List of Hudson River School artists

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The following is a list of painters in the Hudson River School, a mid-19th-century American art movement. The movement was led by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism and luminism. Their paintings depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, as well as the Catskill Mountains, Adirondack Mountains, and White Mountains of New Hampshire. Note that "school" in this sense refers to a group of people whose outlook, inspiration, output, or style demonstrates a common thread, rather than a learning institution.

Besides the artists listed below, many women artists were associated with the Hudson River School. Included in this list are the following: Susie M. Barstow, an avid mountain-climber who painted the mountain scenery of the Catskills and the White Mountains; Eliza Pratt Greatorex, an Irish-born painter who was the second woman elected to the National Academy of Design; Julie Hart Beers, who led sketching expeditions in the Hudson Valley region before moving to a New York City art studio with her daughters; Harriet Cany Peale, who studied with then married fellow painter Rembrandt Peale; and Mary Blood Mellen, a student and collaborator with the luminist Fitz Henry Lane.[1][2]

List[edit]

First generation[edit]

Artist Name Portrait Famous Work Birth Death Description
Thomas Cole Thomascole2.jpg Thomas Cole - The Voyage of Life Childhood, 1842 (National Gallery of Art).jpg
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1 February 1801 11 February 1848 Commonly acknowledged as the founder of the Hudson River School, he painted scenes near his home in Catskill, New York
Thomas Doughty Thomas Doughty Ruins in a Landscape.jpg
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19 July 1793 22 July 1856 The first American artist to work exclusively as a landscapist and was successful both for his skill and the fact that Americans were turning their interest to landscape.
Asher Brown Durand Asher Brown Durand by A. Bogardus.jpg Asher Durand Kindred Spirits.jpg
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21 August 1796 17 September 1886 An engraver who took up landscape painting, he is particularly remembered for his detailed portrayals of trees, rocks, and foliage, especially with his masterpiece, Kindred Spirits. He also mentored and encouraged many other more junior artists.
Alvan Fisher Alvan Fisher photo.jpg
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9 August 1792 13 February 1863

Second generation[edit]

Artist Name Portrait Famous Work Birth Death Description
Albert Bierstadt Bierstadt.jpg Albert Bierstadt - The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak.jpg
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7 January 1830 18 February 1902 A German-American painter best known for his large, detailed landscapes of the American West. In obtaining the subject matter for these works, Bierstadt joined several journeys of the Westward Expansion. Though not the first artist to record these sites, Bierstadt was the foremost painter of these scenes for the remainder of the 19th century.
Frederic Edwin Church Frederic Edwin Church - Aurora Borealis - Google Art Project.jpg Church Heart of the Andes.jpg
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4 May 1826 7 April 1900 A student of Thomas Cole, he became a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters. Church is perhaps best known for painting large panoramic landscapes, often depicting dramatic natural phenomena, with emphasis on light and a romantic respect for natural detail. In his later years, Church painted classical European and Middle Eastern cityscapes. He created many of his works at Olana.
Jasper Francis Cropsey Jasper Francis Copsey, by Edward L. Mooney.jpg Autumn--On the Hudson River-1860-Jasper Francis Cropsey.jpg
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18 February 1823 23 April 1900 A first-generation member of the Hudson River School, he painted autumn landscapes that startled viewers with their boldness and brilliance. As an artist, he believed landscapes were the highest art form and that nature was a direct manifestation of God. Cropsey was a founding member of the American Watercolor Society, and was one of few Hudson River School artists to paint in that medium.
Sanford Robinson Gifford Sanford R. Gifford Sanford Robinson Gifford - Crépuscule sur le mont Hunter.jpg
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10 July 1823 29 August 1880 One of the leading members of the Hudson River School. Gifford's landscapes are known for their emphasis on light and soft atmospheric effects, and he is regarded as a practitioner of Luminism, an offshoot style of the Hudson River School.
David Johnson Near Noroton, Connecticut 1875.jpg
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10 May 1827 30 January 1908 Johnson was born in New York City and studied for two years at the antique school of the National Academy of Design. He also studied briefly with Jasper Francis Cropsey. Along with John Frederick Kensett and John William Casilear, he was best known for the development of Luminism.
John Frederick Kensett John Frederick Kensett, 1864.jpg Kensett John F The Old Pine Darien Connecticut.jpg
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22 March 1816 14 December 1872 Kensett is best known for his landscapes of upstate New York and New England and seascapes of coastal New Jersey, Long Island and New England.

