List of Indian sweets and desserts

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This is a list of Indian sweets and desserts, also called mithai, a significant element in Indian cuisine. It spans the regions of Pakistan and Bangladesh as well, since both countries were parts of India before 1947. Many Indian desserts are fried foods made with sugar, milk or condensed milk. Ingredients and preferred types of dessert vary by region. In the eastern part of India, for example, most are based on milk products. Many are flavoured with almonds and pistachios, spiced with cardamon, nutmeg, cloves and black pepper, and decorated with nuts, or with gold or silver leaf.[1]

North[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Agra petha Petha-from-Agra.JPG Firm white pumpkin, sugar, kitchen lime, alum powder etc. Sugar syrup based
Balushahi Balu shahi.jpg Maida flour, yogurt, oil, sugar Sugar syrup based
Besan laddu Besan Laddoo Sweets India cropped.jpg Gram flour (besan), ghee, sugar Laddu
Boondi Bonde - Kolkata 2011-03-15 1991.JPG Gram flour (besan), ghee, sugar Sugar syrup based
Gajar ka halwa Carrot gajar halwa with kheer India Sweets.jpg Carrots, milk, sugar, ghee, cashews and raisins Halva
Gajar ki barfi Dried milk with ground cashews, pistachios or peanuts, often with edible silver foil as decoration[2] Barfi
Ghevar GhevarRajasthaniSweet.jpg Flour, ghee, kewra, milk, clarified butter, sugar, almonds, pistachio, saffron, green cardamom Fried, sugar syrup based
Gulab jamun 1 Gulab Jamun Mithai Sweets of India cropped.jpg Fried milk balls soaked in sweet syrup, such as rose syrup or honey.[3] Fried, sugar syrup based
Imarti JalebiIndia.jpg Sugar syrup, lentil flour Fried, sugar syrup based
Jalebi Jalebi (sweet).jpg Dough fried in a coil shape dipped in sugar syrup, often taken with milk, tea, yogurt, or lassi.[4] Fried, sugar syrup based
Kaju katli Kaju katli dessert - side view.jpg Cashews, ghee with cardamom and sugar.[5] Barfi
Kala jamun
Kalakand Kalakand.jpg Milk, cottage cheese Burfi
Kheer Kheer.jpg A rice pudding made with milk, rice, sugar and dried fruits[6] Dessert
Kulfi[7] Matkakulfi.jpg An ice cream made with milk and sugar, with a variety of flavours such as mango, saffron, or cardamom.[8] Ice cream
Motichoor laddu Motichur ka laddu.JPG Besan flour, sugar Laddu
Lassi Fatfreelassi.jpg Yogurt, milk, nuts, can be made with mango (mango lassi) Yogurt drink
Malai laddu Milk cream Laddu
Malpua Malapua.jpg A type of pancake, made of wheat or rice flour, deep fried and dipped in sugar syrup.[9]
Nankhatai Nankhatai, an Indian sweet Refined flour (maida), gram flour (besan), ghee, powdered sugar, yogurt, green cardamom seeds Flour based sweet
Peda Indian Sweet Dessert Peda in a white bone china plate.jpg Milk
Phirni Phirni.jpg Rice, sugar, nuts pudding
Rabri Homemade Rabri.jpg A sweet, condensed milk-based dish made by boiling the milk on low heat for a long time until it becomes dense and changes its color to pinkish. Sugar, spices and nuts are added for flavour. It is chilled and served as a dessert.[10] pudding
Ras malai Rasmalai - 02.JPG Chhena, reduced milk, pistachio Dessert
Sheera Sooji Halwa (Semolina Pudding).JPG Semolina, ghee, nuts, milk Pudding
Singori Milk, coconut, molu leaf
Sohan halwa Sohan Halwa.JPG Corn flour, ghee, dry fruits Halva
Sohan papdi, pateesa Soan sohan papdi India Festive Sweets.jpg Besan flour Barfi

East[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Remarks
Amriti Amriti - Dum Dum - Kolkata 2012-04-22 2205.JPG Coconut milk
Chhena gaja Chena gaja Odia cuisine.jpg Chhena, sugar, ghee Milk-based
Chhena jalebi Chhena, sugar, ghee Milk-based
Chhena kheeri Chhena, sugar, milk Milk-based
Chhena poda Chennapoda.jpg Milk-based
Cham cham Chum chums.jpg Flour, cream, sugar, saffron, lemon juice, coconut flakes Milk-based
Kheer sagar Milk-based
Ledikeni Chhena, sugar, ghee Milk-based
Lyangcha Langcha - Saktigarh 2014-06-29 5576.JPG Milk-based
Malapua (dessert) Malapua Odia cuisine.jpg Milk-based
Mihidana Mihidana - Saktigarh 2014-06-29 5578.JPG Besan flour, sugar, ghee Besan-based
Misti doi Mishti Doi.jpg Milk-based
Pantua Pantua - Kolkata 2011-09-20 5431.JPG Chhena, sugar, ghee Milk-based
Pithe Pitha for Wedding- Pakan, Patishapta, Bharandash.jpg Milk-based
Rabri Homemade Rabri.jpg Milk-based
Rasabali Milk-based
Rasgulla Rasgullas.JPG Chhena, sugar Milk-based
Ras malai Ras Malai 2.JPG Chhena, milk, sugar Milk-based
Sandesh
(several types)
Sandesh - Oberoi Grand - Kolkata 2013-05-23 8046.JPG Made from cheese, kneaded with fine ground sugar and molasses.[11] Milk-based

