List of Iron Age hoards in Great Britain

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The list of Iron Age hoards in Britain comprises significant archaeological hoards of coins, jewellery, precious and scrap metal objects and other valuable items discovered in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) that are associated with the British Iron Age, approximately 8th century BC to the 1st century AD. It includes both hoards that were buried with the intention of retrieval at a later date (personal hoards, founder's hoards, merchant's hoards, and hoards of loot), and also hoards of votive offerings which were not intended to be recovered at a later date, but excludes grave goods and single items found in isolation. Hoards of Celtic coins dating from the time of the Roman occupation of Britain are also included here.

List of hoards[edit]

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Alton Hoard Coins from the Alton A hoard mid 1st century AD Alton,
Hampshire
51°08′56″N 0°58′37″W / 51.149°N 0.977°W / 51.149; -0.977 (Alton A Hoard)
1996 British Museum, London 50 gold staters of Commios, Tincomarus and Epillus (Hoard A)
206 gold staters of Tincomarus and Verica (Hoard B)
1 Roman gold ring
1 Roman gold bracelet[1][2]
Beaminster Hoard early 1st century Beaminster,
Dorset
50°48′32″N 2°44′24″W / 50.809°N 2.740°W / 50.809; -2.740 (Beaminster Hoard)
2003 Dorset County Museum, Dorchester 160 silver staters[3]
Beverley Hoard Coins from the Beverley Hoard mid 1st century BC Beverley,
East Yorkshire
53°50′42″N 0°25′37″W / 53.845°N 0.427°W / 53.845; -0.427 (Beverley Hoard)
1999–2007 Hull Museums Collections
British Museum, London
110 gold staters[4][5]
Cheriton Hoard 80 to 60 BC Cheriton,
Hampshire
51°03′09″N 1°10′13″W / 51.05245°N 1.170325°W / 51.05245; -1.170325 (Cheriton Hoard)
1984 British Museum, London 50 gold staters[6]
Chute Forest Hoard 80 to 60 BC Chute Forest,
Wiltshire
51°15′57″N 1°33′23″W / 51.265865°N 1.556348°W / 51.265865; -1.556348 (Chute Forest Hoard)
1927 British Museum, London 36 gold staters[7]
Clacton Hoard 80 to 60 BC Clacton-on-Sea,
Essex
51°47′31″N 1°08′46″E / 51.79197°N 1.145973°E / 51.79197; 1.145973 (Clacton Hoard)
1898 British Museum, London 76 gold staters[8]
Climping Hoard mid 1st century BC Climping,
West Sussex
50°48′47″N 0°34′41″W / 50.813°N 0.578°W / 50.813; -0.578 (Climping Hoard)
2000 British Museum, London 18 gold staters[note 1][10]
Dovedale Hoard 1st century BC Reynard's Cave and Kitchen, Dovedale,
Derbyshire
53°04′11″N 1°47′05″W / 53.0696°N 1.7848°W / 53.0696; -1.7848 (Dovedale Hoard)
2014 Buxton Museum and Art Gallery 26 gold and silver coins, including three pre-conquest Roman coins, and 20 Late Iron Age gold and silver coins belonging to the Corieltauvi tribe[11]
Essendon Hoard 60 BC to 20 BC Essendon,
Hertfordshire
51°45′46″N 0°09′11″W / 51.762913°N 0.153169°W / 51.762913; -0.153169 (Essendon Hoard)
1992 British Museum, London 257 gold coins, 7 swords, 4 spearheads, a dagger and a decorated sheet of bronze that may have faced a wooden shield, various ingots and segments of a gold torc[12]
Farmborough Hoard Coins from the Farmborough Hoard early 1st century Farmborough,
Somerset
51°20′35″N 2°29′02″W / 51.343°N 2.484°W / 51.343; -2.484 (Farmborough Hoard)
1984 British Museum, London 61 gold staters[13]
Field Baulk Hoard mid 1st century Field Baulk, March,
