List of ICC Cricket World Cup finals

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The International Cricket Council (ICC) Cricket World Cup is an international association cricket competition established in 1975.[1] It is contested by the men's national teams of the members of the ICC, the sport's global governing body.[2] The tournament generally takes place every four years. Most recently, the 2015 Cricket World Cup, jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand, was won by Australia, who beat their co-hosts New Zealand. The current trophy was instituted in 1999. It always remains with the ICC, and a replica is awarded to the winning team.[3][4]

Nations with Test cricket status automatically qualify for the World Cup. Since 1996, between three and six associate nations have qualified to play in the tournament. Though an associate nation is yet to reach the final, Kenya did reach the semi final stage in 2003.[5] Australia is the most successful team in the competition's history, winning five tournaments and finishing as runner-up twice.[6] Twice, teams have won successive tournaments: the West Indies won the first two editions (1975 and 1979) and Australia won three in a row (1999, 2003 and 2007). Australia has played in the most final matches (seven out of eleven: 1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015). England is the team to reach the final and not win the World Cup most often, ending as runner-up in all three final appearances.[7][8] Matches in the first three World Cups were 60 overs a side, the ones thereafter have been reduced to 50 overs a side.

Nineteen different nations have qualified for the finals of the Cricket World Cup at least once in the ten tournaments held to-date; seven of those teams have competed in every tournament and five different winners have shared the ten titles.[9] Seven venues have hosted the final: Lord's Cricket Ground is the only one to have hosted multiple finals, those of 1975, 1979, 1983 and 1999.[10] India is the only country that has hosted a World Cup final at more than one venue, Eden Gardens in 1987 and Wankhede Stadium in 2011.

History[edit]

A view of a cricket ground with blue sky and some clouds, the stands surrounding the pitch are mainly unoccupied, to the left in the background is a large building
Lord's has hosted the final four times.

The inaugural ICC Cricket World Cup final was held on 21 June 1975 at Lord's, contested by Australia and the West Indies. A man of the match performance,[11] including a century from West Indian captain Clive Lloyd coming in to bat at number five with his team 50/3,[12] formed the basis of a 149-run fourth-wicket partnership with Rohan Kanhai.[13] Keith Boyce added a quick 34 and the Australians were set a target of 292 to win in a 60-over encounter. In reply, Alan Turner hit 40 from 54 deliveries and Australian captain Ian Chappell scored 62 from 93 balls. Australia "contributed to their own destruction" in an innings with five run outs, and the West Indies were crowned the first cricket world champions, winning by 17 runs.[14] Four years later, the West Indies qualified for the final once again, this time facing England, hosted at Lord's for the second consecutive tournament. An unbeaten 138 from Viv Richards, and support from Collis King in a 139-run partnership for the fifth wicket,[15] saw the West Indies set England a target of 287 runs to win in 60 overs.[16] A profitable yet slow opening partnership between Mike Brearley and Geoffrey Boycott (the latter taking 17 overs to reach double figures)[17] saw England to 129. However, following Brearley's dismissal, only Graham Gooch and Derek Randall made a "brief assault" on the West Indian bowling,[17] before a batting collapse, Joel Garner taking five wickets in eleven balls.[18] England ended 194 all out, and presented the West Indies with their second consecutive title, winning by 92 runs.[17]

The third World Cup final in June 1983, once again hosted at Lord's, was the West Indies' third consecutive final. On this occasion, they faced India in front of 24,609 spectators.[19] Sunil Gavaskar was dismissed early in the innings for two runs, and only Kris Srikkanth scored more than thirty;[20] Andy Roberts took three wickets for the West Indies leaving India all out for 183.[20] Following the dismissals of Viv Richards, Desmond Haynes and Larry Gomes by Madan Lal for six runs between them, the West Indies collapsed to 140 all out, handing the title to India by 43 runs.[19] India and Pakistan co-hosted the 1987 tournament; the final was held at Eden Gardens in Kolkata between Australia and England, both appearing for the second time and vying for their first title. Australia won the toss and elected to bat first; David Boon scored 75 runs from 125 deliveries, while Mike Veletta made a rapid 45 from 31 deliveries taking Australia to a total of 253/5 by the close of play, this time after 50 overs.[21] In front of around 70,000 spectators, England's middle order of Bill Athey, Mike Gatting and Allan Lamb provided some resistance, but with 17 runs required in the final over to win, England fell short and lost by 7 runs.[22]

