List of IIHF World Championship medalists

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The gold medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons (representing Canada), pictured en route to the 1920 Olympics, which were counted as the first ice hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It was preceded by the European Championship which was held from 1910 to 1932. The first World Championship tournament was decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Subsequently, ice hockey was featured at the Winter Olympic Games, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently, until the 1968 Winter Olympics. The first three championships were contested at the Olympics, while the first World Championships that were an individual event were held in 1930.[1]

The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III. The teams in the championship play a preliminary and qualifying round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as 'amateur were allowed to compete in the tournament. Because of this, players from the National Hockey League were not allowed to compete, while full-time players of the Soviet Union were allowed. In 1970, after an agreement to allow its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament.[2] Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered.[3]

As of 2016, 81 tournaments have been staged. From 1920 to 1930, the Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournaments held counted as the World Championships and no tournaments in between were held. No championships were held from 1940 to 1946 due to World War II, nor during the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988.[4] Ten nations have won a gold medal at the World Championships and a total of fourteen have won medals. Canada has won 48 medals, the most of any nation. The Soviet Union, which began competing in 1954 and last competed in 1991, captured a medal in every tournament they entered.[1] In winning the 2006 World Championships, Sweden became the first nation in history to win an Olympic gold as well as a separate World Championship in the same season.[5]

Champions[edit]

