List of International Congresses of Mathematicians Plenary and Invited Speakers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of International Congresses of Mathematicians Plenary and Invited Speakers. Being invited to talk at an ICM has been called "the equivalent, in this community, of an induction to a hall of fame."[1] (The current list of Plenary and Invited Speakers presented here is based on the ICM's post-WW II terminology, in which the one-hour speakers in the morning sessions are called "Plenary Speakers" and the other speakers (in the afternoon sessions) whose talks are included in the ICM published proceedings are called "Invited Speakers". In the pre-WW II congresses the Plenary Speakers were called "Invited Speakers".

Speakers by year of congress[edit]

1897, Zürich[edit]

Felix Klein

1900, Paris[edit]

David Hilbert

During the 1900 Congress in Paris, France, David Hilbert (pictured) announced his famous list of Hilbert's problems.[2]

1904, Heidelberg[edit]

Emile Borel
Heinrich Weber

In 1904, in Heidelberg, the 69 invited speakers included Borel, Hadamard, Hilbert, Klein, Levi-Civita, Minkowski, Mittag-Leffler, and Sommerfeld.

1908, Rome[edit]

Tullio Levi-Civita

The 1908 ICM in Rome had 121 invited speakers included Bernstein, Borel, Brückner, Brouwer, Darboux, Dickson, Fubini, Hadamard, Levi-Civita, Lorenz, Macfarlane, Mittag-Leffler, E.H. Moore, M. Noether, Picard, Poincaré, F. Rietz, Severi, Sommerfeld, and Zermelo. Robert Genese spoke again, this time on "The Method of Reciprocal Polars Applied to Forces in Space" (page 145 of the proceedings).

1912, Cambridge (UK)[edit]

G. H. Hardy
Edward Kasner
J. J. Thomson

The 1912 ICM in Cambridge had 103 invited speakers, among them Bateman, Bernstein, Borel, Brouwer, Fehr, Fields, Grossman, Hadamard, Hardy, von Koch, Landau, Littlewood, Love, Macfarlane, E.H. Moore, Morley, Peano, Runge, Thomon, Volterra, Whitehead, and Zermelo.

1920, Strasbourg[edit]

Jacques Hadamard

The 1920 congress in Strasbourg had only 56 invited speakers, among them Cartan, Dickson, Grossman, Hadamard, Jordan, Lefschetz, Takagi, de la Vallée Poussin, Volterra, and Wiener.

1924, Toronto[edit]

Arthur Eddington

The 1924 ICM in Toronto had 180 invited speakers, including Bell, Besicovitch, Cartan, Coats, Coker, Dickson, Eddington, Fehr, Fisher, Fréchet, Fubini, Hedrick, Hille, Morley, Ore, Peano, Plancherel, Ricci-Curbastro, H. Rietz, Severi, Sierpiński, Uspensky, and Zaremba.

1928, Bologna[edit]

George David Birkhoff
Stefan Banach
Emmy Noether
Hermann Weyl
Guido Fubini

The 1928 Bologna ICM had 265 invited speakers , including Banach, Bernstein, G.D. Birkhoff, Bompiana, Borel, Cartan, Čech, Courant, Fano, Fields, Fisher, Fréchet, Fubini, Haar, Hadamard, Hilbert, Julia, Lévy, Levi-Civita, Menger, Milne-Thomson, Mordell, Nevanlinna, Neyman, Nikodym, E. Noether, Ore, Plancherel, Pólya, Rademacher, Reidemeister, F. Rietz, Segre, Severi, Sierpiński, Steinhaus, Tarski, Veblen, Vitali, Volterra, Weyl, Whittaker, Zariski, and Zygmund.

1932, Zürich[edit]

Participants Zürich 1932

The 1932 ICM in Zürich had 258 invited speakers, including Ahlfors, Alexandroff, Bernays, Bernstein, Bieberbach, Borsuk, Carathéodory, both Cartans, Čech, Cesari, de Rham, Delsarte, Fehr, Fraenkel, Hadamard, Hardy, Hasse, Hille, Hopf, Hurewicz, Julia, Krull, Kuratowski, Lévy, Littlewood, Menger, Milne-Thomson, Mordell, Morse, Nevanlinna, E. Noether, Ore, Pauli, Pontryagin, F. Rietz, Seifert, Severi, Sierpiński, Ulam, Volterra, Whitehead, Wiener, Zaremba, and Zygmund.[3]

1936, Oslo[edit]

There were 191 invited speakers at the 1936 congress in Oslo, among them Ahlfors, Banach, Bateman, both Birkhoffs, Borel, Borsuk, Cartan, Cartwright, Courant, Cramér, Eilenberg, Erdős, Feller, Fréchet, Gelfond, Hesse, Hecke, Hurewicz, Lemaître, McShane, Menger, Mordell, Morley, Morse, both Newmans, Ore, Pólya, Rado, M. Riesz, Selberg, Siegel, Sierpinski, Skolem, Stone, Taussky, Veblen, Whitehead, and Wiener.

