List of Israeli inventions and discoveries

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Drip irrigation at an Israeli nursery
Rooftop solar hot-water system
A laser projection keyboard used with a tablet.
Iron Dome rocket interception system

This is a list of inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, working locally or overseas.




  • ReWalk a bionic walking assistance system to enable paraplegics to stand upright, walk and climb stairs.
  • Development of robotic guidance system for spine surgery by Mazor Robotics.


Model of quasicrystals, discovered by Nobel prize winner Dan Shechtman of the Technion


Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation


  • World's smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm (0.039 in) diameter, designed to fit in a tiny endoscope designed by Medigus.[13]
  • Development of the "Pillcam" by Given Imaging, the first Capsule endoscopy solution to record images of the digestive tract. The capsule is the size and shape of a pill and contains a tiny camera.[14]


Pillcam endoscopic capsule developed by Given Imaging



Theoretical computer science[edit]




Computer hardware[edit]

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey
  • Quicktionary Electronic dictionary – a pen-sized scanner able to scan words or phrases and immediately translate them into other languages, or keep them in memory in order to transfer them to the PC. Developed by the company Wizcom Technologies Ltd.[39]
  • Laser Keyboard – virtual keyboard is projected onto a wall or table top and allows to type handheld computers and cell phones. Developed simultaneously by the Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley startup company Canesta.[40][41][42][43] The company subsequently licensed the technology to Celluon of Korea.[44]

Computer and mobile software[edit]

  • Adi Shamir, co-inventor of Differential cryptanalysis. Algorithms include Shamir's Secret Sharing.
  • Lempel–Ziv–Welch algorithm, a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv of the Technion institute, together with the American Information theorist, Terry Welch.[45]
  • Babylon, a single-click computer translation, dictionary and information source utility program, developed by Amnon Ovadia.[46]
  • Umoove, a high-tech startup company that invented a software only solution for face and eye tracking is located in Israel.[47]
  • ICQ, an Instant Messaging software developed initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis[48] and later procured by AOL.
  • Viber, a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging voice-over-Internet Protocol application for smartphones.[49] Developed by American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco, Viber reached 200 million users in May 2013.
  • GetTaxi, an application that connects between customers and taxi drivers using the its proprietary GPS system, enabling users to order a cab either with their smartphone or through the company's website. It was founded by Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More.[50]
  • Waze, a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens, which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network.[51] Waze Ltd., which was founded in 2008 in Israel by Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar, and is now available in over 100 countries, was acquired by Google for a reported $1.1 billion.

Agriculture and breeding[edit]

  • Golden hamster – first domesticated for pet use by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem zoologist in 1930
  • Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.[52]
  • Grain cocoons - invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.[53]
  • Biological pest control - invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breeds beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company’s top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.[53]
  • AKOL - a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.[53]
  • Reusable plastic trays - a Tal-Ya Water Technologies invention used to collect dew from the air, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent.[53]
  • "Zero-discharge" system - an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.[53]
  • TraitUP - a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they’re even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.[53]
  • Judean date palm – oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivar
  • The Tomaccio cherry tomato was developed by several Israeli laboratories, the dominant ones being those led by Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch from the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Campus.[54][55]


  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[56] of the University of Massachusetts.[57]

Consumer goods and appliances[edit]

  • Epilator (originally "Epilady") – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[58][59]
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[60]
  • Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.[61]



  • Safed cheese or Zefat cheese is a semi-hard, salty cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Hameiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.
  • Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and liver mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and coriander
  • Sabich is a sandwich, consisting of pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard boiled eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Mizrahi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.
  • Karat Caviar is a Russian Osetra caviar brand farmed in the Golan and has won several international awards. The Russian Osetra fingerlings were imported the Caspian Sea.[67][68]

Physical exercise[edit]

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]