Cambridgeshire
52°32′20″N 0°05′13″E / 52.539°N 0.087°E / 52.539; 0.087 (Field Baulk Hoard)
1982 British Museum, London 872 silver coins minted by the Iceni tribe, in a round pot[14]
Great Leighs Hoard mid 1st century BC Great Leighs,
Essex
51°49′37″N 0°30′22″E / 51.827°N 0.506°E / 51.827; 0.506 (Great Leighs Hoard)
1998–1999 Chelmsford Museums 40 gold staters[15]
Hallaton Treasure Iron Age coins from the Hallaton Treasure 1st century AD Hallaton,
Leicestershire
52°33′00″N 0°50′00″W / 52.550°N 0.8333°W / 52.550; -0.8333 (Hallaton Treasure)
2000 Harborough Museum 5,000 silver and gold coins
a silver gilt Roman parade helmet
jewellery[16]
Honingham Hoard mid 1st century AD Honingham,
Norfolk
52°39′47″N 1°06′29″E / 52.663°N 1.108°E / 52.663; 1.108 (Honingham Hoard)
1954 Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery 341 Iceni silver coins[17]
Ipswich Hoard Two torcs from the Ipswich Hoard 1st century BC Ipswich,
Suffolk
52°03′32″N 1°09′22″E / 52.059°N 1.156°E / 52.059; 1.156 (Ipswich Hoard (1968-1969))
1968–1969 British Museum, London 6 gold twisted torcs[18]
Kimbolton Hoard mid 1st century BC Kimbolton,
Cambridgeshire
52°18′29″N 0°24′25″W / 52.308°N 0.407°W / 52.308; -0.407 (Kimbolton Hoard)
2010 67 gold staters and one gold quarter-stater[19]
Langstone Hoard Two bronze bowls and wine strainer from the Langstone Hoard mid 1st century AD Ringland,
Newport
51°36′36″N 2°53′53″W / 51.610°N 2.898°W / 51.610; -2.898 (Langstone Hoard)
2007 2 bronze bowls and a bronze wine strainer[20]
Little Horwood Hoard 1st century BC Little Horwood, Aylesbury Vale,
Buckinghamshire
51°58′05″N 0°51′00″W / 51.968°N 0.850°W / 51.968; -0.850 (Little Horwood Hoard)
2006–2007 Buckinghamshire County Museum, Aylesbury 75 staters found over an 11-month period which are said to be part of the Whaddon Chase Hoard[21][22][23]
Llyn Cerrig Bach Hoard "Crescentic bronze plaque" in the shape of a gold lunula, with triskele-like decoration 4th century BC to 1st century AD Llyn Cerrig Bach, near Valley,
Anglesey
53°15′32″N 4°32′24″W / 53.259°N 4.540°W / 53.259; -4.540 (Llyn Cerrig Bach Hoard)
1942 National Museum Cardiff votive objects deposited over a period of several hundred years, comprising over 150 items of bronze and iron, including 7 swords, 6 spearheads, fragments of a shield, part of a bronze trumpet, 2 gang chains, fragments of iron wagon tyres and horse gear, blacksmith's tools, fragments of two cauldrons, and iron bars[24]
Llyn Fawr Hoard 8th to 7th century BC Llyn Fawr Lake, Rhigos,
Glamorgan
51°43′12″N 3°34′05″W / 51.720°N 3.568°W / 51.720; -3.568 (Llyn Fawr Hoard)
1909–1913 National Museum Cardiff bronze cauldron, a number of chisels, sickles and socketed axes, a sword, a spearhead, a razor, and horse harness equipment[25]
Lochar Moss Hoard 50 to 200 AD Lochar Moss, near Dumfries,
Dumfries and Galloway
55°05′09″N 3°34′50″W / 55.0858829°N 3.5806428°W / 55.0858829; -3.5806428 (Lochar Moss Hoard)
1840s British Museum, London brass torc and bronze bowl[26]
North Foreland Hoard early 1st century BC North Foreland,
Kent
51°22′30″N 1°26′42″E / 51.375°N 1.445°E / 51.375; 1.445 (North Foreland Hoard)
1999 Powell-Cotton Museum, Birchington-on-Sea 63 potin (a bronze alloy with high tin content) coins[27]
Peatling Magna Hoard mid 1st century BC Peatling Magna, near Market Harborough
Leicestershire
