding his Heisman trophy. Matt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325 47.85% Junior
2005
(vacated)
A picture of Reggie Bush. Reggie Bush USC Running back 2,541 91.77% Junior
2006 A picture of Troy Smith throwing a pass. Troy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540 91.63% Senior
2007 A picture of Tim Tebow throwing a pass. Tim Tebow Florida Quarterback 1,957 70.52% Sophomore
2008 Sam Bradford during the 2008 NCAA season. Sam Bradford* Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726 62.13% Sophomore
2009 A picture of Mark Ingram at the White House. Mark Ingram Jr. Alabama Running back 1,304 46.99% Sophomore
2010 A picture of Cam Newton with glasses on. Cam Newton* Auburn Quarterback 2,263 81.55% Junior
2011 A picture of Robert Griffin posing. Robert Griffin III Baylor Quarterback 1,687 60.66% Junior
2012 A picture of Johnny Manziel in 2015. Johnny Manziel Texas A&M Quarterback 2,029 72.88% Freshman
2013 A picture of Jameis Winston while shaking someone's hand. Jameis Winston* Florida State Quarterback 2,205 79.12% Freshman
2014 A picture of Marcus Mariota while holding a football during a game. Marcus Mariota Oregon Quarterback 2,534 90.92% Junior
2015 Henry (#2) at the U.S. Army All-American Bowl, 2013. Derrick Henry Alabama Running back 1,832 65.73% Junior
2016 Lamar jackson ravens camp 2018 (cropped).jpg Lamar Jackson Louisville Quarterback 2,144 79.50% Sophomore
2017 Mayfield at 2017 Big 12 Media Days Baker Mayfield* Oklahoma Quarterback 2,398 86.00% Senior

Trophies won by school[edit]

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each (USC's 2005 award having been voluntarily forfeited). Ohio State has the distinction of the only two-time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 40 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy, while 18 schools have more than one trophy.

School Trophies
held
Notre Dame 7
Ohio State 7
Oklahoma 6
USC 6
Army 3
Auburn 3
Florida 3
Florida State 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Alabama 2
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Texas A&M 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Baylor 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
Louisville 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy) Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008. (Site defunct prior to 9/10) Archived February 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914–2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "The Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Archived 2012-01-04 at the Wayback Machine. Heisman.com. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  5. ^ USC punished with two-year football posteason ban. ESPN, 2010-06-11.
  6. ^ "NCAA infraction report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-05. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
  7. ^ "news: Heisman Trust leader denies decision to revoke Bush's trophy". NFL. September 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
  8. ^ "Reggie Bush's Heisman to stay vacated". ESPN. September 16, 2010. Archived from the original on January 10, 2016.
  9. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club[dead link] Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  11. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
  12. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  13. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  14. ^ "Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Archived from the original on 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  15. ^ Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. Retrieved 19 December 2011.

External links[edit]