List of Imperial German cavalry regiments

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This is a List of Imperial German cavalry regiments[1] before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 110 regiments of cavalry. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th century[2] but others were only formed as late as October 1913.[3]

On mobilisation, they were joined by 33 reserve cavalry regiments, 2 landwehr cavalry regiments and 1 ersatz cavalry regiment was also formed.[4] Also on mobilisation, there were 38 landwehr squadrons (assigned to the mixed landwehr brigades) and 19 ersatz detachments (assigned to the mixed ersatz brigades).

Pre-war regiments[edit]

Regiments that existed in the Peacetime Army
Regiment Raised[5] Garrison Corps
Gardes du Corps 23 June 1740 Potsdam Guards Corps[6]
Guards Cuirassiers 21 February 1815 Berlin Guards Corps
1st Royal Saxon Guards Heavy Cavalry 31 October 1849 Dresden XII Army Corps[7]
Carabiniers (2nd Royal Saxon Heavy Cavalry) 1 November 1849 Borna XIX Army Corps[8]
1st Royal Bavarian Heavy Cavalry "Prince Charles of Bavaria" 16 July 1814 Munich I Royal Bavarian Corps[9]
2nd Royal Bavarian Heavy Cavalry "Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria" 24 September 1815 Landshut I Royal Bavarian Corps
1st (Silesian) Life Cuirassiers "Great Elector" 1 July 1674 Breslau VI Army Corps[10]
2nd (Pomeranian) Cuirassiers “Queen” 2 April 1717 Pasewalk II Army Corps[11]
3rd (East Prussian) Cuirassiers "Count Wrangel" 19 April 1717 Königsberg I Army Corps[12]
4th (Westphalian) Cuirassiers "von Driesen" 19 April 1717 Münster VII Army Corps[13]
5th (West Prussian) Cuirassiers "Duke Frederick Eugene of Württemberg" 19 April 1717 Riesenburg XX Army Corps[14]
6th (Brandenburg) Cuirassiers "Emperor Nicholas I of Russia" 20 December 1691 Brandenburg III Army Corps[15]
7th (Magdeburg) Cuirassiers "von Seydlitz" 7 March 1815 Halberstadt, Quedlinburg IV Army Corps[16]
8th (Rhenish) Cuirassiers "Count Geßler" 7 March 1815 Deutz VIII Army Corps[17]
1st Guards Dragoons "Queen of Great Britain and Ireland" 21 February 1815 Berlin Guards Corps
2nd Guards Dragoons "Empress Alexandra of Russia" 1860 Berlin Guards Corps
1st (Lithuanian) Dragoons "Prince Albrecht of Prussia" 19 April 1717 Tilsit I Army Corps
2nd (1st Brandenburg) Dragoons 24 April 1689 Schwedt/O. III Army Corps
3rd (Neumark) Mounted Grenadiers "Baron Derfflinger" 29 December 1704 Bromberg II Army Corps
4th (1st Silesian) Dragoons "von Bredow" 7 March 1815 Lüben V Army Corps[18]
5th (Rhenish) Dragoons "Baron Manteuffel" 7 May 1860 Hofgeismar XI Army Corps[19]
6th (Magdeburg) Dragoons 7 May 1860 Mainz XVIII Army Corps[20]
7th (Westphalian) Dragoons 7 May 1860 Saarbrücken XXI Army Corps[21]
8th (2nd Silesian) Dragoons "King Frederick III" 7 May 1860 Oels, Kreuzburg, Bernstadt, Namslau VI Army Corps
9th (1st Hannover) Dragoons "King Charles I of Rumania" 25 November 1805 Metz XVI Army Corps[22]
10th (East Prussian) Dragoons "King Albert of Saxony" 27 September 1866 Allenstein XX Army Corps
11th (Pomeranian) Dragoons "von Wedel" 27 September 1866 Lyck XX Army Corps
12th (2nd Brandenburg) Dragoons "von Arnim" 27 September 1866 Gnesen II Army Corps
13th (Schleswig-Holstein) Dragoons 27 September 1866 Metz XVI Army Corps
14th (Kurmark) Dragoons 27 September 1866 Colmar/Elsaß XV Army Corps[23]
15th (3rd Silesian) Dragoons 27 September 1866 Hagenau XV Army Corps
