List of Indonesian soups

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Soto ayam, Indonesian counterpart of chicken soup.

This is a list of Indonesian soups. Indonesian cuisine is diverse, in part because Indonesia is composed of approximately 6,000 populated islands of the total 18,000 in the world's largest archipelago,[1] with more than 1,300 ethnic groups.[2] Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences.[1] Indonesian soups are known to be flavoursome with generous amount of bumbu spice mixture.

Indonesian cuisine has a diverse variety of soups.[3] Some Indonesian soups may be served as meals,[3] while others are lighter.[4] The Makassarese of South Sulawesi, Indonesia are known for preparing "hearty beef soups"[5] that also use coconut and lemongrass as ingredients.[6]


Sop buntut, Indonesian oxtail soup.

Generally Indonesian soups and stews are grouped into four major groups with numbers of variants in between.

  1. Soto refer to variety of Indonesian traditionally spiced meat soups, either in clear broth or in rich coconut milk-base soup, example includes soto ayam.
  2. Sayur refer to traditional vegetables stews, such as sayur asem and sayur lodeh.
  3. Sop or sup usually refer to soups derived from western influences, such as sop buntut.
  4. Mi kuah refer to various noodle soups of Indonesia, usually refer to noodle soups derived from Chinese and Peranakan influences, such as mi bakso kuah and laksa. In Indonesia, noodles are not normally classed as soup, since the dry stir fried version of noodle is also common in the country.

This list includes soups that originated in Indonesia as well as those that are common in the country.

Indonesian soups and stews[edit]

Soto (traditional soups)[edit]

Soto babat, tripe soto.
  • Soto – a traditional meat soup.[7] Many variations exist.
  • Soto ayam – chicken soto,[8]
  • Soto babattripe soto.
  • Soto babi – Balinese pork soto.
  • Soto daging – beef soup, usually eat with jeroan (offal) or quail egg satay.
  • Soto padang – beef rice noodle soup with potatoes and egg, specialty of Padang.
  • Sroto or soto sokaraja – soto with peanut sambal.
  • Coto makassarMakassarese beef soup, a traditional beef and offal soto variant from Makassar, South Sulawesi.[9]

Sayur (vegetable soups)[edit]

Sayur asem, vegetable tamarind soup.

Chicken soups[edit]

Opor ayam, chicken in coconut milk soup.
  • Ayam buah keluak – chicken rib stew cooked with the nuts from the Pangium edule.
  • Opor ayam – prepared with the main ingredients of chicken cooked in coconut milk.[11] It is especially common in Central Java.[11] Many additional ingredients are used.
  • Sup ayam – Indonesian chicken soup with a variety of vegetables, such as carrots, potatoes, cabbage and mushrooms.
  • Sup krim – a creamy soup with addition of milk is obviously derived from western influence, and today is quite common in Indonesia. Variants include sup krim ayam (with chicken), sup krim jamur (with mushroom), and sup krim asparagus (with asparagus).

Fish or seafood soups[edit]

Ikan kerapu kuah asam, grouper in sour soup from Manado.
  • Asam pedas – sour and spicy fish stew dish.
  • Bakso ikan – fish meatball soup.
  • Ikan kuah kuning – fish soup in clear yellow broth. It is a side dish of papeda and be a delicacy from Maluku and Papua.
  • Mangut – Javanese coconut milk fish soup.
  • Pindang – fish boiled in salt and sour-tasting spices, usually tamarind.
  • Pindang koyong – fish cooked in yellow gravy-like soto with various spices, specialty of Banyuwangi, East Java.
  • Pindang serani – pindang made from various kind of seafood and milkfish.
  • Pindang tongkol – pindang variant using pindang processed mackerel tuna.
  • Sup cakalang kuah kuningSkipjack tuna in yellow spicy soup speciality of Manado, North Sulawesi. Spice mixture include turmeric, ginger, candlenut, garlic, shallot, chili pepper and lemongrass.[12]
  • Sup ikan – fish soup, specialty of Batam island near Singapore. Usually uses red snapper and dried shrimp, seasoned with shallot, garlic, pepper, soy sauce, fish sauce, add with tomato, scallion and bawang goreng.[13]
  • Sup ikan kuah asam – seafood fish in sour soup speciality of Manado, North Sulawesi. Various fish can be made sour soup, including grouper, trevally or red snapper.
  • Sup krim kepiting – a crab creamy soup.
  • Sup udang pedas – hot and spicy shrimp soup, made of shrimp, dried shrimp, fishballs, mushroom, carrot, scallion, garlic and chili pepper.[14]
  • Tekwan – surimi fishcake akin to pempek, bihun rice noodle, jicama and mushroom soup, specialty of Palembang.