Key
  dagger   The Summer Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
  *   The Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
(#) Number of tournaments won at the time. Second number indicates total while country was part of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia.
Year 1st Gold 2nd Silver 3rd Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 dagger  Canada (1)  United States (1)  Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp  Belgium
1924 *  Canada (2)  United States (2)  Great Britain (1) Chamonix  France
1928 *  Canada (3)  Sweden (1)   Switzerland (1) St. Moritz   Switzerland
1930  Canada (4)  Germany (1)   Switzerland (2) Chamonix
Berlin
Vienna
 France
 Germany
 Austria
1931  Canada (5)  United States (3)  Austria (1) Krynica  Poland
1932 *  Canada (6)  United States (4)  Germany (1) Lake Placid  United States
1933  United States (1)  Canada (1)  Czechoslovakia (2) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1934  Canada (7)  United States (5)  Germany (2) Milan  Italy
1935  Canada (8)   Switzerland (1)  Great Britain (2) Davos   Switzerland
1936 *  Great Britain (1)  Canada (2)  United States (1) Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany
1937  Canada (9)  Great Britain (1)   Switzerland (3) London  United Kingdom
1938  Canada (10)  Great Britain (2)  Czechoslovakia (3) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1939  Canada (11)  United States (6)   Switzerland (4) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland
1947  Czechoslovakia (1)  Sweden (2)  Austria (2) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1948 *  Canada (12)  Czechoslovakia (1)   Switzerland (5) St. Moritz   Switzerland
1949  Czechoslovakia (2)  Canada (3)  United States (2) Stockholm  Sweden
1950  Canada (13)  United States (7)   Switzerland (6) London  United Kingdom
1951  Canada (14)  Sweden (3)   Switzerland (7) Paris  France
1952 *  Canada (15)  United States (8)  Sweden (1) Oslo and Drammen  Norway
1953  Sweden (1)  West Germany (2)   Switzerland (8) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland
1954  Soviet Union (1)  Canada (4)  Sweden (2) Stockholm  Sweden
1955  Canada (16)  Soviet Union (1)  Czechoslovakia (4) Krefeld, Dortmund and Cologne  West Germany
1956 *  Soviet Union (2)  United States (9)  Canada (1) Cortina  Italy
1957  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (2)  Czechoslovakia (5) Moscow  Soviet Union
1958  Canada (17)  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (3) Oslo  Norway
1959  Canada (18)  Soviet Union (4)  Czechoslovakia (6) Prague, Bratislava and Ostrava  Czechoslovakia
1960 *  United States (2)  Canada (5)  Soviet Union (1) Squaw Valley  United States
1961  Canada (19)  Czechoslovakia (2)  Soviet Union (2) Geneva and Lausanne   Switzerland
1962  Sweden (3)  Canada (6)  United States (3) Colorado Springs and Denver  United States
1963  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden (4)  Czechoslovakia (7) Stockholm  Sweden
1964 *  Soviet Union (4)  Sweden (5)  Czechoslovakia (8) Innsbruck  Austria
1965  Soviet Union (5)  Czechoslovakia (3)  Sweden (4) Tampere  Finland
1966  Soviet Union (6)  Czechoslovakia (4)  Canada (2) Ljubljana  Yugoslavia
1967  Soviet Union (7)  Sweden (6)  Canada (3) Vienna  Austria
1968 *  Soviet Union (8)  Czechoslovakia (5)  Canada (4) Grenoble  France
1969  Soviet Union (9)  Sweden (7)  Czechoslovakia (9) Stockholm  Sweden
1970  Soviet Union (10)  Sweden (8)  Czechoslovakia (10)
1971  Soviet Union (11)  Czechoslovakia (6)  Sweden (5) Bern and Geneva   Switzerland
1972  Czechoslovakia (3)  Soviet Union (5)  Sweden (6) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1973  Soviet Union (12)  Sweden (9)  Czechoslovakia (11) Moscow  Soviet Union
1974  Soviet Union (13)  Czechoslovakia (7)  Sweden (7) Helsinki  Finland
1975  Soviet Union (14)  Czechoslovakia (8)  Sweden (8) Munich and Düsseldorf  West Germany
1976  Czechoslovakia (4)  Soviet Union (6)  Sweden (9) Katowice  Poland
1977  Czechoslovakia (5)  Sweden (10)  Soviet Union (3) Vienna  Austria
1978  Soviet Union (15)  Czechoslovakia (9)  Canada (5) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1979  Soviet Union (16)  Czechoslovakia (10)  Sweden (10) Moscow  Soviet Union
1981  Soviet Union (17)  Sweden (11)  Czechoslovakia (12) Gothenburg and Stockholm  Sweden
1982  Soviet Union (18)  Czechoslovakia (11)  Canada (6) Helsinki and Tampere  Finland
1983  Soviet Union (19)  Czechoslovakia (12)  Canada (7) Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Munich  West Germany
1985  Czechoslovakia (6)  Canada (7)  Soviet Union (4) Prague  Czechoslovakia
1986  Soviet Union (20)  Sweden (12)  Canada (8) Moscow  Soviet Union
1987  Sweden (4)  Soviet Union (7)  Czechoslovakia (13) Vienna  Austria
1989  Soviet Union (21)  Canada (8)  Czechoslovakia (14) Stockholm and Södertälje  Sweden
1990  Soviet Union (22)  Sweden (13)  Czechoslovakia (15) Bern and Fribourg   Switzerland
1991  Sweden (5)  Canada (9)  Soviet Union (5) Turku, Helsinki and Tampere  Finland
1992  Sweden (6)  Finland (1)  Czechoslovakia (16) Prague and Bratislava  Czechoslovakia
1993  Russia (1/23)  Sweden (14)  Czech Republic (1/17) Dortmund and Munich  Germany
1994  Canada (20)  Finland (2)  Sweden (11) Bolzano, Canazei and Milan  Italy
1995  Finland (1)  Sweden (15)  Canada (9) Stockholm and Gävle  Sweden
1996  Czech Republic (1/7)  Canada (10)  United States (4) Vienna  Austria
1997  Canada (21)  Sweden (16)  Czech Republic (2/18) Helsinki, Turku and Tampere  Finland
1998  Sweden (7)  Finland (3)  Czech Republic (3/19) Zurich and Basel   Switzerland
1999  Czech Republic (2/8)  Finland (4)  Sweden (12) Oslo, Lillehammer and Hamar  Norway
2000  Czech Republic (3/9)  Slovakia (1)  Finland (1) St. Petersburg  Russia
2001  Czech Republic (4/10)  Finland (5)  Sweden (13) Cologne, Hanover and Nuremberg  Germany
2002  Slovakia (1)  Russia (1/8)  Sweden (14) Gothenburg, Karlstad and Jönköping  Sweden
2003  Canada (22)  Sweden (17)  Slovakia (1) Helsinki, Tampere and Turku  Finland
2004  Canada (23)  Sweden (18)  United States (5) Prague and Ostrava  Czech Republic
2005  Czech Republic (5/11)  Canada (11)  Russia (1/6) Innsbruck and Vienna  Austria
2006  Sweden (8)  Czech Republic (1/13)  Finland (2) Riga  Latvia
2007  Canada (24)  Finland (6)  Russia (2/7) Moscow and Mytishchi  Russia
2008  Russia (2/24)  Canada (12)  Finland (3) Halifax and Quebec City  Canada
2009  Russia (3/25)  Canada (13)  Sweden (15) Kloten and Bern   Switzerland
2010  Czech Republic (6/12)  Russia (2/9)  Sweden (16) Cologne, Mannheim, and Gelsenkirchen  Germany
2011  Finland (2)  Sweden (19)  Czech Republic (4/20) Bratislava and Košice  Slovakia
2012  Russia (4/26)  Slovakia (2)  Czech Republic (5/21) Helsinki and Stockholm  Finland
 Sweden
2013  Sweden (9)   Switzerland (2)  United States (6)
2014  Russia (5/27)  Finland (7)  Sweden (17) Minsk  Belarus
2015  Canada (25)  Russia (3/10)  United States (7) Prague and Ostrava  Czech Republic
2016  Canada (26)  Finland (8)  Russia (3/8) Moscow and Saint Petersburg  Russia
2017[6] Cologne and Paris  Germany
 France
2018 Copenhagen and Herning  Denmark
2019 [7] Bratislava and Košice  Slovakia
2020 Zürich and Lausanne   Switzerland

Medal table[edit]

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
 Russia
 Soviet Union
 
5
22
27
3
7
10
3
5
8
11
34
45
 Canada 26 13 09 48
 Czech Republic
 Czechoslovakia
 
6
6
12
1
12
13
5
16
21
12
34
46
 Sweden 09 19 17 45
 United States 02 09 07 18
 Finland 02 08 03 13
 Great Britain 01 02 02 05
 Slovakia 01 02 01 04
  Switzerland 00 02 08 010
 Germany
 West Germany
 
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
0
2
3
1
4
 Austria 00 00 02 02

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Notes
  1. ^ a b "International hockey timeline". IIHF. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  2. ^ MacSkimming 1996, p. 8.
  3. ^ "IIHF World Men's Championship". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  4. ^ "All Medalists: Men: IIHF World Championships". IIHF. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  5. ^ Associated Press (2006-05-21). "Sweden Completes 'Double' at IIHF Worlds". The Sports Network. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  6. ^ "To Cologne & Paris in 2017". IIHF. 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  7. ^ "Back to Slovakia, Switzerland". iihfworlds2015.com. 15 May 2015. 

External links[edit]