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List of Israeli settlements

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This is a list of Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Israel had previously established settlements in both the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, however the Gaza settlements were dismantled in the Israeli disengagement from Gaza in 2005 and the Sinai settlements were evacuated with the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty and the return of the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt. This list does not include West Bank settlements that were dismantled or Israeli outposts.

Israel effectively annexed East Jerusalem with the Jerusalem Law and considers settlements in the expanded boundaries of East Jerusalem to be neighborhoods of Jerusalem and not settlements. The United Nations Security Council ruled that act "null and void" in United Nations Security Council Resolution 478, and the international community considers East Jerusalem to continue to held under Israeli occupation.

Israel effectively annexed the Golan Heights with the Golan Heights Law and does not consider the localities established there to be settlements. The United Nations Security Council ruled that act "null and void" in United Nations Security Council Resolution 497 and the international community continues to view the Golan Heights to be Syrian territory held under Israeli occupation.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories illegal under international law, violating the Fourth Geneva Convention's prohibition on the transfer of a civilian population to or from occupied territory, though Israel disputes this.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

West Bank

Name Hebrew Population (2017)[7] Est.[7] Council
Adora אדורה 440 1984 Har Hebron
Alei Zahav עלי זהב 2,133 1982 Shomron
Alfei Menashe אלפי מנשה 7,801 1983 Shomron
Alon Shvut אלון שבות 3,213 1970 Gush Etzion
Almog אלמוג 250 1977 Megilot
Almon עלמון 1,391 1982 Binyamin
Argaman ארגמן 128 1968 Bik'at HaYarden
Ariel אריאל 19,626 1978 Shomron
Asfar מיצד 729 1983 Gush Etzion
Ateret עטרת 897 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Avnat אבנת 201 1983 Megilot
Avnei Hefetz אבני חפץ 1,836 1990 Shomron
Barkan ברקן 1,825 1981 Shomron
Bat Ayin בת עין 1,428 1989 Gush Etzion
Beit Aryeh בית אריה 4,955 1981 Shomron
Beit El בית אל 6,101 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Beit HaArava בית הערבה 222 1980 Megilot
Beit Horon בית חורון 1,274 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Beit Yatir בית יתיר 492 1983 Har Hebron
Beitar Illit ביתר עילית 54,557 1985 Gush Etzion
Beka'ot בקעות 184 1972 Bik'at HaYarden
Brukhin ברוכין 919 2012 Shomron
Karmei Tzur כרמי צור 1,037 1984 Gush Etzion
Carmel כרמל 422 1981 Har Hebron
Dolev דולב 1,400 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Efrat(a) אפרת 9,116 1980 Gush Etzion
Elazar אלעזר 2,571 1975 Gush Etzion
Eli עלי 4,281 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Elkana אלקנה 3,884 1977 Shomron
Elon Moreh אלון מורה 1,912 1979 Shomron
Einav ענב 800 1981 Shomron
Eshkolot אשכולות 521 1982 Har Hebron
Etz Efraim עץ אפרים 2,204 1985 Shomron
Hashmonaim גני מודיעין 2,820 1996 Mateh Binyamin
Geva Binyamin גבע בנימין 5,409 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Gilgal גלגל 180 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Gitit גיתית 457 1973 Bik'at HaYarden
Giv'at Ze'ev גבעת זאב 17,323 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Giv'on HaHadasha גבעון החדשה 1,139 1980 Mateh Binyamin
Beit Hagai בית חגי 596 1984 Har Hebron