Samuel Eilenberg
Erich Hecke
Oswald Veblen

1950, Cambridge (USA)[edit]

Eberhard Hopf
Shiing-Shen Chern

1954, Amsterdam[edit]

André Weil


At the 1954 Congress of Mathematicians in Amsterdam, Richard Brauer announced his program for the classification of finite simple groups.[6]

1958, Edinburgh[edit]

Alexander Grothendieck (pictured) in his plenary lecture at the 1958 Congress outlined his programme "to create arithmetic geometry via a (new) reformulation of algebraic geometry, seeking maximal generality."[7]

Alexander Grothendieck

1962, Stockholm[edit]

At the 1962 Congress in Stockholm Kiyosi Ito (pictured) lectured on how to combine differential geometry and stochastic analysis, and this led to major advances in the 60s and 70s.[8]

Kiyosi Ito

1966, Moscow[edit]

John Griggs Thompson
Stephen Smale
Lennart Carleson

There were thirty-one Invited Addresses (eight in Abstract) at the 1966 congress.[9]

1970, Nice[edit]

Michael Artin
Philip Griffiths
David Mumford
Pierre Deligne
John Horton Conway
Alan-Baker

1974, Vancouver[edit]

Jacques Tits
Alain Connes
William Thurston

1978, Helsinki[edit]

Roger Penrose
Robert Langlands
Shing-Tung Yau

1983, Warsaw[edit]

René Thom
Efim Zelmanov
Pierre-Louis Lions
Jean Bourgain

1986, Berkeley[edit]

Gerd Faltings
Edward Witten

1990, Kyoto[edit]

Grigorji Margulis
Vaughan Jones
Curtis T. McMullen
Jean-Christophe Yoccoz
Shigefumi Mori

1994, Zürich[edit]

Andrew Wiles
Grigori Perelman
Richard Borcherds
Maxim Kontsevich

1998, Berlin[edit]

Laurent Lafforgue
Vladimir Voevodsky
Michael Freedman
Simon Donaldson

2002, Beijing[edit]

2006, Madrid[edit]

Alice Guionnet
Terence Tao
Wendelin Werner
Elon Lindenstrauss
Stanislav Smirnov
Cedric Villani

The 2006 ICM in Madrid attracted several thousand mathematicians.[10]

2010, Hyderabad[edit]

Artur Ávila
Ngô Bảo Châu
S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Maryam Mirzakhani

2014, Seoul[edit]

Martin Hairer
Alessio Figalli
Peter Scholze
John Milnor
Manjul Bhargava

2018, Rio de Janeiro[edit]

Andrei Okounkov
Laszlo Babai
James Maynard
Maryna Vazovska
Mamokgethi Phakeng
Gil Kalai

The most invited speakers[edit]

This list inventories the mathematicians who were the most invited to speak to an ICM.

Rank Name # Years Nationality
1 Jacques Hadamard 9 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1920, 1928, 1932, 1950  France
2 Émile Borel 7 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1928, 1936  France
2 Jules Drach 7 1900, 1912, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936  France
4 Elie Cartan 6 1900, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936  France
4 Gino Loria 6 1897, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1928, 1932  Italy
4 Vito Volterra 6 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1920, 1928  Italy
7 Henri Fehr 5 1904, 1908, 1912, 1924, 1932   Switzerland
7 Rudolf Fueter 5 1920, 1924 , 1928, 1932, 1936   Switzerland
7 Yuri Manin 5 1966, 1970 , 1978, 1986, 1990  Russia  Germany
7 Mihailo Petrović 5 1908, 1912, 1924 , 1928, 1932  Serbia
7 Cyparissos Stephanos 5 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912  Greece
7 Carl Størmer 5 1908,1920, 1924, 1932, 1936  Norway
7 Gheorghe Țițeica 5 1908, 1912, 1924, 1932, 1936  Romania

The most invited speakers after 1950[edit]

This list inventories the mathematicians who were the most invited to speak to an ICM after 1950.