16th (2nd Hannover) Dragoons 24 March 1813 Lüneburg X Army Corps[24]
17th (1st Grand Ducal Mecklenburgian) Dragoons 6 November 1819 Ludwigslust IX Army Corps[25]
18th (2nd Grand Ducal Mecklenburgian) Dragoons 8 August 1867 Parchim IX Army Corps
19th (Oldenburg) Dragoons 26 April 1849 Oldenburg X Army Corps
20th (1st Baden) Life-Dragoons 23 March 1803 Karlsruhe XIV Army Corps[26]
21st (2nd Baden) Dragoons 6 January 1850 Bruchsal, Schwetzingen XIV Army Corps
22nd (3rd Baden) Dragoons "Prince Charles" 6 January 1850 Mülhausen/Elsaß XIV Army Corps
23rd Guards Dragoons (1st Grand Ducal Hessian) 6 April 1790 Darmstadt XVIII Army Corps
24th Life Dragoons (2nd Grand Ducal Hessian) 1 December 1859 Darmstadt XVIII Army Corps
25th (1st Württemberg) Dragoons "Queen Olga" 17 November 1813 Ludwigsburg XIII Army Corps[27]
26th (2nd Württemberg) Dragoons "King" 6 December 1805 Stuttgart-Cannstatt XIII Army Corps
1st Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Emperor Nicholas of Russia" 29 June 1682 Nuremberg, Fürth III Royal Bavarian Corps[28]
2nd Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Taxis" 29 June 1682 Dillingen III Royal Bavarian Corps
3rd Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Duke Charles Theodore" 23 January 1724 Dieuze II Royal Bavarian Corps[29]
4th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "King" 1 September 1744 Augsburg, Neu-Ulm I Royal Bavarian Corps
5th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Archduke Albrecht of Austria" 1 April 1776 Saargemünd, Zweibrücken II Royal Bavarian Corps
6th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers "Prince Albrecht of Prussia" 1 April 1803 Bayreuth, Neumarkt III Royal Bavarian Corps
7th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers 1 October 1905 Nuremberg III Royal Bavarian Corps
8th Royal Bavarian Chevau-légers 1 October 1909 Munich I Royal Bavarian Corps
Life Guards Hussars 21 February 1815 Potsdam Guards Corps
1st Life Hussars "Totenkopf" 9 August 1741 Danzig-Langfuhr XVII Army Corps[30]
2nd Life Hussars "Queen Victoria of Prussia" 9 August 1741 Danzig-Langfuhr XVII Army Corps
3rd (Brandenburg) Hussars “von Zieten” 30 September 1730 Rathenow III Army Corps
4th (1st Silesian) Hussars "von Schill" 15 November 1741 Ohlau VI Army Corps
5th (Pomeranian) Hussars "Prince Blücher of Wahlstatt" 16 January 1758 Stolp XVII Army Corps
6th (2nd Silesian) Hussars "Count Götzen" 21 November 1808 Leobschütz, Ratibor VI Army Corps
7th (1st Rhenish) Hussars "King William I" 7 March 1815 Bonn VIII Army Corps
8th (1st Westphalian) Hussars "Emperor Nicholas II of Russia" 7 March 1815 Paderborn, Neuhaus[disambiguation needed] VII Army Corps
9th (2nd Rhenish) Hussars 7 March 1815 Straßburg/Els. XV Army Corps
10th (Magdeburg) Hussars 19 November 1813 Stendal IV Army Corps
11th (2nd Westphalian) Hussars 5 December 1813 Krefeld VII Army Corps
12th (Thuringian) Hussars 30 July 1791 Torgau IV Army Corps
13th (1st Kurhessian) Hussars "King Umberto of Italy" 22 November 1813 Diedenhofen XVI Army Corps
14th (2nd Kurhessian) Hussars "Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Homburg" 23 November 1813 Kassel XI Army Corps
15th (Hannover) Hussars "Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands" 19 December 1803 Wandsbek IX Army Corps
16th (Schleswig-Holstein) Hussars "Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria, King of Hungary" 27 September 1866 Schleswig IX Army Corps