Halamish חלמיש 1,314 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Hamra חמרה 126 1971 Bik'at HaYarden
Har Adar הר אדר 4,058 1986 Mateh Binyamin
Har Brakha הר ברכה 2,468 1983 Shomron
Har Gilo הר גילה 1,568 1972 Gush Etzion
Hashmonaim חשמונאים 2,820 1985 Mateh Binyamin
Hemdat חמדת 248 1980 Bik'at HaYarden
Hermesh חרמש 215 1982 Shomron
Hinanit חיננית 1,295 1981 Shomron
Immanuel עמנואל 3,440 1983 Shomron
Itamar איתמר 1,199 1984 Shomron
Kalya קלי"ה 399 1968 Megilot
Karnei Shomron קרני שומרון 7,369 1978 Shomron
Kedar קדר 1,590 1985 Gush Etzion
Kedumim קדומים 4,481 1977 Shomron
Kfar Adumim כפר אדומים 4,381 1979 Mateh Binyamin
Kfar Etzion כפר עציון 1,145 1967 Gush Etzion
Kfar Tapuach כפר תפוח 1,166 1978 Shomron
Kiryat Arba קרית ארבע 7,339 1972 Har Hebron
Kiryat Netafim קרית נטפים 929 1983 Shomron
Kokhav HaShahar כוכב השחר 2,053 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Kokhav Ya'akov כוכב יעקב 7,687 1985 Mateh Binyamin
Lapid לפיד 2,485 1996 Hevel Modi'in
Ma'ale Adumim מעלה אדומים 37,817 1975 Gush Etzion
Ma'ale Amos מעלה עמוס 421 1981 Gush Etzion
Ma'ale Efrayim מעלה אפרים 1,205 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Ma'ale Levona מעלה לבונה 813 1983 Mateh Binyamin
Ma'ale Mikhmas מעלה מכמש 1,402 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Ma'ale Shomron מעלה שומרון 1,045 1980 Shomron
Ma'on מעון 560 1981 Har Hebron
Maskiot משכיות 276 1986 Bik'at HaYarden
Masua משואה 161 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Matityahu מתתיהו 802 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Mehola מחולה 537 1968 Bik'at HaYarden
Mekhora מכורה 136 1973 Bik'at HaYarden
Kfar HaOranim כפר האורנים 2,708 1998 Mateh Binyamin
Mevo Dothan מבוא דותן 393 1978 Shomron
Mevo Horon מבוא חורון 2,589 1970 Mateh Binyamin
Migdal Oz מגדל עוז 605 1977 Gush Etzion
Migdalim מגדלים 335 1983 Shomron
Mitzpe Shalem מצפה שלם 184 1971 Megilot
Mitzpe Yeriho מצפה יריחו 2,394 1978 Mateh Binyamin
Modi'in Illit מודיעין עילית 70,081 1996 Mateh Binyamin
Na'ale נעלה 1,804 1988 Mateh Binyamin
Nahliel נחליאל 663 1984 Mateh Binyamin
Negohot נגוהות 332 1999 Har Hebron
Netiv HaGdud נתיב הגדוד 191 1976 Bik'at HaYarden
Neve Daniel נווה דניאל 2,370 1982 Gush Etzion
Nili נילי 1,597 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Niran נירן 92 1977 Bik'at HaYarden
Nofim נופים 720 1987 Shomron
Nokdim נוקדים 2,160 1982 Gush Etzion
Na'omi נעמ"ה 135 1982 Bik'at HaYarden
Ofra עפרה 3,607 1975 Mateh Binyamin
Oranit אורנית 8,655 1985 Shomron
Otniel עתניאל 1,003 1983 Har Hebron
Peduel פדואל 1,746 1984 Shomron
Ma'ale Hever מעלה חבר 561 1982 Har Hebron
Petza'el פצאל 262 1975 Bik'at HaYarden
Psagot פסגות 1,848 1981 Mateh Binyamin
Rehelim רחלים 747 2013 Shomron
Reihan ריחן 265 1977 Shomron
Revava רבבה 2,389 1991 Shomron
Rimonim רימונים 675 1977 Mateh Binyamin
Ro'i רועי 168 1976 Bik'at HaYarden
Rosh Tzurim ראש צורים 934 1969 Gush Etzion
Rotem רותם 207 1983 Bik'at HaYarden
Sal'it סלעית 1,010 1977 Shomron
Sansana סנסנה 408 1997 Har Hebron
Sha'arei Tikva שערי תקווה 5,921 1983 Shomron
Shadmot Mehola שדמות מחולה 652 1979 Bik'at HaYarden
Shaked שקד 936 1981 Shomron
Livne לִבְנֶה‬ 540 1989 Har Hebron
Shavei Shomron שבי שומרון 900 1977 Shomron
Shilo שילה 3,988 1979 Mateh Binyamin
Shim'a שמעה 649 1985 Har Hebron
Susiya סוסיא 1,170 1983 Har Hebron
Talmon טלמון 4,058 1989 Mateh Binyamin
Tekoa תקוע 3,750 1977 Gush Etzion
Telem תלם 391 1982 Har Hebron
Teneh Omarim טנא עומרים 799 1983 Har Hebron
Tomer תומר 266 1978 Bik'at HaYarden
Vered Yeriho ורד יריחו 298 1980 Megilot
Yafit יפית 164 1980 Bik'at HaYarden
Yakir יקיר 2,056 1981 Shomron
Yitav ייט"ב 327 1970 Bik'at HaYarden
Yitzhar יצהר 1,553 1983 Shomron
Tzofim צופים 2,188 1989 Shomron

