List of Italian foods and drinks

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Pizza pugliese (left) and pizza Margherita (DOC) (right)
Spaghetti alla carbonara
Tiramisu is an Italian dessert.

This is a list of Italian foods and drinks. Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC. Italian cuisine has its origins in Etruscan, ancient Greek, and ancient Roman cuisines. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World and the introduction of potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine, but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century.[1][2]

Italian cuisine includes deeply rooted traditions common to the whole country, as well as all the regional gastronomies, different from each other, especially between the north, the centre and the south of Italy, which are in continuous exchange.[3][4][5] Many dishes that were once regional have proliferated with variations throughout the country.[6][7] Italian cuisine offers an abundance of taste, and is one of the most popular and copied around the world.[8] The most popular dishes and recipes, over the centuries, have often been created by ordinary people more so than by chefs, which is why many Italian recipes are suitable for home and daily cooking, respecting regional specificities.[9][10][11]

The Mediterranean diet forms the basis of Italian cuisine, rich in pasta, fish, fruits and vegetables.[12] Cheese, cold cuts and wine are central to Italian cuisine, and along with pizza and coffee (especially espresso) form part of Italian gastronomic culture.[13] Desserts have a long tradition of merging local flavours such as citrus fruits, pistachio and almonds with sweet cheeses like mascarpone and ricotta or exotic tastes like cocoa, vanilla and cinnamon. Gelato,[14] tiramisu[15] and cassata are among the most famous examples of Italian desserts, cakes and patisserie. Italian cuisine relies heavily on traditional products; the country has a large number of traditional specialities protected under EU law.[16] Italy is the world's largest producer of wine, as well as the country with the widest variety of indigenous grapevine varieties in the world.[17][18]

Foods and drinks[edit]

Note: the "Other foods" section is necessary to list foods without a specific placement.

Soups, sauces and condiments[edit]

Minestrone
Pappa al pomodoro
Salsa verde

Bread[edit]

Bruschetta
Crostini
Focaccia
Panino
Piadina

Common pizzas[edit]

A pizza Margherita

Pasta varieties[edit]

A collection of different pasta varieties
Cappelletti
Farfalle
Ravioli
Rigatoni
Tagliatelle
Trofie

Pasta dishes[edit]