52°31′41″N 1°07′37″W / 52.528°N 1.127°W / 52.528; -1.127 (Peatling Magna Hoard)
2012 Harborough Museum 10 gold staters minted in northern France or the Low Countries[28]
Polden Hill Hoard Bridle-bit from the Polden Hill Hoard in the British Museum 50 AD to 100 AD Polden Hill,
Somerset
51°09′38″N 2°55′26″W / 51.160549°N 2.923972°W / 51.160549; -2.923972 (Polden Hill Hoard)
1800 British Museum, London about 90 metal artefacts including horse gear and trappings, segments of 3 shields, 6 brooches, 3 bracelets, parts of 2 torcs[29]
Salisbury Hoard 3rd century BC[note 2] Netherhampton, near Salisbury,
Wiltshire
51°04′26″N 1°47′38″W / 51.074°N 1.794°W / 51.074; -1.794 (Salisbury Hoard)
1988 British Museum, London over 600 objects, mostly miniature bronze versions of shields, tools, daggers and spearheads[30]
Scole Hoard mid 1st century BC Scole,
Norfolk
52°21′50″N 1°09′22″E / 52.364°N 1.156°E / 52.364; 1.156 (Scole Hoard)
1982–1983 202 Iceni silver coins and 87 Roman coins[31]
Sedgeford Hoard Cowbone and gold coins of the Sedgeford Hoard 1st century BC Sedgeford,
Norfolk
52°54′N 0°33′W / 52.90°N 0.55°W / 52.90; -0.55 (Sedgeford Hoard)
2003 King's Lynn Museum 39 Gallo-Belgic gold staters, concealed inside a cowbone[32]
Shalfleet Hoard Ingot 2 (top) from Shalfleet Hoard (2009) late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD Shalfleet,
Isle of Wight
50°42′04″N 1°27′29″W / 50.701°N 1.458°W / 50.701; -1.458 (Shalfleet Hoard)
2009 Sold at Bonhams, 2011.[33] four large bowl-shaped silver ingots, six small silver fragments and one gold British B (or "Chute") stater of Late Iron Age date.[34]
Silsden Hoard mid 1st century AD Silsden,
West Yorkshire
53°54′50″N 1°56′13″W / 53.914°N 1.937°W / 53.914; -1.937 (Silsden Hoard)
1998 Cliffe Castle Museum, Keighley 27 gold coins and a finger ring[35]
Snettisham Hoard Selection of torcs from the Snettisham Hoard mid 1st century BC Ken Hill, near Snettisham,
Norfolk
52°53′06″N 0°29′20″E / 52.885°N 0.489°E / 52.885; 0.489 (Snettisham Hoard)
1948–1973 British Museum, London
Norwich Castle Museum
over 150 gold torc fragments (over 70 of which form complete torcs), and various objects made of metal and jet[36]
Southend Hoard 60-50 BC Southend-on-Sea,
Essex
51°32′18″N 0°42′52″E / 51.53832°N 0.714513°E / 51.53832; 0.714513 (Southend Hoard)
1986 British Museum, London pottery sherds and 33 gold staters[37]
South Norfolk Hoard 'Norfolk Wolf' debased gold stater from the South Norfolk Hoard late 1st century BC South Norfolk 2012–2013 Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery 44 'Norfolk Wolf' debased gold staters[38][39]
South Wight Hoard late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD South Wight,
Isle of Wight
50°36′00″N 1°12′00″W / 50.600°N 1.200°W / 50.600; -1.200 (South Wight Hoard)
2004 British Museum, London 18 gold staters, 138 silver staters, 1 thin silver coin, 7 copper alloy coins of the Roman period, 2 bowl shaped silver ingots, 1 bowl shaped copper alloy ingot, 5 sherds of Iron Age pottery [40][41]
Stanwick Hoard Stanwick horse head from the hoard 50 BC to 100 AD Stanwick,
North Yorkshire
54°30′24″N 1°43′32″W / 54.506627°N 1.725548°W / 54.506627; -1.725548 (Stanwick Hoard)
1843 British Museum, London about 180 metal artefacts including four sets of horse harnesses for chariots and a bronze horse head [42]
