List of Indigenous Australian historical figures

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Some Indigenous Australians are remembered in history for leadership prior to European colonisation, some for their resistance to that colonisation, others for assisting Europeans explore the country. Some became infamous for their deeds, and others noted as the last of their communities.

Prior to 1788[edit]


1888 onwards[edit]

  • Nemarluk - leader of the Chul-a-mar, who fought European and Japanese around Darwin in the early 20th century
  • Umbarra (King Merriman) - late 19th century elder of the Yuin around Bermagui, New South Wales
  • Jeff Cutts - Junior Elder and former resident of Raymond Terrace, NSW.