List of Himalayan peaks and passes

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Overall, the Himalayan mountain system is the world's highest, and is home to 10 of 14 of the world's highest peaks, the Eight-thousanders, and a further 50 peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The Karakoram and Hindu Kush are regarded as separate ranges. In the table below sorting by coordinates sorts by longitude (i.e. West to East) and "HP" = High point.

Peaks[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML
Global Rank Peak Name Other names and meaning Elevation Prominence
(metres)
Isolation Region Coordinates Country (disputed claims in italics) First
Ascent
Notes
m ft
1 Mount Everest Sagarmatha, Chomolungma 8,848.86 29,031 8,848 infinite Mahalangur

27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E / 27.98806°N 86.92528°E / 27.98806; 86.92528 (1. Mount Everest / Sagarmatha / Chomolungma (8848 m))

Nepal 1953 HP World
2 K2 Godwin Austin, Chhogori "Savage Mountain" 8,611 28,251 4,020 136 Karakoram 35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333 (2. K2 (8611 m)) Pakistan • China[1][dp 1] 1954 Highest peak in India
3 Kanchenjunga "Five treasures of great snow" 8,586 28,169 3,922 124.3 Nepal/India 27°42′12″N 88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 (3. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)) India • Nepal 1955 second highest peak in India, Easternmost 8000m peak
4 Lhotse "South Peak" 8,516 27,940 610 2.7 Mahalangur 27°57′42″N 86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306 (4. Lhotse (8516 m)) Nepal • China 1956 Part of Everest massif
5 Makalu "The Great Black" 8,485 27,838 2,378 17.2 Mahalangur 27°53′23″N 87°05′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.08889 (5. Makalu (8485 m)) Nepal • China 1955 East of Mt. Everest
6 Cho Oyu "Turquoise Goddess" 8,281 27,162 2,430 28.5 Mahalangur 28°05′39″N 86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.66083 (6. Cho Oyu (8188 m)) Nepal • China 1954 Easiest 8000m peak
7 Dhaulagiri I "White Mountain" 8,176 26,825 3,357 317.6 Central 28°41′48″N 83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.49306 (7. Dhaulagiri I (8167 m)) Nepal 1960 West of Gandaki River
8 Manaslu Kutang, "Mountain of the Spirit" 8,163 26,781 3,092 105.6 Central 28°33′00″N 84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.55972 (8. Manaslu (8163 m)) Nepal 1956
9 Nanga Parbat Diamir, "Naked Mountain" 8,126 26,660 4,608 188.5 Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) region 35°14′14″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.58917 (9. Nanga Parbat (8126 m)) Pakistan[2][dp 1] 1953 Westernmost peak of Himalayas, rises 7000m above Indus River.