Stirling Hoard Two gold torcs from the Stirling Hoard 3rd to 1st century BC Near Blair Drummond,
Stirlingshire
56°10′01″N 4°02′38″W / 56.167°N 4.044°W / 56.167; -4.044 (Stirling Hoard)
2009 National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 4 gold torcs[43]
Stonea Hoard 20-50 AD Stonea,
Cambridgeshire
52°31′12″N 0°08′35″E / 52.519927°N 0.14303°E / 52.519927; 0.14303 (Stonea Hoard)
1983 British Museum, London pottery beaker and over 850 silver coins[44]
Sunbury Hoard Two coins from the Sunbury hoard, with design derived from Greek coins of Marseilles, with stylised head of Apollo and butting bull, 100–50 BC 2nd century BC Sunbury-on-Thames,
Surrey
51°25′19″N 0°25′08″W / 51.422°N 0.419°W / 51.422; -0.419 (Sunbury Hoard)
1950 Museum of London, London 317 tin alloy coins and 56 fragments, together with fragments of a pottery vessel[45]
Syngenta Hoard[note 3] mid 1st century BC Jealott's Hill, near Bracknell,
Berkshire
51°27′22″N 0°44′53″W / 51.456°N 0.748°W / 51.456; -0.748 (Syngenta Hoard)
1998 Reading Museum 58 gold coins[46]
Tal-y-Llyn Hoard 1st century AD near Tal-y-llyn Lake, Cadair Idris,
Merionethshire
52°40′19″N 3°53′49″W / 52.672°N 3.897°W / 52.672; -3.897 (Tal-y-Llyn Hoard)
1963 National Museum Cardiff 1 brass plaque, fragments from two brass shields, several decorated brass plates (possibly from a ceremonial cart), and part of a Roman lock[47]
Whaddon Chase Hoard 1st century BC near Whaddon, Aylesbury Vale,
Buckinghamshire
52°00′00″N 0°49′41″W / 52.000°N 0.828°W / 52.000; -0.828 (Whaddon Chase Hoard)
1849 & 2006 British Museum, London[48] Buckinghamshire County Museum, Aylesbury between 450[49] and 800[50] and 2,000 gold staters[21] — see also Little Horwood Hoard
Whitchurch Hoard Obverse of Chute stater from Whitchurch Hoard (1987) 1st century BC Whitchurch,
Hampshire
51°13′44″N 1°20′06″W / 51.229°N 1.335°W / 51.229; -1.335 (Whitchurch Hoard)
1987 Hampshire Museums Service (4 of each type). The remainder sold at Christies, October 1988, lots 236-246. 34 Gallo-Belgic E gold staters, and 108 British B (or, Chute,) gold staters.[51]
Wickham Market Hoard Coins from the Wickham Market Hoard late 1st century BC to early 1st century AD Wickham Market,
Suffolk
52°09′00″N 1°22′01″E / 52.150°N 1.367°E / 52.150; 1.367 (Wickham Market Hoard)
2008 Ipswich Museum 840 gold staters[52][53]
Winchester Hoard The Winchester Hoard 1st century BC near Winchester,
Hampshire
51°03′47″N 1°18′29″W / 51.063°N 1.308°W / 51.063; -1.308 (Winchester Hoard or Treasure)
2000 British Museum, London 4 gold brooches
1 gold chain
1 gold bracelet (complete)
2 gold bracelet halves
2 gold torcs[54]
Walkington Hoard A selection from the Walkington Hoard 1st century BC Walkington,
East Yorkshire
53°49′14″N 0°29′17″W / 53.820636°N 0.487977°W / 53.820636; -0.487977 (Walkington Hoard)
2005 Yorkshire Museum, York a collection of gold staters of the Corieltauvi. Various types of coin. Discovered in batches but regarded as associated.[55][56]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A previously unknown type of stater was found which henceforth became known as the "Climping type". It is thought that there was more to the hoard, but it had become dispersed.[9]
  2. ^ Although buried in the Iron Age, some of the objects in the Salisbury Hoard are dateable to the early Bronze Age (circa 2400 BC), and may have been recovered from a Bronze Age hoard.
