List of ISBN identifier groups

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This is a list of ISBN identifier groups, the second element in 13-digit ISBNs (the first element in 10-digit ISBNs). The identifier is assigned to mark either a publisher's place of business or the language of the books it publishes.

The "original" set of identifiers, assigned prior to the introduction of 13-digit ISBNs and, as such, prior to 978-prefix books, ranged from one to five numerical digits, according to the following structure:

  • 0–5, 7
  • 600–649
  • 80–94
  • 950–989
  • 9900–9989
  • 99900–99999

They are assigned in approximate descending order of publishing volume. Because the larger identifiers have room for fewer publishers and ISBNs, several countries have had more than one identifier assigned to them. On the other hand, several countries (Australia, Canada, Austria, Switzerland...) have no identifier because they fall in the "language groups".

The structure for the identifiers of the 979- prefix and whether it will have language-specific identifiers is not well known, but four identifiers have been assigned (979-10, to France, 979-11, to South Korea, 979-12, to Italy, and 979-8, to the United States of America). Also, 979-0 has been reserved for the use of International Standard Music Number for sheet music. A 977- prefix indicates International Standard Serial Numbers.

Identifiers of the 978- prefix[edit]

Identifier Identifying group Type
(national or language)[note 1]
ISBN example
(book)
0 English Language ISBN 0-330-28498-3
Douglas Adams, So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish, Pan Books (1984)
1 English Language ISBN 1-58182-008-9
James Reasoner, Manassas, Cumberland House (1999)
2 French Language ISBN 2-226-05257-7
Bernard Werber, Les Fourmis, Albin Michel (1991)
3 German Language ISBN 3-7965-1900-8
Marco Jorio (ed.), Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, Schwabe AG (2002-)
4  Japan National ISBN 4-19-830127-1
Yasuhiro Nightow, トライガン (vol. 1), Tokuma Shoten (2014)
5 former USSR National ISBN 5-85270-001-0
Советский Энциклопедический Словарь (4th ed.), Сов. энциклопедия (1986)
600  Iran National ISBN 978-600-119-125-1
بهاءالدین خرمشاهی, از این دوراهه منزل, قطره (2012)
601  Kazakhstan National ISBN 978-601-7151-13-3
Gulnaz Imamniyazova (ed.), The Stock Markets of Russia and Kazakhstan: Prospects for Integration, Eurasian Development Bank (2010)
602  Indonesia National ISBN 978-602-8328-22-7
Dewi Nopianingsih, Masakan Padang, Galangpress (2009)
603  Saudi Arabia National ISBN 978-603-500-045-1
Yusuf AI-Hajj Ahmad, Encyclopedia of Islamic Jurisprudence Concerning Muslim Women, Dar-us-Salaam (2009)
604  Vietnam National ISBN 604-69-4510-0
Nguyễn Trà, Vì sao hồng hạc có bộ lông màu hồng?, Văn Học (2015)
605  Turkey National ISBN 605-384-057-2
Muhammed Bozdağ, Düşün ve Başar, Yakamoz (1999)
606  Romania National ISBN 978-606-8126-35-7
Leonard Ancuta, Infernul, Tracus Arte (2011)
607  Mexico National ISBN 978-607-455-035-1
Vidal Medina, Galimatías, Consejo nacional para la cultura y las artes (2008)
608  North Macedonia National ISBN 978-608-203-023-4
Blaže Ristovski (ed.), Encyclopaedia Macedonica (vol. 1), Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (2009)
609  Lithuania National ISBN 609-01-1248-8
Jolita Herlyn, Trys mano vienynteliai, Alma LIttera (2013)
610 unallocated
611  Thailand National ISBN 611-543-009-7
ʻAtcharāphorn Phongchawī et al., หุ่นไทย, สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ (2009)
612  Peru National ISBN 978-612-45165-9-7
Alonso Cueto, La Venganza del silencio, Planeta (2010)
613  Mauritius National[note 2]
614  Lebanon National ISBN 978-614-404-018-8
Sihām Murḍī, Ma'a sabq al-iṣrār wa-l-taraṣṣud, Mu'assasat al-Intishār al-'Arabī (2010)
615  Hungary National ISBN 978-615-5014-99-4
Lengyel Dávid & Kuba Richárd, Holtak világa: A jóslat, Ad Librum (2011)
616  Thailand National ISBN 978-616-90393-3-4.
Christopher G. Moore, The Corruptionist, Heaven Lake Press (2010)
