List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category. The award is given annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue. The "Best Foreign Language Film" category was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented a non-competitive Honorary Award for the best foreign language films released in the United States.
The Film Federation of India (FFI) appoints a committee to choose one film among those released that year to be submitted as India's official entry to the Academy for a nomination for "Best Foreign Language Film" the following year. The chosen films, along with their English subtitles, are sent to the Academy, where they are screened for the jury. The 1957 Hindi film Mother India was India's first submission. The film made it to the final shortlist and was nominated alongside four other films in the category. It came close to winning the Academy Award but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote. Since 1984, India has not submitted a film on only one occasion; in 2003, the FFI controversially chose not make an entry as they felt no film would be in a position to compete with films from other nations. As of 2014, only three Indian films—Mother India, Salaam Bombay! and Lagaan —have been nominated for the Academy Award for "Best Foreign Language Film". In 2011, the jury of the 58th National Film Awards made a recommendation that films winning Best Film at the annual National Film Awards should be the official entry. However, over the next three years, none of the "Best Film" winners was chosen as the official entry. For the 88th Academy Awards, Court, the "Best Film" winner at the 62nd National Film Awards, was submitted by India.
India has sent more than forty films to the competition. Most of India's submissions were in Hindi. Tamil films were submitted by the committee on nine occasions. Three submissions were made in Marathi, two each in Bengali and Malayalam; only one film was in Telugu and Gujarati. Tamil actor Kamal Haasan has most often represented the country as a performer, with seven films submitted—including three consecutive films between 1985 and 1987, one of which he directed himself.
|Film title used in nomination||Original title||Language||Director(s)||Result|
|Mother India||Mother India (मदर इंडिया)||Hindi||Khan, MehboobMehboob Khan||Nominated[Note 1]|
|Madhumati||Madhumati (मधुमती)||Hindi||Roy, BimalBimal Roy||Not Nominated|
|The World of Apu||Apur sansār (অপুর সংসার)||Bengali||Ray, SatyajitSatyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam||Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (साहिब बीबी और ग़ुलाम)||Hindi
|Alvi, AbrarAbrar Alvi||Not Nominated|
|Metropolis||Mahanagar (মহানগর)||Bengali||Ray, SatyajitSatyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|The Guide||Guide (गाइड)||Hindi||Anand, VijayVijay Anand||Not Nominated|
|Amrapali||Amrapali (अम्रपल्ली)||Hindi||Tandon, LekhLekh Tandon||Not Nominated|
|The Last Letter||Aakhri Khat (आखरी ख़त)||Hindi||Anand, ChetanChetan Anand||Not Nominated|
|Elder Sister||Majhli Didi (मझली दीदी)||Hindi||Mukherjee, HrishikeshHrishikesh Mukherjee||Not Nominated|
|Deiva Magan||Deiva Magan (தெய்வ மகன்)||Tamil||Tirulokchandar, A. C.A. C. Tirulokchandar||Not Nominated|
|Reshma Aur Shera||Reshma Aur Shera (रेशमा और शेरा)||Hindi||Dutt, SunilSunil Dutt||Not Nominated|
|Uphaar||Uphaar (उपहार)||Hindi||Roy, SudhenduSudhendu Roy||Not Nominated|
|Saudagar||Saudagar (सौदागर)||Hindi||Roy, SudhenduSudhendu Roy||Not Nominated|
|Hot Winds||Garam Hawa (गरम हवा)||Urdu||Sathyu, M. S.M. S. Sathyu||Not Nominated|
|Manthan||Manthan (मंथन)||Hindi||Benegal, ShyamShyam Benegal||Not Nominated|
|The Chess Players||Shatranj Ke Khilari (शतरंज के खिलाड़ी)||Hindi
|Ray, SatyajitSatyajit Ray||Not Nominated|
|Payal Ki Jhankaar||Payal Ki Jhankaar (पायल की झंकार)||Hindi||BoseSatyen Bose||Not Nominated|
|Saaransh||Saaransh (सारांश)||Hindi||Bhatt, MaheshMahesh Bhatt||Not Nominated|
|Saagar||Saagar (सागर)||Hindi||Sippy, RameshRamesh Sippy||Not Nominated|
|Swati Mutyam||Swati Mutyam (స్వాతి ముత్యం)||Telugu||Viswanath, KasinadhuniKasinadhuni Viswanath||Not Nominated|
|Nayakan||Nayakan (நாயகன்)||Tamil||Ratnam, ManiMani Ratnam||Not Nominated|
|Salaam Bombay!||Salaam Bombay! (सलाम बॉम्बे)||Hindi||Nair, MiraMira Nair||Nominated[Note 2]|
|Parinda||Parinda (परिंदा)||Hindi||Chopra, Vidhu VinodVidhu Vinod Chopra||Not Nominated|
|Anjali||Anjali (அஞ்சலி)||Tamil||Ratnam, ManiMani Ratnam||Not Nominated|
|Kapoor, RandhirRandhir Kapoor||Not Nominated|
|Thevar Magan||Thevar Magan (தேவர் மகன்)||Tamil||, BharathanBharathan||Not Nominated|
|Rudaali||Rudaali (रुदाली)||Hindi||Lajmi, KalpanaKalpana Lajmi||Not Nominated|
|In Custody||Muhafiz||Hindi||Merchant, IsmailIsmail Merchant||Not Nominated|
|Kuruthipunal||Kuruthipunal (குருதிப்புனல்)||Tamil||Sreeram, P. C.P. C. Sreeram||Not Nominated|
