Imperial Russian Army formations and units (1914)

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The Eastern Front, as it was in 1914, with the long occupied Commonwealth territories in the top centre.

This article lists Imperial Russian Army formations and units in 1914 prior to World War I mobilisation for the Russian invasion of Prussia and liberation Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia.

The prewar chain of command was: military district, corps (or Army corps), then to division, brigade, regiment, and then the regiment's battalions.

After mobilisation in the event of war the chain of command of the Imperial Russian Army ran from Stavka, the Russian general headquarters, which was created during mobilization, to Front-level (Army group) also created during mobilization, to the Army level. Army headquarters were created during mobilization by transformation of the military district headquarters. Below Army level the chain was the same; corps (or Army corps, it was used interchangeably), division, brigade, and regiment.



see List of Russian armies in World War I

The Guard[edit]

Guard Corps[edit]


Infantry Corps[edit]

Cavalry Corps[edit]

Cavalry Divisions[edit]

Cossack Divisions[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Ėmmanuelʹ, V. A. (2013). The Russian Imperial Cavalry in 1914 (First Winged Hussar Publishing ed.). Point Pleasant, NJ: Winged Hussar Publishing LLC. ISBN 0988953218. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Florinsky, Michael T. "The Russian Mobilization of 1914," Political Science Quarterly (1927) 42#2 pp. 203–227 in JSTOR