10 Annapurna I "Goddess of the Harvests" 8,100 26,568 2,984 33.9 Central 28°35′44″N 83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.82028 (10. Annapurna I (8091 m)) Nepal 1950 North of Pokhara
14 Shishapangma "Crest above the grassy plains", Gosainthan 8,064 26,450 2,897 91.3 Central 28°21′12″N 85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.77861 (14. Shishapangma (8027 m)) Nepal • China 1964 About 10 km north of Nepal border.
15 Gyachung Kang Buddha's Peak 7,995 26,224 672 7.6 Mahalangur 28°05′53″N 86°44′32″E / 28.09806°N 86.74222°E / 28.09806; 86.74222 (15. Gyachung Kang (7952 m)) Nepal • China 1964 Highest mountain under 8,000m
16 Nuptse "West Peak" in Tibetan 7,950 26,076 305 3.4 Mahalangur 27°57′59″N 86°53′24″E / 27.96639°N 86.89000°E / 27.96639; 86.89000 (16. Nuptse (7950 m)) Nepal 1961 sub peak of Lhotse
23 Nanda Devi "Bliss-giving Goddess" 7,925 25,994 3,139 388.7 Garhwal 30°22′33″N 79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.97083 (23. Nanda Devi (7925 m)) India 1936 HP Uttarakhand. Highest peak entirely within India.
28 Namcha Barwa 7,833 25,692 4,160 707.8 Arunachal Pradesh 29°37′52″N 95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.05528 (28. Namcha Barwa (7782 m)) India • China 1992 Eastern end of Himalaya
29 Kamet 7,800 25,584 2,825 70.3 Garhwal 30°55′12″N 79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 (29. Kamet (7756 m)) India 1931
34 Gurla Mandhata 7,744 25,400 2,788 127.5 West Tibetan 30°26′19″N 81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.29667 (34. Gurla Mandhata (7694 m)) India • China 1985
40 Gangkhar Puensum Gankar Punzum, "Three Mountain Siblings" 7,700 25,256 3,025 228.1 Bhutanese 28°02′50″N 90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 (40. Gangkhar Puensum (7570 m)) Bhutan unclimbed HP Bhutan. World's highest unclimbed peak. Off-limits.
45 Kula Kangri 7,600 24,928 1,654 25.4 Bhutanese 28°13′37″N 90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.61639 (45. Kula Kangri (7538 m)) China (Bhutan)[3] 1986
62 Yangra Ganesh I 7,500 24,600 2,352 48.1 Central 28°23′29″N 85°07′38″E / 28.39139°N 85.12722°E / 28.39139; 85.12722 (62. Yangra / Ganesh I (7422 m)) Nepal • China 1955
75 Labuche Kang 7,396 24,259 1,957 38.3 Central 28°18′15″N 86°21′03″E / 28.30417°N 86.35083°E / 28.30417; 86.35083 (75. Labuche Kang (7367 m)) Nepal • China 1987
78 Jomolhari 7,326 24,035 2,065 106 Bhutanese 27°49′36″N 89°16′04″E / 27.82667°N 89.26778°E / 27.82667; 89.26778 (78. Jomolhari (7326 m)) Bhutan • China 1937
84 Gyala Peri 7,294 23,930 2,942 20.4 Tibet[4] 29°48′52″N 94°58′07″E / 29.81444°N 94.96861°E / 29.81444; 94.96861 (84. Gyala Peri (7294 m)) China[5] 1986