617  Ukraine National ISBN 978-617-581-116-0
Volodymyr Hynda, Український спорт під нацистською свастикою (1941–1944 рр.), Ruta (2012)
618  Greece National ISBN 978-618-02-0789-7
Κώστας Στοφόρος, Ο χαμένος μύθος του Αισώπου, Μίνωας (2017)
619  Bulgaria National
620  Mauritius National
621  Philippines National
622  Iran National ISBN 978-622-601-101-3
لولا م. شِفِر, سارا قربانی برزی, اعداد شگفت انگیز در زندگی جانوران (جلد نرم), فاطمی (2018)
623  Indonesia National
624  Sri Lanka National
625  Turkey National
626~649 unallocated
65  Brazil National ISBN 978-65-5525-005-3
Homer, Ilíada, Editora 34 (2020)
7  China National ISBN 7-301-10299-2
浦薛凤, 西洋近代政治思潮, 北京大学出版社(2007)
80 former Czechoslovakia National ISBN 80-85983-44-3
Kdo byl kdo v našich dějinách ve 20. století (vol. 1), Libri (1998)
81  India National ISBN 81-7215-399-6
Joy Goswami (1995)
82  Norway National ISBN 82-530-0983-6
Pax Leksikon, Pax Forlag (1978-1981)
83  Poland National ISBN 83-08-01587-5
Joanna Siedlecka, Jaśnie Panicz, WL (1987)
84  Spain National ISBN 84-86546-08-7
Adolfo Camilo Díaz, Miénteme, dime la verdá, Azucel (1989)
85  Brazil National ISBN 85-7531-015-1
Claudio Tognolli, A Sociedade dos Chavões, São Paulo Escrituras (2001)
86 former Yugoslavia National ISBN 86-341-0846-5
Janko Prunk, Slovenski narodni vzpon, Državna založba Slovenije (1992)
87  Denmark National ISBN 87-595-2277-1
Leif Davidsen, Den serbiske dansker, Lindhardt & Ringhof (1996)
88  Italy National ISBN 88-04-47328-2
Sandrone Dazieri, Attenti al gorilla, Mondadori (1999)
89  South Korea National ISBN 89-04-02003-4
존 칼빈, 기독교강요 (상), 생명의말씀사 (1988)
90  Netherlands National ISBN 90-5691-187-2
Jan Timman, On the Attack, New In Chess (2006)
91  Sweden National ISBN 91-1-811692-2
Torgny Lindgren, Ormens väg på hälleberget, P.A. Norstedt (1982)
92 International NGO Publishers and EC Organizations N/A ISBN 92-67-10370-9
ISO Standards Handbook: Technical drawings (4th ed., vol. 1), ISO (2002)
93  India National ISBN 93-5025-214-7
Purkait SK, Essentials of Oral Pathology, JP Medical Ltd (2011)
94  Netherlands National
950  Argentina National ISBN 950-04-0442-7
Abelardo Castillo, El que tiene sed, Emecé (1985)
951  Finland National ISBN 951-0-11369-7
Sinikka Laine, Ohari, WSOY (1982)
952  Finland National ISBN 952-471-294-6
J. Pekka Mäkelä, 391, Like (2004)
953  Croatia National ISBN 953-157-105-8
Višnja Špiljak & Vladimir Ivir (eds.), Englesko-hrvatski poslovni rječnik, Masmedia (2000)
954  Bulgaria National ISBN 954-430-603-X
Ташо В. Ташев, Министрите на България 1879-1999, Академично издателство "Проф.Марин Дринов" (1999)
955  Sri Lanka National ISBN 955-20-3051-X
මාලිංග අමරසිංහ, පොළොන්නරුවේ නටබුන්, S. Godage & Bros (1998)
956  Chile National ISBN 956-7291-48-9
Ursula & Cristina Calderón, Hai Kur Mamashu Shis (Quiero contarte un cuento), Ediciones Kultrún (2005)
957  Taiwan National ISBN 957-01-7429-3
許雪姬 (ed.), 臺灣歷史辭典=Dictionary of Taiwan History, 文建會 (2004)
958  Colombia National ISBN 958-04-6278-X
Karla Suárez, Carroza para actores, Norma (2001)
959  Cuba National ISBN 959-10-0363-3
Lisandro Otero, Llover sobre mojado, Editorial Letras Cubanas (1997)
960  Greece National ISBN 978-960-99626-7-4
Ιωάννης της Κλίμακος, Κλίμαξ, Ιερά Μονή Παρακλήτου (2015)
961  Slovenia National ISBN 961-6403-23-0
Tomaž Humar, Ni nemogočih poti, Mobitel (2001)
962  Hong Kong National ISBN 962-04-0195-6
潘翎, 上海掌故, Joint Publishing Company (1982)
963  Hungary National ISBN 963-7971-51-3
András Petőcz, A tenger dícsérete, Orpheusz (1994)
964  Iran National ISBN 964-6194-70-2
Nasrollah Kasraian, Mountains of Iran
965  Israel National ISBN 965-359-002-2
David H. Stern, Messianic Jewish Manifesto',' Jewish New Testament Publications (1988)
966  Ukraine National ISBN 966-95440-5-X;
Владимир Дергачев, Геополитика, ВІРА-Р (2000)
967  Malaysia National ISBN 967-978-753-2
Khoo Kheng-Hor, Are You A Maverick?, Pelanduk Publications (2001)
968  Mexico National ISBN 968-6031-02-2
Natalio Hernández, Xochikoskatl, Kalpulli Editorial (1985)
