List of Indonesian cities by population

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This is a list of the most populous cities in Indonesia. It excludes urban-characterized settlements such as regency seat, which does not have city status. Indonesia has 93 cities classified as kota (city) and one provincial-level capital city. Population figures are taken from the 2020 census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS).[1]

Jakarta is the largest city and the only megacity in Indonesia, with a population of 10.56 million. As a primate city, Jakarta is nearly four times larger than the second largest city Surabaya. Jakarta's status is unique compared to other cities in Indonesia, since it is technically a province with a city management. It is subdividied into five administrative cities, which are not self-governed (without municipal council nor government budget). All five of Jakarta's satellite cities also have passed one million mark in population, with the largest one being Bekasi.

The other largest cities by region include Medan (Sumatra, also the largest outside of Java), Samarinda (Kalimantan), Denpasar (Lesser Sunda Islands), Makassar (Sulawesi), Ambon (Maluku Islands), and Jayapura (Western New Guinea). Jayapura is also the fastest-growing city Indonesia, at 55.23% in a decade.

Most of the provinces' largest cities in Indonesia are also their capital cities. The exceptions are Bekasi (West Java), Tangerang (Banten), Batam (Riau Islands), Banjarmasin (South Kalimantan), Sorong (West Papua), Tarakan (North Kalimantan), and Ternate (North Maluku).

Cities by population[edit]

  • Bold: province's capital city
  • Italics: province's largest city
City Province Region 2020
census

