List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

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This is a list of Hispanic and Latino Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Persons included are identified as having a lineage from Spain or Latin America, a definition which includes Brazil but not Portugal.

Entries shaded in gray refer to current members of the U.S. Congress.

Senate[edit]

Picture Senator
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
Sen. Bouligny Bouligny, DominiqueDominique Bouligny
(1773–1833)
Adams-Clay Republican Louisiana November 19, 1824 March 4, 1829  Spain Retired
Sen. Yulee Yulee, David LevyDavid Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Democratic Florida July 1, 1845 March 4, 1851  Spain Lost reelection
March 4, 1855 January 21, 1861 Resigned when Florida seceded from the Union
Sen. Benjamin Benjamin, Judah P.Judah P. Benjamin
(1811–1884)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1853 February 4, 1861  Spain Resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union
Sen. Larrazolo Larrazolo, OctavianoOctaviano Larrazolo
(1859–1930)
Republican New Mexico December 7, 1928 March 4, 1929  Mexico Retired
Sen. Chávez Chávez, DennisDennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Democratic New Mexico May 11, 1935 November 18, 1962  Spain Died in office
Sen. Montoya Montoya, JosephJoseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Democratic New Mexico November 4, 1964 January 3, 1977  Spain Lost reelection
Sen. Sununu Sununu, John E.John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Republican New Hampshire January 3, 2003 January 3, 2009  Cuba
 El Salvador
Lost reelection
Sen. Martínez Martínez, MelMel Martínez[1]
(born 1946)
Republican Florida January 3, 2005 September 9, 2009  Cuba Resigned
Sen. Salazar Salazar, KenKen Salazar
(born 1955)
Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 20, 2009  Mexico Resigned to become United States Secretary of the Interior
Sen. Menendez Menendez, BobBob Menendez
(born 1954)
Democratic New Jersey January 17, 2006 present  Cuba
Sen. Rubio Rubio, MarcoMarco Rubio
(born 1971)
Republican Florida January 3, 2011 present  Cuba
Sen. Cruz Cruz, TedTed Cruz
(born 1970)
Republican Texas January 3, 2013 present  Cuba
Sen. Cortez Masto Cortez Masto, CatherineCatherine Cortez Masto
(born 1964)
Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present  Mexico

Elected, but not seated[edit]

Picture Senator-elect
(lifespan)
Party State Term Hispanic Ancestry Notes
Sen.-elect Gayarré Gayarré, CharlesCharles Gayarré
(1805–1895)
Jacksonian Democrat Louisiana Elected 1834  Spain Not seated due to ill health

House of Representatives[edit]