969  Pakistan National ISBN 969-35-2020-3
Ahmad Hasan Dani, History of Pakistan: Pakistan through ages, Sang-e-Meel Publications (2007)
970  Mexico National ISBN 970-20-0242-7
Lourdes Urrea, Fuera de este mundo, Castillo
971  Philippines National ISBN 971-8845-10-0
Francisco Sionil José, Po-On, Solidaridad (1984)
972  Portugal National ISBN 972-37-0274-6
Miguel Esteves Cardoso, A Causa das Coisas, Assírio & Alvim (1986)
973  Romania National ISBN 973-43-0179-9
Paul Goma, Amnezia la români, Editura Litera (1992)
974  Thailand National ISBN 974-85854-7-6
วินทร์ เลียววาริณ, ประชาธิปไตยบนเส้นขนาน, บริษัท 113 (1994)
975  Turkey National ISBN 975-293-381-5
Türkçe Sevmek: Türkiye'de Yaşayan Yabancı Kadınların Gözüyle Türkler, Doğan Kitap (2005)
976  CARICOM National ISBN 976-640-140-3
Joyce Sparer Adler, Exploring the Palace of the Peacock: Essays on Wilson Harris, University of the West Indies Press (2003)
977  Egypt National ISBN 977-734-520-8
978  Nigeria National ISBN 978-37186-2-2
Jeff Unaegbu, This Lagos Nawa, Prize Publishers (2005)
979  Indonesia National ISBN 979-553-483-1
Toeti Heraty, Nostalgi, transendensi, Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia (1995)
980  Venezuela National ISBN 980-01-0194-2
Luis Felipe Ramón y Rivera, La Poesía folklórica de Venezuela Monte Avila (1992)
981  Singapore National ISBN 981-3018-39-9
Dato' Sham Sani (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Malaysia (vol. 1), Archipelago Press (1998)
982 South Pacific National ISBN 982-301-001-3
Anirudh Singh, Silent Warriors, Fiji Institute of Applied Studies (1991)
983  Malaysia National ISBN 983-52-0157-9
Mohaini Mohamed, Great Muslim Mathematicians, Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (2000)
984  Bangladesh National ISBN 984-458-089-7
নির্মলেন্দু গুণ, আনন্দউদ্যান, সমেয়া প্রকাশনা (1995)
985  Belarus National ISBN 978-985-6740-48-3
Larysa Hienijuš, Каб вы ведалі: З эпісталярнай спадчыны (1945-1983), Лімарыус (2005)
986  Taiwan National ISBN 986-417-191-7
黃效文, 自然在心/Nature at heart, Commonwealth Publishing Group (2003)
987  Argentina National ISBN 987-98184-2-3
Claudio Canaparo, Ciencia y escritura, Zibaldone Editores (2003)
988  Hong Kong National ISBN 978-988-00-3827-3
David Bunton, More Common English Errors in Hong Kong, Pearson Education Asia (2011)
989  Portugal National ISBN 978-989-758-246-2
Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, SciTePress (2017)
9900~9913 unallocated
9914  Kenya National
9915  Uruguay National
9916  Estonia National
9917  Bolivia National
9918  Malta National
9919  Mongolia National
9920  Morocco National
9921  Kuwait National
9922  Iraq National
9923  Jordan National
9924  Cambodia National
9925  Cyprus National
9926  Bosnia and Herzegovina National
9927  Qatar National
9928  Albania National ISBN 978-9928400529
Idlir Azizi, Terxhuman, Zenit Editions (2010)
9929  Guatemala National ISBN 978-9929801646
Héctor Gaitán A., La Calle: Donde tú vives (vol. 8), Librerías Artemis Edinter (2011)
9930  Costa Rica National ISBN 978-9930943106
Luis Carlos de Rojas Rojas, Cuentos del Bosque, de la Ciudad y del Espacio, Matfacil (2011)
9931  Algeria National
9932  Laos National
9933  Syria National ISBN 978-9933101473
(2010) نزار أباظة ، العربــية لغير أبنائها ، القسم الثاني
9934  Latvia National ISBN 978-9934015960
Žanna Grāfa, Fantastiskas zeķes: Ātri un stilīgi, Zvaigzne ABC (2010)
9935  Iceland National
9936  Afghanistan National
9937    Nepal National
9938  Tunisia National ISBN 978-9938-01-122-7
Hédi Baccouche, En toute franchise, Sud Éditions (2018)
9939  Armenia National
9940  Montenegro National
9941  Georgia National
9942  Ecuador National
9943  Uzbekistan National
9944  Turkey National
9945  Dominican Republic National
9946  North Korea National
9947  Algeria National
9948  United Arab Emirates National
9949  Estonia National
9950  Palestine National ISBN 978-9950-974-40-1