Meat and offal soups[edit]

Konro, spicy ribs soup.
Tongseng, sweet and spicy goat meat soup.

Noodle soups[edit]

Laksa betawi, served with emping.
Mie koclok, chicken noodle soup.
Mie kuah, boiled noodles with Javanese-style.
  • Bihun kuah – rice vermicelli soup.
  • Kwetiau ayam – flat noodle soup with chicken, sometimes served with pangsit (wonton) and bakso (meatball) soup.
  • Beef kway teow – flat noodle soup with slices of beef or sometimes beef offal.
  • Laksa – spicy noodle soup dish which has various types based on Peranakan. It consists of thick wheat noodles or rice vermicelli with chicken, prawn or fish, served in spicy soup based on either rich and spicy curry coconut milk or on sour asam.
  • Laksa banjar – steamed noodle-like balls, made from rice flour paste, served in thick yellowish soup made from coconut milk, ground spices and snakehead fish broth.
  • Laksa betawi – laksa contains rice vermicelli, beansprouts, and dried shrimp broth soup.
  • Laksa bogor – laksa contains rice vermicelli, beansprouts, and oncom.
  • Laksa cibinong – yellowish laksa made of coconut milk, spices, bean sprout, rice vermicelli, hard-boiled eggs, cooked shredded chicken, fried shallots, and many lemon-basil leaves.
  • Laksa medan – asam laksa contains flaked mackerel, wild ginger flower, lemongrass, and chili pepper.
  • Laksa tambelan – laksa made of flaked sauteed smoked mackerel tuna or skipjack tuna, spices and lump of sagoo noodles, served in spicy kerisik.
  • Laksa tangerang – laksa made of rice noodles shaped like spaghetti, chicken stock, mung beans, potatoes and chives.
  • Lakse kuah – fish curry laksa, made of sagoo noodles with mashed tongkol or mackerel tuna flesh, served in spicy coconut milk curry made of spice mixture.
  • Lakso – spicy noodle soup served in savoury yellowish coconut milk-based soup, flavoured with fish, and sprinkled with fried shallots.
  • Mi ayam – chicken noodle soup[21] comprising a bowl of chicken stock, boiled choy sim, celery leaves, diced chicken cooked with sweet soy sauce, and fried shallots. Some variants add mushrooms and fried/boiled pangsit (wonton). Normally it is eaten with chili sauce and pickles.
  • Mi bakso – bakso meatballs served with yellow noodles and rice vermicelli in beef broth.
  • Mi cakalang – skipjack tuna noodle soup.
  • Mi celor – a noodle dish served in coconut milk soup and shrimp-based broth, specialty of Palembang city, South Sumatra.[22]
  • Mi kari – soup curry noodle dish.
  • Mi koclok – chicken noodle soup from Cirebon. It is served with cabbage, bean sprout, boiled egg, fried onion and spring onion.
  • Mi kocok – (lit: "shaken noodle"), is an Indonesian beef noodle soup from Bandung, consists of noodles served in rich beef consommé soup, kikil (beef tendon), bean sprouts and bakso (beef meatball), kaffir lime juice, and sprinkled with sliced fresh celery, scallion and fried shallot. Some recipes might add beef tripe.
  • Mi kopyok – noodle soup with garlic broth, fried tofu, and rice cracker.
  • Mi kuah – literally "boiled noodles" in English, made of yellow egg noodles with a spicy soup gravy.
  • Mi ongklok – boiled noodles were made using cabbage, chunks of chopped leaves, and starchy thick soup called ‘’loh’’. Usually served with satay and tempeh.
  • Mi pangsit – noodle soup served with pangsit or soft-boiled wonton.
  • Soto mi – noodle soup in spicy soto broth.
  • Sup makaroni – Indonesian macaroni soup.