Third generation[edit]

Artist Name Portrait Famous Work Birth Death Description
Charles Baker Charles Baker River Landscape with Cattle.png
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1839 1888 An American landscape painter of the Hudson River School. He painted idyllic landscape paintings of an early American wilderness and the scenic vistas of the White Mountains in New Hampshire. He exhibited at the National Academy from 1839 to 1873 and at the American Art-Union in 1847. He was deeply influenced by the dramatic work of Thomas Cole and painted in a romantic style clearly tied to Cole’s sublime aesthetic. He was one of the founders of the Art League of New York.
William Bliss Baker Fallen Monarchs 1886 by William Bliss Baker.jpg
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1859 1886 An American artist who began painting just as the Hudson River school was winding down. He studied at the National Academy of Design under Bierstadt and de Haas, and maintained studios in Clifton Park, New York, and New York City, where he painted in oils and watercolors. He completed more than 130 paintings, including several works in black and white. Baker was just beginning to hit his stride as a landscape painter when he died at his father's house at Hoosick Falls, New York, at the age of 26. The New York Times said that his death "deprived America of one of its most promising artists." Fallen Monarchs (left) is considered to be his masterpiece. It was painted in the Ballston Lake area.
John Dodgson Barrow
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24 November 1824 7 December 1906
Julie Hart Beers
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Albert Fitch Bellows
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20 November 1829 24 November 1883
DeWitt Clinton Boutelle
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James Renwick Brevoort
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20 July 1832 15 December 1918
Alfred Thompson Bricher Alfred Thompson Bricher.jpg Blue Point Long Island.jpeg
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10 April 1837 30 September 1908 An American artist, one of the last painters in Hudson River school, known for his exploration of the effects of light and how it reflected, refracted, and absorbed on landscapes and seascapes.
George Loring Brown 1891 GeorgeLBrown Boston.png
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2 February 1814 25 June 1889
William Mason Brown
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1828 1898
Johann Hermann Carmiencke
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1810 15 June 1867
John William Casilear Casilear LakeGeorge 1860.jpg
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25 June 1811 17 August 1893 An engraver who was encouraged to take up painting by Asher Durand
Thomas Chambers
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Charles H. Chapin
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Samuel Colman Colman Storm King on the Hudson.jpg
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4 March 1832 26 March 1920 A National Academician whose landscapes show the influence of the Hudson River School, he is believed to have studied under Asher Durand.
William Moore Davis William moore davis self portrait.jpg
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22 May 1829 26 March 1920
Lockwood de Forest Lockwood de Forest AAA defolock 11296.jpg
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8 June 1850 3 April 1932
Victor DeGrailly
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Robert Duncanson Robert S. Duncanson (1821-1872).jpg Robert Scott Duncanson - Landscape with Rainbow .jpg
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1821 21 December 1872 An African American artist painting before and during the Civil War whose landscapes were influenced by the Hudson River School
Samuel P. Dyke
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William Charles Anthony Frerichs
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Charles Henry Gifford
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Régis François Gignoux
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1816 1882
Eliza Pratt Greatorex Eliza Pratt Greatorex.jpg
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25 December 1819 9 February 1897
Harriet Cany Peale Rembrant Peale Harriet Cany Peale ca. 1840.jpg
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1799 1869
James McDougal Hart James McDougal Hart.jpg Artwork images 619 243873 jamesmcJames McDougal Hart - Harriman New York Overlooking the Hudson.jpg
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10 May 1828 24 October 1901 A Scottish-born American landscape and cattle painter of the Hudson River School. His older brother, William Hart, was also a Hudson River School artist, and the two painted similar subjects. Sister Julie Hart Beers (Kempson) was also a landscape artist of this school.
William Hart William Hart.jpg William Hart - Mount Madison from the Androscoggin River.jpg
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31 March 1823 17 June 1894 A Scottish-born American landscape and cattle painter, and Hudson River School artist. His younger brother, James McDougal Hart, was also a Hudson River School artist, and the two painted similar subjects. He studied under Jules-Joseph Lefebvre.
William Stanley Haseltine William Stanley Haseltine - Cascade.jpg
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11 June 1835 3 February 1900 An American painter and draftsman who was associated with the Hudson River School and Luminism. By 1859 he was installed in the Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City, then a central point for American landscape painters; also in the building were Frederic Edwin Church, Albert Bierstadt, and Worthington Whittredge, the latter two having befriended Haseltine in Europe.
Robert Havell, Jr.
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25 November 1793 11 November 1878