98 Langtang Lirung 7,225 23,698 1,534 24.5 Central 28°15′22″N 85°31′01″E / 28.25611°N 85.51694°E / 28.25611; 85.51694 (98. Langtang Lirung (7227 m)) Nepal 1978
102 Tongshanjiabu 7,200 23,616 1,757 38.8 Bhutanese 28°11′12″N 89°57′27″E / 28.18667°N 89.95750°E / 28.18667; 89.95750 (102. Tongshanjiabu (7207 m)) Bhutan • China[6] unclimbed
104 Noijin Kangsang 7,190 23,583 2,160 88.4 East Tibetan 28°56′48″N 90°10′42″E / 28.94667°N 90.17833°E / 28.94667; 90.17833 (104. Noijin Kangsang / Norin Kang (7206 m)) China[7] 1986
120 Nun 7,135 23,409 2,404 166.7 Punjab 33°58′48″N 76°01′18″E / 33.98000°N 76.02167°E / 33.98000; 76.02167 (Nun) India 1953
148 Kangto 7,060 23,163 2,195 189.6 Arunachal Pradesh 27°51′54″N 92°31′57″E / 27.86500°N 92.53250°E / 27.86500; 92.53250 (Kangto) India • China
Machapuchare "Fish Tail" 6,993 22,943 1233 9.2 Central 28°29′42″N 83°56′57″E / 28.49500°N 83.94917°E / 28.49500; 83.94917 (Machapuchare) Nepal 1957(short of
summit)
Sacred to Shiva, off-limits.
Dorje Lakpa "Langtang Himal" 6,966 22,854 796 15.1 Central 28°10′26″N 85°46′45″E / 28.17389°N 85.77917°E / 28.17389; 85.77917 (Dorje Lakpa) Nepal 1992 NW of Kathmandu.
Kedarnath "The Great God" 6,940 22,763.2 1027 10.3 Himalayas 30°47′42″N 79°04′10″E / 30.79500°N 79.06944°E / 30.79500; 79.06944 (Kedarnath (6940m)) India 1947
Kedarnath (mountain) "Kedarnath II" 6,831 22405.68 1027 10.3 Himalayas 30°48′31″N 79°04′44″E / 30.80861°N 79.07889°E / 30.80861; 79.07889 (Kedarnath Dome (6831m)) India 1947
Ama Dablam "Mother And Her Necklace" 6,814 22,349.92 1027 10.3 Mahalangur 27°51′40″N 86°51′40″E / 27.86111°N 86.86111°E / 27.86111; 86.86111 (Ama Dablam (6814m)) Nepal 1961
Badrinath "The Kind God" 6,798 22297.44 1027 10.3 Himalayas 30°47′42″N 79°04′10″E / 30.79500°N 79.06944°E / 30.79500; 79.06944 (Badrinath (6798m)) India 1947
Mount Kailash Kang Rinpoche (Precious Snow Peak) 6,638 21,778 1319 66.0 West Tibetan[8] 31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250 (Mount Kailash) Nepal Unclimbed Sacred to four religions, near sources of four major rivers.
Mana Peak "Manaswini" 6,561 21520.08 1027 10.3 Himalayas 31°05′13″N 79°27′06″E / 31.08694°N 79.45167°E / 31.08694; 79.45167 (Manasvini/Mana Peak (6561m)) India 1972
Bandarpunch "Mahalangur Hanuman" 6,498 21313.44 1027 10.3 Mahalangur 30°47′42″N 79°04′10″E / 30.79500°N 79.06944°E / 30.79500; 79.06944 (Bandarpunch (6940m)) India 1947
Gangotri "Origin of Shri Mata Ganga" 6,400 20992 1027 10.3 Himalayas 31°N 79°E / 31°N 79°E / 31; 79 (Gangotri (6400m)) India ????
Yamunotri "Origin of Shri Mata Yamuna" 6,381 20929.68 1027 10.3 Himalayas 31°10′N 78°59′E / 31.167°N 78.983°E / 31.167; 78.983 (Yamunotri (6381m)) India ????