17th (Brunswick) Hussars 1 April 1809 Braunschweig X Army Corps
18th (1st Royal Saxon) Hussars "King Albert" 26 October 1734 Großenhain XII Army Corps
19th (2nd Royal Saxon) Hussars "Queen Carola" 30 July 1791 Grimma XIX Army Corps
20th (3rd Royal Saxon) Hussars 1 October 1910 Bautzen XII Army Corps
1st Guards Uhlans 14 April 1819 Potsdam Guards Corps
2nd Guards Uhlans 14 April 1819 Berlin Guards Corps
3rd Guards Uhlans 7 May 1860 Potsdam Guards Corps
1st (West Prussian) Uhlans "Emperor Alexander III of Russia" 1 August 1745 Militsch, Ostrowo V Army Corps
2nd (Silesian) Uhlans of Katzler 1 August 1745 Gleiwitz, Pless VI Army Corps
3rd (1st Brandenburg) Uhlans "Emperor Alexander II of Russia" 15 May 1809 Fürstenwalde III Army Corps
4th (1st Pomeranian) Uhlans "von Schmidt" 7 March 1815 Thorn XX Army Corps
5th (Westphalian) Uhlans 7 March 1815 Düsseldorf VII Army Corps
6th (Thuringian) Uhlans 18 December 1813 Hanau XVIII Army Corps
7th (Rhenish) Uhlans "Archduke Frederick of Baden" 14 April 1734 Saarbrücken XXI Army Corps
8th (East Prussian) Uhlans "Count zu Dohna" 6 September 1812 Gumbinnen, Stallupönen I Army Corps
9th (2nd Pomeranian) Uhlans 7 May 1860 Demmin II Army Corps
10th (Posen) Uhlans "Prince August of Württemberg" 7 May 1860 Züllichau V Army Corps
11th (2nd Brandenburg) Uhlans "Count Haeseler" 7 May 1860 Saarburg XXI Army Corps
12th (Lithuanian) Uhlans 7 May 1860 Insterburg I Army Corps
13th (1st Hannover) King’s Uhlans 19 December 1803 Hannover X Army Corps
14th (2nd Hannover) Uhlans 10 December 1805 St. Avold, Mörchingen XVI Army Corps
15th (Schleswig-Holstein) Uhlans 27 September 1866 Saarburg XXI Army Corps
16th (Altmark) Uhlans "Hennigs von Treffenfeld" 27 September 1866 Salzwedel, Gardelegen IV Army Corps
17th (1st Royal Saxon) Uhlans "Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria, King of Hungary" 1 April 1867 Oschatz XII Army Corps
18th (2nd Royal Saxon) Uhlans 1 April 1867 Leipzig XIX Army Corps
19th (1st Württemberg) Uhlans "King Charles" 9 July 1683 Ulm XIII Army Corps
20th (2nd Württemberg) Uhlans "King William I" 24 July 1809 Ludwigsburg XIII Army Corps
21st (3rd Royal Saxon) Uhlans 1 October 1905 Chemnitz XIX Army Corps
1st Royal Bavarian Uhlans "Emperor William II, King of Prussia" 21 December 1863 Bamberg II Royal Bavarian Corps
2nd Royal Bavarian Uhlans "King" 21 December 1863 Ansbach II Royal Bavarian Corps
1st King’s Mounted Rifles 1 October 1905 Posen V Army Corps
2nd Mounted Rifles 1 October 1905 Langensalza XI Army Corps
3rd Mounted Rifles 1 October 1905 Colmar XV Army Corps
4th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1906 Graudenz XVII Army Corps
5th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1908 Mülhausen/Elsaß XIV Army Corps
6th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1910 Erfurt XI Army Corps
7th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Trier VIII Army Corps
8th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Trier VIII Army Corps
9th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Insterburg I Army Corps
10th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Angerburg, Goldap I Army Corps
11th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Tarnowitz, Lublinitz VI Army Corps
12th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 St. Avold XVI Army Corps
13th Mounted Rifles 1 October 1913 Saarlouis XVI Army Corps