East Jerusalem

Following the capture and occupation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem in 1967, the Israeli government effectively annexed the formerly Jordanian occupied territory and extended the Jerusalem municipality borders by adding 70,500 dunams of land with the aim of establishing Jewish settlements and cementing the status of a united city under Israeli control. The Jerusalem Master Plan 1968 called for increasing the Israeli population of Arab East Jerusalem, encircling the city with Israeli settlements and excluding large Palestinian neighborhoods from the expanded municipality.[8] Jerusalem was effectively annexed by Israel in 1980, an act that was internationally condemned and ruled "null and void" by the United Nations Security Council in United Nations Security Council Resolution 478. The international community continues to regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory and Israel's settlements there illegal under international law.[1]

Name Hebrew Population (2010)[9] Est.
East Talpiot תלפיות מזרח 13,984 1967
French Hill הגבעה הצרפתית 8,660 1969
Gilo גילֹה 29,559 1973
Giv'at Hamivtar גבעת המבתר 2,944 1970
Har Homa, Givat Hamatos הר חומה 9,811 1997
Ma'alot Dafna מעלות דפנה 2,720 1972
Neve Yaakov נווה יעקב 19,703 1972
Pisgat Ze'ev פסגת זאב 44,512 1985
Ramat Eshkol רמת אשכול 3,573 1970
Ramat Shlomo רמת שלמה 14,554 1995
Ramot רמות אלון 41,410 1974
Sanhedria Murhevet סנהדריה המורחבת 4,094 1970

Golan Heights

Construction of Israeli settlements began in the portion of the Golan Heights held by Israel in 1967, which was under military administration until Israel passed the Golan Heights Law extending Israeli law and administration throughout the territory in 1981.[10] This move was condemned by the United Nations Security Council in UN Resolution 497,[11][12] which stated that "the Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights is null and void and without international legal effect." Israel maintains it has a right to retain the Golan, citing the text of UN Resolution 242, which calls for "safe and recognised boundaries free from threats or acts of force".[13] However, the international community rejects Israeli claims to title to the territory and regards it as sovereign Syrian territory.[14][15][16]

Population of Israeli Golan Heights settlements
Name Hebrew Population 2017.[7] Est.[7]
Katzrin קַצְרִין‬ 7,127 1977
Afik אֲפִיק‬ 295 1972
Ein Zivan עֵין זִיוָן‬ 322 1968
El Rom אֶל רוֹם‬ 381 1971
Geshur גְּשׁוּר 279 1971
Kfar Haruv כְּפַר חָרוּב 400 1974
Merom Golan מְרוֹם גּוֹלָן 701 1967
Metzar מֵיצָר 266 1981
Mevo Hama מְבוֹא חַמָּה 398 1968
Natur נָטוּר 702 1980
Ortal אוֹרְטַל 352 1978
Alonei HaBashan אַלּוֹנֵי הַבָּשָׁן 439 1981
Ani'am אֲנִיעָם 536 1978
Avnei Eitan אַבְנֵ"י אֵיתָ"ן 700 1973
Bnei Yehuda בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה 1,049 1972
Eliad אֵלִי עַד 375 1968
Givat Yoav גִּבְעַת יוֹאָב 690 1968
Haspin חַסְפִּין 1,904 1978
Kanaf כָּנָף 459 1985
Keshet קֶשֶׁת 819 1974
Kidmat Tzvi קִדְמַת צְבִי 423 1981
Ma'ale Gamla מַעֲלֵה גַּמְלָא 488 1975
Neot Golan נְאוֹת גּוֹלָן 594 1968
Neve Ativ נְוֵה אַטִי"ב 118 1972
Nov נוֹב 900 1974
Odem אֹדֶם 131 1975
Ramat Magshimim רָמַת מַגְשִׁימִים 634 1968
Ramot רָמוֹת 543 1969
Sha'al שַׁעַל 255 1980
Yonatan יוֹנָתָן 668 1975
Kela Alon קלע אלון 277 1981, 1991
Had Ness חַד נֵס 839 1989