Picture Representative
(lifespan)
Party State Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
No image.svg la Branche, AlcéeAlcée la Branche
(1806–1881)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1843 March 4, 1845  Spain Retired
Rep. Bouligny Bouligny, JohnJohn Bouligny
(1824–1864)
American (Know-Nothing) Louisiana March 4, 1859 March 4, 1861  Spain Retired[2]
Rep. Pacheco Pacheco, RomualdoRomualdo Pacheco[3]
(1831–1899)
Republican California March 4, 1877 February 7, 1878  Mexico Lost election contestation
March 4, 1879 March 4, 1883 Retired
Rep. Estopinal Estopinal, AlbertAlbert Estopinal
(1845–1919)
Democratic Louisiana November 3, 1908 April 28, 1919  Spain Died in office
Rep. Lazaro Lazaro, LadislasLadislas Lazaro
(1872–1927)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1913 March 30, 1927  Spain Died in office
Rep. Hernández Hernández, Benigno C.Benigno C. Hernández
(1862–1954)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1915 March 4, 1917  Mexico Lost reelection
March 4, 1919 March 4, 1921 Retired
Rep. Montoya Montoya, NéstorNéstor Montoya
(1862–1923)
Republican New Mexico January 4, 1921 January 13, 1923  Mexico Died in office
Rep. Chávez Chávez, DennisDennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1931 January 3, 1935  Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico[4]
Rep. Fernández Fernández, Joachim O.Joachim O. Fernández
(1896–1978)
Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1931 January 3, 1941  Spain Lost reelection
Rep. Fernández Fernández, Antonio M.Antonio M. Fernández
(1902–1956)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1943 November 7, 1956  Mexico Died in office
Rep. Montoya Montoya, JosephJoseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Democratic New Mexico April 9, 1957 November 3, 1964  Spain Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Mexico
Rep. González González, Henry B.Henry B. González
(1916–2000)
Democratic Texas November 4, 1961 January 3, 1999  Mexico Retired
Rep. Gill Gill, Thomas PonceThomas Ponce Gill
(1922–2009)
Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963 January 3, 1965  Cuba Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from Hawaii
Rep. Roybal Roybal, Edward R.Edward R. Roybal
(1916–2005)
Democratic California January 3, 1963 January 3, 1993  Spain Retired
Rep. de la Garza de la Garza, KikaKika de la Garza
(1927-2017)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1965 January 3, 1997  Mexico Retired
Rep. Lujan Lujan, ManuelManuel Lujan
(born 1928)
Republican New Mexico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1989  Mexico Retired[5]
Rep. Badillo Badillo, HermanHerman Badillo
(1929–2014)
Democratic[6] New York January 3, 1971 December 31, 1977  Puerto Rico Resigned to become Deputy Mayor of New York City
Rep. Rangel Rangel, CharlesCharles Rangel
(born 1930)
Democratic New York January 3, 1971 January 3, 2017  Puerto Rico Retired
Rep. García García, RobertRobert García
(1933–2017)
Democratic New York February 21, 1978 January 7, 1990  Puerto Rico Resigned[7]
Rep. Martínez Martínez, MatthewMatthew Martínez
(1929–2011)
Democratic (1982–2000) California July 13, 1982 January 3, 2001  Mexico Lost renomination and joined the Republican Party
Republican (2000–2001)
Rep. Ortiz Ortiz, Solomon P.Solomon P. Ortiz
(born 1937)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1983 January 3, 2011  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Richardson Richardson, BillBill Richardson
(born 1947)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1983 February 13, 1997  Spain
 Mexico
Resigned to become United States Ambassador to the United Nations[8]
Rep. Torres Torres, Esteban E.Esteban E. Torres
(born 1930)
Democratic California January 3, 1983 January 3, 1999  Mexico Retired
Rep. Vucanovich Vucanovich, BarbaraBarbara Vucanovich[9]
(1921–2013)
Republican Nevada January 3, 1983 January 3, 1997  Spain Retired
Rep. Bustamente Bustamante, AlbertAlbert Bustamante
(born 1935)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1985 January 3, 1993  Mexico Lost reelection[10]
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen Ros-Lehtinen, IleanaIleana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida August 29, 1989 present  Cuba
Rep. Serrano Serrano, José E.José E. Serrano
(born 1943)
Democratic New York March 20, 1990 present  Puerto Rico
Rep. Pastor Pastor, EdEd Pastor
(born 1943)
Democratic Arizona October 3, 1991 January 3, 2015  Mexico Retired
Rep. Becerra Becerra, XavierXavier Becerra
(born 1958)
Democratic California January 3, 1993 January 24, 2017  Mexico Resigned to become Attorney General of California
Rep. Bonilla Bonilla, HenryHenry Bonilla
(born 1954)
Republican Texas January 3, 1993 January 3, 2007  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Díaz-Balart Díaz-Balart, LincolnLincoln Díaz-Balart
(born 1954)
Republican Florida January 3, 1993 January 3, 2011  Cuba Retired
Rep. Gutiérrez Gutiérrez, LuisLuis Gutiérrez
(born 1953)
Democratic Illinois January 3, 1993 present  Puerto Rico
Rep. Menendez Menendez, BobBob Menendez
(born 1954)
Democratic New Jersey January 3, 1993 January 16, 2006  Cuba Resigned to accept appointment as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
Rep. Roybal-Allard Roybal-Allard, LucilleLucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California January 3, 1993 present  Spain
Rep. Tejeda Tejeda, FrankFrank Tejeda
(1945–1997)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1993 January 30, 1997  Mexico Died in office
Rep. Velázquez Velázquez, NydiaNydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York January 3, 1993 present  Puerto Rico
Rep. Hinojosa Hinojosa, RubénRubén Hinojosa
(born 1940)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017  Mexico Retired
Rep. Reyes Reyes, SilvestreSilvestre Reyes