Regiments formed on mobilisation[edit]

33 Reserve Cavalry Regiments, 2 Landwehr Cavalry Regiments and 1 Ersatz Cavalry Regiment were formed on mobilisation in August 1914 and assigned to field formations. Each of these had a strength of 3 squadrons.[31]

Reserve, Landwehr and Ersatz Regiments raised on mobilisation
Regiment Raised by[32] Divisional assignment Corps assignment.[33]
Reserve Guards Uhlans Guards Corps 3rd Guards Division Guards Reserve Corps
Reserve Guards Dragoons Guards Corps 1st Guards Reserve Division Guards Reserve Corps
1st Reserve Uhlans I Corps 1st Reserve Division I Reserve Corps
1st Reserve Hussars XVII Corps 36th Reserve Division I Reserve Corps
2nd Reserve Dragoons III Corps 5th Reserve Division III Reserve Corps
3rd Reserve Uhlans III Corps 6th Reserve Division III Reserve Corps
1st Reserve Schwere Reiter IV Corps 7th Reserve Division IV Reserve Corps
1st Reserve Jager zu Pferde XI Corps 22nd Reserve Division IV Reserve Corps
3rd Reserve Dragoons V Corps 9th Reserve Division V Reserve Corps
6th Reserve Uhlans V Corps 10th Reserve Division V Reserve Corps
4th Reserve Hussars VI Corps 11th Reserve Division VI Reserve Corps
4th Reserve Uhlans VI Corps 12th Reserve Division VI Reserve Corps
5th Reserve Hussars VII Corps 13th Reserve Division VII Reserve Corps
8th Reserve Hussars VII Corps 14th Reserve Division VII Reserve Corps
5th Reserve Uhlans X Corps 15th Reserve Division VIII Reserve Corps
2nd Reserve Schwere Reiter VIII Corps 16th Reserve Division VIII Reserve Corps
6th Reserve Hussars IX Corps 17th Reserve Division IX Reserve Corps
7th Reserve Hussars IX Corps 18th Reserve Division IX Reserve Corps
2nd Reserve Uhlans II Corps 2nd Guards Reserve Division X Reserve Corps
6th Reserve Dragoons X Corps 19th Reserve Division X Reserve Corps
Reserve Saxon Hussars XII Corps 23rd Reserve Division XII Reserve Corps
Reserve Saxon Uhlans XIX Corps 24th Reserve Division XII Reserve Corps
Reserve Wurttenberg Dragoons XIII Corps 26th Reserve Division XIV Reserve Corps
8th Reserve Dragoons XIV Corps 28th Reserve Division XIV Reserve Corps
7th Reserve Dragoons XI Corps 21st Reserve Division XVIII Reserve Corps
4th Reserve Dragoons XVIII Corps 25th Reserve Division XVIII Reserve Corps
1st Reserve Bavarian I Royal Bavarian Corps 1st Bavarian Reserve Division I Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps
5th Reserve Bavarian III Royal Bavarian Corps 5th Bavarian Reserve Division I Royal Bavarian Reserve Corps
5th Reserve Dragoons II Corps 3rd Reserve Division Directly subordinated to 8th Army
9th Reserve Hussars III Corps 30th Reserve Division Fortress Strassburg
2nd Reserve Hussars IV Corps 33rd Reserve Division Fortress Metz
3rd Reserve Schwere Reiter XX Corps 35th Reserve Division Fortress Thorn
1st Reserve Dragoons XX Corps n/a Fortress Königsberg
1st Landwehr Cavalry V Corps 3rd Landwehr Division Landwehr Corps
2nd Landwehr Cavalry VI Corps 4th Landwehr Division Landwehr Corps
Ersatz Cavalry VI Corps 4th Landwehr Division Landwehr Corps

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tessin 1974, pp. 28–34
  2. ^ "The Prussian Machine, Bavarian Regiments". Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Prussian Machine, Cavalry Regiments". Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128
  5. ^ A Pocket German Army at the Wayback Machine (archived 24 February 2009)
  6. ^ War Office 1918, p. 239
  7. ^ War Office 1918, p. 251
  8. ^ War Office 1918, p. 258
  9. ^ War Office 1918, p. 261
  10. ^ War Office 1918, p. 245
  11. ^ War Office 1918, p. 241
  12. ^ War Office 1918, p. 240
  13. ^ War Office 1918, p. 246
  14. ^ War Office 1918, p. 259
  15. ^ War Office 1918, p. 242
  16. ^ War Office 1918, p. 243
  17. ^ War Office 1918, p. 247
  18. ^ War Office 1918, p. 244
  19. ^ War Office 1918, p. 250
  20. ^ War Office 1918, p. 257
  21. ^ War Office 1918, p. 260
  22. ^ War Office 1918, p. 255
  23. ^ War Office 1918, p. 254
  24. ^ War Office 1918, p. 249
  25. ^ War Office 1918, p. 248
  26. ^ War Office 1918, p. 253
  27. ^ War Office 1918, p. 252
  28. ^ War Office 1918, p. 263
  29. ^ War Office 1918, p. 262
  30. ^ War Office 1918, p. 256
  31. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128
  32. ^ War Office 1918, pp. 239–263
  33. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 301–328

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Tessin, Georg (1974). Deutsche Verbände und Truppen, 1918 - 1939. Biblio Osnabrück. ISBN 3-7648-1000-9. 
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X.