List of Indian rail accidents

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The following is an incomplete chronological list of accidents on the Indian Railways.

Indian railways was founded in 1853,[1] is the fourth-largest railway network and the world's eighth-largest employer. It is one of the busiest networks in the world, and in 2015–16 transported 8.1 billion passengers and over 1.1 billion tonnes of freight, operating 8,000 locomotives, 50,000 passenger coaches and 200,000 freight wagons.[2] The Commission of Railway Safety is the rail safety authority in India, and has investigated rail accidents since 1961.[3]

India's deadliest rail accidents were the Bihar train disaster (500–800 killed), the Firozabad rail disaster (358 killed), the Gaisal train disaster (285 killed) and the Khanna rail disaster (212 killed).

Railway accidents may be classified by their effects, e.g.: head-on collisions, rear-end collisions, side collisions, derailments, fires, explosions, etc. They may alternatively be classified by cause, e.g.: driver and signalman error; mechanical failure of rolling stock, tracks and bridges; vandalism, sabotage and terrorism; level crossing misuse and trespassing; natural causes such as flooding and fog; hazards of dangerous goods carried; effectiveness of brakes; and adequacy of operating rules.

Entries on this list should have verifiable sources to establish notability.

1890s[edit]

  • 5 November 1891 – A mail train derailed near Nagpur, killing 10 passengers and injuring 35 others.[4]

1900s[edit]

  • 24 October 1907 – A passenger train collided with a freight train at Kot Lakhanat station, killing 11 and injuring 27.[5]
  • 2 December 1908 – Two mail trains collided at Barana station, killing 18 and injuring 20.[6]

1920s[edit]

A spiral on the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, 1921
  • April 1920 – A rail collision[specify] resulted in 50 people killed and 50 others injured.[7]
  • 7 October 1920 – The Madras–Bangalore mail train derailed around 3 km (1.9 mi) past Arakkonam, killing 40 people.[8]

1930s[edit]

  • 17 July 1937 – An express train from Calcutta (now Kolkata) plunged down an embankment near Bihta station, about 24 km (15 mi) from Patna, killing at least 119 and injuring 180.[9][10]
  • 28 June 1939 – A train accident[specify] resulted in 10 killed and 21 injured.[11]

1940s[edit]

  • 4 October 1942 – A railway accident 64 km (40 mi) northeast of Bombay (now Mumbai) resulted in 12 killed and 40 injured.[12]
  • 22 September 1947 – A train carrying more than 4,500 Muslim refugees was attacked by armed Hindus and Sikhs at Amritsar station and fired upon for three hours. The attack was a response to the earlier massacre of Hindu and Sikh refugees at the Lahore station. 3,418 people were either killed or missing, and 1,328 others were wounded.[13]

1950s[edit]

  • April 1950 – A train derailed and crashed into a river, killing 32 people.[14]
  • 7 May 1950 – A train plunged off a bridge in the state of Bihar, killing at least 81 people and injuring 100.[15]
  • 3 September 1951 – The Sharanpur Express derailed about 18 km (11 mi) from Delhi, killing 10 and injuring 30.[16]
  • June 1953 – A passenger train and freight train collided between Sempaore and Kalihar, killing 5 and injuring 50.[citation needed]
  • 4 January 1954 – A passenger train derailed while crossing a bridge near Bhatinda, killing at least 15 people and injuring 40.[17]
  • 31 March 1954 – Explosives being transported on a passenger train detonated near Gorakhpur, killing 31 and injuring 32.[18]
  • 15 September 1954 – A train crashed into a truck carrying students at a crossing 130 km (80 mi) north of New Delhi, killing 10 and injuring 18.[19]
  • 28 September 1954 – A train crashed into the Yasanti river when a bridge collapsed, about 75 km (47 mi) south of Hyderabad, killing 139 and injuring more than 100.[20]
  • 2 September 1956 – A bridge collapsed under a train travelling between Jadcherla and Mahbubnager, about 100 km (62 mi) from Hyderabad. At least 125 were killed and 22 injured.[21]
  • 23 November 1956 – A train plunged into a river from an embankment weakened by flooding, 282 km (175 mi) south of Madras (now Chennai.) 104 people were killed and 100 injured.[22]
  • 2 June 1957 – A passenger train crashed into a stationary train in Bombay, killing 18 and injuring 53.[23]
  • November 1957 – A rail accident[specify] resulted in at least 50 killed and more than 50 injured.[24]
  • 21 May 1958 – An express train derailed near Chamaraj, killing 31 people and injuring 41.[citation needed]

1960s[edit]

