List of Indian rail accidents

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Railway accidents may be classified by their effects, e.g.: head-on collisions, rear-end collisions, side collisions, derailments, fires, explosions, etc. They may alternatively be classified by cause, e.g.: driver and signalman error; mechanical failure of rolling stock, tracks and bridges; vandalism, sabotage and terrorism; level crossing misuse and trespassing; natural causes such as flooding and fog; hazards of dangerous goods carried; effectiveness of brakes; and adequacy of operating rules.

India's deadliest rail accidents were the Bihar train disaster (500–800 killed), the Firozabad rail disaster (358 killed), the Gaisal train disaster (285 killed) and the Khanna rail disaster (212 killed).

The following is an incomplete chronological List of Indian rail accidents. Entries on this list should have verifiable sources to establish notability.

1890s[edit]

  • 5 November 1891 – A mail train derailed near Nagpur, killing 10 passengers and injuring 34 others.[1]

1900s[edit]

  • 24 October 1907 – A passenger train collided with a freight train at Kot Lakhpat station, killing 11 and injuring 27.[2][3]
  • 2 December 1908 – Two mail trains collided at Barara station, killing 22 and injuring 24.[4][3]

1920s[edit]

  • 27 April 1920 – An Express train collided with a goods train near Moradabad resulting in 120 deaths and 50 injuries.[5][6]
  • 7 October 1920 – The Madras–Bangalore mail train derailed around 3 km (1.9 mi) past Arakkonam, killing 40 people.[7][8]

1930s[edit]

  • 17 July 1937 – An express train from Calcutta (now Kolkata) plunged down an embankment near Bihta station, about 24 km (15 mi) from Patna, killing at least 119 and injuring 180.[9][10]
  • 28 June 1939 – A train accident[specify] resulted in 10 killed and 21 injured.[11]

1940s[edit]

  • 4 October 1942 – A railway accident 64 km (40 mi) northeast of Bombay (now Mumbai) resulted in 12 killed and 40 injured.[12]

1950s[edit]

  • 12 April 1950 – The Kumaon Express derailed and crashed into a river, killing 50 people.[13]
  • 7 May 1950 – A train plunged off a bridge in the state of Bihar, killing at least 81 people and injuring 100.[14]
  • 3 September 1951 – The Sharanpur Express derailed about 18 km (11 mi) from Delhi, killing 10 and injuring 30.[15]
  • June 1953 – A passenger train and freight train collided between Sempaore and Kalihar, killing 5 and injuring 50.[citation needed]
  • 4 January 1954 – A passenger train derailed while crossing a bridge near Bhatinda, killing at least 15 people and injuring 40.[16]
  • 31 March 1954 – Explosives being transported on a passenger train detonated near Gorakhpur, killing 31 and injuring 32.[17]
  • 15 September 1954 – A train crashed into a truck carrying students at a crossing 130 km (80 mi) north of New Delhi, killing 10 and injuring 18.[18]
  • 28 September 1954 – A train crashed into the Yasanti river when a bridge collapsed, about 75 km (47 mi) south of Hyderabad, killing 139 and injuring more than 100.[19]
  • 2 September 1956 – A bridge collapsed under a train travelling between Jadcherla and Mahbubnager, about 100 km (62 mi) from Hyderabad. At least 125 were killed and 22 injured.[20]
  • 23 November 1956 – A train plunged into a river from an embankment weakened by flooding, 282 km (175 mi) south of Madras (now Chennai.) 104 people were killed and 100 injured.[21]
  • 2 June 1957 – A passenger train crashed into a stationary train in Bombay, killing 18 and injuring 53.[22]
  • 23 November 1957 – Four coaches of the Bombay-Calcutta Mail capsized upon derailment near Padali, causing 9 deaths and 54 injuries.[23]
  • 21 May 1958 – An express train derailed near Chamaraj, killing 31 people and injuring 41.[citation needed]

1960s[edit]