(born 1944)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1997 January 3, 2013  Mexico Lost renomination
Rep. Sánchez Sánchez, LorettaLoretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Democratic California January 3, 1997 January 3, 2017  Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate from California
Rep. Sununu Sununu, John E.John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Republican New Hampshire January 3, 1997 January 3, 2003  Cuba
 El Salvador
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate from New Hampshire
Rep. Rodríguez Rodríguez, CiroCiro Rodríguez
(born 1946)
Democratic Texas April 12, 1997 January 3, 2005  Mexico Lost renomination
January 3, 2007 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Rep. González González, CharlieCharlie González
(born 1945)
Democratic Texas January 3, 1999 January 3, 2013  Mexico Retired
Rep. Napolitano Napolitano, GraceGrace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California January 3, 1999 present  Mexico
Rep. Baca Baca, JoeJoe Baca
(born 1947)
Democratic[11] California November 16, 1999 January 3, 2013  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Solis Solis, HildaHilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California January 3, 2001 February 24, 2009  Nicaragua
 Mexico
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
Rep. Díaz-Balart Díaz-Balart, MarioMario Díaz-Balart
(born 1961)
Republican Florida January 3, 2003 present  Cuba
Rep. Grijalva Grijalva, RaúlRaúl Grijalva
(born 1948)
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2003 present  Mexico
Rep. Sununu Franks, TrentTrent Franks
(born 1957)
Republican Arizona January 3, 2003 present  Mexico
Rep. Sánchez Sánchez, LindaLinda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California January 3, 2003 present  Mexico
Rep. Cuellar Cuellar, HenryHenry Cuellar
(born 1955)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2005 present  Mexico
Rep. Salazar Salazar, JohnJohn Salazar
(born 1953)
Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005 January 3, 2011  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Sires Sires, AlbioAlbio Sires
(born 1951)
Democratic New Jersey November 13, 2006 present  Cuba
Rep. Luján Luján, Ben RayBen Ray Luján
(born 1972)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2009 present  Mexico
Rep. Garamendi Garamendi, JohnJohn Garamendi
(born 1945)
Democratic California November 3, 2009 present  Spain
Rep. Canseco Canseco, QuicoQuico Canseco
(born 1949)
Republican Texas January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Flores Flores, BillBill Flores
(born 1954)
Republican Texas January 3, 2011 present  Spain
Rep. Herrera Herrera Beutler, JaimeJaime Herrera Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington January 3, 2011 present  Mexico
Rep. Labrador Labrador, RaúlRaúl Labrador
(born 1967)
Republican Idaho January 3, 2011 present  Puerto Rico
Rep. Rivera Rivera, DavidDavid Rivera
(born 1965)
Republican Florida January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013  Cuba Lost reelection
Rep. Cardena Cárdenas, TonyTony Cárdenas
(born 1963)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Rep. Castro Castro, JoaquínJoaquín Castro
(born 1974)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Pete Gallego official portrait.jpg Gallego, PetePete Gallego
(born 1961)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015  Mexico Lost reelection
Rep. Garcia Garcia, JoeJoe Garcia
(born 1963)
Democratic Florida January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015  Cuba Lost reelection
Rep. Lujan-Grisham Lujan Grisham, MichelleMichelle Lujan Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Rep. Negrete McLeod Negrete McLeod, GloriaGloria Negrete McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 January 3, 2015  Mexico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Board of Supervisors of San Bernardino County, California
Rep. Ruiz Ruiz, RaulRaul Ruiz
(born 1972)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Rep. Vargas Vargas, JuanJuan Vargas
(born 1961)
Democratic California January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Rep. Vela Vela, FilemónFilemón Vela
(born 1963)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2013 present  Mexico
Rep. Aguilar Aguilar, PetePete Aguilar
(born 1979)
Democratic California January 3, 2015 present  Mexico
Rep. Curbelo Curbelo, CarlosCarlos Curbelo
(born 1980)
Republican Florida January 3, 2015 present  Cuba
Rep. Gallego Gallego, RubenRuben Gallego
(born 1979)
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2015 present  Colombia
 Mexico
Rep. Mooney Mooney, AlexAlex Mooney
(born 1971)
Republican West Virginia January 3, 2015 present  Cuba
Rep. Torres Torres, NormaNorma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California January 3, 2015 present  Guatemala
Rep. Barragán Barragán, NanetteNanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Carbajal Carbajal, SaludSalud Carbajal
(born 1964)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Correa Correa, LouLou Correa
(born 1958)
Democratic California January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Espaillat Espaillat, AdrianoAdriano Espaillat
(born 1954)
Democratic New York January 3, 2017 present  Dominican Republic
Rep. González González, VicenteVicente González
(born 1967)
Democratic Texas January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Kihuen Kihuen, RubénRubén Kihuen
(born 1980)
Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Mast Mast, BrianBrian Mast
(born 1980)
Republican Florida January 3, 2017 present  Mexico
Rep. Soto Soto, DarrenDarren Soto
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida January 3, 2017 present  Puerto Rico
Rep. Gomez Gomez, JimmyJimmy Gomez
(born 1974)
Democratic California July 11, 2017 present  Mexico

