List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

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The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] a 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2018, HDI for India stood at 0.639.[6][7]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) Life expectancy, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

List[edit]

This is a list of by Human Development Index as of 2018 with data from the year 2017 for all states and territories of India.[7]

High Human Development
Rank State/Union Territory 2018 HDI Comparable country
1 Kerala 0.784  Albania
2 Chandigarh 0.774  Mexico
3 Goa 0.764  Venezuela
4 Lakshadweep 0.749  Peru
5 Delhi 0.744  Colombia
6 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.742  Fiji
7 Puducherry 0.739  Mongolia
8 Punjab 0.721  Suriname
9 Himachal Pradesh 0.720  Suriname
10 Sikkim 0.716  Botswana
11 Tamil Nadu 0.708  Belize
12 Daman and Diu 0.706  Turkmenistan
13 Haryana 0.704  Paraguay
Medium Human Development
14 Mizoram 0.697  Egypt
15 Manipur 0.695  Indonesia
Maharashtra 0.695  Indonesia
17 Jammu and Kashmir 0.684  Palestine
18 Karnataka 0.682  Iraq
19 Uttarakhand 0.677  El Salvador
20 Nagaland 0.676  El Salvador
21 Gujarat 0.667  Morocco
22 Telangana 0.664  Morocco
23 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.661  Nicaragua
24 Arunachal Pradesh 0.658  Nicaragua
25 Tripura 0.655  Cape Verde
26 Meghalaya 0.650  Tajikistan
27 Andhra Pradesh 0.643  Namibia
 India (average) 0.639  Namibia
28 West Bengal 0.637  Namibia
29 Rajasthan 0.621  East Timor
30 Assam 0.605  Republic of the Congo
31 Chhattisgarh 0.600  Laos
32 Odisha 0.597  Laos
33 Madhya Pradesh 0.594  Ghana
34 Jharkhand 0.589  São Tomé and Príncipe
35 Uttar Pradesh 0.583  Cambodia
36 Bihar 0.566  Pakistan

HDI from 1995–2015[edit]

Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indian states since 1995.[7]

Rank State HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 HDI 2018 Increase 1995–2015
1 Kerala 0.562 0.610 0.694 0.732 0.770 0.784 Increase 0.210
2 Goa 0.579 0.623 0.684 0.751 0.763 0.764 Increase 0.184
... Chandigarh 0.607 0.642 0.670 0.658 0.739 0.774 Increase 0.132
... Lakshadweep 0.669 0.711 0.739 0.729 0.738 0.749 Increase 0.069
... Puducherry 0.694 0.738 0.767 0.756 0.737 0.739 Increase 0.043
... Delhi 0.630 0.673 0.700 0.718 0.734 0.744 Increase 0.104
... Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.663 0.704 0.732 0.722 0.731 0.742 Increase 0.068
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.557 0.596 0.653 0.675 0.706 0.720 Increase 0.149
Punjab 0.547 0.582 0.620 0.664 0.706 0.721 Increase 0.159
5 Manipur 0.525 0.563 0.603 0.691 0.699 0.695 Increase 0.174
6 Mizoram 0.532 0.574 0.637 0.694 0.697 0.697 Increase 0.165
7 Sikkim 0.515 0.549 0.598 0.643 0.696 0.716 Increase 0.181
... Daman and Diu 0.628 0.669 0.695 0.686 0.695 0.706 Increase 0.067
8 Tamil Nadu 0.507 0.546 0.605 0.655 0.694 0.708 Increase 0.187
9 Haryana 0.515 0.550 0.594 0.639 0.687 0.704 Increase 0.172
10 Maharashtra 0.523 0.561 0.607 0.651 0.683 0.695 Increase 0.160
11 Nagaland 0.491 0.524 0.558 0.666 0.681 0.676 Increase 0.190
12 Jammu and Kashmir 0.493 0.530 0.591 0.646 0.675 0.684 Increase 0.182
... Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.645 0.686 0.714 0.704 0.665 0.661 Increase 0.020
13 Karnataka 0.481 0.517 0.567 0.610 0.662 0.682 Increase 0.181
Uttarakhand 0.594 0.627 0.655 0.643 0.662 0.677 Increase 0.068
15 Arunachal Pradesh 0.471 0.501 0.531 0.639 0.661 0.658 Increase 0.190
16 Gujarat 0.489 0.526 0.573 0.608 0.651 0.667 Increase 0.162
Telangana 0.593 0.628 0.655 0.643 0.651 0.664 Increase 0.058
18 Meghalaya 0.435 0.470 0.531 0.621 0.648 0.650 Increase 0.213
19 Tripura 0.499 0.532 0.561 0.613 0.645 0.655 Increase 0.146
20 Andhra Pradesh 0.443 0.476 0.529 0.581 0.627 0.643 Increase 0.184
21 West Bengal 0.474 0.506 0.540 0.576 0.620 0.637 Increase 0.146
22 Rajasthan 0.432 0.462 0.505 0.547 0.601 0.621 Increase 0.169
23 Assam 0.453 0.486 0.527 0.565 0.593 0.605 Increase 0.140
24 Chhattisgarh 0.525 0.555 0.581 0.570 0.586 0.600 Increase 0.061
25 Odisha 0.422 0.452 0.489 0.533 0.580 0.597 Increase 0.158
26 Jharkhand 0.557 0.557 0.583 0.572 0.578 0.589 Increase 0.021
27 Madhya Pradesh 0.419 0.450 0.493 0.533 0.577 0.594 Increase 0.158
28 Uttar Pradesh 0.423 0.454 0.496 0.529 0.566 0.583 Increase 0.143
29 Bihar 0.401 0.430 0.464 0.511 0.551 0.566 Increase 0.150
 India 0.460 0.493 0.536 0.581 0.624 0.640 Increase 0.164

Consumption-based HDI[edit]

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[8] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[9] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[10][11]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[12]
(2007–08)
1 Kerala 0.790
2 Delhi 0.750
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652
4 Goa 0.617
5 Punjab 0.605
6 NE (excluding Assam) 0.573
7 Maharashtra 0.572
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570
9 Haryana 0.552
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542
11 Gujarat 0.527
12 Karnataka 0.519
National average 0.513
13 West Bengal 0.492
14 Uttarakhand 0.490
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473
16 Assam 0.444
17 Rajasthan 0.434
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380
19 Jharkhand 0.376
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375
21 Bihar 0.367
22 Odisha 0.362
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358

Per capita Income (Nominal)[edit]

Per capita income nominal of Indian states in $

Rank State/U.T. Per capita income in $ (Nominal)
1 Goa 2888
2 Haryana 2009
3 Maharashtra 1818
4 Tamilnadu 1588
** All India Average 1498
5 Uttarakhand 1486
6 Punjab 1468
7 Gujarat 1392
8 Andhra Pradesh 1316
9 Karnataka 1300
10 Kerala 1288
11 Himachal Pradesh 1273
12 Chhattisgarh 959
13 West bengal 902
14 Rajasthan 869
15 Orissa 803
16 Jammu & Kashmir 719
17 Assam 662
18 Jharkhand 648
19 Madhya pradesh 593
20 Uttar pradesh 567
21 Bihar 436

Trend analysis[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849

Medium human development index

  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[13]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
  8. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  9. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23.
  11. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  12. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.