  • 4 January 1961 – Two passenger trains collided head-on near Umeshnagar, killing 35 and injuring 61.[citation needed]
  • 8 March 1961 – A passenger train and freight train collided between Kalihar and Bihar, killing 11 and injuring 37.[24]
  • 20 October 1961 – The Ranchi Express derailed 200 km (120 mi) from Kolkata, killing 47 and injuring many others.[25]
  • 22 July 1962 – The Howrah bound Punjab Mail crashed into a goods train at Dumraon railway station, resulting in over 100 fatalities.[26]
  • 12 November 1962 – 25 passengers riding on the roof of a train were killed when they were struck by a bridge girder.[citation needed]
  • 23 December 1964 – The Pamban–Dhanuskodi passenger train was washed away by the Rameswaram cyclone, killing over 126 passengers on board.[27]
  • 19 June 1965 – A freight train collided with a train carrying railway workers about 800 km (500 mi) from Mumbai, killing 15.[28]
  • 16 February 1966 – A Mail Express train in Assam was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 27.[29]
  • 20 April 1966 – A train at the Lumding railway station was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 55 and wounding 127.[30]
  • 23 April 1966 – A train at the Diphu railway station was bombed by Naga separatists, killing 40 and wounding 60.[31]
  • 13 June 1966 – Two passenger trains collided near Matunga railway station, killing at least 57 people and injuring 100.[32]
  • 19 March 1968 – The Bangalore-bound Deccan Express from Poona and the Birur–Hubli passenger train collided at Yalvigi station on the Harihar-Hubli section of the Southern Railway, killing 53 and injuring 42.[33]
  • 4 February 1969 – Passengers riding on the top of a train were swept off by the girders of a bridge near Madras. 32 people were killed and 50 injured.[34]
  • June 1969 – An express train derailed, killing 75 and injuring 38.[citation needed]
  • 14 July 1969 – A freight train crashed into a stationary passenger train at Jaipur, killing 85 and injuring 130.[35]

1970s[edit]

  • 26 April 1972 – A train derailed in Mysore state, killing 21 and injuring 37.[36][dead link]
  • 21 February 1974 – A passenger train crashed into a freight train at Moradabad, killing 41 and injuring 63.[37]
  • 30 May 1977 – A bridge across the Beki river near Guwahati collapsed under a train, killing at least 45 people and injuring 100.[38][dead link]
  • 23 November 1977 – A passenger train derailed near Rewari, probably due to sabotage of the rail tracks. 20 people were killed and 21 others seriously injured.[39]
  • 18 April 1978 – An express train crashed into the rear of a passenger train at Bassain Road station in Bombay, killing 30 and injuring 60.[40]
  • 14 November 1979 – Two trains collided near Matunga, killing 5 and injuring 50.[41]
  • 23 December 1979 – An express train crashed into the rear of a standing passenger train near Sarupeta, killing 18 and injuring 25.[42]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