References

  1. ^ a b Roberts, Adam. "Prolonged Military Occupation: The Israeli-Occupied Territories Since 1967". The American Journal of International Law. American Society of International Law. 84 (1): 60, 69, 85–86. doi:10.2307/2203016. p. 60: Although East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights have been brought directly under Israeli law, by acts that amount to annexation, both of these areas continue to be viewed by the international community as occupied, and their status as regards the applicability of international rules is in most respects identical to that of the West Bank and Gaza.
    p 69: SC Res. 446 (Mar. 22, 1979), adopted by 12 votes to none, with 3 abstentions (Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States), reaffirmed the applicability of the fourth Geneva Convention, as well as opposing the establishment of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories
    pp 85–86: The international community has taken a critical view of both deportations and settlements as being contrary to international law. General Assembly resolutions have condemned the deportations since 1969, and have done so by overwhelming majorities in recent years. Likewise, they have consistently deplored the establishment of settlements, and have done so by overwhelming majorities throughout the period (since the end of 1976) of the rapid expansion in their numbers. The Security Council has also been critical of deportations and settlements; and other bodies have viewed them as an obstacle to peace, and illegal under international law
  2. ^ Pertile, Marco (2005). "'Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory': A Missed Opportunity for International Humanitarian Law?". In Conforti, Benedetto; Bravo, Luigi (eds.). The Italian Yearbook of International Law. 14. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 141. ISBN 978-90-04-15027-0. the establishment of the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory has been considered illegal by the international community and by the majority of legal scholars
  3. ^ Barak-Erez, Daphne (2006). "Israel: The security barrier—between international law, constitutional law, and domestic judicial review". International Journal of Constitutional Law. Oxford University Press. 4: 548. doi:10.1093/icon/mol021. The real controversy hovering over all the litigation on the security barrier concerns the fate of the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories. Since 1967, Israel has allowed and even encouraged its citizens to live in the new settlements established in the territories, motivated by religious and national sentiments attached to the history of the Jewish nation in the land of Israel. This policy has also been justified in terms of security interests, taking into consideration the dangerous geographic circumstances of Israel before 1967 (where Israeli areas on the Mediterranean coast were potentially threatened by Jordanian control of the West Bank ridge). The international community, for its part, has viewed this policy as patently illegal, based on the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention that prohibit moving populations to or from territories under occupation
  4. ^ Drew, Catriona (1997). "Self-determination and population transfer". In Bowen, Stephen (ed.). Human rights, self-determination and political change in the occupied Palestinian territories. International studies in human rights. 52. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. pp. 151–152. ISBN 978-90-411-0502-8. It can thus clearly be concluded that the transfer of Israeli settlers into the occupied territories violates not only the laws of belligerent occupation but the Palestinian right of self-determination under international law. The question remains, however, whether this is of any practical value. In other words, given the view of the international community that the Israeli settlements are illegal under the law if belligerent occupation
  5. ^ International Labour Organization (2005). "The situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories" (PDF). p. 14. The international community considers Israeli settlements within the occupied territories illegal and in breach of, inter alia, United Nations Security Council resolution 465 of 1 March 1980 calling on Israel "to dismantle the existing settlements and in particular to cease, on an urgent basis, the establishment, construction and planning of settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem"
  6. ^ Benveniśtî, Eyāl (2004). The international law of occupation. Princeton University Press. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0-691-12130-7. In its advisory opinion of July 9, 2004, on the Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the International Court of Justice found Israel in breach of several international law obligations by its construction of a separation barrier on West Bank territory. ... The Court flatly rejects the Israeli claims concerning the inapplicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention to the West Bank and concerning the inapplicability of Article 49 to the Jewish settlements in the areas occupied by Israel. Neither of these claims gained serious support from the international community
  7. ^ a b c d "Localities File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  8. ^ Rawan Asali Nuseibeh (8 October 2015). Political Conflict and Exclusion in Jerusalem: The Provision of Education and Social Services. Taylor & Francis. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-1-317-53576-8.
  9. ^ East Jerusalem Settlements, Foundation for Middle East Peace, January 13, 2011
  10. ^ Golan Heights Law, MFA.
  11. ^ Korman, Sharon, The Right of Conquest: The Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice, Oxford University Press, pp. 262–263
  12. ^ UN Security Council Resolution 497
  13. ^ Y.Z Blum "Secure Boundaries and Middle East Peace in the Light of International Law and Practice" (1971) pages 24–46
  14. ^
  15. ^ Occupied territory:
  16. ^ Korman, Sharon. The right of conquest: the acquisition of territory by force in international law and practice, Oxford University Press, 1996. pg. 265. ISBN 0-19-828007-6. "The continued occupation of the Syrian Golan Heights is recognized by many states as valid and consistent with the provisions of the United Nations Charter, on a self-defence basis. Israel, on this view, would be entitled to exact as a condition of withdrawal from the territory the imposition of security measures of an indefinite character--such as perpetual demilitarization, or the emplacement of a United Nations force--which would ensure, or tend to ensure, that the territory would not be used against it for aggression on future occasions. But the notion that Israel is entitled to claim any status other than that of belligerent occupant in the territory which it occupies, or to act beyond the strict bounds laid down in the Fourth Geneva Convention, has been universally rejected by the international community--no less by the United States than by any other state."