Sharif Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Khalaf, The Family of Sharif Hajji Taher Mohammad Ahmad Ahmad Mostafa Khalaf (Abu Othman). A Pictorial History Book of a Palestinian Family from Jaffa in the Twentieth Century, Prof. Dr. Norman Khalaf Department for Environmental Research and Media, National Research Center, University of Palestine, Gaza, State of Palestine (2018)
9951  Kosovo National
9952  Azerbaijan National
9953  Lebanon National
9954  Morocco National
9955  Lithuania National
9956  Cameroon National
9957  Jordan National
9958  Bosnia and Herzegovina National
9959  Libya National
9960  Saudi Arabia National
9961  Algeria National
9962  Panama National
9963  Cyprus National ISBN 9963-645-06-2
Παύλος Ευδοκίμωφ, Η τρελή αγάπη του Θεού, Κέντρο Μελετών Ιεράς Μονής Κύκκου (2003)
9964  Ghana National
9965  Kazakhstan National
9966  Kenya National
9967  Kyrgyzstan National
9968  Costa Rica National
9969 unallocated
9970  Uganda National
9971  Singapore National
9972  Peru National
9973  Tunisia National
9974  Uruguay National
9975  Moldova National
9976  Tanzania National
9977  Costa Rica National
9978  Ecuador National
9979  Iceland National
9980  Papua New Guinea National
9981  Morocco National
9982  Zambia National
9983  Gambia National
9984  Latvia National
9985  Estonia National
9986  Lithuania National ISBN 9986-16-329-3
Jurga Ivanauskaitė, Pakalnučių metai, Tyto alba (2014)
9987  Tanzania National
9988  Ghana National
9989  North Macedonia National
99900 unallocated
99901  Bahrain National
99902 Reserved Agency (was  Gabon) National
99903  Mauritius National
99904  Curaçao (was  Netherlands Antilles, and  Aruba) National
99905  Bolivia National
99906  Kuwait National
99907 unallocated
99908  Malawi National
99909  Malta National
99910  Sierra Leone National
99911  Lesotho National
99912  Botswana National
99913  Andorra National
99914  Suriname National
99915  Maldives National
99916  Namibia National
99917  Brunei National
99918  Faroe Islands National
99919  Benin National
99920  Andorra National
99921  Qatar National
99922  Guatemala National
99923  El Salvador National
99924  Nicaragua National
99925  Paraguay National
99926  Honduras National
99927  Albania National
99928  Georgia National
99929  Mongolia National
99930  Armenia National
99931  Seychelles National
99932  Malta National
99933    Nepal National
99934  Dominican Republic National
99935  Haiti National
99936  Bhutan National
99937  Macau National ISBN 978-99937-1-056-1
Lúcio de Sousa, The Early European Presence in China, Japan, the Philippines and Southeast Asia (1555-1590) - The Life of Bartolomeu Landeiro, Fundação Macau (2010)
99938  Republika Srpska National
99939  Guatemala National
99940  Georgia National
99941  Armenia National
99942  Sudan National
99943  Albania National
99944  Ethiopia National
99945  Namibia National
99946    Nepal National
99947  Tajikistan National
99948  Eritrea National
99949  Mauritius National
99950  Cambodia National
99951 Reserved Agency (was  Democratic Republic of Congo) National
99952  Mali National
99953  Paraguay National
99954  Bolivia National
99955  Republika Srpska National
99956  Albania National
99957  Malta National
99958  Bahrain National
99959  Luxembourg National
99960  Malawi National
99961  El Salvador National
99962  Mongolia National
99963  Cambodia National
99964  Nicaragua National
99965  Macau National ISBN 978-99965-2-047-1
宋錫祥 Song Xixiang, 莊金鋒 Zhuang Jinfeng et al., "一國兩制"與中國區際民商事司法協助 "One Country, Two Systems" and Regional Civil and Commercial Judicial Assistance in China, Instituto Politécnico de Macau (2012)
99966  Kuwait National
99967  Paraguay National
99968  Botswana National
99969  Oman National
99970  Haiti National
99971  Myanmar National
99972  Faroe Islands National
99973  Mongolia National
99974  Bolivia National
99975  Tajikistan National
99976  Republika Srpska National
99977  Rwanda National
99978  Mongolia National
99979  Honduras National
99980  Bhutan National
99981  Macau National
99982  Benin National
99983  El Salvador National
99984 unallocated
99985  Tajikistan National
99986~99999 unallocated