  • 16 April 1990 – The Patna rail disaster involved a shuttle train consumed by fire near Patna, killing 70.[49]
  • 6 June 1990 – A fire on a train at Gollaguda, in Andhra Pradesh, killed 36 people.[49]
  • 25 June 1990 – A freight train collided with a passenger train at Mangra, Bihar, leading to 60 deaths.[49]
  • 10 October 1990 – A train fire near Cherlapalli in Andhra Pradesh killed 40 people.[49]
  • 6 March 1991 – The Karnataka Express derailed in the rain near Makalidurga ghats, about 60 km (37 mi) from Bangalore, killing 30.[50]
  • 12 December 1991 – The Kangra valley train suffered an accident[specify] near Jawali, Himachal Pradesh, killing 27.[51]
  • 5 September 1992 – A train accident[specify] near Raigarh in Madhya Pradesh killed 41.[49]
  • 16 January 1993 – The Howrah Rajdhani Express had an accident[specify] between Roorah and Ambiyapur flag stations.[52]
  • 16 July 1993 – A train accident[specify] in Darbhanga district of Bihar killed 60.[49]
  • 21 September 1993 – A Kota–Bina passenger train collided with a freight train near Chhabra in Rajasthan, killing 71.[50]
  • 3 May 1994 – The Narayanadri Express collided with a tractor in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh, killing 35.[50]
  • 26 October 1994 – The 8001 DN Mumbai–Howrah Mail's sleeper coach caught fire in the early morning, killing 27.[53]
  • 14 May 1995 – The Madras–Kanyakumari Express collided head-on with a freight train near Salem, killing 52.[54]
  • 1 June 1995 – The Jammu Tawi Express from Kolkata collided with a stationary coal-laden goods train, killing 45 and injuring 335.[55]
  • 1 June 1995 — Four carriages of the Hirakud Express derailed and fell down an embankment at Barpali, Orissa, causing 15 deaths.[55]
  • 20 August 1995 – The Firozabad rail disaster occurred when the Purushottam Express collided with the stationary Kalindi Express near Firozabad, killing 400.[54]
  • 18 April 1996 – A Gorakhpur–Gonda passenger train collided with a stationary freight train at Domingarh station near Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 60.[54]
  • 14 May 1996 – A Ernakulam–Kayamkulam train collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing near Alappuzha, Kerala, killing 35 people in a marriage party.[54]
  • 25 May 1996 – An Allahabad-bound passenger train collided with a tractor-trolley at an unmanned level-crossing near Varanasi, killing 25.[54]
  • 30 December 1996 – The Brahmaputra Mail train bombing occurred when the Brahmaputra Mail was blasted by a bomb between Kokrajhar and Fakiragram stations in lower Assam, killing 33.[54]
  • 8 July 1997: – A passenger train was blasted by a bomb at Lehra Khanna railway station, Bhatinda district, Punjab, killing 33.[49]
  • 28 July 1997 – The Karnataka Express and Himsagar Express collided on the outskirts of Delhi, killing 12.[56]
  • 14 September 1997 – Five cars of the Ahmedabad–Howrah Express plunged into a river in Bilaspur district, Madhya Pradesh, killing 81.[54]
  • 6 Jan 1998 – A Bareilly–Varanasi passenger train collided with the stationary Kashi Vishwanath Express about 12 km (7.5 mi) from Hardoi, killing 70.[57]
  • 4 April 1998 – The Fatuha train crash occurred when the Howrah–Danapur Express derailed near Fatuha Station on the Howrah–Delhi main line, killing 11 and injuring 50.[49]
  • 24 April 1998 – 15 cars of a freight train collided with the Manmad–Kachiguda Express at Parli Vaijanath railway station in Maharashtra, killing 24 and injuring 32.[49]
  • 13 August 1998 – The Chennai–Madurai Express train collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing on the new Karur-Salem bypass road on the outskirts of Karur town, killing 19 and injuring 27.[54]
  • 24 September 1998 – A locomotive collided with a bus at an unmanned level-crossing near Bottalaapalem village in Andhra Pradesh, killing 20 (including 14 school children) and injuring 33.[54]
  • 26 November 1998 – The Khanna rail disaster occurred when the Jammu Tawi–Sealdah Express collided with three derailed coaches of the Frontier Golden Temple Mail at Khanna, killing over 212 people.[58]
  • 16 July 1999 – The 2616 UP Chennai–New Delhi Grand Trunk Express collided with derailed cars of a DN frieght train on the Agra-Mathura section of the Central Railway, killing 17 and injuring over 200.[54]
  • 2 August 1999 – The Gaisal train disaster occurred when the Brahmaputra Mail collided into the stationary Avadh Assam Express at Gaisal station in North Frontier Railway's Katihar division, killing at least 285 and injuring more than 300.[59]

2000s[edit]