Lasagne al forno with ragù
Bucatini all'amatriciana
Gnocchi di ricotta, dressed in butter and sage
Orecchiette con cime di rapa
Pasta alla Norma
Penne all'arrabbiata
Ravioli di ricotta e spinaci
Spaghetti alla puttanesca
Spaghetti cacio e pepe
Trenette al pesto
  • Anelletti al forno (or timballo di anelletti)
  • Anolini in brodo
  • Battolli caiegue
  • Bigoli in salsa, bigoli col musso, bigoli con l'anatra, bigoli con le sardelle
  • Bucatini all'amatriciana
  • Busiate alla trapanese
  • Caccavelle alla sorrentina
  • Cacio e pepe
  • Canederli alla tirolese (Knödel)
  • Cannelloni ai carciofi, cannelloni di carne, cannelloni ricotta e spinaci
  • Carbonara
  • Cappellacci di zucca
  • Cappelletti in brodo
  • Caramelle di pasta con ricotta e spinaci
  • Casoncelli, casoncelli alla bresciana
  • Casunziei ampezzani
  • Cavatelli ai frutti di mare, cavatelli al pomodoro, cavatelli alla sorrentina, cavatelli allo scoglio, cavatelli cozze e fagioli
  • Cavati e ravioli alla ragusana
  • Ciceri e tria
  • Chnéffléne
  • Cjarsons
  • Corzetti liguri (or croxetti)
  • Culurgiones (or culurgionis)
  • Falsi testaroli al ragù
  • Fettuccine Alfredo, fettuccine all'abruzzese, fettuccine alla papalina
  • Fileja al ragù
  • Fregola con arselle
  • Garganelli panna, prosciutto e piselli
  • Gnocchi, gnocchi al Castelmagno, gnocchi all'ossolana, gnocchi alla bava, gnocchi alla romana (or gnocchi di semolino) – dumplings made with semolina flour,[35] gnocchi alla sorrentina, gnocchi alla veneta, gnocchi con radicchio, noci e salsa di gorzongola, gnocchi di malga (or gnochi sbatùi), gnocchi di patate, gnocchi di ricotta, gnocchi di zucca, gnocchi ricci
  • Gnudi
  • Gramigna alla salsiccia
  • Insalata di pasta
  • Lagane e ceci, also known as piatto del brigante (lit.'brigand's dish')
  • Laina e ceci
  • Lasagna, lasagna napoletana di Carnevale, lasagne alla bolognese, lasagne al pesto
  • Maccheroncini di Campofilone al ragù
  • Maccheroni al ragù, maccheroni alla chitarra (or maccheroni carrati), maccheroni alla molinara, maccheroni alla napoletana, maccheroni alla pastora, maccheroni con il sugo di capra
  • Malfatti, malfatti di Carpenedolo
  • Malloreddus alla campidanese
  • Manfredi con la ricotta
  • Marubini cremonesi
  • Mpurnatu
  • Orecchiette al sugo con cacioricotta, orecchiette alla materana, orecchiette con cime di rapa
  • Paccheri al sugo di calamari, paccheri ripieni
  • Pansotti alla genovese – a type of huge ravioli, pansotti alla salsa di noci
  • Pappardelle al ragù bianco di cinta senese, pappardelle al ragù di cinghiale, pappardelle al ragù di lepre
  • Passatelli in brodo
  • Pasta â Paolina, pasta al burro, pasta al forno (or timballo di pasta), pasta al pesto, pasta al pesto di pistacchi, pasta al pomodoro, pasta all'Ortolana, pasta alla boscaiola, pasta alla checca, pasta alla gricia, pasta alla norcina, pasta alla Norma, pasta alla sorrentina, pasta allo scarpariello, pasta burro e parmigiano, pasta burro e salvia, pasta cacio e uova, pasta ca nunnata, pasta chi vrocculi arriminati, pasta coi bisi, pasta con i carciofi, pasta con i peperoni cruschi, pasta con la ricotta, pasta con le sarde, pasta con salmone affumicato, pasta del cornuto (or pasta dei cornuti), pasta e cavolfiore, pasta e ceci, pasta e ceci con la 'nduja, pasta e fagioli con le cozze, pasta e lenticchie, pasta e patate, pasta e piselli, pasta e zucca, pasta in bianco, pasta mollicata, pasta 'ncasciata
  • Pastina in brodo
  • Penne al baffo, penne all'arrabbiata, penne alla calabrese, penne alla norcina, penne alla vodka
  • Piccagge di ricotta, piccagge liguri
  • Pici all'aglione
  • Pisarei e faśö
  • Ravioli, ravioli capresi, ravioli del plin, ravioli di borragine, ravioli di magro, ravioli di patate, ravioli di ricotta e spinaci, ravioli scarpolesi
  • Rigatoni alla silana, rigatoni con la pajata
  • Sagne a lu cuttéure, sagne e fagioli, sagne 'ncannulate (or sagne torte)
  • Scarpinocc
  • Scialatielli ai frutti di mare
  • Spaghetti al nero di seppia, spaghetti aglio e olio, spaghetti all'amatriciana, spaghetti all'assassina, spaghetti alla carbonara, spaghetti alla carrettiera, spaghetti alla chitarra con pallottine, spaghetti alla chitarra con sugo di agnello, spaghetti alla chitarra con ricotta, salsiccia e zafferano, spaghetti alla cipolla, spaghetti alla marinara, spaghetti alla molisana, spaghetti alla Nerano, spaghetti alla puttanesca, spaghetti alla siciliana, spaghetti alla vesuviana, spaghetti alle vongole, spaghetti alle vongole fujute, spaghetti allo scoglio, spaghetti con la bottarga, spaghetti con le cozze, spaghetti con puntarelle, acciughe e briciole, spaghetti indiavolati, spaghetti pomodoro e basilico, spaghetti siracusani
  • Stroncatura
  • Spätzle
  • Tagliatelle ai carciofi, tagliatelle ai funghi porcini, tagliatelle al limone, tagliatelle al pomodoro, tagliatelle al ragù, tagliatelle al salmone, tagliatelle alla bolognese, tagliatelle alla boscaiola, tagliatelle con funghi e salsiccia
  • Tagliolini al tartufo bianco, tagliolini al limone, tagliolini alla Campobasso
  • Testaroli al pesto
  • Tordelli lucchesi
  • Tortél dóls di Colorno
  • Tortelli, tortelli alla piacentina, tortelli amari di Castel Goffredo, tortelli cremaschi, tortelli della Possenta, tortelli di patate, tortelli di zucca, tortelli maremmani con spinaci, tortelli verdi
  • Tortellini, tortellini al pomodoro, tortellini alla bolognese, tortellini alla boscaiola, tortellini burro e salvia, tortellini di Valeggio sul Mincio, tortellini in brodo, tortellini panna e prosciutto
  • Tortelloni
  • Trenette al pesto
  • Troccoli con pomodori secchi, acciughe e mollica di pane
  • Trofie al pesto, trofie con crema di noci, trofie alla Portofino
  • Tumact me tulez
  • Turtèl sguasaròt
  • Vincisgrassi
  • Ziti al forno, ziti al ragù napoletano

Rice dishes[edit]

Arancini
Insalata di riso

Rice dishes are very common in northern Italy, especially in the Lombardy and Veneto regions, though rice dishes are found throughout the country.

