List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists
The IIHF World Junior Championship is an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. It is traditionally held from late December to the beginning of January. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the "Top Division", from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool with the last place team facing relegation to a lower pool.
The first official tournament was held in 1977. Prior to that, there had been invitational tournaments in 1974, 1975 and 1976 that were not sanctioned by the IIHF.
As of 2017, 41 official tournaments have been staged. Seven nations have won a gold medal and ten have won medals. Historically, the tournament has been dominated by Canada and the Soviet Union/Russia, together accounting for 29 of the 41 gold medals awarded. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 16 and have won a total of 30 medals, while the Soviet Union/Russia have won the most medals overall with 35.
|Year||Gold||Silver||Bronze||Host city (cities)||Host country|
|1974||Soviet Union||Finland||Canada||Leningrad||Soviet Union|
- (#) Number of tournaments won at the time.
These tournaments have been announced.
|Year||Host city (cities)||Host country|
|2019||Vancouver and Victoria||Canada|
The unofficial tournaments held prior to 1977 are not included in this table.
Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.
| Czech Republic
- α During the final game of the tournament, Canada and the Soviet Union became engaged in a violent bench-clearing brawl while Canada was leading 4–2. Consequently, the game was declared null and void, and both teams were ejected from the tournament; while the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and were guaranteed at least a bronze.
- β Canada will host the tournament every 3 or 4 years. In 1990, Canada decided to switch years with Finland.
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