House Delegates (non-voting members)[edit]

(Note: Delegates are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

Picture Delegate[12]
(lifespan)
Party Territory Term start Term end Hispanic Ancestry Notes
Del. Hernández Hernández, Joseph MarionJoseph Marion Hernández
(1788–1857)
Whig Florida September 30, 1822 March 4, 1823  Spain Retired
Del. Yulee Yulee, David LevyDavid Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Democratic Florida March 4, 1841 March 3, 1845  Spain Office eliminated when Territory of Florida was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida[13]
Del. Gallegos Gallegos, JoséJosé Gallegos
(1815–1875)
Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1853 July 23, 1856  Mexico Lost election contestation
March 4, 1871 March 4, 1873 Lost reelection
Del. Otero Otero, MiguelMiguel Otero
(1829–1882)
Democratic New Mexico July 23, 1856 March 4, 1861  Spain
 Mexico
Retired
Del. Perea Perea, FranciscoFrancisco Perea
(1830–1913)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1863 March 4, 1865  Mexico Lost reelection
Del. Chaves Chaves, José FranciscoJosé Francisco Chaves
(1833–1904)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1865 March 4, 1867  Mexico Lost reelection
February 20, 1869 March 4, 1871 Lost reelection
Del. Romero Romero, TrinidadTrinidad Romero
(1835–1918)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1877 March 4, 1879  Mexico Retired
Del. Otero Otero, Mariano S.Mariano S. Otero
(1844–1904)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1879 March 4, 1881  Mexico Retired
Del. Luna Luna, TranquilinoTranquilino Luna
(1849–1892)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1881 March 5, 1884  Mexico Lost election contestation
Del. Manzanares Manzanares, Francisco AntonioFrancisco Antonio Manzanares
(1843–1904)
Democratic New Mexico March 5, 1884 March 4, 1885  Mexico Retired
Del. Perea Perea, PedroPedro Perea
(1852–1906)
Republican New Mexico March 4, 1899 March 4, 1901  Mexico Retired
Res. Comm. Degetau Degetau, FedericoFederico Degetau
(1862–1914)
Republican Puerto Rico March 4, 1901 March 4, 1905  Puerto Rico Retired
Res. Comm. Larrínaga Larrínaga, TulioTulio Larrínaga
(1847–1917)
Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1905 March 4, 1911  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Legarda Legarda, BenitoBenito Legarda
(1853–1915)
Federalist
(Republican)
Philippine Islands November 22, 1907 March 3, 1912  Spain Retired
Res. Comm. Quezón Quezón, Manuel L.Manuel L. Quezón[14]
(1878–1944)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands November 23, 1909 October 15, 1916  Spain Retired
Res. Comm. Muñoz-Rivera Muñoz-Rivera, LuisLuis Muñoz-Rivera
(1859–1916)
Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1911 November 15, 1916  Puerto Rico Died in office
Res. Comm. Córdova-Dávila Córdova-Dávila, FélixFélix Córdova-Dávila
(1878–1938)
Unionist Puerto Rico August 7, 1917 April 11, 1932  Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Gabaldón Gabaldón, IsauroIsauro Gabaldón
(1875–1942)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1920 July 16, 1928  Spain Resigned
Res. Comm. Pesquera Pesquera, José LorenzoJosé Lorenzo Pesquera
(1882–1950)
Independent Puerto Rico April 15, 1932 March 4, 1933  Puerto Rico Retired
Res. Comm. Iglesias Iglesias, SantiagoSantiago Iglesias
(1872–1939)
Coalitionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1933 December 5, 1939  Spain
 Puerto Rico
Died in office
Res. Comm. Delgado Delgado, Francisco A.Francisco A. Delgado
(1886–1964)
Nacionalista Philippine Islands January 3, 1935 February 14, 1936  Spain Retired
Res. Comm. Elizalde Elizalde, Joaquín MiguelJoaquín Miguel Elizalde
(1896–1965)
Nonpartisan Philippines September 29, 1938 August 9, 1944  Spain Resigned
Res. Comm. Pagán Pagán, BolívarBolívar Pagán
(1897–1961)
Coalitionist Puerto Rico December 26, 1939 January 3, 1945  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Piñero Piñero, Jesús T.Jesús T. Piñero