  • 4 January 1961 – Two passenger trains collided head-on near Umeshnagar, killing 35 and injuring 61.[citation needed]
  • 8 March 1961 – A passenger train and freight train collided between Kalihar and Bihar, killing 11 and injuring 37.[citation needed]
  • October 1961 – A train derailed 200 km (120 mi) from Kolkata, killing 40 and injuring many others.[citation needed]
  • 22 July 1962 – A train crash[specify] in northwest India resulted in 48 killed.[25]
  • 12 November 1962 – 25 passengers riding on the roof of a train were killed when they were struck by a bridge girder.[26]
  • 23 December 1964 – The Pamban–Dhanuskodi passenger train was washed away by the Rameswaram cyclone, killing all 150 passengers on board.[citation needed]
  • 19 June 1965 – A freight train collided with a train carrying railway workers about 800 km (500 mi) from Mumbai, killing 15.[27]
  • 16 February 1966 – A Mail Express train in Assam was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 38.[citation needed]
  • 20 April 1966 – A train at the Lumding railway station was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 55 and wounding 127.[28]
  • 23 April 1966 – A train at the Diphu railway station was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 40 and wounding 60.[29]
  • 13 June 1966 – Two passenger trains collided near Matunga railway station, killing at least 57 people and injuring 100.[30]
  • 19 March 1968 – The Bangalore-bound Deccan Express from Poona and the Birur–Hubli passenger train collided at Yalvigi station on the Harihar-Hubli section of the Southern Railway, killing 53 and injuring 42.[31]
  • May 1968 – A train crashed into a bus, killing 25 people and injuring 38.[32]
  • 4 February 1969 – Passengers riding on the top of a train were swept off by the girders of a bridge near Madras. 32 people were killed and 50 injured.[33]
  • June 1969 – An express train derailed, killing 75 and injuring 38.[citation needed]
  • 14 July 1969 – A freight train crashed into a stationary passenger train at Jaipur, killing 85 and injuring 130.[34]

1970s[edit]

  • 26 April 1972 – A train derailed in Mysore state, killing 21 and injuring 37.[35]
  • 21 February 1974 – A passenger train crashed into a freight train at Moradabad, killing 41 and injuring 63.[36]
  • 30 May 1977 – A bridge across the Beki river near Guwahati collapsed under a train, killing at least 45 people and injuring 100.[37]
  • 23 November 1977 – A passenger train derailed near Rewari, probably due to sabotage of the rail tracks. 20 people were killed and 21 others seriously injured.[38]
  • 18 April 1978 – An express train crashed into the rear of a passenger train at Bassain Road station in Bombay, killing 30 and injuring 60.[39]
  • 14 November 1979 – Two trains collided near Matunga, killing 5 and injuring 50.[40]
  • 23 December 1979 – An express train crashed into the rear of a standing passenger train near Sarupeta, killing 18 and injuring 25.[41]

1980s[edit]

  • 11 February 1981 – A freight train, the No. 20 TVC–MAS mail train, and the Yercaud Express collided with each other while on the same route in Vaniyambadi, 200 km (120 mi) from Chennai.[citation needed]
  • 6 June 1981 – The Bihar train derailment occurred when a train fell into the river Bagmati while crossing a bridge, killing between 300 and 800 people.
  • 16 July 1981 – A freight train collided with the back of a passenger train in Madhya Pradesh, between Khodri and Bhanwar Tonk station, killing 50 people and injuring 49.[42]
  • 19 July 1981 – A train traveling to Ahmedabad from New Delhi derailed in Gujarat, killing 30 people and injuring 70. Sabotage was blamed.[citation needed]
  • 31 July 1981 – Six coaches of a train derail near Bahawalpur, killing 43 and injuring 50.[citation needed]
  • 27 January 1982 – A freight train and an express passenger train collided head-on in heavy fog near Agra, killing 50 and injuring 50.[citation needed]
  • 20 March 1982 – A Mangalore–New Delhi train collided with a tourist bus at a level crossing in Andhra Pradesh, killing at least 59 people on the bus and injuring 25 others.[citation needed]
  • 10 February 1984 – the 2 DR (Rohtak–Delhi) train collided into the rear coaches of the stationary 38 Down Punjab Mail on platform No. 3 of Bahadurgarh station in Haryana, killing 43 and injuring 58.[citation needed]
  • 15 September 1984 – The Jabalpur Gondia passenger Mishap occurred when a passenger train sunk in river near Charegaon, Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh, killing over 150 people.