The 1992 tournament was co-hosted by Australia and New Zealand, with the first ever day/night final being held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Australia between England and Pakistan. In their first final appearance, Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat first. Despite two early wickets from Derek Pringle, Pakistani batsmen Imran Khan and Javed Miandad shared a third-wicket partnership of 139. Both Inzamam-ul-Haq and Wasim Akram added over thirty runs each at more than a run-a-ball, leading Pakistan to a total of 249/6 in 50 overs.[23] A crowd of over 87,000 saw man-of-the-match Wasim Akram take three of England's wickets, including that of all-rounder Ian Botham for a duck, after Graeme Hick was "baffled by the googly".[24] England were bowled out for 227, and Pakistan won by 22 runs.[23] India and Pakistan, along with Sri Lanka, once again hosted the tournament in 1996 where Sri Lanka, making their first appearance in the final, faced 1987 champions Australia in another day/night contest. After winning the toss, Arjuna Ranatunga sent Australia in to bat at the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. Captain Mark Taylor and Ricky Ponting added 101 in their second-wicket partnership as Australia completed their 50 overs 241/7.[25] Man of the match Aravinda de Silva's century, assisted by partnerships with Asanka Gurusinha and Ranatunga led Sri Lanka to the total with 22 balls and 7 wickets to spare, and their first win in the final. This was the first time a host won the title, though the final was played in Pakistan. It was also the first time that the team batting second emerged victorious.[25]

Adam Gilchrist, in white cricket uniform and baggy green hat, holds his left hand to his chin
Australia's Adam Gilchrist made sizeable contributions with the bat in three consecutive finals.

Australia's "12-year era of World Cup dominance" began with the 1999 tournament,[26] hosted for the fourth time by England. In a "one-sided" final,[27] Shane Warne's four wickets helped to restrict Pakistan to 132 runs, all out with 11 overs yet to bat.[28] A rapid fifty from Adam Gilchrist, and support from Mark Waugh, Ponting and Darren Lehmann, saw Australia reach the total in just over 20 overs, winning by eight wickets.[28] The 2003 tournament had three co-hosts: South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe, the final being a day/night match contested between Australia and India at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. Gilchrist and Matthew Hayden opened the batting, making a century partnership before Ponting and Damien Martin went on to score the highest partnership in any World Cup final with an unbeaten 234.[29] Australia batted out their fifty overs, and ended on the highest score in World Cup final history: 359/2.[30] Player of the tournament Sachin Tendulkar was dismissed in the first over of India's reply but Virender Sehwag and Rahul Dravid combined to score 88 in their fourth wicket partnership. However, following Dravid's dismissal, India's batting collapsed, and they finished on 234 all out with nearly eleven overs remaining, handing Australia a 125-run victory.[30]

The 2007 final, held at the Kensington Oval in Barbados, was reduced to 38 overs a side following a two-hour rain delay.[31] Australia's Gilchrist hit the fastest century in a World Cup final at a strike rate of over 143 and his opening stand with Hayden became the largest first-wicket partnership in World Cup history.[29] Australia ended on 281/4, an average of 7.39 runs per over.[32] In reply, Sanath Jayasuriya and Kumar Sangakkara accumulated 116 runs for the second wicket, but with Chamara Silva the only other batsman to score over 20, Sri Lanka capitulated. Despite a revised target, due to a further rain break, calculated using the Duckworth–Lewis method, Sri Lanka scored 215–8 from their allotted overs. With a 53-run victory, Australia won their third consecutive World Cup.[32] Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka co-hosted the 2011 tournament,[33] with the latter pair meeting in the final in the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai. Scoring 91 runs in their final 10 overs,[34] Sri Lanka's innings ended on 274/6, Mahela Jayawardene top-scoring with an unbeaten 103.[35] Sehwag was out leg before wicket to Lasith Malinga in the second ball of the Indian innings, Tendulkar soon followed him, but 97 from Gautam Gambhir and an unbeaten 91 from MS Dhoni saw India home with 10 balls to spare. By winning the match, India became the first team to win the finals on home soil.[35]

List of finals[edit]