(1897–1952)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1945 September 2, 1946  Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Governor of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Fernós-Isern Fernós-Isern, AntonioAntonio Fernós-Isern
(1895–1974)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico September 11, 1946 January 3, 1965  Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for the Puerto Rico Senate
Res. Comm. Polanco-Abreu Polanco-Abreu, SantiagoSantiago Polanco-Abreu
(1920–1988)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1965 January 3, 1969  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Córdova Córdova, Jorge LuisJorge Luis Córdova
(1907–1994)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1969 January 3, 1973  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Benítez Benítez, JaimeJaime Benítez
(1908–2001)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1973 January 3, 1977  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Del. de Lugo de Lugo, RonRon de Lugo
(born 1930)
Democratic Virgin Islands January 3, 1973 January 3, 1979  Puerto Rico Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the United States Virgin Islands
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1995 Retired
Res. Comm. Corrada del Río Corrada del Río, BaltasarBaltasar Corrada del Río
(born 1935)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1977 January 3, 1985  Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Fuster Fuster, JaimeJaime Fuster
(1941–2007)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1985 March 4, 1992  Puerto Rico Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Colorado Colorado, AntonioAntonio Colorado
(born 1939)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico March 4, 1992 January 3, 1993  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Romero Barceló Romero-Barceló, CarlosCarlos Romero-Barceló[15]
(born 1932)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1993 January 3, 2001  Puerto Rico Lost reelection
Res. Comm. Acevedo Vilá Acevedo-Vilá, AníbalAníbal Acevedo-Vilá
(born 1962)
Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 2001 January 2, 2005  Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Fortuño Fortuño, LuisLuis Fortuño
(born 1960)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2005 January 2, 2009  Puerto Rico Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. Pierluisi Pierluisi, PedroPedro Pierluisi
(born 1959)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2009 January 3, 2017  Puerto Rico Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination for Governor of Puerto Rico
Res. Comm. González González, JennifferJenniffer González
(born 1976)
New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2017 present  Puerto Rico

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martinez previously served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  2. ^ Bouligny was the only congressman from Louisiana not to resign when the state seceded from the Union.
  3. ^ Pacheco previously served as the first (and only to date) Hispanic Governor of the State of California.
  4. ^ Chávez later was appointed as United States Senator from New Mexico.
  5. ^ Lujan later served as United States Secretary of the Interior.
  6. ^ Badillo joined the Republican Party in the late 1990s.
  7. ^ Garcia later was jailed due to the Wedtech scandal, but his conviction ultimately was reversed by an appellate court.
  8. ^ Richardson later served as United States Secretary of Energy and Governor of New Mexico.
  9. ^ Though Ileana Ros-Lehtinen is widely credited as the first Hispanic woman in Congress, Vucanovich's mother was of partial Hispanic heritage.
  10. ^ Bustamante later was jailed for bribery.
  11. ^ Baca joined the Republican Party in 2015.
  12. ^ Delegates from Puerto Rico (since 1901) and from the Philippines (from 1907 to 1946) officially are known as Resident Commissioners.
  13. ^ Yulee later was elected as United States Senator from Florida.
  14. ^ Quezón later served as President of the Philippines.
  15. ^ Romero-Barceló previously served as Governor of Puerto Rico.