List of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate

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Literacy rate map of India, 2020 .[1]

Literacy rate in India is uneven and as such, different states and union territories of India have differences in their literacy rates. The following table shows the details from 1951 to 2011 census data on total literacy rate in percentage.[2][3] According to Census 2011, Kerala has the highest total literacy rate and female literacy rate whereas Lakshadweep had the highest male literacy rate. Rajasthan has the lowest male literacy rate, while Bihar has the lowest female literacy rate. Literacy figures are collected by census takers which essentially means literacy (or lack therefore) is self assessed.[2]

List[edit]

Source: Census of India, 2011[1][2]


States/Union 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Kerala 47.18 55.08 69.75 78.85 89.81 90.86 93.41
Lakshadweep 15.23 27.15 51.76 68.42 81.78 86.66 92.28
Mizoram 31.14 44.01 53.8 59.88 82.26 88.8 91.58
Tripura - 20.24 30.98 50.1 60.44 73.19 87.75
Goa 23.48 35.41 51.96 65.71 75.51 82.01 87.40
Daman and Diu - - - - 71.2 78.18 87.07
Puducherry - 43.65 53.38 65.14 74.74 81.24 86.55
Chandigarh - - 70.43 74.8 77.81 81.94 86.43
Delhi - 61.95 65.08 71.94 75.29 81.67 86.34
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 30.3 40.07 51.15 63.19 73.02 81.3 86.27
Himachal Pradesh - - - - 63.86 76.48 83.78
Maharashtra 27.91 35.08 45.77 57.24 64.87 76.88 82.91
Sikkim - - 17.74 34.05 56.94 68.81 82.20
Tamil Nadu - 36.39 45.4 54.39 62.66 73.45 80.33
Nagaland 10.52 21.95 33.78 50.28 61.65 66.59 80.11
Manipur 12.57 36.04 38.47 49.66 59.89 70.5 79.85
Uttarakhand 18.93 18.05 33.26 46.06 57.75 71.62 79.63
Gujarat 21.82 31.47 36.95 44.92 61.29 69.14 79.31
Dadra and Nagar Haveli - - 18.13 32.9 40.71 57.63 77.65
West Bengal 24.61 34.46 38.86 48.65 57.7 68.64 77.08
Punjab - - 34.12 43.37 58.51 69.65 76.68
Haryana - - 25.71 37.13 55.85 67.91 76.64
Karnataka - 29.8 36.83 46.21 56.04 66.6 75.60
Meghalaya - 26.92 29.49 42.05 49.1 62.56 75.48
Odisha 15.8 21.66 26.18 33.62 49.09 63.08 73.45
Assam 18.53 32.95 33.94 - 52.89 63.25 73.18
Chhattisgarh 9.41 18.14 24.08 32.63 42.91 64.66 71.04
Madhya Pradesh 13.16 21.41 27.27 38.63 44.67 63.74 70.63
Uttar Pradesh 12.02 20.87 23.99 32.65 40.71 56.27 69.72
Jammu and Kashmir - 12.95 21.71 30.64 - 55.52 68.72
Andhra Pradesh 14.42 21.19 24.57 35.66 44.08 60.47 67.66
Jharkhand 12.93 21.14 23.87 35.03 41.39 53.56 67.63
Rajasthan 8.5 18.12 22.57 30.11 38.55 60.41 67.06
Arunachal Pradesh - 7.13 11.29 25.55 41.59 54.34 66.95
Bihar 13.49 21.95 23.17 32.32 37.49 47 63.82
ALL 18.33 28.3 34.45 43.57 52.21 64.84 74.04


Notes[edit]

1. Literacy rates for 1951, 1961 and 1971 Censuses relate to population aged five years and above. The rates for the 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011 Censuses relate to the population aged seven years and above. The literacy rate for 1951 in case of West Bengal relates to Total Population including 0-4 age group. Literacy rate for 1951 in respect of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Manipur are based on sample population.

2. India and Manipur figures exclude those of the three sub-divisions viz., Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul of Senapati district of Manipur as census results of 2001 in these three sub-divisions were cancelled due to technical and administrative reasons.

Source: Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Government of India.
  2. ^ a b c "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14" (PDF). Government of India.
  3. ^ "India at a glance". Government of India.