Passes and routes[edit]

The rugged terrain makes few routes through the mountains possible. Some routes through the Himalaya include:

Notable passes and routes Notes
Pass or route Elevation Coordinates
m ft
Banihal Pass 2,832 9,291 33°31′N 75°16′E / 33.517°N 75.267°E / 33.517; 75.267 (Banihal Pass) Connecting the hill areas of Jammu to the Kashmir Valley
Zoji La 3,528 11,575 34°16′44″N 75°28′19″E / 34.27889°N 75.47194°E / 34.27889; 75.47194 (Zoji La) Between the vale of Kashmir and the Kargil district, and is the only Western entrance to the highlands of Ladakh
Rohtang Pass 3,973 13,035 32°22′17″N 77°14′47″E / 32.37139°N 77.24639°E / 32.37139; 77.24639 (Rohtang Pass) Himachal Pradesh, India.
Kunzum Pass 4,590 15,060 32°23′56″N 77°38′8″E / 32.39889°N 77.63556°E / 32.39889; 77.63556 (Rohtang Pass) Himachal Pradesh, India
Shipki La Pass 4,500 14,764 On the road between Shipki town and Shimla in Himachal Pradesh state, India
Baralacha La Pass 4,450 14,600 On the road between the China border and Sangla Town, Himachal Pradesh
Mohan Pass 1,800 5,900 30°14′N 77°58′E / 30.233°N 77.967°E / 30.233; 77.967 (Mohan Pass) The principal pass in the Siwalik Hills, the southernmost and geologically youngest foothills running parallel to the main Himalayas in Sikkim.
Kora La 4,594 15,072 29°18′14″N 83°58′7″E / 29.30389°N 83.96861°E / 29.30389; 83.96861 (Kora La) On the Nepal-Tibet border at the upper end of Mustang. The Kali Gandaki Gorge (a graben),[9] transects the main Himalaya and Transhimalayan ranges. Kora La is the lowest pass through both ranges between K2 and Everest, but some 300 metres (980 ft) higher than Nathula and Jelepla passes further east between Sikkim and Tibet
Arniko Rajmarg/Friendship Highway route 5,260 17,260 From Kathmandu, Nepal crossing into Tibet at Kodari/Zhangmu, to Nyalam, Lalung-La pass (5,050m/16,570 ft), Tingri, Shelkar, Gyatso La pass, to Lhatse on the Yarlung Tsangpo/Brahmaputra River about 460 road km west of Lhasa
Lipulekh Pass 4,400 14,436 On the road between Kalapani and Kailash Mansarovar Lake Road in Uttarakhand state, India
Nathu La 4,310 14,140 27°20′N 88°37′E / 27.33°N 88.62°E / 27.33; 88.62 (Gangtok) in Sikkim to Lhasa in Tibet, via the Nathula and Jelepla passes (offshoots of the ancient Silk Road)
Jelep La 4,252 13,950 On the road between Kupup town and Baba Hanuman Singh Mandir in Sikkim state, India
Umling La 5,883 19,301 Connecting Demchok and Chisumle villages, 230 km from Leh Town in Ladakh. Stretching for 86 km, the temperature ranges from -10°C to -20°C. Oxygen level is 50% less than normal range. [10]
Thorong La 5,416 17,769 28°47′37″N 83°56′14″E / 28.79361°N 83.93722°E / 28.79361; 83.93722 (Thorong La) The high point of the Annapurna Circuit, it connects the Manang District to the Mustang District in Nepal.
Mana Pass 5,632 18,478 31°04′06″N 79°25′00″E / 31.06833°N 79.41667°E / 31.06833; 79.41667 (Mana Pass) On the border between India and Tibet. 2nd Highest motorable Road in India and in the world.
Khardung La Pass 5,600 18,373 On the road between Diskit town and Galwan Valley in Ladakh state, India. 3rd highest motorable road in India and in the world.
Sela Pass 4,225 13,862 On the road between Bomdila town and Tawang Town in Arunachal Pradesh state, India
Changla Pass 5,036 16,522 On the road between Pangong Tso and Leh Town in Ladakh state, India.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In Pakistan's disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region, claimed by India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica, Editors of Encyclopaedia (18 November 2019). "K2". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 February 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Quote: "K2 is located in the Karakoram Range and lies partly in a Chinese-administered enclave of the Kashmir region within the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China, and partly in the Gilgit-Baltistan portion of Kashmir under the administration of Pakistan."
  2. ^ "Nanga Parbat | mountain, Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  3. ^ Wholly claimed by China as a part of its Tibet Autonomous Region; Actually Bhutan • China
  4. ^ Strictly not in the Himalaya, but in the Nyenchen Tanglha Shan in East Tibet
  5. ^ "Gyala Peri - Peakbagger.com". www.peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  6. ^ Wholly claimed by Bhutan, but on the border of the Tibet Autonomous Region according to China.
  7. ^ "Noijin Kangsang". PeakVisor. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  8. ^ Strictly not in the Himalaya, but in the Transhimalaya on the Tibetan plateau
  9. ^ Godin, L.; et al. (1999). Allison MacFarlane; Rasoul B. Sorkhabi; Jay Quade (eds.). "High strain zone in the hanging wall of the Annapurna detachment". Himalaya and Tibet: Mountain Roots to Mountain Tops. GSA (328): 201.
  10. ^ [https://www.makemytrip.com/blog/worlds-highest-motorable-pass-ladakh#:~:text=If%20you%20agree%E2%80%94and%20if,height%20of%20over%2019%2C300%20feet.