  3. ^ The Syngenta Hoard is named after the company on whose land the hoard was found.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Alton hoard of Iron Age coins & jewellery". Art Fund. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  2. ^ British Museum Collection
  3. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 151, 183
  4. ^ Bland 2000, p. 100
  5. ^ "Celtic Gold". Hull City Council. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  6. ^ British Museum Collection [1]
  7. ^ British Museum Collection [2]
  8. ^ British Museum Collection [3]
  9. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, p. 7
  10. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 106–107, 133
  11. ^ "Dovedale Roman and Iron Age coins found after 2,000 years". BBC News. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  12. ^ British Museum Collection [4]
  13. ^ "coin". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-10-04. 
  14. ^ "Hoard of Iceni silver coins". British Museum. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  15. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 98–99
  16. ^ "The Hallaton Treasure". Harborough Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  17. ^ "Coin hoard from Honingham". Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  18. ^ British Museum Collection
  19. ^ "Iron Age gold coins discovered in Kimbolton". Hunts Post. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  20. ^ "Record ID: NMGW-9C0216". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 23 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  21. ^ a b Barton & Hitchcock 2008, p. 184
  22. ^ Lewis 2009, p. 87
  23. ^ "Little Horwood Hoard by Iron Age". The Art Fund. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  24. ^ "Artefacts from Llyn Cerrig Bach". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  25. ^ "Cauldron from Llyn Fawr". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  26. ^ British Museum Collection [5]
  27. ^ Bland 2000, p. 98
  28. ^ "Hoard of Celtic coins found in Leicestershire". BBC News. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  29. ^ British Museum Collection [6]
  30. ^ "The Salisbury Hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  31. ^ Hutcheson, Natasha C. G. (2004). Later Iron Age Norfolk: Metalwork, Landscape and Society. Archaeopress. p. 105. ISBN 9781841715827. Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  32. ^ "Record ID: PAS-B1F065". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  33. ^ Bonhams, Antiquities, 13 April 2011, lot 248
  34. ^ Leins, Ian; Joy, Jody; Basford, Frank [7], Portable Antiquities Scheme, Record ID: IOW-EAAFE2. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  35. ^ Bland 2000, pp. 103–104
  36. ^ "The Snettisham Hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  37. ^ British Museum Collection [8]
  38. ^ "Norfolk wolf coins unearthed in treasure find". 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  39. ^ "Coin Hoard NMS-397D42". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  40. ^ Williams, Jonathan; Hill, J.D.[9], Portable Antiquities Scheme, Record ID: IOW-38B400. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  41. ^ [10], The Art Fund, The Isle of Wight Ingot Hoard
  42. ^ British Museum Collection [11]
  43. ^ "First Pictures of Stirling Iron Age Gold Hoard Treasure". Heritage Key. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  44. ^ British Museum Collection [12]
  45. ^ Linecar, Howard (1949–1951). "On a find of early British tin coins at Sunbury-on-Thames" (PDF). British Numismatic Journal 26: 339–340. 
  46. ^ "Syngenta Coin Hoard" (PDF). Reading Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-18. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Tal-y-Llyn Plaque". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  48. ^ British Museum Collection [13]
  49. ^ Barton & Hitchcock 2008, pp. 95, 123
  50. ^ "Huge Iron Age haul of coins found". BBC. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  51. ^ Burnett, A.M.; Cowell, M.R. [14], British Numismatic Journal, 1988, Vol.58, p.6ff. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  52. ^ "Iron Age coins declared treasure". BBC. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  53. ^ "Iron Age gold hoard saved for Ipswich Museum". The Art Fund. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-21. 
  54. ^ Bland & Voden-Decker 2002, pp. 16–18
  55. ^ Griffiths, Rebecca. "COIN HOARD: YORYM-E42AA8". Portable Antiquities Scheme. The British Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  56. ^ Woods, Andrew. "Yorkshire Hoards - Prehistoric Wealth". Google Cultural Institute. Google / York Museums Trust. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 

References[edit]