List of Islamic texts

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Quran[edit]

The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God.[1] It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature.[2][3][4][5] The Quran is divided into chapters (Arabic: سورة sūrah, plural سور sūwar), which are subdivided into verses (Arabic: آية āyāh, plural آيات āyāt).

Text of the Quran

The text of the Qur'an consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura. Each sura is formed from several verses, called ayats.

Commentaries and exegesis (tafsīr)

A body of commentary and explication (tafsīr), aimed at explaining the meanings of the Quranic verses.

Reasons of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl)

Sunna[edit]

Sunna denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar.[6] The sources of sunna are usually oral traditions found in collections of Hadith and Sīra (prophetic biography). Unlike the Qur'an, Muslims do not agree on the same set of texts or sources of Sunnah, and they emphasize different collections of hadith based on to which Islamic school or branch they belong.

Hadith (Traditions of the prophet)[edit]

Hadīth are sayings, act or tacit approval, validly or invalidly, ascribed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Prophetic biography (Sīra)[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). "Qurʼān". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
  2. ^ Margot Patterson, Islam Considered: A Christian View, Liturgical Press, 2008 p. 10.
  3. ^ Mir Sajjad Ali, Zainab Rahman, Islam and Indian Muslims, Guan Publishing House 2010 p. 24, citing N.J. Dawood's judgement.
  4. ^ Alan Jones, The Koran, London 1994, ISBN 1842126091, opening page.

    "Its outstanding literary merit should also be noted: it is by far, the finest work of Arabic prose in existence."

  5. ^ Arthur Arberry, The Koran Interpreted, London 1956, ISBN 0684825074, p. 191.

    "It may be affirmed that within the literature of the Arabs, wide and fecund as it is both in poetry and in elevated prose, there is nothing to compare with it."

  6. ^ Islahi, Amin Ahsan (1989) [tr:2009]. "Difference between Hadith and Sunnah". Mabadi Tadabbur i Hadith [Fundamentals of Hadith Interpretation] (in Urdu). Lahore: Al-Mawrid. Retrieved 1 June 2011.