South[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Remarks
Ada Ada (food).jpg Rice flour, grated coconut, jaggery or sugar
Adhirasam Adhirasam2a.jpg Rice flour, jaggery, ghee, vegetable oil, elachi
Ariselu Ariselu sesame.jpg Rice flour, jaggery, ghee
Bandar laddu Bandar Laddu.jpg Besan, jaggery, cardamom powder, ghee, cashews and raisins, jaggery syrup, sugar Laddu, popular in Machilipatanam, Andhra Pradesh[12]
Chikki Chikki assortment.jpg Nuts (usually peanuts), jaggery
Dharwad pedha Dharwad peda.jpg Burfi
Double ka meetha Double Ka Meetha.JPG Loaf bread, milk
Gavvalu Sweet gavvalu 27.11.13. (1).JPG Rice flour
Jaangiri Jaangiri.JPG Black gram Fry syrup based
Kakinada khaja Kakinada Khaja or Kotayya Khaja or Gottam Khaja- Sweet From kakinada, Andhrapradesh-1.JPG Wheat flour, sugar
Kuzhi paniyaram Kuzhi Paniyaram.jpg Black lentils and rice
Mysore pak Mysore pak.jpg Besan flour, semolina, mung bean, jaggery, coconut, skimmed milk powder, sugar, ghee Burfi
Obbattu / holige Coconut holige.jpg Maida flour Bread
Palathalikalu Rice flour, milk
Poornalu Poornalu.JPG Chana dal, jaggery
Pootharekulu Pootharekulu dry fruits.jpg Rice flour, powdered sugar/ghee
Qubani ka meetha Khobani Ka Meetha.JPG Apricots, sugar syrup
Sajjige Sooji Halwa (Rava Sheera).jpg Rava (semolina)
Sheer korma Sheer khurma.jpg Vermicelli pudding, milk
Unni Appam Unniyappam.jpg Rice flour, banana, jaggery, coconut

West[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Remarks
Anarsa Anarsa.jpg Slightly fermented rice flour, jaggery, khus-khus seeds
Basundi Basundi Indian Dessert Mithai Sweets.jpg Sugar, milk
Dhondas Cucumber, rava Baked cake
Doodhpak Milk, rice, sugar, dry fruits Milk-based
Kaju katli Kaju katli dessert - side view.jpg Cashews, ghee
Mahim halwa Mahim halwa.jpg Semolina, sugar
Modak ModakSL370103.JPG Rice flour, coconut jaggery stuffing Fried
Puran poli Obbattu.jpg Wheat flour, gram, jaggery Bread
Shankarpali Shankarpali sweets mithai Western India 2012.jpg Sugar, ghee, maida flour, semolina
Shrikhand Shrikhand london kastoori.jpg A creamy dessert made out of strained yogurt, often served with dried fruits such as mangoes.[13] Yoghurt-based
Sutar feni Pathar peni.jpg Maida, sugar, ghee

Pan-Indian[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Remarks
Burfi Anjur burfi.jpg Burfi
Halva Semolina Boiled
Kheer Milk, rice/noodles Milk-based
Laddoo Milk, flour
Peda Pera - Sweet - Banke Bihari Mandir Area - Vrindavan - 2013-02-22 4793.JPG Milk (khoya), sugar Milk-based

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alan Davidson (2014). Tom Jaine, ed. The Oxford Companion to Food (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 410–411. ISBN 0-19-967733-6. 
  2. ^ Lois Sinaiko Webb (28 December 1995). Holidays of the World Cookbook for Students. ABC-CLIO. pp. 193–. ISBN 978-0-89774-884-1. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Priya Wickramasinghe; Carol Selva Rajah (1 February 2005). Food of India. Murdoch Books. pp. 264–. ISBN 978-1-74045-472-8. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Lise Winer (16 January 2009). Dictionary of the English/Creole of Trinidad & Tobago: On Historical Principles. McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. pp. 460–. ISBN 978-0-7735-3406-3. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Elizabeth M. Collingham (2006). Curry: A Tale of Cooks And Conquerors. Oxford University Press. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-0-19-517241-6. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Subodh Kapoor (1 July 2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia. Cosmo Publications. p. 1745. ISBN 978-81-7755-257-7. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Caroline Liddell, Robin Weir, Frozen Desserts: The Definitive Guide to Making Ice Creams, Ices, Sorbets, Gelati, and Other Frozen Delights, Macmillan, 1996, ISBN 978-0-312-14343-5, ... Kulfi is the traditional Indian ice cream and has a strongly characteristic cooked-milk flavour and dense icy texture. ... The basis of making kulfi is to reduce a large volume of milk down to a very small concentrated amount ... 
  8. ^ Malvi Doshi (1 November 2002). Cooking Along the Ganges: The Vegetarian Heritage of India. iUniverse. pp. 448–. ISBN 978-0-595-24422-5. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  9. ^ Gil Marks (10 September 2010). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 382–. ISBN 978-0-470-39130-3. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  10. ^ Mohini Sethi (1 January 2008). Institutional Food Management. New Age International. pp. 850–. ISBN 978-81-224-1525-4. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  11. ^ Priya Wickramasinghe; Carol Selva Rajah (1 February 2005). Food of India. Murdoch Books. pp. 260–. ISBN 978-1-74045-472-8. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Varma, Sujatha. "In search of Bandar Laddu". 
  13. ^ Barry A. Law (31 July 1997). Microbiology and Biochemistry of Cheese and Fermented Milk. Springer. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-0-7514-0346-6. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 

External links[edit]