Illinois Department of Corrections

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Department of Corrections
IL - DOC.png
Illinois Department of Corrections shoulder patch
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* U.S. state of Illinois, United States
General nature
Operational structure
Notables
Person John Baldwin, Director of Corrections
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC) is the code department[1][2] of the Illinois state government that operates the adult state prison system. The IDOC is led by a director appointed by the Governor of Illinois,[3] and its headquarters are in Springfield.[4]

The IDOC was established in 1970, combining the state's prisons, juvenile centers, and parole services. The juvenile corrections system was split off into the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice on July 1, 2006.[3]

Facilities[edit]

Name Highest security Operational capacity
Menard Correctional Center 1 - Maximum 3204
Pontiac Correctional Center 1 - Maximum 1492
Stateville Correctional Center 1 - Maximum 1648
Dixon Correctional Center Medium 2529
Hill Correctional Center 2 - Secure Medium 1867
Lawrence Correctional Center 2 - Secure Medium 2320
Pinckneyville Correctional Center 2 - Secure Medium 2274
Western Illinois Correctional Center 2 - Secure Medium 1871
Big Muddy River Correctional Center 3 - High Medium 1598
Danville Correctional Center 3 - High Medium 1864
Illinois River Correctional Center 3 - High Medium 2094
Menard Medium Security Unit 3 - High Medium 441
Pontiac Medium Security Unit 3 - High Medium 488
Shawnee Correctional Center 3 - High Medium 2147
Centralia Correctional Center 4 - Medium 1528
Decatur Correctional Center 4 - Medium 790
Graham Correctional Center 4 - Medium 2012
Lincoln Correctional Center 4 - Medium 1019
Logan Correctional Center 4 - Medium 2019
Sheridan Correctional Center 4 - Medium 2104
Jacksonville Correctional Center 5 - High Minimum 1012
Robinson Correctional Center 5 - High Minimum 1223
Taylorville Correctional Center 5 - High Minimum 1221
East Moline Correctional Center 6 - Minimum 1228
Southwestern Illinois Correctional Center 6 - Minimum 621
Vandalia Correctional Center 6 - Minimum 1700
Vienna Correctional Center 6 - Minimum 1616
Clayton Work Camp 7 - Low Minimum 143
Dixon Springs Impact Incarceration Program 7 - Low Minimum 152
DuQuoin Impact Incarceration Program 7 - Low Minimum 172
East Moline Work Camps 1 and 2 7 - Low Minimum 184
Greene County Work Camp 7 - Low Minimum 158
Pittsfield Work Camp 7 - Low Minimum 267
Southwestern Illinois Work Camp 7 - Low Minimum 100
Stateville Minimum Security Unit 7 - Low Minimum 185
Crossroads Adult Transition Center 8 - Transitional 364
Fox Valley Adult Transition Center 8 - Transitional 130
North Lawndale Adult Transition Center 8 - Transitional 200
Peoria Adult Transition Center 8 - Transitional 248

Crossroads and North Lawndale Adult Transition Centers are operated by the Safer Foundation.

Closed prisons[edit]

Remains of the old Illinois State Prison
  • Alton Military Prison: open 1833 through 1857, replaced by Joliet; operated as a military prison during the Civil War
  • Decatur Adult Transition Center; closed 2012
  • Dwight Correctional Center: closed in 2013; maximum security
  • Hardin County Work Camp; closed 2015; low minimum
  • Jesse 'Ma' Houston Adult Transition Center: Closed 2011; transitional facility
  • Joliet Prison: closed in 2002; 2.5 miles south of Stateville Correctional Center
  • Kankakee Minimum-Security Unit; low minimum, closed 2010
  • Southern Illinois Adult Transition Center; closed 2012
  • Tamms Correctional Center: closed in 2013; maximum security
  • Tamms Minimum Security Unit: Low Minimum
  • Thomson Correctional Center, an ADX facility built in 2001 near Thomson, Illinois, was sold by the state to the federal government in 2012, and renamed the Administrative United States Penitentiary (AUSP) Thomson.

Death row[edit]

Illinois had the death penalty until it was abolished in 2011.[5] Illinois's last execution was Andrew Kokoraleis, on March 17, 1999.[6]

Pontiac Correctional Center housed the male death row, while Dwight Correctional Center housed the female death row. Prior to the January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Pontiac, Menard, and Tamms correctional centers.[7] The execution chamber was at Tamms Correctional Center.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uphoff, Judy Lee (2012). "The Governor and the Executive Branch". In Lind, Nancy S.; Rankin, Erik. Governing Illinois: Your Connection to State and Local Government (PDF) (4th ed.). Center Publications, Center for State Policy and Leadership, University of Illinois at Springfield. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-0-938943-28-0. 
  2. ^ 20 ILCS 5/5-15
  3. ^ a b "IDOC Overview". Springfield, Illinois: Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  4. ^ "Contacting IDOC." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  5. ^ Smith, Matt."Illinois abolishes death penalty." CNN. March 9, 2011.
  6. ^ McKinney, Dave."[1]." CHICAGO SUN TIMES. March 17, 1999.
  7. ^ "DOC Report Online." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  8. ^ "Tamms Closed Maximum Security Unit: Ten-Point Plan Brief." Illinois Department of Corrections. 3 (9/51). September 3, 2009. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.

External links[edit]