List of Himalayan peaks and passes

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Overall, the Himalayan mountain system is the world's highest, and is home to 10 of 14 of the world's highest peaks, the Eight-thousanders, and a further 50 peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The Karakoram and Hindu Kush are regarded as separate ranges. In the table below sorting by coordinates sorts by longitude (i.e. West to East) and "HP" = High point.

Peaks[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
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Global Rank Peak Name Other names and meaning Elevation Prominence Isolation Region Coordinates Country First Ascent Notes
m ft
1 Mount Everest Sagarmatha, Chomolungma 8,850 29,029 8,848 infinite Mahalangur

27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528 (1. Mount Everest / Sagarmatha / Chomolungma (8848 m))

Nepal • China 1953 HP World
3 Kanchenjunga "Five treasures of great snow" 8,586 28,169 3,922 124.3 E Nepal/Sikkim 27°42′12″N 88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 (3. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)) Nepal • India 1955 Easternmost 8000m peak, HP India
4 Lhotse "South Peak" 8,516 27,940 610 2.7 Mahalangur 27°57′42″N 86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306 (4. Lhotse (8516 m)) Nepal • China 1956 Part of Everest massif.
5 Makalu "The Great Black" 8,485 27,838 2,378 17.2 Mahalangur 27°53′23″N 87°05′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.08889 (5. Makalu (8485 m)) Nepal • China 1955 east of Mt. Everest
6 Cho Oyu "Turquoise Goddess" 8,188 26,864 2,340 28.5 Mahalangur 28°05′39″N 86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.66083 (6. Cho Oyu (8188 m)) Nepal • China 1954 Easiest 8000m peak
7 Dhaulagiri I "White Mountain" 8,167 26,795 3,357 317.6 Central 28°41′48″N 83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.49306 (7. Dhaulagiri I (8167 m)) Nepal 1960 west of Gandaki River
8 Manaslu Kutang, "Mountain of the Spirit" 8,163 26,781 3,092 105.6 Central 28°33′00″N 84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.55972 (8. Manaslu (8163 m)) Nepal 1956
9 Nanga Parbat Diamir, "Naked Mountain" 8,126 26,660 4,608 188.5 Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) region 35°14′14″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.58917 (9. Nanga Parbat (8126 m)) Pakistan 1953 Westernmost peak of Himalayas, rises 7000m above Indus River.
10 Annapurna I "Goddess of the Harvests" 8,091 26,545 2,984 33.9 Central 28°35′44″N 83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.82028 (10. Annapurna I (8091 m)) Nepal 1950 north of Pokhara
14 Shishapangma "Crest above the grassy plains", Gosainthan 8,027 26,335 2,897 91.3 Central 28°21′12″N 85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.77861 (14. Shishapangma (8027 m)) China 1964 about 10 km north of Nepal border.
15 Gyachung Kang unknown 7,952 26,089 672 7.6 Mahalangur 28°05′53″N 86°44′32″E / 28.09806°N 86.74222°E / 28.09806; 86.74222 (15. Gyachung Kang (7952 m)) Nepal • China 1964 Highest mountain under 8,000m
Nuptse "West Peak" in Tibetan 7,861 25,791 305 3.4 Mahalangur Nepal 1961 sub peak of Lhotse
23 Nanda Devi "Bliss-giving Goddess" 7,816 25,643 3,139 388.7 Garhwal 30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.97083 (23. Nanda Devi (7816 m)) India 1936 HP Uttarakhand. Highest peak entirely within India.
28 Namcha Barwa 7,782 25,531 4,106 707.8 Assam 29°37′52″N 95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.05528 (28. Namcha Barwa (7782 m)) China 1992 Eastern end of Himalaya
29 Kamet 7,756 25,446 2,825 70.3 Garhwal 30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 (29. Kamet (7756 m)) India 1931
34 Gurla Mandhata 7,694 25,243 2,788 127.5 West Tibetan 30°26′19″N 81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.29667 (34. Gurla Mandhata (7694 m)) China 1985
40 Gangkhar Puensum Gankar Punzum, "Three Mountain Siblings" 7,570 24,836 2,995 228.1 Bhutanese 28°02′50″N 90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 (40. Gangkhar Puensum (7570 m)) Bhutan • China unclimbed HP Bhutan. World's highest unclimbed peak. Off-limits.
45 Kula Kangri 7,538 24,731 1,654 25.4 Bhutanese 28°13′37″N 90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.61639 (45. Kula Kangri (7538 m)) China (Bhutan)[1] 1986
62 Yangra Ganesh I 7,422 24,350 2,352 48.1 Central 28°23′29″N 85°07′38″E / 28.39139°N 85.12722°E / 28.39139; 85.12722 (62. Yangra / Ganesh I (7422 m)) Nepal • China 1955
75 Labuche Kang 7,367 24,170 1,957 38.3 Central 28°18′15″N 86°21′03″E / 28.30417°N 86.35083°E / 28.30417; 86.35083 (75. Labuche Kang (7367 m)) China 1987
78 Jomolhari 7,326 24,035 2,065 106 Bhutanese 27°49′36″N 89°16′04″E / 27.82667°N 89.26778°E / 27.82667; 89.26778 (78. Jomolhari (7326 m)) Bhutan • China 1937
84 Gyala Peri 7,294 23,930 2,942 20.4 Assam[2] 29°48′52″N 94°58′07″E / 29.81444°N 94.96861°E / 29.81444; 94.96861 (84. Gyala Peri (7294 m)) China 1986
98 Langtang Lirung 7,227 23,711 1,534 24.5 Central 28°15′22″N 85°31′01″E / 28.25611°N 85.51694°E / 28.25611; 85.51694 (98. Langtang Lirung (7227 m)) Nepal 1978
102 Tongshanjiabu 7,207 23,645 1,757 38.8 Bhutanese 28°11′12″N 89°57′27″E / 28.18667°N 89.95750°E / 28.18667; 89.95750 (102. Tongshanjiabu (7207 m)) Bhutan • China[3] unclimbed
104 Noijin Kangsang 7,206 23,642 2,160 88.4 East Tibetan 28°56′48″N 90°10′42″E / 28.94667°N 90.17833°E / 28.94667; 90.17833 (104. Noijin Kangsang / Norin Kang (7206 m)) China 1986
120 Nun 7,135 23,409 2,404 166.7 Punjab 33°58′48″N 76°01′18″E / 33.98000°N 76.02167°E / 33.98000; 76.02167 (Nun) India 1953
148 Kangto 7,060 23,163 2,195 189.6 Assam 27°51′54″N 92°31′57″E / 27.86500°N 92.53250°E / 27.86500; 92.53250 (Kangto) India • China
Machapuchare "Fish Tail" 6,993 22,943 1233 9.2 Central 28°29′42″N 83°56′57″E / 28.49500°N 83.94917°E / 28.49500; 83.94917 (Machapuchare) Nepal 1957 (short of summit.) Sacred to Shiva, off-limits.
Dorje Lakpa "Langtang Himal" 6,966 22,854 796 15.1 Central 28°10′26″N 85°46′45″E / 28.17389°N 85.77917°E / 28.17389; 85.77917 (Dorje Lakpa) Nepal 1992 NW of Kathmandu.
Ama Dablam "Mother And Her Necklace" 6,814 22,356 1027 10.3 Mahalangur 27°51′40″N 86°51′40″E / 27.86111°N 86.86111°E / 27.86111; 86.86111 (Ama Dablam (6814m)) Nepal 1961
Mount Kailash Kang Rinpoche (Precious Snow Peak) 6,638 21,778 1319 66.0 West Tibetan[4] 31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250 (Mount Kailash) China Unclimbed Sacred to four religions, near sources of four major rivers.