  • 22 June 2001 – The Kadalundi train derailment occurred when the Mangalore–Chennai Mail commuter train was crossing Bridge 924 over the Kadalundi River and four carriages derailed and fell into the river, killing 52 and injuring as many as 300.[54]
  • 13 May 2002 – The 2002 Jaunpur train crash occurred when sabotage derailed the Shramjeevi Express at Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 12 and injuring 80.[60]
  • 4 June 2002 – The Kasganj level crossing disaster occurred when a Kanpur–Kasganj Express collided with a passenger bus near the town of Kasganj, Uttar Pradesh, killing 30 and injuring 29.[61]
  • 9 September 2002 – The Rafiganj train wreck occurred when the Howrah Rajdhani Express derailed on a bridge between Gaya and Dehri-on-Sone stations, with two coaches falling into a river, killing over 140. Terrorist sabotage was blamed.[62]
  • 27 February 2002 – The Sabarmati Express was attacked by a mob at Godhra station in Gujarat and four coaches were set on fire, killing 58 and wounding 43.[63]
  • 15 May 2003 – The Golden Temple Mail caught on fire in the early morning between Ludhiana and Ladhowal stations, killing 36 and injuring 15.[64]
  • 22 June 2003 – The engine and first four coaches of Karwar–Mumbai Central Holiday Special derailed, killing 52 and injuring 26.[65]
  • 2 July 2003 – The Golconda Express derailed at Warangal station, killing 21 and injuring 24.[66]
  • 16 June 2004 – The Matsyagandha Express (Mangalore–Mumbai) derailed when it struck a boulder on the line, killing 14.[54]
  • 14 December 2004 – The Jammu Tawi Express collided head-on with the DMU Jalandhar–Amritsar passenger train about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Mukerian town, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, killing 37 passengers and injuring 50. The accident was allegedly caused due to a fault in the telephone line, preventing proper signal warnings.[54]
  • 28 July 2005 – The 2005 Jaunpur train bombing occurred when a bomb destroyed a carriage of the Shramjeevi Express near Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 13 and injuring 50.[67]
  • 3 October 2005 – The Datia rail accident occurred when the Bundelkhand Express, travelling at excessive speed, overshot a sharp turn and derailed near Datia, killing 16 and injuring more than 100.[68]
  • 25 October 2005 – The Island Express had several coaches derail near Kamasamudram on the Bangalore–Jolarpettai section.[citation needed]
  • 29 October 2005 – The Valigonda train wreck occurred when the Delta Fast Passenger train derailed where a small rail bridge had been swept away by a flash flood, near the town of Valigonda, Andhra Pradesh, killing at least 114 and injuring over 200.[69]
  • 11 July 2006 – The 2006 Mumbai train bombings were a series of coordinated bomb attacks on commuter trains in Mumbai, killing at least 200 and injuring over 700.[70]
  • 20 November 2006 – The 2006 West Bengal train explosion occurred where there was an explosion, suspected to be a terrorist bombing, on a train near Belacoba station in West Bengal, killing 7 and injuring 53.[71]
  • 1 December 2006 – The 150-year-old 'Ulta Pul' bridge in Bihar was being dismantled when a portion collapsed onto a passing Eastern Railways train, killing 35 and injuring 17.[72][73]
  • 18 February 2007 – The Delhi—Lahore Samjhauta Express was attacked by terrorists, causing 68 deaths.[74]
  • 1 August 2008 – The Gowthami Express caught fire while crossing Kesamudram station in Andhra Pradesh, killing 40. The fire was supposedly caused by an electrical short-circuit.[75]
  • 13 February 2009 – The Coromandel Express caught fire to several carriages after leaving Jajpur Road station in Orissa.[76]
  • 29 April 2009 – An Electric Multiple Unit of Southern Railways collided with empty oil tanker of a goods train at Vyasarpadi Jeeva station, killing 4.[77]
  • 20 October 2009 – The Mathura train collision occurred when the Goa Express collided with the rear carriage of the stationary Mewar Express outside Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, killing 21 and injuring several others. An investigation determined there was a faulty signal.[78]

