List of Indian sweets and desserts

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This is a list of Indian sweets and desserts, also called mithai, a significant element in Indian cuisine. Indians are known for their unique taste and experimental behavior when it comes to food. Many Indian desserts are fried foods made with sugar, milk or condensed milk. Ingredients and preferred types of dessert vary by region. In the eastern part of India, for example, most are based on milk products. Many are flavoured with almonds and pistachios, spiced with cardamon, nutmeg, cloves and black pepper, and decorated with nuts, or with gold or silver leaf.[1]

North[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Arsa
Homemade Arsa, a sweet dish from Andhra Pradesh and Uttarakhand, prepared on festive season and marriage
Rice flour, Jaggery Fried, jaggery based
Apple Halwa[2] Apple Halwa.jpg Apple, Milk, Ghee Halva
Balu shahi Balu shahi.jpg Maida flour, yogurt, oil, sugar. Sugar syrup based
Boondi Bonde - Kolkata 2011-03-15 1991.JPG Gram flour (besan), ghee, sugar. Sugar syrup based
Gajar ka halwa Carrot gajar halwa with kheer India Sweets.jpg Carrots, milk, sugar, ghee, cashews and raisins. Halva
Ghevar GhevarRajasthaniSweet.jpg Flour, ghee, kewra, milk, clarified butter, sugar, almonds, pistachio, saffron, green cardamom. Fried, sugar syrup based
Gulab jamun 1 Gulab Jamun Mithai Sweets of India cropped.jpg Fried milk balls soaked in sweet syrup, such as rose syrup or honey.[3] Fried, sugar syrup based
Imarti JalebiIndia.jpg Sugar syrup, lentil flour. Fried, sugar syrup based
Jalebi Jalebi (sweet).jpg Dough fried in a coil shape dipped in sugar syrup, often taken with milk, tea, yogurt, or lassi.[4] Fried, sugar syrup based
Kaju katli Kaju katli dessert - side view.jpg Cashews, ghee with cardamom and sugar.[5] Barfi
Kalakand Kalakand.jpg Milk, cottage cheese. Burfi
Kheer Kheer.jpg A rice pudding made with milk, rice, sugar and dried fruits[6] Pudding
Khirmohan

Khir Mohan.jpg

Chhena, sugar, semolina, water. Sugar syrup based
Kulfi[7] Matkakulfi.jpg An ice cream made with milk and sugar, with a variety of flavours such as mango, saffron, or cardamom.[8] Ice cream
Laddu Besan Laddoo Sweets India cropped.jpg Gram flour (besan), ghee, sugar. Laddu
Lassi Fatfreelassi.jpg Yogurt, milk, nuts, can be made with mango. Yogurt drink
Motichoor laddu Motichur ka laddu.JPG Besan flour, sugar. Laddu
Malpua Malapua.jpg Wheat or rice flour.[9] Fried, sugar syrup based
Nankhatai Nankhatai, an Indian sweet Refined flour, besan, ghee, powdered sugar, yogurt green cardamom seeds. Baked
Petha Petha-from-Agra.JPG Firm white pumpkin, sugar, kitchen lime, alum powder. Sugar syrup based
Phirni Phirni.jpg Rice, sugar, nuts. Pudding
Rabri Homemade Rabri.jpg Boiled condensed milk, sugar, spices and nuts.[10] Pudding
Sheera Sooji Halwa (Semolina Pudding).JPG Semolina, ghee, nuts, milk. Pudding
Singori Singori.jpg Khoa, coconut, molu leaf. Milk-based
Sohan halwa Sohan Halwa.JPG Corn flour, ghee, dry fruits. Halva
Sohan papdi, pateesa Soan sohan papdi India Festive Sweets.jpg Besan flour. Barfi