1990–1995[edit]

1996–1999[edit]

  • 18 April 1996 – A Gorakhpur–Gonda passenger train collided with a stationary freight train at Domingarh station near Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 60.[citation needed]
  • 14 May 1996 – A Ernakulam–Kayamkulam train collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing near Alappuzha, Kerala, killing 35 people in a marriage party.[citation needed]
  • 25 May 1996 – An Allahabad-bound passenger train collided with a tractor-trolley at an unmanned level-crossing near Varanasi, killing 25.[citation needed]
  • 30 December 1996 – The Brahmaputra Mail train bombing occurred when the Brahmaputra Mail was blasted by a bomb between Kokrajhar and Fakiragram stations in lower Assam, killing 35.
  • 8 July 1997: – A passenger train was blasted by a bomb at Lehra Khanna railway station, Bhatinda district, Punjab, killing 33.[citation needed]
  • 28 July 1997 – The Karnataka Express and Himsagar Express collided on the outskirts of Delhi, killing 12.[47]
  • 14 September 1997 – Five cars of the Ahmedabad–Howrah Express plunged into a river in Bilaspur district, Madhya Pradesh, killing 81.[citation needed]
  • 6 Jan 1998 – A Bareilly–Varanasi passenger train collided with the stationary Kashi Vishwanath Express about 12 km (7.5 mi) from Hardoi, killing 70.[citation needed]
  • 4 April 1998 – The Fatuha train crash occurred when the Howrah–Danapur Express derailed near Fatuha Station on the Howrah–Delhi main line, killing 12 and injuring 50.[citation needed]
  • 24 April 1998 – 15 cars of a freight train collided with the Manmad–Kachiguda Express at Parli Vaijanath railway station in Maharashtra, killing 24 and injuring 32.[citation needed]
  • 13 August 1998 – The Chennai–Madurai Express train collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing on the new Karur-Salem bypass road on the outskirts of Karur town, killing 19 and injuring 27.[citation needed]
  • 24 September 1998 – A locomotive collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing near Bottalaapalem village in Andhra Pradesh, killing 20 (including 14 school children) and injuring 33.[citation needed]
  • 26 November 1998 – The Khanna rail disaster occurred when the Jammu Tawi–Sealdah Express collided with three derailed coaches of the Frontier Golden Temple Mail at Khanna, killing over 212 people.
  • 16 July 1999 – The 2616 UP Chennai–New Delhi Grand Trunk Express collided with derailed cars of a DN frieght train on the Agra-Mathura section of the Central Railway, killing 17 and injuring over 2,000.[citation needed]
  • 2 August 1999 – The Gaisal train disaster occurred when the Brahmaputra Mail collided into the stationary Avadh Assam Express at Gaisal station in North Frontier Railway's Katihar division, killing at least 285 and injuring more than 300.

2000–2005[edit]

  • 22 June 2001 – The Kadalundi train derailment occurred when the Mangalore–Chennai Mail commuter train was crossing Bridge 924 over the Kadalundi River and four carriages derailed and fell into the river, killing 57 and injuring as many as 300.
  • 13 May 2002 – The 2002 Jaunpur train crash occurred when sabotage derailed the Shramjeevi Express at Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 12 and injuring 80.
  • 4 June 2002 – The Kasganj level crossing disaster occurred when a Kanpur–Kasganj Express collided with a passenger bus near the town of Kasganj, Uttar Pradesh, killing 49 and injuring 29.
  • 9 September 2002 – The Rafiganj train wreck occurred when the Howrah Rajdhani Express derailed on a bridge between Gaya and Dehri-on-Sone stations, with two coaches falling into a river, killing over 140. Terrorist sabotage was blamed.
  • 27 February 2002 – The Sabarmati Express was attacked by a mob at Godhra station in Gujarat and four coaches were set on fire, killing 58 and wounding 43.[48]
  • 15 May 2003 – The Golden Temple Mail caught on fire in the early morning between Ludhiana and Ladhowal stations, killing 36 and injuring 15.[citation needed]
  • 22 June 2003 – The engine and first four coaches of Karwar–Mumbai Central Holiday Special derailed, killing 52 and injuring 26.[citation needed]
  • 2 July 2003 – The Golconda Express derailed at Warangal station, killing 21 and injuring 24.[49]
  • 16 June 2004 – The Matsyagandha Express (Mangalore–Mumbai) derailed when it struck a boulder on the line, killing 14.[citation needed]
  • 14 December 2004 – The Jammu Tawi Express collided head-on with the DMU Jalandhar–Amritsar passenger train about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Mukerian town, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, killing 36 passengers and injuring 50. The accident was allegedly caused due to a fault in the telephone line, preventing proper signal warnings.[citation needed]
  • 28 July 2005 – The 2005 Jaunpur train bombing occurred when a bomb destroyed a carriage of the Shramjeevi Express near Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 13 and injuring 50.
  • 3 October 2005 – The Datia rail accident occurred when the Bundelkhand Express, travelling at excessive speed, overshot a sharp turn and derailed near Datia, killing 16 and injuring more than 100.
  • 25 October 2005 – The Island Express had several coaches derail near Kamasamudram on the Bangalore–Jolarpettai section.[citation needed]
  • 29 October 2005 – The Valigonda train wreck occurred when the Delta Fast Passenger train derailed where a small rail bridge had been swept away by a flash flood, near the town of Valigonda, Andhra Pradesh, killing at least 114 and injuring over 200.