Fish dishes[edit]

A variation of acqua pazza, a fish dish featuring black olives, scallions and mushrooms
Baccalà alla lucana
Cacciucco
Cappon magro
Sarde in saor
  • Acciughe fritte
  • Acquadelle o latterini fritti
  • Acqua pazza
  • Alici arreganate, alici fritte, alici in carpione, alici indorate e fritte, alici marinate
  • Anguilla marinata[37]
  • Baccalà, baccalà all'abruzzese, baccalà alla lucana, baccalà alla vicentina, baccalà fritto, baccalà mantecato[38]
  • Boreto alla graisana
  • Branzino al sale
  • Cacciucco
  • Calamari fritti,[39][self-published source?] calamari ripieni
  • Capesante alla veneziana, capesante gratinate
  • Capitone fritto
  • Caponata di pesce spada
  • Cappon magro
  • Carpaccio
  • Coregone di Campotosto
  • Cozze alla marinara, cozze alla tarantina, cozze fritte, cozze ripiene
  • Cuscus di pesce (or cuscus alla trapanese)
  • Filetti di merluzzo in padella, filetti di orata al cartoccio
  • Frittata di bianchetti
  • Frittura di pesce (or frittura mista di pesce)
  • Gamberi al forno
  • Gamberoni in padella
  • Granseola alla veneziana
  • Impanata di pesce spada
  • Impepata di cozze
  • Involtini di pesce spada, involtini di platessa
  • Missoltini con polenta
  • Moscardini alla ligure
  • Nasello al forno (lit.'baked hake')
  • Orata al forno, orata alla griglia
  • Ostriche alla griglia
  • Pesce a scabecciu
  • Pesce spada al forno, pesce spada al salmoriglio, pesce spada alla ghiotta, pesce spada alla siciliana
  • Polenta e aringhe
  • Polpette di pesce
  • Polpi alla lucìana
  • Sarde a beccafico – stuffed sardines,[40] sarde al forno, sarde fritte, sarde grigliate, sarde in saor, sarde ripiene
  • Scampi gratinati
  • Scapece alla vastese, scapece gallipolina
  • Seppie alla veneziana, seppie e piselli, seppie in umido, seppie in zimino, seppie ripiene al forno
  • Sogliola alla mugnaia
  • Spiedini di mare, spiedini di anguilla
  • Stoccafisso accomodato alla ligure
  • Tiella, tiella barese (riso, patate e cozze)
  • Tonno alla siciliana, tonno sott'olio
  • Totani ripieni
  • Triglie alla livornese

Meat dishes and cured meats[edit]

Abbacchio alla romana
Bistecca alla fiorentina
Braciola served with grilled aubergines
Bruscitti served with polenta porridge
Carne pizzaiola
Cotechino, polenta and lentils
Cotoletta with potatoes
Ossobuco served with risotto alla milanese
Porchetta
Rabbit cacciatora
Saltimbocca
Trippa alla parmigiana

Vegetable dishes[edit]

Caponata
Carciofi alla romana
Parmigiana di melanzane
  • Asparagi verdi e bianchi (asparagus)
  • Caponata – a Sicilian aubergine (eggplant) dish consisting of a cooked vegetable salad made from chopped fried eggplant and celery seasoned with sweetened vinegar, with capers in a sweet and sour sauce[41]
  • Carciofi alla giudia, carciofi alla romana
  • Ciambotta
  • Crauti (sauerkraut)
  • Erbazzone (or scarpazzone)
  • Fave e cicoria, fave stufate
  • Fiori di zucca fritti in pastella
  • Frittelle della Tuscia (or frittelle di borragine)
  • Giardiniera
  • Insalata caprese (lit.'caprese salad') – a salad of tomatoes, mozzarella and basil, insalata di arance (lit.'orange salad') – a typical salad dish of Sicilian and Spanish cuisine which uses oranges as its main ingredient. It is usually served at the beginning or at the end of a meal,[42] insalata di melanzane alla menta, insalata di pomodori, insalata di rinforzo, insalata pantesca (lit.'Pantesca salad') – a salad consisting of tomatoes, boiled potatoes, red onions and mackerel (or fresh cheese) and seasoned with olive oil, oregano, salt and capers
  • Macco di fave
  • Melanzane a barchetta, melanzane a funghetto, melanzane al cioccolato, melanzane al forno, melanzane alla scapece, melanzane ripiene
  • Panzanella – a Tuscan salad of bread and tomatoes, popular in the summer
  • Parmigiana di melanzane
  • Peperonata
  • Peperoncini verdi fritti
  • Peperoni in padella, peperoni ripieni, peperoni ripieni alla calabrese (pipi chini)
  • Pinzimonio – Italian-style crudités[43]
  • Pizza di scarola
  • Polpette di melanzane, polpettone di melanzane
  • Radicchio al forno, radicchio alla piastra
  • Rollatini
  • Zucchine alla scapece