|Indian||Indian (இந்தியன்)||Tamil||Shankar, S.S. Shankar||Not Nominated|
|Guru||Guru (ഗുരു)||Malayalam||Anchal, RajivRajiv Anchal||Not Nominated|
|Jeans||Jeans (ஜீன்ஸ்)||Tamil||Shankar, S.S. Shankar||Not Nominated|
|Earth||Earth (अर्थ)||Hindi||Mehta, DeepaDeepa Mehta||Not Nominated|
|Hey Ram||Hey Ram (ஹே ராம் हे राम)||Tamil
|Haasan, KamalKamal Haasan||Not Nominated|
|Gowariker, AshutoshAshutosh Gowariker||Nominated[Note 3]|
|Devdas||Devdas (देवदास)||Hindi||Bhansali, Sanjay LeelaSanjay Leela Bhansali||Not Nominated|
|The Breath||Shwaas (श्वास)||Marathi||Sawant, SandeepSandeep Sawant||Not Nominated|
|Riddle||Paheli (पहेली)||Hindi||Palekar, AmolAmol Palekar||Not Nominated[Note 4]|
|Rang De Basanti||Rang De Basanti (रंग दे बसंती)||Hindi||Mehra, Rakeysh OmprakashRakeysh Omprakash Mehra||Not Nominated[Note 5]|
|Eklavya: The Royal Guard||Eklavya: The Royal Guard (एकलव्य – दी रॉयल गार्ड)||Hindi||Chopra, Vidhu VinodVidhu Vinod Chopra||Not Nominated|
|Taare Zameen Par||Taare Zameen Par (तारे ज़मीन पर)||Hindi||Khan, AamirAamir Khan||Not Nominated|
|Harishchandra's Factory||Harishchandrachi Factory (हरिश्चंद्राची फॅक्टरी)||Marathi||Mokashi, PareshParesh Mokashi||Not Nominated|
|Peepli Live||Peepli Live (लाइव)||Hindi||Rizvi, AnushaAnusha Rizvi||Not Nominated|
|Abu, Son of Adam||Adaminte Makan Abu (ആദാമിന്റെ മകൻ അബു)||Malayalam||Ahamed, SalimSalim Ahamed||Not Nominated|
|Barfi!||Barfi!||Hindi||Basu, AnuragAnurag Basu||Not Nominated|
|The Good Road||The Good Road||Gujarati||Correa, GyanGyan Correa||Not Nominated|
|Liar's Dice||Liar's Dice||Hindi||Mohandas, GeetuGeetu Mohandas||Not Nominated|
|Court||Court||Marathi||Tamhane, ChaitanyaChaitanya Tamhane||Not Nominated|
|Interrogation||Visaranai (விசாரணை)||Tamil||Vetrimaaran||Not Nominated|
- List of Academy Award winners and nominees from India
- List of Academy Award-winning foreign language films
- List of Academy Award winners and nominees for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of countries by number of Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- The film lost to the Italian film Nights of Cabiria by one vote.
- The film, India's second accepted nomination in 31 years, lost to the Danish film Pelle the Conqueror.
- The film, being India's last accepted nomination to date, lost to the Bosnian film No Man's Land.
- Morning Raga, an English-Telugu film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry by its producers; neither film received the nomination.
- Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a Hindi film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry; neither film received the nomination.
- "List of Indian Submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film". Film Federation of India. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "History of the Academy Awards – Page 2". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Rule Thirteen: Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "History of the Academy Awards – Page 1". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Malayalam film Adaminte Makan Abu is India's Oscar entry". The Times of India. The Times Group. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Roy, Piyush (17 January 2008). "India's Oscar drill". The Indian Express. Indian Express Limited. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Khanna, Priyanka (24 February 2008). "For Bollywood, Oscar is a big yawn again". Thaindian News. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "India's Oscar entry in this decade – Shwaas (2004)". Rediff.com. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "No Indian entry this year for Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. 28 September 2003. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "Nominations for India". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "National Film Awards jury's new plans for Oscars". CNN-IBN. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Dubey, Bharti (23 September 2012). "Barfi! to represent India at Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Kamal Haasan's Biography". Koimoi. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
- Pratibha (10 July 2010). "Hey Ram is my discovery of Gandhi: Kamal". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Saxena, Kashika (25 September 2012). "India's Oscar race: Losers weepers?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "The Good Road nominated as India's entry for Oscars". The Hindu. 21 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- Soman, Deepa (24 September 2014). "Geethu mohandas' Liar's Dice is India's official entry to the Oscars!". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
- "Court is India's official entry for Oscars". Indian Express. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "'Visaranai' falls out of the Oscar race". Times of India. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.