[2]
2010
census

[2]
Change Notes
Jakarta Special Capital Region of Jakarta Java 10,562,088 9,607,787 +9.93%
Surabaya East Java Java 2,874,314 2,765,487 +3.94%
Bekasi West Java Java 2,543,676 2,334,871 +8.94% Satellite city of Jakarta
Bandung West Java Java 2,444,160 2,394,873 +2.06%
Medan North Sumatra Sumatra 2,435,252 2,097,610 +16.10%
Depok West Java Java 2,056,335 1,738,570 +18.28% Satellite city of Jakarta
Tangerang Banten Java 1,895,486 1,798,601 +5.39% Satellite city of Jakarta
Palembang South Sumatra Sumatra 1,668,848 1,455,284 +14.68%
Semarang Central Java Java 1,653,524 1,555,984 +6.27%
Makassar South Sulawesi Sulawesi 1,423,877 1,338,663 +6.37%
South Tangerang Banten Java 1,354,350 1,290,322 +4.96% Satellite city of Jakarta
Batam Riau Islands Sumatra 1,196,396 944,285 +26.70%
Bandar Lampung Lampung Sumatra 1,166,066 881,801 +32.24%
Bogor West Java Java 1,043,070 950,334 +9.76% Satellite city of Jakarta
Pekanbaru Riau Sumatra 983,356 897,767 +9.53%
Padang West Sumatra Sumatra 909,040 833,562 +9.05%
Malang East Java Java 843,810 820,243 +2.87%
Samarinda East Kalimantan Kalimantan 827,994 727,500 +13.81%
Denpasar Bali Lesser Sunda Islands 725,314 788,589 −8.02%
Tasikmalaya West Java Java 716,155 635,464 +12.70%
Serang Banten Java 692,101 577,785 +19.79%
Balikpapan East Kalimantan Kalimantan 688,318 557,579 +23.45%
Pontianak West Kalimantan Kalimantan 658,685 554,764 +18.73%
Banjarmasin South Kalimantan Kalimantan 657,663 625,481 +5.15%
Jambi Jambi Sumatra 606,200 531,857 +13.98%
Cimahi West Java Java 568,400 541,177 +5.03% Satellite city of Bandung
Surakarta Central Java Java 522,364 499,337 +4.61%
Manado North Sulawesi Sulawesi 451,916 410,481 +10.09%
Kupang East Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 442,758 336,239 +31.68%
Cilegon Banten Java 434,896 374,559 +16.11%
Mataram West Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 429,651 402,843 +6.65%
Jayapura Papua Western New Guinea 398,478 256,705 +55.23%
Bengkulu Bengkulu Sumatra 373,591 308,544 +21.08%
Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta Java 373,589 388,627 −3.87%
Palu Central Sulawesi Sulawesi 373,218 336,532 +10.90%
Ambon Maluku Maluku Islands 347,288 331,254 +4.84%
Sukabumi West Java Java 346,325 298,681 +15.95%
Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi 345,107 289,966 +19.02%
Cirebon West Java Java 333,303 296,389 +12.45%
Dumai Riau Sumatra 316,782 253,803 +24.81%
Pekalongan Central Java Java 307,150 281,434 +9.14%
Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan Kalimantan 293,457 220,962 +32.81%
Binjai North Sumatra Sumatra 291,842 246,154 +18.56% Satellite city of Medan
Kediri East Java Java 286,796 268,507 +6.81%
Sorong West Papua Western New Guinea 284,410 190,625 +49.20%
Tegal Central Java Java 273,825 239,599 +14.28%
Pematangsiantar North Sumatra Sumatra 268,254 234,698 +14.30%
Banjarbaru South Kalimantan Kalimantan 253,442 199,627 +26.96% Satellite city of Banjarmasin
Banda Aceh Aceh Sumatra 252,899 223,446 +13.18%
Tarakan North Kalimantan Kalimantan 242,786 193,370 +25.56%
Probolinggo East Java Java 239,649 217,062 +10.41%
Singkawang West Kalimantan Kalimantan 235,064 186,462 +26.07%
Lubuklinggau South Sumatra Sumatra 234,166 201,308 +16.32%
Tanjungpinang Riau Islands Sumatra 227,663 187,359 +21.51%
Bitung North Sulawesi Sulawesi 225,134 187,652 +19.97% Satellite city of Manado
Padang Sidempuan North Sumatra Sumatra 225,105 191,531 +17.53%
Pangkalpinang Bangka Belitung Islands Sumatra 218,569 174,758 +25.07%
Batu East Java Java 213,046 190,184 +12.02%
Pasuruan East Java Java 208,006 186,262 +11.67%
Ternate North Maluku Maluku Islands 205,001 185,705 +10.39%
Banjar West Java Java 200,973 175,157 +14.74%
Gorontalo Gorontalo Sulawesi 198,539 180,127 +10.22%
Madiun East Java Java 195,175 170,964 +14.16%
Prabumulih South Sumatra Sumatra 193,196 161,984 +19.27%
Salatiga Central Java Java 192,322 170,332 +12.91% Satellite city of Semarang
Lhokseumawe Aceh Sumatra 188,713 171,163 +10.25%
Langsa Aceh Sumatra 185,971 148,945 +24.86%
Palopo South Sulawesi Sulawesi 184,681 147,932 +24.84%
Bontang East Kalimantan Kalimantan 178,917 143,683 +24.52%
Tanjungbalai North Sumatra Sumatra 176,027 154,445 +13.97%
Tebing Tinggi North Sumatra Sumatra 172,838 145,248 +19.00%
Metro Lampung Sumatra 168,676 145,471 +15.95%
Bau-Bau Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi 159,248 136,991 +16.25%
Bima West Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 155,140 142,579 +8.81%
Parepare South Sulawesi Sulawesi 151,454 129,262 +17.17%
Blitar East Java Java 149,149 131,968 +13.02%
Pagar Alam South Sumatra Sumatra 143,844 126,181 +14.00%
Payakumbuh West Sumatra Sumatra 139,576 116,825 +19.47%
Gunungsitoli North Sumatra Sumatra 136,017 126,202 +7.78%
Mojokerto East Java Java 132,434 120,196 +10.18% Satellite city of Surabaya
Kotamobagu North Sulawesi Sulawesi 123,722 107,459 +15.13%
Magelang Central Java Java 121,526 118,227 +2.79%
Bukittinggi West Sumatra Sumatra 121,028 111,312 +8.73%
Tidore North Maluku Maluku Islands 114,480 90,055 +27.12%
Tomohon North Sulawesi Sulawesi 100,587 91,553 +9.87% Satellite city of Manado
Sungai Penuh Jambi Sumatra 96,610 82,293 +17.40%
Pariaman West Sumatra Sumatra 94,224 79,043 +19.21%
Subulussalam Aceh Sumatra 90,751 67,446 +34.55%
Sibolga North Sumatra Sumatra 89,584 84,481 +6.04%
Tual Maluku Maluku Islands 88,280 58,082 +51.99%
Solok West Sumatra Sumatra 73,438 59,396 +23.64%
Sawahlunto West Sumatra Sumatra 65,138 56,866 +14.55%
Padang Panjang West Sumatra Sumatra 56,311 47,008 +19.79%
Sabang Aceh Sumatra 41,197 30,653 +34.40%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sensus Penduduk 2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Indonesia: Administrative Division (Provinces, Regencies and Cities)". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 18 March 2022.