Nut dishes[edit]

Wines[edit]

Tuscan Chianti in a traditional fiasco
Sangiovese grapes
Vineyards in Langhe and Montferrat, Piedmont, the official name of a UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising "five distinct wine-growing areas with outstanding landscapes" plus the Castle of Grinzane Cavour in the region of Piedmont, Italy.[45]
DOCG and DOC labels on two Italian wine bottles
Poggio Amorelli, a typical winery of Chianti region
A bottle of Prosecco di Conegliano spumante extra dry and a glass of Prosecco frizzante, which stops forming bubbles soon after it is poured
A Montepulciano d'Abruzzo wine made from the Montepulciano grape, in the Abruzzo region

Liqueurs[edit]

Bottles of limoncello

Cheeses[edit]

Asiago
Gorgonzola
Mozzarella
Parmigiano Reggiano
Pecorino romano
Ricotta
Stracchino
Taleggio

Cheese dishes[edit]

Mozzarella in carrozza

Desserts and pastry[edit]

Baci di dama
Bombolone
Cannoli siciliani
Cassata siciliana
Chiacchiere
Frittelle
Gelato
Gelo di melone
Panna cotta
Semifreddo
Sfogliatelle Santa Rosa
Spumoni salentini
Zeppole
Zuppa inglese
  • Aceto dolce – fruit preserves made with vinegar, honey, and grape juice[46]

Other foods[edit]

Frittata
Olive all'ascolana
Timballo
  • Capunsei
  • Chifeletti
  • Ciaudedda
  • Ciccioli
  • Cocule salentine
  • Condiglione
  • Fagioli con le cotiche
  • Fagottini di pasta sfoglia
  • Farinata, farinata di zucca
  • Focaccia ripiena
  • Frico, frico con le patate
  • Frittata, frittata ai fiori di zucca, frittata di asparagi, frittata di cipolle, frittata di pasta (or frittata di maccheroni), frittata di riso, frittata di scammaro, frittata di spinaci, frittata di zucchine
  • Involtini di verza
  • Olive all'ascolana
  • Pallotte cacio e ova
  • Panelle
  • Panissa
  • Pasticcio del monsù (also known as Timballo del Principe or Timballo del Gattopardo
  • Patata americana
  • Pere martine al Barolo
  • Pizzelle fritte
  • Polenta, polenta bianca
  • Rafanata
  • Rosette
  • Rustico leccese
  • Scabeggio di Moneglia
  • Scagliozzi
  • Sciurilli
  • Scrippelle 'mbusse
  • Sformato al basilico, sformato di finocchi, sformato di Pasqua, sformato di ricotta e spinaci, sformato di riso
  • Sgabeo
  • Strucolo di patate
  • Timballo, timballo abruzzese, timballo alla teramana, timballo di maccheroni, timballo di riso
  • Torta pasqualina
  • Tortelli alla lastra
  • Tortino di patate
  • Vellutata di zucca
  • Zeppole di pasta cresciuta
  • Zippula
  • Zucca gratinata

Doughs[edit]

Coffee[edit]

Bicerin
Espresso is coffee brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans.

Olive oil[edit]

Fruits and vegetables[edit]

Unique dishes and foods by region[edit]

Friuli-Venezia Giulia[edit]

Prosciutto di San Daniele
  • Asino – cheese of Carnic Prealps
  • Brovada – cooked turnips that were preserved in marc
  • Cjarsons – sort of tortellini with a ricotta filling, of the Carnic Alps
  • Cuguluf – leavened cake of Viennese origin
  • Formadi frânt and formadi salât – cheeses
  • Frico – sliced cooked potatoes with onions and Montasio cheese
  • Gubana – cake made with a very rich filling of dry fruits, raisins and candied citron
  • Kipfel – small fried crescent, made with a kind of potato dumpling dough
  • Montasio – cheese of the Friuli
  • Prosciutto di San Daniele – famous ham exported all over the world
  • Scuete fumade – sweet smoked ricotta
  • Prosciutto di Sauris, of Cormons and of the Karst Plateau
  • Speck di Sauris

Veneto[edit]

Pasta e fagioli

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[edit]

Canederli
  • Carne salada e fasoi – aromatized salt beef with beans
  • Crautisauerkraut
  • Minestrone di orzetto – barley soup
  • Speck – a type of salume from the historical-geographical region of Tyrol and generally obtained from pork leg subjected to a process of cold-smoking
  • Strangolapreti – spinach dumplings
  • Spätzle – a typical Trentino Alto Adige first course, similar to strozzapreti in flavour, different in form
  • Zelten – a typical dessert of the Christmas tradition of the Trentino-Alto Adige region. Made with dried fruit (pine nuts, walnuts, almonds) and candied fruit.
  • Grostoli (in dialect Grostoi (Grøśtœį)) – typical fried dessert from the Trentino-Alto Adige culture
  • Strauben – Austro-Hungarian culinary artefact, served in every alpine hut with plenty of "currant jam" (marmelada de ribes) on top