Countries with no exclusive prefixes[edit]

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Canada,  Czech Republic, Eswatini, Germany, Gibraltar, Ireland, New Zealand,  Russia,  Serbia,  Slovakia, South Africa, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe

Countries and regions with several 978- prefixes[edit]

Two prefixes (47)
Andorra, Argentina, Bahrain, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, English, Faroe Islands, Finland, Ghana, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lebanon, Malawi, Malaysia, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, North Macedonia, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uruguay
Three prefixes (20)
Algeria, Armenia, Cambodia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Estonia, Georgia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Lithuania, Macau, Mexico, Morocco, Nepal, Paraguay, Republika Srpska, Tajikistan, Thailand
Four prefixes (5)
Albania, Bolivia, Malta, Mauritius, Turkey
Five prefixes (1)
Mongolia

Countries in "Language" groups[edit]

Country English
978-0-
English
978-1-
French
978-2-
German
978-3-
 Australia
 Austria
 Belgium
 Bermuda
 Canada
 Eswatini
 France
 Germany
 Gibraltar
 Ireland
 Luxembourg
 Namibia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
 United States of America
 Zimbabwe

Countries in former countries[edit]

978-5- : former USSR
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,  Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
978-80- : former Czechoslovakia
 Czech Republic,  Slovakia
978-86- : former Yugoslavia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia,  Serbia, Slovenia

Identifiers of the 979- prefix[edit]

Identifier Identifying group Type
(national or language)
ISBN example
(bibliographic information)
10-  France National ISBN 979-10-90636-07-1
Hélène Dubouis, Les Jeunes dans la société, Éditions des Citoyens
11-  South Korea National ISBN 979-11-86178-14-0
Edward Y. J. Chung, Korean Confucianism: Tradition and Modernity. Academy of Korean Studies (2015)
12-  Italy National ISBN 979-12-200-0852-5
Lorenzo Pacini, L'arte la vita e un pizzico di Van Gogh, Edizioni d'Arte (2016)
8-  United States of America National ISBN 979-8-6024-0545-3
Julia Clemens, Sunset on Whisling Island

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Note that "language" does not mean all books with the identifier are written in that language, only that the geographic area is identified as such; thus, books in Breton are identified as French language books, and books in Navajo are identified as English language books, etc.
  2. ^ In practice, this group is mostly used by some subsidiaries of VDM Publishing with registered addresses in "Beau-Bassin, Mauritius".

External links[edit]