East[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Amriti Amriti - Dum Dum - Kolkata 2012-04-22 2205.JPG Deep fried vigna mungo, sugar syrup. Fried, sugar syrup based
Cham cham Chum chums.jpg Flour, cream, sugar, saffron, lemon juice, coconut flakes. Milk-based
Chandrapuli Balaram-Mullick-Chandrapuli 2.jpg Khoa, sugar, ghee, coconut flakes. Coconut and milk based
Chhena gaja Chena gaja Odia cuisine.jpg Chhena, sugar, ghee. Milk-based
Chhena jalebi Food-chhanar-jilipi.jpg Chhena, sugar, ghee. Milk-based
Chhena Jhili chenna jhilli whole milk, refined flour, powdered sugar, cardamom, oil/ghee for deep frying Milk based
Chhena kheeri Chhena, sugar, milk. Milk-based
Chhena poda Chennapoda.jpg Sugar, chenna cheese. Milk-based
Chuda Ghasa Chuda ghasa.jpg Rice Flakes (Poha), Sugar powder or Jaggery, Desi Ghee, Grated fresh Coconut, Pepper Powder, big cardamon powder, Dry fruits Optional Flatten rice/rice flakes, sugar/jaggery, ghee based
Coconut Barfi Coconut Barfi.jpg Made from coconut, fine ground sugar, ghee, cardamom powder and milk. Coconut and milk based
Kheer sagar Khira sagara.jpg Chenna, condensed milk, sugar, saffron, cardamom. Milk-based
Ledikeni Chhena, sugar, ghee. Milk-based
Lyangcha Langcha - Saktigarh 2014-06-29 5576.JPG Flour, fried milk power, sugar syrup. Milk-based
Malapua (dessert) Malapua Odia cuisine.jpg Yogurt, refined flour, ghee, fennel seeds. Milk-based
Mihidana Mihidana - Saktigarh 2014-06-29 5578.JPG Besan flour, sugar, ghee. Fried, sugar syrup based
Misti doi Mishti Doi.jpg Yogurt, jaggery. Milk-based
Pantua Pantua - Kolkata 2011-09-20 5431.JPG Chhena, sugar, ghee Milk-based
Pithe Pitha for Wedding- Pakan, Patishapta, Bharandash.jpg Rice flour. Milk-based
Puri Khaja Baleswari khaja pheni Oriya cuisine.jpg Refined flour (maida), pure ghee (gua gheea), sugar (chini), refined cooking oil for frying

(Pure ghee may also be used for frying)

Salt to taste (luna)

Ghee and refined flour-based
Rabri Homemade Rabri.jpg Sweetened milk. Milk-based
Rasabali Rasabali in sugar syrup.JPG Chenna, sweetened milk. Milk-based
Ras malai Rasmalai - 02.JPG Chhena, reduced milk, pistachio Milk-based
Rasgulla Rasgullas.JPG Chhena, sugar Milk-based
Sandesh Sandesh - Oberoi Grand - Kolkata 2013-05-23 8046.JPG Made from cheese, kneaded with fine ground sugar and molasses.[11] Milk-based
Sirir naru

Sirir naru made from jaggery and gram flour IMG 20201030 123846.jpg

jaggery and gram flour, mustard oil for deep fry Jaggery based

South[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Ada Ada (food).jpg Rice flour, grated coconut, jaggery or sugar
Adhirasam Adhirasam2a.jpg Rice flour, jaggery, ghee, vegetable oil, elachi
Ariselu Ariselu sesame.jpg Rice flour, jaggery, ghee
Bandar Laddu Bandar Laddu.jpg Besan, jaggery, cardamom powder, ghee, cashews and raisins, jaggery syrup, sugar Laddu, popular in Machilipatanam, Andhra Pradesh[12]
Chikki Chikki assortment.jpg Nuts (usually peanuts), jaggery
Dharwad Pedha Dharwad peda.jpg Milk, Sugar, Dharwadi buffalo milk Burfi
Double kaa Meetha Double Ka Meetha.JPG Loaf bread, milk
Gavvalu Sweet gavvalu 27.11.13. (1).JPG Rice flour
Jaangiri Jaangiri.JPG Black gram Fry syrup based
Kakinada khaja Kakinada Khaja or Kotayya Khaja or Gottam Khaja- Sweet From kakinada, Andhrapradesh-1.JPG Wheat flour, sugar
Kunda
Kuzhi paniyaram Kuzhi Paniyaram.jpg Black lentils and rice
Mysore pak Mysore pak.jpg Besan flour, sugar, ghee Burfi
Obbattu / Holige / Bobbatlu / Pappu Polelu / Boli Coconut holige.jpg Maida flour, Coconut or Channa Dal/Toor Dal, Jaggery Bread
Palathalikalu Rice flour, milk
Poornalu Poornalu.JPG Chana dal, jaggery
Pongal rice, jaggery, cashews, ghee
Pootharekulu Pootharekulu dry fruits.jpg Rice flour, powdered sugar/ghee
Khubani ka meetha Khobani Ka Meetha.JPG Apricots, sugar syrup
Kesari bath Sooji Halwa (Rava Sheera).jpg Rava (semolina, ghee, sugar)
Ksheer korma Sheer khurma.jpg Vermicelli pudding, milk
Unni Appam Unniyappam.jpg Rice flour, banana, jaggery, coconut
Kajjikaya Rice flour, jaggery, coconut
Sunnundalu
Junnu