Lombardy[edit]

Panettone
Ossobuco with risotto alla milanese
Pizzoccheri
Tortelli di zucca
Casoncelli
Cassoeula
Colomba pasquale
Pavese agnolotti with Pavese stew-based sauce
Taleggio
Mondeghili

Valle D'Aosta[edit]

Piedmont[edit]

Bagna càuda with ingredients
Panna cotta with cream and garnish
  • Bagna càuda – a hot dip based on anchovies, olive oil and garlic (sometimes blanched in milk), to accompany vegetables (either raw or cooked), meat or fried polenta sticks
  • Bollito misto
  • Brasato al vino – stew made from wine marinated beef
  • Gnocchi di semolino alla romanasemolina dumpling
  • Lepre in civet – jugged hare
  • Paniscia di Novara – a dish based on rice with borlotti beans, salame sotto grasso and red wine
  • Panissa vercellese – a dish based on rice with borlotti beans, salame sotto grasso and red wine
  • Panna cotta – sweetened cream set with gelatin
  • Pere martine al Barolo – winter pears in red wine
  • Risotto alla piemonteserisotto cooked with meat broth and seasoned with nutmeg, Parmesan and truffle
  • Vitello tonnatoveal in tuna sauce
  • Rane fritte – fried frogs
  • Risotto con le rane – risotto with frogs
  • Salame sotto grasso – pork salami aged under a thick layer of lard

Liguria[edit]

  • Agliata – the direct ancestor of pesto, it is a spread made from garlic cloves, egg yolk and olive oil pestled in a mortar until creamy.
  • Baccalà fritto – morsels of salt cod dipped in flour batter and fried
  • Bagnun – a soup made with fresh anchovies, onion, olive oil and tomato sauce where crusty bread is then dipped; originally prepared by fishermen on long fishing expeditions and eaten with hard tack instead of bread.
  • Bianchetti – whitebait of anchovies and sardines, usually boiled and eaten with lemon juice, salt and olive oil as an entrée
  • Buridda – seafood stew
  • Cappon magro – a preparation of fish, shellfishes and vegetables layered in an aspic
  • Capra e fagioli – a stew made of goat meat and white beans, a typical dish of the hinterland of Imperia
  • Cima alla genovese – this cold preparation features an outer layer of beef breast made into a pocket and stuffed with a mix of brain, lard, onion, carrot, peas, eggs and breadcrumbs, then sewn and boiled. It is then sliced and eaten as an entrée or a sandwich filler.
  • Cubeletti – sweet corn tarts
  • Condigiun – a salad made with tomatoes, bell peppers, cucumber, black olives, basil, garlic, anchovies, hard boiled egg, oregano and tuna
  • Farinata di zucca – a preparation similar to chickpea farinata substituting pumpkin for the legumes' flour as its main ingredient; the result is slightly sweeter and thicker than the original.
  • Galantina – similar to testa in cassetta, but with added veal
  • Latte dolce fritto – a thick milk based cream left to solidify, then cut in rectangular pieces which are breaded and fried
  • Maccheroni con la trippa – a traditional Savonese soup uniting macaroni pasta, tripe, onion, carrot, sausage, "cardo", which is the Italian word for Swiss chard, parsley, and white wine in a base of capon broth, with olive oil to help make it satisyfing. Tomato may be added but that is not the traditional way to make it (traditional ingredients: chicken or capon broth, carrot, onion, parsley, thistle leaves, veal tripe, pork sausage, maccheroni al torchio, white wine, butter, olive oil, Parmesan cheese, salt).
  • Mescciüa – a soup of chickpeas, beans and wheat grains, typical of eastern Liguria and likely of Arab origin
  • Mosciame – originally a cut of dolphin meat dried and then made tender again thanks to immersion in olive oil, for several decades tuna has replaced dolphin meat
  • Pandolce – sweet bread made with raisins, pine nuts and candied orange and cedar skins
  • Pànera – a kind of semifreddo rich in cream and eggs flavoured with coffee, similar to a cappuccino in ice cream form
  • Panissa and farinatachickpea-based polentas and pancakes respectively
  • Pesto – probably Liguria's most famous recipe, widely enjoyed beyond regional borders, is a green sauce made from basil leaves, sliced garlic, pine nuts, pecorino or Parmesan (or a mix of both) and olive oil. Traditionally used as a pasta dressing (especially with gnocchi or trenette, it is finding wider uses as sandwich spread and finger-food filler).
  • Pizza all'Andrea – focaccia-style pizza topped with tomato slices (not sauce) onions and anchovies
  • Scabeggio di Moneglia – fried fish marinated in wine, garlic, lemon juice and sage, typical of Moneglia
  • Sgabei – fritters made from bread dough (often incorporating some cornmeal in it)
  • Stecchi alla genovese – wooden skewers alternating morsels of leftover chicken meats (crests, testicles, livers...) and mushrooms, dipped in white béchamel sauce, left to dry a bit and then breaded and fried
  • Testa in cassetta – a salami made from all kind of leftover meats from pork butchering (especially from the head)
  • Torta di riso – unlike all other rice cakes this preparation is not sweet, but a savoury pie made with rice, caillé, Parmesan and eggs, it can be wrapped in a thin layer of dough or simply baked until firm.
  • Torta pasqualina – savory flan filled with a mixture of green vegetables, ricotta and Parmesan cheese, milk and marjoram; some eggs are then poured in the already-placed filling, so that their yolks will remain whole when cooked.
  • Trenette al pesto – pasta with pesto (olive oil, garlic, basil, Parmesan and pecorino sardo cheese) sauce