Commercially prepared soups[edit]

Commercially prepared and packaged soups are also consumed in Indonesia, including those that are frozen, canned and dehydrated.[23] In 2013, commercially prepared soups had a value growth of 14% in Indonesia.[23] In 2013 the company Supra Sumber Cipta held its leadership in this food category, with a 32% value share in Indonesia.[23]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Indonesian Cuisine." Archived 2017-08-23 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed July 2011.
  2. ^ "Mengulik Data Suku di Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Cornell, K.; Anwar, M. (2004). Cooking the Indonesian Way: Culturally Authentic Foods Including Low-fat and Vegetarian Recipes. Easy Menu Ethnic Cookbooks 2nd Edition. Ebsco Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8225-2157-0. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  4. ^ Yuen, D. (2013). Indonesian Cooking: Satays, Sambals and More. Tuttle Publishing. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4629-0853-0. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Von Holzen, H.; Hutton, W.; Arsana, L. (1999). The Food of Indonesia: Authentic Recipes from the Spice Islands. Periplus World Food Series. Periplus Editions. p. 58. ISBN 978-962-593-389-4. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  6. ^ a b von Holzen, H.; Arsana, L.; Hutton, W. (2015). The Food of Indonesia: Delicious Recipes from Bali, Java and the Spice Islands. Tuttle Publishing. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4629-1491-3. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "40 of Indonesia's best dishes". CNN Travel. August 9, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  8. ^ Moskin, Julia (January 7, 2009). "Soto Ayam (Indonesian Chicken Soup With Noodles and Aromatics) Recipe". New York Times Cooking. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  9. ^ "Coto Ranggong, a delicious eatery that harks back to the past". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  10. ^ "Recipe: Soup Brenebon". FAO.
  11. ^ a b Witton, Patrick; Elliott, Mark (2003), Lonely Planet Indonesia. Lonely Planet Publications, p. 108
  12. ^ Ilham (2015-11-10). "Resep Masakan Ikan Cakalang Kuah Kuning Yang Gurih". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  13. ^ Inc, Tastemade. "Sop Ikan Batam ~ Resep". Tastemade (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  14. ^ "Sup Udang Pedah - Sajian Sedap". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  15. ^ a b Associated Press (November 18, 2010). "Bakso: The Indonesian meatball soup President Obama loved as a child". NY Daily News. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Resep Pallu basa (khas Makassar) oleh Anna Marbun". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  17. ^ Wongso, W.; Tobing, H. (2013). Homestyle Indonesian Cooking (in Spanish). Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-1106-6. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  18. ^ Whitmarsh, A.; Wood, M. (2013). Jakarta: 25 Excursions in and Around the Indonesian Capital. Tuttle Publishing. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-4629-0893-6. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
  19. ^ Usman (23 March 2012). "Wisata Kuliner Makassar: Menikmati Sop Saudara Dan Ikan Bandeng Bakar Khas Pangkep". MakassaRTV. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  20. ^ Planet, L.; Berkmoes, R.V.; Brash, C.; Cohen, M.; Elliott, M.; Mitra, G.; Noble, J.; Skolnick, A.; Stewart, I.; Waters, S. (2010). Lonely Planet Indonesia. Travel Guide. Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 978-1-74220-348-5. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  21. ^ Von Holzen, H.; Ltd, M.C.I.P. (2014). A New Approach to Indonesian Cooking. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited. p. 15. ISBN 978-981-4634-95-3. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  22. ^ Kraig, B.; D, C.T.S.P. (2013). Street Food around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-59884-955-4. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  23. ^ a b c "Soup in Indonesia". Euromonitor International. March 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015.