Passes and routes[edit]

The rugged terrain makes few routes through the mountains possible. Some routes through the Himalaya include:

Notable passes and routes
Pass or route Elevation Coordinates Notes
m ft
Banihal Pass 2,832 9,291 33°31′N 75°16′E / 33.517°N 75.267°E / 33.517; 75.267 (Banihal Pass) connecting the hill areas of Jammu to the Kashmir Valley
Zoji La 3,528 11,575 34°16′44″N 75°28′19″E / 34.27889°N 75.47194°E / 34.27889; 75.47194 (Zoji La) between the vale of Kashmir and the Kargil district, and is the only Western entrance to the highlands of Ladakh
Rohtang Pass 3,973 13,035 32°22′17″N 77°14′47″E / 32.37139°N 77.24639°E / 32.37139; 77.24639 (Rohtang Pass) Himachal Pradesh, India.
Kunzum Pass 4590 15059 32.3989° N, 77.6356° E Himachal Pradesh, India
Mohan Pass 800 2,600 30°14′N 77°58′E / 30.233°N 77.967°E / 30.233; 77.967 (Mohan Pass) the principal pass in the Siwalik Hills, the southernmost and geologically youngest foothills running parallel to the main Himalayas in Sikkim.
Kora La 4,594 15,072 29°18′14″N 83°58′7″E / 29.30389°N 83.96861°E / 29.30389; 83.96861 (Kora La) on the Nepal-Tibet border at the upper end of Mustang. The Kali Gandaki Gorge (a graben),[5] transects the main Himalaya and Transhimalayan ranges. Kora La is the lowest pass through both ranges between K2 and Everest, but some 300 metres (980 ft) higher than Nathula and Jelepla passes further east between Sikkim and Tibet
Arniko Rajmarg/Friendship Highway route 5,260 17,260 from Kathmandu, Nepal crossing into Tibet at Kodari/Zhangmu, to Nyalam, Lalung-La pass (5,050m/16,570'), Tingri, Shelkar, Gyatso La pass, to Lhatse on the Yarlung Tsangpo/Brahmaputra River about 460 road kilometers west of Lhasa
Gangtok 4,310 14,140 27°20′N 88°37′E / 27.33°N 88.62°E / 27.33; 88.62 (Gangtok) in Sikkim to Lhasa in Tibet, via the Nathula and Jelepla Passes (offshoots of the ancient Silk Road)
Thorong La 5,416 17,769 28°47′37″N 83°56′14″E / 28.79361°N 83.93722°E / 28.79361; 83.93722 (Thorong La) The high point of the Annapurna Circuit, it connects the Manang District to the Mustang District in Nepal.
Mana Pass 5,545 18,192 31°04′06″N 79°25′00″E / 31.06833°N 79.41667°E / 31.06833; 79.41667 (Mana Pass) on the border between India and Tibet
Sela Pass 4,177 13,704 on the Road between Bomdila town and Tawang Town in Arunachala pradesh state in INDIA

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wholly claimed by China as a part of its Tibet Autonomous Region; on the border with Bhutan according to Bhutan
  2. ^ Strictly not in the Himalaya, but in the Nyenchen Tanglha Shan in East Tibet
  3. ^ Wholly claimed by Bhutan, but on the border of the Tibet Autonomous Region according to China.
  4. ^ Strictly not in the Himalaya, but in the Transhimalaya on the Tibetan plateau
  5. ^ Godin, L.; et al. (1999). Allison MacFarlane, Rasoul B. Sorkhabi, Jay Quade, eds. "High strain zone in the hanging wall of the Annapurna detachment". Himalaya and Tibet: Mountain Roots to Mountain Tops. GSA (328): 201.