2006–2009[edit]

  • 11 July 2006 – The 2006 Mumbai train bombings were a series of coordinated bomb attacks on commuter trains in Mumbai, killing at least 200 and injuring over 700.[50]
  • 18 August 2006 – The Chennai–Hyderabad Express had two carriages catch fire near Secunderabad station.[citation needed][relevant? ]
  • 23 October 2006 – The Mysore–Bangalore Push-Pull passenger train derailed its last four carriages after leaving Mysore junction, killing 4 (all from the ladies coach) and injuring 38.[citation needed]
  • 20 November 2006 – The 2006 West Bengal train explosion occurred where there was an explosion, suspected to be a terrorist bombing, on a train near Belacoba station in West Bengal, killing 7 and injuring 53.[51]
  • 1 December 2006 – The 150-year-old 'Ulta Pul' bridge in Bihar was being dismantled when a portion collapsed onto a passing Eastern Railways train, killing 35 and injuring 17.[52][53]
  • 18 February 2007 – The 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings occurred when Samjhauta Express
  • 12 June 2007 – The Nagercoil–Howrah Gurudev Express derailed near Duvvada station, injuring several.[54][relevant? ]
  • July 2008 – The Gowthami Express caught fire while crossing Kesamudram station in Andhra Pradesh, killing 40. The fire was supposedly caused by an electrical short-circuit.[citation needed]
  • 13 February 2009 – The Coromandel Express caught fire to several carriages after leaving Jajpur Road station in Orissa.[55]
  • 29 April 2009 – An EMU[expand acronym] of Southern Railways collided with a tanker[clarification needed] at Vyasarpadi Jeeva station, killing 7.[citation needed]
  • 20 October 2009 – The Mathura train collision occurred when the Goa Express collided with the rear carriage of the stationary Mewar Express outside Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, killing 21 and injuring several others. An investigation determined there was a faulty signal.[56]
  • 11 November 2009 – The 6210 Mysore–Ajmer Express derailed 10 coaches, 80 km (50 mi) from Pune. No casualties were reported.[relevant? ]

2010s[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

  • 18 April 2011 – The Mumbai Rajdhani Express caught fire to three coaches near Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh, no passengers were harmed.[73][relevant? ]
  • 16 May 2011 – A high-speed freight train collided with a truck which had fallen from an overpass, causing delays.[74][relevant? ]
  • 7 July 2011 – A MathuraChhapra Express hit a bus at an unmanned level crossing in Thanagaon, Kanshiram Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh, killing 38 and injuring 30.[75]
  • 10 July 2011 – The Fatehpur derailment occurred when the Kalka Mail derailed near Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 70 people and injuring more than 300.[76][77]
  • 10 July 2011 – The GuwahatiPuri Express derailed in Nalbari district, Assam, with the engine and four coaches rolling over in a rivulet, injuring more than 100. The derailment was determined to have been the result of a bomb attack by local militants.[78]
  • 12 July 2011 – The Rajendra Nagar Patna Rajdhani Express caught fire to a coach near the outskirts of New Delhi. There were no casualties.[citation needed][relevant? ]
  • 22 July 2011 – A freight train derailed two of its cars carrying cement bags near Rambagh railway station in the NER zone, in Uttar Pradesh. No casualties were reported.[79][relevant? ]
  • 23 July 2011 – A second freight train had eight cars derail at almost the same place as the previous incident, less than 24 hours earlier.[80]
  • 31 July 2011 – The Guwahati–Bangalore Kaziranga Express derailed and was hit by another train in Malda district, West Bengal, killing at least 3 and injuring 200.[81]
  • 2 September 2011 – A locomotive collided with a freight train in Whitefield station in Bangalore, damaging two freight cars and derailing three others.[82][relevant? ]
  • 13 September 2011 – A Chennai suburban MEMU (Mainline Electric Multiple Unit) commuter train collided with a stationary Arakonam–Katpadi passenger train between Melpakkam and Chitheri stations in Vellore district, killing 10 and injuring many others.[83]
  • 22 November 2011 – A Howrah–Dehradun Doon Express caught fire in two coaches, killing 7.[84]