Emilia-Romagna[edit]

Boiled cotechino (top) served with polenta and lentils
Passatelli
Tagliatelle al ragù
  • Traditional balsamic vinegar and balsamic vinegar – very precious, expensive and rare sweet, dark, sweet and aromatic vinegar, made in small quantities according to elaborated and time-consuming procedures (it takes at least 12 years to brew the youngest aceto balsamico) from local grapes must (look for the essential tradizionale denomination on the label to avoid confusing it with the cheaper and completely different aceto balsamico di Modena vinegar, mass-produced from wine and other ingredients
  • Borlengo – from the hills south of Modena
  • Cannelloni, crespelle and rosette – pasta filled with béchamel, cream, ham and others
  • Cappellacci – large size filled egg pasta with chestnut puree and sweet mostarda di Bologna, from Romagna
  • Cappelletti – small egg pasta "hats" filled with ricotta, parsley, Parmesan and nutmeg, sometimes also chicken breast or pork and lemon zest, from Emilia, in particular Reggio
  • Cappello del pretetricorno hat shaped bag of pork rind with stuffing similar to zampone's, to be boiled (from Parma, Reggio Emilia and Modena)
  • Ciccioli – cold meat made with pig's feet and head from Modena
  • Coppa – cured pork neck form Piacenza and Parma
  • Cotechino – big raw spiced pork sausage to be boiled, stuffing rich in pork rind (from Emilia provinces)
  • Baked crescentine or tigelle (currently known also as "tigelle", that is the traditional name of the stone dies which crescentine were baked between) – a small round (approx. 8 cm diameter, 1 cm or less thick) flat bread from the Modena Apennine Mountains
  • Crescentine – flat bread from Bologna and Modena: to be fried in pork fat or baked between hot dies (see tigelle above)
  • Culatello – a cured ham made with the most tender of the pork rump: the best is from the small Zibello (culatello di Zibello) area, in Parma lowlands.
  • Erbazzone – spinach and cheese filled pie from Reggio Emilia
  • Fave stufate – broad beans with mortadella
  • Garganelli – typical Romagna quill shaped egg pasta usually dressed with guanciale ('cheek bacon'), peas, Parmesan and a hint of cream
  • Gnocco fritto – fried pastry puffs from Modena (gnocco fritto was a very local name: until few decades ago it was unknown even in neighbouring Emilian provinces where different denominations, i.e. crescentine fritte in Bologna, for similar fried puffs).
  • Gramigna alla salsiccia – typical Bologna short and small diameter curly pasta pipes with sausage ragù
  • Mortadella – baked sweet and aromatic pork sausage from Bologna
  • Panpepato – very rich Christmas dried fruit and nut dessert with almonds, candies and a lot of sweet spices
  • Parmesan – prized ancient long-aged cheese from Reggio Emilia, Parma, Modena and Bologna
  • Passatelli – noodles made of breadcrumbs, Parmesan cheese, lemon zest and nutmeg from Romagna pesto di Modena – cured pork back fat pounded with garlic, rosemary and Parmesan used to fill borlenghi and baked crescentine
  • Piada dei morti – a sweet focaccia topped with raisins, almonds, walnuts and pine nuts,[82][83] native to Rimini,[84][85][86] and traditionally eaten in November for All Souls' Day[82]
  • Piadina – pancake shaped flat bread (from Romagna) which can be smaller and higher or larger and very thin
  • Piadina fritta – fried Romagna pastry rectangles
  • Pinza bolognese – jam-filled pastry
  • Pisarei e faśö – pasta peas with beans from Piacenza
  • Salame Felino – salami from province of Parma
  • Salama da sugo – soft sausage from Ferrara, seasonal
  • Spalla di San Secondo – gourmet salami from a small town near Parma; it is made with seasoned pork shoulder, stuffed in cow bladders and slowly boiled or steamed.
  • Spongata – very rich Christmas time thin tart: a soft crust with flour sugar dusting, stuffed with finely broken almonds and other nuts, candies and a lot of sweet spices, from Reggio Emilia
  • Squacquerone – sweet, runny, milky cheese from Romagna
  • Tagliatelle – egg pasta noodles, very popular across Emilia-Romagna; they are made in slightly different thickness, width and length according to local practise (in Bologna the authentic size of tagliatelle alla bolognese is officially registered at the local Chamber of Commerce).
  • Torresano – roasted pigeons popular in Emilia
  • Torta Barozzi o torta nera ("Barozzi tart" or "black tart") – a dessert made with a coffee/cocoa and almond filling encased in a fine pastry dough (from Modena)
  • Tortelli alla lastra – griddle baked pasta rectangles filed with potato and pumpkin puree and sausage or bacon bits
  • Tortelli – usually square, made in all Emilia-Romagna, filled with Swiss chard or spinach, ricotta and Parmesan in Romagna or ricotta, parsley, Parmesan in Bologna (where they are called "tortelloni") and Emilia, or with potatoes and pancetta in the Apennine mountains
  • Tortellini – small egg pasta navel shapes filled with lean pork, eggs, Parmesan, mortadella, prosciutto di Parma and nutmeg (from Bologna and Modena: according to a legend, they were invented in Castelfranco Emilia by a peeping innkeeper after the navel of a beautiful guest)
  • Zampone – stuffed pig's trotter, fat, but leaner than cotechino's, stuffing; to be boiled (from Modena)