West[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Anarsa Anarsa.jpg Slightly fermented rice flour, jaggery, khus-khus seeds
Basundi Basundi Indian Dessert Mithai Sweets.jpg Sugar, milk
Dhondas Cucumber, rava Baked cake
Doodhpak Milk, rice, sugar, dry fruits Milk-based
Kaju katli Kaju katli dessert - side view.jpg Cashews, ghee
Kalakand
Kharvas
Mahim halwa Mahim halwa.jpg Semolina, sugar
Modak ModakSL370103.JPG Rice flour, coconut jaggery stuffing Fried
Puran poli Obbattu.jpg Wheat flour, gram, jaggery Bread
Shankarpali Shankarpali sweets mithai Western India 2012.jpg Sugar, ghee, maida flour, semolina
Shrikhand Shrikhand london kastoori.jpg A creamy dessert made out of strained yogurt, often served with dried fruits such as mangoes.[13] Yogurt-based
Sutar feni Pathar peni.jpg Maida, sugar, ghee

Pan-Indian[edit]

Name Image Main ingredients Category
Burfi Anjur burfi.jpg Milk Powder Burfi
Halva Wheat Halwa of Salem.jpg Semolina Boiled
Kheer Kheer.jpg Milk, vermicelli,sugar,nuts Milk-based, called Payasam in Southern parts of the country
Laddoo Laddu-Janakpur-Community Outreach-City Tour Day-4-6751.jpg Milk, flour Laddu
Peda Pera - Sweet - Banke Bihari Mandir Area - Vrindavan - 2013-02-22 4793.JPG Indian Sweet Dessert Peda in a white bone china plate.jpg Milk (khoya), sugar Milk-based

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alan Davidson (2014). Tom Jaine (ed.). The Oxford Companion to Food (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 410–411. ISBN 978-0-19-967733-7.
  2. ^ Apple, Halwa. "Marraige [sic] Cuisine Style Apple Halwa Recipe- Super Suvai Tamil". Super Suvai Tamil. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  3. ^ Priya Wickramasinghe; Carol Selva Rajah (1 February 2005). Food of India. Murdoch Books. pp. 264–. ISBN 978-1-74045-472-8. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  4. ^ Lise Winer (16 January 2009). Dictionary of the English/Creole of Trinidad & Tobago: On Historical Principles. McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. pp. 460–. ISBN 978-0-7735-3406-3. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  5. ^ Elizabeth M. Collingham (2006). Curry: A Tale of Cooks And Conquerors. Oxford University Press. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-0-19-517241-6. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  6. ^ Subodh Kapoor (1 July 2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia. Cosmo Publications. p. 1745. ISBN 978-81-7755-257-7. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  7. ^ Caroline Liddell, Robin Weir (15 July 1996), Frozen Desserts: The Definitive Guide to Making Ice Creams, Ices, Sorbets, Gelati, and Other Frozen Delights, Macmillan, 1996, ISBN 978-0-312-14343-5, ... Kulfi is the traditional Indian ice cream and has a strongly characteristic cooked-milk flavour and dense icy texture. ... The basis of making kulfi is to reduce a large volume of milk down to a very small concentrated amount ...
  8. ^ Malvi Doshi (1 November 2002). Cooking Along the Ganges: The Vegetarian Heritage of India. iUniverse. pp. 448–. ISBN 978-0-595-24422-5. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  9. ^ Gil Marks (10 September 2010). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 382–. ISBN 978-0-470-39130-3. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  10. ^ Mohini Sethi (1 January 2008). Institutional Food Management. New Age International. pp. 850–. ISBN 978-81-224-1525-4. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  11. ^ Priya Wickramasinghe; Carol Selva Rajah (1 February 2005). Food of India. Murdoch Books. pp. 260–. ISBN 978-1-74045-472-8. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  12. ^ Varma, Sujatha. "In search of Bandar Laddu".
  13. ^ Barry A. Law (31 July 1997). Microbiology and Biochemistry of Cheese and Fermented Milk. Springer. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-0-7514-0346-6. Retrieved 16 June 2012.

External links[edit]