List of Indo-European languages

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The approximate present-day distribution of the Indo-European branches within their homelands of Europe and Asia:
  Non-Indo-European languages
Dotted/striped areas indicate where multilingualism is common.

The Indo-European languages include some 439 (SIL estimate[1]) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. Each subfamily in this list contains many subgroups and individual languages.

Albanian language[edit]

Anatolian languages (extinct)[edit]

Armenian language[edit]

Baltic languages[edit]

Extinct languages:

Celtic languages[edit]

Germanic languages[edit]

Hellenic languages (Greek)[edit]

Indo-Iranian languages[edit]

Italic languages[edit]

Slavic languages[edit]

Tocharian languages (extinct)[edit]

  • Tocharian A (Turfanian, East Tocharian or Agnean)
  • Tocharian B (Kuchean or West Tocharian)
  • Tocharian C (Kröanian)

Indo-European languages whose relationship to other languages in the family is unclear[edit]


  1. ^ "Ethnologue report for Indo-European". 
  2. ^ "Ancient Macedonian". MultiTree: A Digital Library of Language Relationships. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 

External links[edit]