Tuscany[edit]

Ribollita
  • Bistecca alla fiorentina – grilled Florentine T-bone steak traditionally from the Chianina cattle breed
  • Crema paradiso – Tuscan cream
  • Fegatelli di maiale – pig's liver forcemeat stuffed into pig's stomach and baked in a slow oven with stock and red wine
  • Ossobuco alla fiorentinaossobuco "Tuscan-style"
  • Pinzimonio – fresh seasonal raw or slightly blanched vegetables served with seasoned olive oil for dipping
  • Ribollita – twice-cooked vegetable soup
  • Lampredotto – cooked abomasum

Tuscan bread specialties

  • Carscenta della Lunigiana – baked on a bed of chestnut leaves and served on Good Friday
  • Ciaccia – from the Maremma made from maize
  • Donzelle – round loaf fried in olive oil
  • Filone – classic Tuscan unsalted bread
  • Pan di granturco – made from maize flour
  • Pan di ramerino – a rosemary bread seasoned with sugar and salt. The bread was originally served during Holy Week decorated with a cross on top and sold at the Church by semellai; it is, however, offered year round now.
  • Pan maoko – equal parts wheat and maize flour, with pine nuts and raisins added
  • Pane classico integrale – unsalted bread made with semolina with a crisp crust
  • Pane con i grassetti – a bread from the Garfagnana area, with pork cracklings mixed in
  • Pane con l'uva – in other areas this bread often takes the form of small loaves or rolls, but in Tuscany it is a rolled-out dough with red grapes incorporated into it and sprinkled with sugar. It is bread served often in the autumn in place of dessert and often served with figs.
  • PanigaccioLunigiana specialty made with flour, water and salt baked over red-hot coals and served with cheese and olive oil
  • Panina gialla aretina – an Easter bread with a high fat content, containing raisins, saffron, and spices. It is consecrated in a church before being served with eggs.
  • Panini di Sant'Antonio – sweet rolls eaten on the feast day of St. Anthony
  • Schiacciata – dough rolled out onto baking sheet and can have pork cracklings, herbs, potatoes and/or tomatoes added to the top along with a salt and olive oil
  • Schiacciatina – made with a fine flour, salt dough with yeast and olive oil
  • Panino co' i' lampredottolampredotto sandwich

Umbria[edit]

  • Lenticchie di Castelluccio con salsiccelentil stew with sausages
  • Minestra di farrospelt soup
  • Torresani allo spiedo (piccioni allo spiedo) – spit-roasted pigeon
  • Regina in porchettacarp in fennel sauce

Specialties of the Norcineria (Umbrian Butcher)

  • Barbozzo – cured, matured pig's cheek
  • Budellacci di interiora – smoked, spiced pig intestines eaten raw, spit-roasted, or broiled
  • Capocollo – Sausage highly seasoned with garlic and pepper
  • Coppa – sausage made from the pig's head
  • Mazzafegato – sweet or hot pig's liver sausage, the sweet version containing raisins, orange peel and sugar
  • Prosciutto di Norcia – a pressed, cured ham made from the legs of pigs fed on a strict diet of acorns[87]

