List of Indian states and union territories by Human Development Index

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Map of the Indian states and territories by HDI in 2017 (published in 2018).

The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] a 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2018, HDI for India stood at 0.647.[6][7][8]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) health, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

List[edit]

This is a list of Indian states and union territories by Human Development Index as of 2019.[9]

Rank State/Union Territory HDI (2019) Comparable country
High human development
1 Kerala 0.782  Iran
2 Chandigarh 0.776  Armenia
3 Goa 0.763  Ecuador
4 Lakshadweep 0.751  China
5 Delhi 0.746  Algeria
6 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.741  Dominica
7 Puducherry 0.740  Maldives
8 Himachal Pradesh 0.725  Tonga
9 Punjab 0.724  Libya
10 Sikkim 0.717  Bolivia
11 Tamil Nadu 0.709  South Africa
12 Daman and Diu 0.708  Palestine
Haryana
14 Mizoram 0.704  Vietnam
Medium human development
15 Maharashtra 0.697  Kyrgyzstan
Manipur
17 Jammu and Kashmir 0.688  Morocco
18 Uttarakhand 0.683  Guyana
19 Karnataka
20 Nagaland 0.679  Iraq
21 Gujarat 0.672  El Salvador
22 Telangana 0.669  Tajikistan
23 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.663  Guatemala
24 Arunachal Pradesh 0.661  Nicaragua
25 Tripura 0.658
26 Meghalaya 0.656  Bhutan
27 Andhra Pradesh 0.649  Namibia
 India (average) 0.645
28 West Bengal 0.641  Bangladesh
29 Rajasthan 0.628  Sao Tome and Principe
30 Assam 0.613  Laos
31 Chhattisgarh 0.611  Ghana
32 Odisha 0.606

 East Timor

33 Madhya Pradesh 0.603    Nepal
34 Jharkhand 0.599  Kenya
35 Uttar Pradesh 0.596  Cambodia
36 Bihar 0.574  Republic of the Congo

Trends by UNDP reports[edit]

Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indian states since 1990 (2018 revision).[7]

State HDI 1990 HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 HDI 2018
Northern India
Chandigarh 0.633 0.641 0.638 0.663 0.648 0.734 0.775
New Delhi 0.577 0.620 0.664 0.690 0.709 0.730 0.746
Haryana 0.467 0.506 0.549 0.591 0.634 0.686 0.708
Himachal Pradesh 0.479 0.530 0.589 0.644 0.667 0.704 0.725
Jammu and Kashmir 0.493 0.511 0.528 0.587 0.640 0.674 0.688
Madhya Pradesh 0.406 0.433 0.460 0.501 0.538 0.585 0.606
Punjab 0.496 0.536 0.578 0.615 0.657 0.703 0.723
Uttar Pradesh 0.397 0.429 0.463 0.504 0.535 0.577 0.596
Uttarakhand 0.629 0.635 0.630 0.656 0.641 0.664 0.684
Western India
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.672 0.683 0.684 0.709 0.696 0.663 0.663
Daman and Diu 0.651 0.662 0.664 0.688 0.677 0.690 0.708
Goa 0.552 0.581 0.614 0.671 0.737 0.754 0.761
Gujarat 0.470 0.498 0.527 0.573 0.606 0.651 0.672
Maharashtra 0.493 0.525 0.558 0.602 0.644 0.680 0.696
Rajasthan 0.403 0.436 0.469 0.510 0.548 0.605 0.629
Eastern India
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.683 0.693 0.694 0.720 0.707 0.721 0.739
West Bengal 0.440 0.473 0.505 0.539 0.572 0.619 0.641
Bihar 0.378 0.407 0.436 0.470 0.514 0.557 0.576
Chhattisgarh 0.562 0.569 0.564 0.588 0.574 0.594 0.613
Jharkhand 0.562 0.568 0.564 0.588 0.574 0.584 0.599
Odisha 0.400 0.429 0.458 0.494 0.535 0.585 0.606
Northeastern India
Assam 0.411 0.447 0.488 0.531 0.567 0.598 0.614
Arunachal Pradesh 0.437 0.471 0.502 0.535 0.641 0.661 0.660
Manipur 0.495 0.526 0.559 0.598 0.681 0.694 0.696
Meghalaya 0.456 0.469 0.477 0.533 0.620 0.648 0.656
Mizoram 0.525 0.547 0.569 0.630 0.686 0.698 0.705
Nagaland 0.531 0.533 0.522 0.557 0.661 0.679 0.679
Sikkim 0.541 0.548 0.548 0.590 0.633 0.691 0.716
Tripura 0.447 0.488 0.531 0.561 0.608 0.643 0.658
Southern India
Andhra Pradesh 0.424 0.450 0.478 0.530 0.580 0.629 0.650
Karnataka 0.444 0.479 0.518 0.565 0.605 0.659 0.682
Kerala 0.544 0.568 0.598 0.678 0.714 0.757 0.790
Lakshadweep 0.693 0.704 0.705 0.731 0.717 0.732 0.750
Puducherry 0.717 0.730 0.730 0.757 0.743 0.730 0.738
Tamil Nadu 0.471 0.504 0.542 0.599 0.646 0.689 0.708
Telangana 0.622 0.630 0.627 0.652 0.638 0.651 0.669
India 0.431 0.463 0.498 0.539 0.582 0.627 0.647

Trend analysis by Indian National Development Reports[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749

Medium human development index

  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[10]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

Consumption-based HDI[edit]

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[11] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI compared to the actual value.[12] Further, data was unavailable for the following union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[13][14]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[15]
(2007–08)for Indian states only
1 Kerala 0.810
2 Delhi 0.750
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652
4 Goa 0.617
5 Punjab 0.605
6 Northeast India (excluding Assam) 0.573
7 Maharashtra 0.572
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570
9 Haryana 0.552
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542
11 Gujarat 0.527
12 Karnataka 0.519
National average 0.513
13 West Bengal 0.492
14 Uttarakhand 0.490
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473
16 Assam 0.444
17 Rajasthan 0.434
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380
19 Jharkhand 0.376
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375
21 Bihar 0.367
22 Odisha 0.362
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ "| Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Human Development Indices (5.0)". Retrieved 19 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.
  11. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  12. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23.
  14. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  15. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014.