List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

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HDI data for Indian states and union territories in 2015.

The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] an 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2016, HDI for India stood at 0.624.[6]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) Life expectancy, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[7] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[8] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[9][10]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[11]
(2007–08)
HDI 2015[12]
1 Kerala 0.790 0.712
2 Delhi 0.750 N/A
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652 0.670
4 Goa 0.617 N/A
5 Punjab 0.605 0.6614
6 NE (excluding Assam) 0.573 N/A
7 Maharashtra 0.572 0.6659
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570 0.6663
9 Haryana 0.552 0.6613
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542 0.649
11 Gujarat 0.527 0.6164
12 Karnataka 0.519 0.6176
National average 0.513 0.6087
13 West Bengal 0.492 0.604
14 Uttarakhand 0.490 N/A
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473 0.6165
16 Assam 0.444 0.556
17 Rajasthan 0.434 0.577
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380 0.542
19 Jharkhand 0.376 N/A
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375 0.557
21 Bihar 0.367 0.536
22 Odisha 0.362 0.557
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358 N/A

Trend analysis[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849

Medium human development index

  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[13]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017. 
  7. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  8. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23. 
  10. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Kundu, Tadit (17 December 2015). "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan". Live Mint. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  13. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.