Martin Johnson Heade Martin-johnson-heade.jpg HeadeMartinJohnsonSunlightAndShadow.jpg
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11 August 1819 4 September 1904 A prolific artist who painted many different subjects including landscapes. There are mixed views as to whether Heade is part of the Hudson River School or was only partially influenced by it. Regardless, he was friends with many of the more prominent members, including Church.
Hermann Ottomar Herzog
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15 November 1831 6 February 1932 A German landscape painter who moved to Pennsylvania and painted subjects across the United States. He is considered a part of the Hudson River School, but typically painted a more realistic and less dramatic scene than Bierstadt or Church.
Thomas Hill Thomas Hill (artist).jpg Thomas Hill 001.jpg
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11 September 1829 30 June 1908 An English born painter, he moved to the United States at age 15. He produced many fine paintings of the California landscape, in particular of the Yosemite Valley, as well as the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
Ransome Gillett Holdridge
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1836 1899
George Inness GeorgeInness.JPG George Inness - The Lackawanna Valley - Google Art Project.jpg
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1 May 1825 3 August 1894
Charles Wilson Knapp
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Edmund Darch Lewis
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17 October 1835 12 August 1910
Homer Dodge Martin Homer Dodge Martin.jpg Homer Dodge Martin - Upper Ausable Lake - 1909.7.44 - Smithsonian American Art Museum.jpg
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28 October 1836 12 February 1897
George McCord
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1 August 1848 6 April 1909
Jervis McEntee Jervis McEntee McEnteeJervisMountDesertIslandMaine1864.jpg
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14 July 1828 27 January 1891 An American painter of the Hudson River School. He is a somewhat lesser-known figure of the 19th-century American art world, but was the close friend and traveling companion of several of the important Hudson River School artists.
Louis Rémy Mignot
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Charles Herbert Moore Winter-Landscape-Valley-of-the-Catskills-(1866)-Moore.jpg
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10 April 1840 15 February 1930 Considered a minor member of the Hudson River School, Moore later began painting in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He later became the first art professor at Harvard University, and the first director of the university's Fogg Art Museum. Moore was one of few watercolor painters in the Hudson River School, and was an early member of the American Watercolor Society.
Thomas Moran Thomas Moran-photographic portrait.jpeg Yellowstone Canyon.JPG
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12 February 1837 25 August 1926 An artist of the Hudson River School. Thomas Moran's vision of the Western landscape was critical to the creation of Yellowstone National Park. His pencil and watercolor field sketches and paintings captured the grandeur and documented the extraordinary terrain and natural features of the Yellowstone region.
William Sidney Mount William Sidney Mount.jpg
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26 November 1807 19 November 1868
Arthur Parton
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Frederic Remington Frederic Remington.jpg
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4 October 1861 26 December 1909
William Trost Richards William Trost Richards cropped.png
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14 November 1833 8 November 1905
Ferdinand Richardt Ferdinand Richardt by Carl Richardt.png
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10 April 1819 29 October 1895
Thomas Prichard Rossiter Duggan, Thomas Pritchard Rossiter.jpg
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20 September 1818 17 May 1871
Francis Augustus Silva
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William Louis Sonntag
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James Augustus Suydam James suydam.png
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1819 1865
William Guy Wall
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1792 1864
Mary Josephine Walters
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1837 1883
Paul Weber
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19 January 1823 12 October 1916
Robert Walter Weir Robert Walter Weir, circa 1864.jpg Weir Robert Walter The Entrance To A Wood.jpg
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18 June 1803 1 May 1889 Elected to the National Academy of Design in 1829, Robert Weir was an American artist associated with the Hudson River School. He was an instructor at the United States Military Academy for forty-two years, 1832-1874.
Worthington Whittredge Worthington Whittredge by William Merritt Chase, c1890.jpg Encampment-Along-The-Platte-1100x850.jpg
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22 May 1820 25 February 1910 An American artist of the Hudson River School. He was a highly regarded artist of his time, and was friends with several leading Hudson River School artists including Albert Bierstadt and Sanford Robinson Gifford. He traveled widely and excelled at landscape painting, many examples of which are now in major museums. He served as president of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1875.
John Williamson
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References[edit]

  1. ^ Dobrzynski, Judith H. "The Grand Women Artists of the Hudson River School". Smithsonian. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Remember the Ladies: Women Artists of the Hudson River School". Resource Library. Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. Retrieved 28 May 2013.