List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

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The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] a 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2016, HDI for India stood at 0.624.[6]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) Life expectancy, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

List[edit]

This is a list of by Human Development Index as of 2016 with data from the year 2015 for all states and territories of India.[7]

High Human Development
Rank State/Union Territory 2015 HDI Comparable country
1 Kerala 0.770  Georgia
2 Goa 0.763  Lebanon
3 Chandigarh 0.739  Ecuador
4 Lakshadweep 0.738  China
5 Puducherry 0.737  Fiji
6 Delhi 0.734  Mongolia
7 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.731  Jamaica
8 Himachal Pradesh 0.706  Belize
Punjab 0.706  Belize
Medium Human Development
10 Manipur 0.699  Moldova
11 Mizoram 0.697  Gabon
12 Sikkim 0.696  Gabon
13 Daman and Diu 0.695  Gabon
14 Tamil Nadu 0.694  Paraguay
15 Haryana 0.687  Indonesia
16 Maharashtra 0.683  Vietnam
17 Nagaland 0.681  El Salvador
18 Jammu and Kashmir 0.675  Bolivia
19 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.665  South Africa
20 Karnataka 0.662  Kyrgyzstan
Uttarakhand 0.662  Kyrgyzstan
22 Arunachal Pradesh 0.661  Kyrgyzstan
23 Gujarat 0.651  Iraq
Telangana 0.651  Iraq
25 Meghalaya 0.648  Cape Verde
26 Tripura 0.645  Nicaragua
27 Andhra Pradesh 0.627  Tajikistan
 India (average) 0.624  Honduras
28 West Bengal 0.620  Honduras
29 Rajasthan 0.601  East Timor
30 Assam 0.593  Republic of the Congo
31 Chhattisgarh 0.586  Laos
32 Odisha 0.580  Ghana
33 Jharkhand 0.578  Ghana
34 Madhya Pradesh 0.577  Ghana
35 Uttar Pradesh 0.566  Cambodia
36 Bihar 0.551  Pakistan

HDI from 1995–2015[edit]

Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indian states since 1995.[7]

Rank State HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 Increase 1995–2015
1 Kerala 0.562 0.610 0.694 0.732 0.770 Increase 0.210
2 Goa 0.579 0.623 0.684 0.751 0.763 Increase 0.184
... Chandigarh 0.607 0.642 0.670 0.658 0.739 Increase 0.132
... Lakshadweep 0.669 0.711 0.739 0.729 0.738 Increase 0.069
... Puducherry 0.694 0.738 0.767 0.756 0.737 Increase 0.043
... Delhi 0.630 0.673 0.700 0.718 0.734 Increase 0.104
... Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.663 0.704 0.732 0.722 0.731 Increase 0.068
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.557 0.596 0.653 0.675 0.706 Increase 0.149
Punjab 0.547 0.582 0.620 0.664 0.706 Increase 0.159
5 Manipur 0.525 0.563 0.603 0.691 0.699 Increase 0.174
6 Mizoram 0.532 0.574 0.637 0.694 0.697 Increase 0.165
7 Sikkim 0.515 0.549 0.598 0.643 0.696 Increase 0.181
... Daman and Diu 0.628 0.669 0.695 0.686 0.695 Increase 0.067
8 Tamil Nadu 0.507 0.546 0.605 0.655 0.694 Increase 0.187
9 Haryana 0.515 0.550 0.594 0.639 0.687 Increase 0.172
10 Maharashtra 0.523 0.561 0.607 0.651 0.683 Increase 0.160
11 Nagaland 0.491 0.524 0.558 0.666 0.681 Increase 0.190
12 Jammu and Kashmir 0.493 0.530 0.591 0.646 0.675 Increase 0.182
... Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.645 0.686 0.714 0.704 0.665 Increase 0.020
13 Karnataka 0.481 0.517 0.567 0.610 0.662 Increase 0.181
Uttarakhand 0.594 0.627 0.655 0.643 0.662 Increase 0.068
15 Arunachal Pradesh 0.471 0.501 0.531 0.639 0.661 Increase 0.190
16 Gujarat 0.489 0.526 0.573 0.608 0.651 Increase 0.162
Telangana 0.593 0.628 0.655 0.643 0.651 Increase 0.058
18 Meghalaya 0.435 0.470 0.531 0.621 0.648 Increase 0.213
19 Tripura 0.499 0.532 0.561 0.613 0.645 Increase 0.146
20 Andhra Pradesh 0.443 0.476 0.529 0.581 0.627 Increase 0.184
21 West Bengal 0.474 0.506 0.540 0.576 0.620 Increase 0.146
22 Rajasthan 0.432 0.462 0.505 0.547 0.601 Increase 0.169
23 Assam 0.453 0.486 0.527 0.565 0.593 Increase 0.140
24 Chhattisgarh 0.525 0.555 0.581 0.570 0.586 Increase 0.061
25 Odisha 0.422 0.452 0.489 0.533 0.580 Increase 0.158
26 Jharkhand 0.557 0.557 0.583 0.572 0.578 Increase 0.021
27 Madhya Pradesh 0.419 0.450 0.493 0.533 0.577 Increase 0.158
28 Uttar Pradesh 0.423 0.454 0.496 0.529 0.566 Increase 0.143
29 Bihar 0.401 0.430 0.464 0.511 0.551 Increase 0.150
 India 0.460 0.493 0.536 0.581 0.624 Increase 0.164

Consumption-based HDI[edit]

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[8] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[9] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[10][11]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[12]
(2007–08)
1 Kerala 0.790
2 Delhi 0.750
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652
4 Goa 0.617
5 Punjab 0.605
6 NE (excluding Assam) 0.573
7 Maharashtra 0.572
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570
9 Haryana 0.552
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542
11 Gujarat 0.527
12 Karnataka 0.519
National average 0.513
13 West Bengal 0.492
14 Uttarakhand 0.490
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473
16 Assam 0.444
17 Rajasthan 0.434
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380
19 Jharkhand 0.376
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375
21 Bihar 0.367
22 Odisha 0.362
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358

Trend analysis[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849

Medium human development index

  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[13]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  8. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  9. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23.
  11. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  12. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  13. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.