2010s[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

  • 7 July 2011 – A MathuraChhapra Express hit a bus at an unmanned level crossing in Thanagaon, Kanshiram Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh, killing 38 and injuring 30.[95]
  • 10 July 2011 – The Fatehpur derailment occurred when the Kalka Mail derailed near Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh, killing 70 people and injuring more than 300.[96][97]
  • 10 July 2011 – The GuwahatiPuri Express derailed in Nalbari district, Assam, with the engine and four coaches rolling over in a rivulet, injuring more than 100. The derailment was determined to have been the result of a bomb attack by local militants.[98]
  • 23 July 2011 – A second freight train had eight cars derail at almost the same place as the previous incident, less than 24 hours earlier.[99]
  • 31 July 2011 – The Guwahati–Bangalore Kaziranga Express derailed and was hit by another train in Malda district, West Bengal, killing at least 3 and injuring 200.[100]
  • 13 September 2011 – A Chennai suburban MEMU (Mainline Electric Multiple Unit) commuter train collided with a stationary Arakonam–Katpadi passenger train between Melpakkam and Chitheri stations in Vellore district, killing 10 and injuring many others.[101]
  • 22 November 2011 – A Howrah–Dehradun Doon Express caught fire in two coaches, killing 7.[102]

2012[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

  • 5 February 2016 – The Island Express derailed 4 coaches near Vellore; a few people were injured.[122]
  • 6 May 2016 – The Chennai Central–Thiruvananthapuram Central Superfast Express and a suburban train had a side collision near Pattabiram, injuring 7.[123]
  • 27 August 2016 - Twelve coaches of the Thiruvananthapuram-Mangaluru Express derailed near Karukutty station in Kerala. No casualties reported.[124]
  • 29 September 2016 - A collision between Bhubaneswar-Bhadrak passenger train and a goods train at Cuttack, Odisha. One person killed and 22 injured.[125]
  • 20 November 2016 – The Pukhrayan train derailment occurred when the 19321 Indore–Rajendra Nagar Express derailed 14 coaches at Pukhrayan, approximately 60 km (37 mi) from Kanpur, killing 150 and injuring 260.[126][127][128]
  • 6 December 2016 - The Rajendra Nagar-Guwahati Capital Express derailed at Samuktala Road station in Alipurduar district, West Bengal killing 2 people and injuring 6.[129]
  • 28 December 2016 - Five coaches of Kurla-Ambarnath local train derailed in Mumbai. No injuries reported.[130]
  • 28 December 2016 – The Ajmer-Sealdah Express derailed 15 coaches near Rura station while crossing a bridge, injuring 44.[131]

2017[edit]

  • 21 January 2017 – The Kuneru train derailment occurred when the 18448 Jagdalpur–Bhubaneswar Hirakhand Express derailed near Kuneru, Vizianagaram, killing 41 and injuring 68.[132][133][134]
  • 7 March 2017 – The 2017 Bhopal–Ujjain Passenger train bombing occurred when a bomb exploded on the Bhopal–Ujjain Passenger at Jabri railway station, injuring 10. This was the first strike in India by the Islamic State.[135]
  • 30 March 2017 - Eight coaches of Mahakaushal Express derailed near Uttar Pradesh's Kulpahar, injuring 52.[136]
  • 9 April 2017 - Engine of a goods train derailed between Madpur and Jakpur in Howrah-Kharagpur section of South Eastern Railway. No casualties or injuries were reported.[137]
  • 15 April 2017 – The Meerut–Lucknow Rajya Rani Express derailed 8 coaches near Rampur; injuring at least 24.[138]
  • 19 August 2017 – The 18478 Puri–Haridwar Kalinga Utkal Express derailed in Khatauli, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. Killing at least 23 and leaving around 97 injured.[139]
  • 23 August 2017 – Auraiya train derailment occurred when the Kaifiyat Express (12225) derailed between Pata and Achalda railway stations around 02:40 am (IST). Around 100 people were injured.[140]
  • 24 November 2017 - Vasco Da Gama-Patna Express derailment occurred in Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh killing three people and leaving around nine injured.[141]
  • 24 November 2017 - Wagons of the Paradeep-Cuttack goods train loaded with imported coal derailed between Goraknath-Raghunathpur. No one was injured.[142]

See also[edit]

Domestic:

International:

References[edit]

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