2012[edit]

  • 11 January 2012 – The Brahmaputra Mail collided with a stationary freight train, killing 5 and injuring 9.[85]
  • 5 February 2012 – A narrow-gauge train derailed after hitting a tractor, and coaches carrying nearly 1,000 passengers were stuck over a canal bridge. There were no casualties.[86]
  • 26 February 2012 – The Trivandrum–Kozhikode Jan Shatabdi Express struck people who were standing on the track to watch fireworks, killing 3 and injuring 1.[87]
  • 19 March 2012 – The 73261 Islampur–Patna MEMU passenger train collided with a truck at a manned level-crossing gate near Daniyawan on the Fatuha–Islampur rail section, injuring 7.[88]
  • 20 March 2012 – A train collided with an overcrowded taxi minivan at an unmanned railroad crossing in northern Uttar Pradesh, 296 km (184 mi) from Lucknow, killing 15.[89]
  • 26 March 2012 – A MEMU commuter train collided with a boulder-carrying truck at the Kannamangala gate on the outskirts of Bangalore, killing the pilot and driver.[90]
  • 6 May 2012 – The 12138 Firozpur–Mumbai Punjab Mail derailed several coaches in Haryana. No deaths were reported.[citation needed][relevant? ]
  • 22 May 2012 – The Hubli–Bangalore Hampi Express collided with a freight train near Penukonda in Andhra Pradesh, killing 14 and injuring 35.[citation needed]
  • 31 May 2012 – The Howrah–Dehradun Doon Express derailed near Jaunpur, killing at least 7 and injuring 15.[citation needed]
  • 19 July 2012 – The Vidarbha Express collided with a local train near Khardi station on the Mumbai–Kasara route, killing 1 and injuring 4.[citation needed]
  • 30 July 2012 – The Tamil Nadu Express caught fire near Nellore in Andhra Pradesh, killing 47 and injuring 25.[91]
  • 16 October 2012 – A passenger train caught fire in the station at Gulbarga.[92][relevant? ]
  • 30 Nov 2012 – The Grand Trunk Express caught fire to at least two coaches near Gwalior, killing several people.[93]
  • 19 December 2012 – The Indore–Yesvantpur Express collided with a truck near Sankhapur in Medak district, injuring many people.[citation needed][relevant? ]
  • 20 December 2012 – The locomotive of the PuneErnakulam Superfast Express derailed at Lanja village near Nivsar. There were no injuries.[citation needed][relevant? ]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

  1. 21 January 2017 – The Kuneru train derailment occurred when the 18448 Jagdalpur–Bhubaneswar Hirakhand Express derailed near Kuneru, Vizianagaram, killing 41 and injuring 68.[123][124][125]
  2. 7 March 2017 – The 2017 Bhopal–Ujjain Passenger train bombing occurred when a bomb exploded on the Bhopal–Ujjain Passenger at Jabri railway station, injuring 10. This was the first strike in India by the Islamic State.
  3. 30 March 2017 – The Mahakoshal Express derailed in Uttar Pradesh, injuring 6.[126]
  4. 15 April 2017 – The Meerut–Lucknow Rajya Rani Express derailed 8 coaches near Rampur; injuring atleast 24.[127]
  5. 19 August 2017 – The 18478 Puri–Haridwar Kalinga Utkal Express derailed in Khatauli, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. Killing at least 23 and leaving around 97 injured.[128]
  6. 23 August 2017 – Auraiya train derailment occurred when the Kaifiyat Express (12225) derailed between Pata and Achalda railway stations around 02:40 am (IST). Around 100 people were injured.[129]
  7. 29 August 2017 - 9 coaches and the engine of the Nagpur–Mumbai Duronto Express (12290) derailed near Asangaon in Thane district. No injuries were reported.[130][relevant? ]
  8. 07 September 2017 - 7 coaches of the Howrah–Jabalpur Junction Shaktipunj Express derailed near Obra Dam in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. No injuries were reported.[131][relevant? ]
  9. 07 September 2017 - Engine and power car of the Ranchi Rajdhani Express derailed on Delhi's Shivaji Bridge. No injuries were reported.[132][relevant? ]
  10. 14 September 2017 - The last coach (guard coach) of the Jammu Tawi–New Delhi Rajdhani Express derailed on arrival at the New Delhi railway station at 06:20 am. No injuries were reported.[133][relevant? ]

See also[edit]

Domestic:

International:

References[edit]

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