Rank Name # Years Nationality
1 Yuri Manin 5 1966, 1970, 1978, 1986, 1990  Russia  Germany
2 Vladimir Arnold 4 1958, 1966, 1974, 1983  Russia
2 Michael Atiyah 4 1962, 1966, 1970, 1978  United Kingdom
2 Simon Donaldson 4 1983, 1986, 1998, 2018  United Kingdom
2 Mikhail Gromov 4 1970, 1978, 1983, 1986  Russia  France
2 Goro Shimura 4 1958, 1966, 1970, 1978  Japan
2 Yakov Sinai 4 1962, 1970, 1978, 1990  Russia  United States
8 Paul Erdős 3 (4) (1936,) 1950, 1954, 1983  Hungary
8 Beniamino Segre 3 (4) (1928,) 1950, 1954, 1958  Italy
10 Aldo Andreotti 3 1950, 1962, 1970  Italy
10 James Arthur 3 1983, 1998, 2014  Canada
10 László Babai 3 1990, 1994, 2018  Hungary
10 Jean Bourgain 3 1983, 1986, 1994  Belgium
10 Alberto Calderón 3 1950, 1966, 1978  Argentina
10 Lennart Carleson 3 1962, 1966, 1990  Sweden
10 Shiing-Shen Chern 3 1950, 1958, 1970  China  United States
10 Alain Connes 3 1974, 1978, 1986  France
10 John Conway 3 1970, 1978, 1994  United Kingdom
10 Roland Dobrushin 3 1974, 1978, 1990  Russia
10 Eugene Dynkin 3 1962, 1970, 1974  Soviet Union  United States
10 Yakov Eliashberg 3 1986, 1998, 2006  United States
10 Jürg Fröhlich 3 1978, 1986, 1994   Switzerland
10 Frederick Gehring 3 1966, 1974, 1986  United States
10 Israel Gelfand 3 1954, 1962, 1970  Russia
10 Étienne Ghys 3 1990, 2006, 2014  France
10 Hans Grauert 3 1958, 1962, 1966  Germany
10 Henryk Iwaniec 3 1978, 1986, 2006  Poland  United States
10 Kazuya Kato 3 1990, 2002, 2006  Japan
10 Carlos Kenig 3 1986, 2002, 2010  Argentina  United States
10 Harry Kesten 3 1970, 1983, 2002  United States
10 Olga Ladyzhenskaya 3 1966, 1983, 1994  Russia
10 Peter Lax 3 1966, 1970, 1983  United States
10 Jacques-Louis Lions 3 1958, 1970, 1974  France
10 Pierre-Louis Lions 3 1983, 1990, 1994  France
10 George Lusztig 3 1974, 1983, 1990  Romania  United States
10 Yves Meyer 3 1970, 1983, 1990  France
10 John Milnor 3 1958, 1962, 2014  United States
10 Jürgen Moser 3 1962, 1978, 1998  Germany  United States
10 David Mumford 3 1962, 1970, 2002  United States
10 Sergei Novikov 3 1966, 1970, 1978  Russia
10 Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro 3 1966, 1978, 2002  Russia  Israel
10 Wolfgang M. Schmidt 3 1970, 1974, 1983  Austria
10 Richard Schoen 3 1983, 1986, 2010  United States
10 Saharon Shelah 3 1974, 1983, 1986  Israel
10 Yum-Tong Siu 3 1978, 1983, 2002  China
10 Stephen Smale 3 1962, 1966, 1986  United States
10 Daniel Spielman 3 2002, 2010, 2014  United States
10 Elias M. Stein 3 1962, 1970, 1986  United States
10 Dennis Sullivan 3 1970, 1986, 1974  United States
10 Andrei Suslin 3 1978, 1986, 1994  Russia
10 Clifford Taubes 3 1986, 1994, 1998  United States
10 René Thom 3 1958, 1970, 1983  France
10 John G. Thompson 3 1962, 1966, 1970  United States
10 Jacques Tits 3 1962, 1970, 1974  Belgium  France
10 S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan 3 1978, 1994, 2010  United States
10 Jean-Loup Waldspurger 3 1983, 1994, 2014  France
10 André Weil 3 1950, 1954, 1978  France

References[edit]

  1. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide (7 October 2015). "The biggest mystery in mathematics: Shinichi Mochizuki and the impenetrable proof". Nature. 526: 178–181. doi:10.1038/526178a. PMID 26450038.
  2. ^ Scott, Charlotte Angas (1900). "The International Congress of Mathematicians in Paris" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 7 (2): 57–79. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1900-00768-3.
  3. ^ Richardson, R. G. D. (1932). "International Congress of Mathematicians, Zurich, 1932". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38: 769–774. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1932-05491-X.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Richardson, R. G. D. (1932). "International Congress of Mathematicians, Zurich, 1932". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38: 769–774. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1932-05491-X.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Morse, Marston. "The international Congress in Oslo." Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 42, no. 11 (1936): 777–781. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1936-06421-9
  6. ^ Carl B. Boyer; Uta C. Merzbach (25 January 2011). A History of Mathematics (PDF). John Wiley & Sons. p. 592. ISBN 978-0-470-63056-3.
  7. ^ Cartier, Pierre (2004), "Un pays dont on ne connaîtrait que le nom (Grothendieck et les " motifs ")" (PDF), in Cartier, Pierre; Charraud, Nathalie, Réel en mathématiques-psychanalyse et mathématiques (in French), Editions Agalma, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29, English translation: A country of which nothing is known but the name: Grothendieck and "motives" .
  8. ^ Jean-Paul Pier (September 2000). Development of Mathematics 1950-2000. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 437. ISBN 978-3-7643-6280-5.
  9. ^ Thirty-one Invited Address (eight in Abstract) at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Moscow, 1966. American Mathematical Society Translations - Series 2. American Mathematical Society. 1968.
  10. ^ International Congress of Mathematicians 2006
See also

External links[edit]