Key to list of finals
dagger The final was played as a day/night game.
double-dagger The final was decided by the Duckworth–Lewis method.
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the World Cup was held, and links to the article about that tournament.
  • The links in the "Result" column point to the article about that tournament's final game.
  • Links in the "Winners" and "Runners-up" columns point to the articles for the national cricket teams of the countries, not the articles for the countries.
List of finals, along with the host nation and location and result of the final
Year Winner Result Runner-up Final venue Host nation(s)[2] Attendance
1975  West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs[11]  Australia
274 all out (58.4 overs)
Lord's, London England 24,000
1979  West Indies
286/9 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 92 runs[16]  England
194 all out (51 overs)
Lord's, London England 32,000
1983  India
183 all out (54.4 overs)
India won by 43 runs[20]  West Indies
140 all out (52 overs)
Lord's, London England 30,000
1987  Australia
253/5 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs[21]  England
246/8 (50 overs)
Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India India, Pakistan 95,000
1992  Pakistan
249/6 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 22 runs[23]  England
227 all out (49.2 overs)
MCG, Melbourne, Australia dagger Australia, New Zealand 87,182
1996  Sri Lanka
245/3 (46.2 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets[25]  Australia
241/7 (50 overs)
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore, Pakistan dagger India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka 62,645
1999  Australia
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets[28]  Pakistan
132 all out (39 overs)
Lord's, London England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Netherlands 30,000
2003  Australia
359/2 (50 overs)
Australia won by 125 runs[30]  India
234 all out (39.2 overs)
Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa dagger Kenya, South Africa, Zimbabwe 32,827
2007  Australia
281/4 (38 overs)
Australia won by 53 runs double-dagger[32]  Sri Lanka
215/8 (36 overs)
Kensington Oval, Bridgetown West Indies 28,108
2011  India
277/4 (48.2 overs)
India won by 6 wickets[35]  Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India dagger Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka 42,000
2015  Australia
186/3 (33.1 overs)
Australia won by 7 wickets  New Zealand
183 all out (45 overs)
MCG, Melbourne, Australia dagger Australia, New Zealand 93,013

Results by country[edit]

A map of the world, showing the locations of winning nations of the Cricket World Cup
Map of winning countries
National team Final appearances Winners Runners-up Years won Years runners-up
 Australia 7 5 2 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015 1975, 1996
 India 3 2 1 1983, 2011 2003
 West Indies 3 2 1 1975, 1979 1983
 Sri Lanka 3 1 2 1996 2007, 2011
 Pakistan 2 1 1 1992 1999
 England 3 0 3 1979, 1987, 1992
 New Zealand 1 0 1 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ICC CWC History". International Cricket Council. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "ICC Cricket World Cup". ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Rodrigopulle, Elmo (11 April 2007). "Big money for winner of World Cup 2007". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Cabinet of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Wijesiri, Lionel (28 April 2011). "Battle for World cricket supremacy". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Cabinet of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Outsiders seek to prove their worth". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu Group. 4 March 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "World Cup / Records / Series results". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Williamson, Martin. "The World Cup – A brief history". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Vatsyayana, Manoj (14 February 2011). "A history of the Cricket World Cup from 1975 to 2007". Fox Sports. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Records / World Cup / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "Mumbai now also becomes cricket capital". Hindustan Times. New Delhi: HT Media Ltd. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Prudential World Cup –1975". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Clive Lloyd – 1975". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Prudential World Cup, 1975 – Fall of wickets and partnerships". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Preston, Norman. "The Prudential World Cup Final, 1975". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Prudential World Cup, 1979 – Fall of wickets and partnerships". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Prudential World Cup – 1979". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c Preston, Norman. "Prudential World Cup final, 1979". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Clive Lloyd –1979". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "India defy the odds". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c "Prudential World Cup – 1983". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "Reliance World Cup – 1987/88". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "1987–88 World Cup – Final". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c "Benson & Hedges World Cup – 1991/92". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Benson & Hedges World Cup 1991–92 final". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. ESPN. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c "Wills World Cup – Final – Australia v Sri Lanka". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  26. ^ Coverdale, Brydon. "Rollercoaster riders". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Paul Reiffel – 1999". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 13 January 2003. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  28. ^ a b c "ICC World Cup – Final – Australia v Pakistan". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  29. ^ a b "Statistics / Statsguru / One-Day Internationals / Partnership records". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  30. ^ a b c "ICC World Cup – Final – Australia v India". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  31. ^ Brett, Oliver (28 April 2007). "Final: Australia v Sri Lanka". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  32. ^ a b c "ICC World Cup Final 2006/07". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  33. ^ "ICC Cricket World Cup 2011". Cricket News. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  34. ^ Sheringham, Sam (2 April 2011). "India power past Sri Lanka to Cricket World Cup triumph". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  35. ^ a b c "ICC World Cup Final 2010/11". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 

External links[edit]