Marche[edit]

Olive all'ascolana

Unique ham and sausage specialties

  • Coppacoppa in this region refers to a boiling sausage made from pig's head, bacon, orange peel, nutmeg and sometimes pinenuts or almonds. It is meant to be eaten within a month of preparation.
  • Ciauscolo – made from the belly and shoulder of pig with half its weight in pork fat and seasoned with salt, pepper, orange peel and fennel. It is stuffed into an intestine casing, dried in a smoking chamber and cured for three weeks.
  • Fegatino – a liver sausage with pork belly and shoulder, where the liver replaces the fat of other sausages
  • Mazzafegato di Fabrianomortadella made from fat and lean pork with liver and lung added to the fine-grained emulsification. It is seasoned with salt and pepper, stuffed into casings and smoked. This sausage is often served at festivals.
  • Prosciutto del Montefeltro – made from free-range black pigs, this is a smoked prosciutto washed with vinegar and ground black pepper
  • Salame del Montefeltro – made from the leg and loin meat of the black pig, this sausage is highly seasoned with peppercorns and hung to dry
  • Salame di Fabriano – similar to salame lardellato, except that it is made solely from leg of pork with pepper and salt
  • Salame lardellato – made with lean pork shoulder, or leg meat, along with diced bacon, salt, pepper, and whole peppercorns. It is cased in hog's intestines, dried for one-and-a-half days and then placed in a warm room for 3–4 days, two days in a cold room and then two months in a ventilated storage room.
  • Soppressata di Fabriano – finely emulsified pork flavored with bacon, salt and pepper. The sausage is smoked and then aged.

Lazio[edit]

Gnocchi

Abruzzo and Molise[edit]

Arrosticini
  • Agnello cacio e uova – lamb stuffed with grated pecorino and eggs
  • Agnello con le olive
  • Arrosticini – skewered pieces of meat
  • Maccheroni alla chitarra – a narrow stripped pasta served with a sauce of tomatoes, bacon and pecorino
  • Maccheroni alla molinara (also known as la pasta alla mugnaia) – a long (single) hand made pasta served with tomato sauce
  • Mozzarelline allo zafferano – mini mozzarella cheese coated with a batter flavored with saffron
  • Parrozzo – a cake-like dessert made from a mixture of flour and crushed almonds, and coated in chocolate
  • Pizza dolce – a layered (with two or three cream fillings – white custard, chocolate or almond) sponge cake, that is soaked with alchermes (if you can find it) or rum.
  • Pizzelle (also known as ferratelle) – a thin, cookie made with a waffle iron device, often flavored with anise
  • Spaghetti all'aglio, olio e peperoncino
  • Scrippelle 'mbusse – Abruzzo crêpes (flour, water and eggs), seasoned with pecorino, rolled and served in chicken broth
  • Ragù di castratomutton sauce made with onion, rosemary, bacon, white wine, and tomatoes
  • Timballo alla teramana – a lasagne made with scripelle (Abruzzo crêpes) layered with a ragout of beef, pork, onion, carrot and celery, also layered with mushrooms, crumbled hard boiled egg, peas and béchamel sauce

Campania[edit]

Sfogliatella
Spaghetti alle vongole
  • Braciola di maiale – pork loin with tomatoes sauce, garlic, capers and pine nuts
  • Caponata di pesce – fish caponata; bread (baked in the shape of a donut), anchovies, tuna, lemon juice, olive oil and pepper
  • Casatiello – Neapolitan Easter pie with Parmesan, pecorino, eggs, salami, bacon, and pepper
  • Gattò di patate – a Neapolitan potato casserole with ham, Parmesan and pecorino
  • Graffe – fried Neapolitan "doughnuts" made with flour, potato, yeast and sugar
  • Caprese salad – salad of tomatoes, mozzarella and basil
  • Limoncello – lemon liqueur
  • Maccheroni alla napoletana – macaroni with Neapolitan sauce; a sauce of braised beef, carrot, celery, onion, garlic, white wine, tomato paste and fresh basil
  • Melanzane alla scapecescapece eggplant; marinated eggplant with red pepper and olive oil
  • Melanzane al cioccolato – mid-August dessert; eggplants with chocolate and almonds
  • Mozzarella di bufala campana – particular variety of cheese products made exclusively with milk from buffalo
  • Mozzarella in carrozza – fried mozzarella with slices of toasted bread and olive oil
  • Mustacciuoli – Neapolitan Christmas dessert; cookies with almonds and coffee covered with chocolate
  • Parmigiana – sliced eggplant pan fried in oil, layered with tomato sauce and cheese, and baked in an oven
  • Pastiera napoletana – Neapolitan ricotta cake
  • Pepata di cozze – mussel and Clam soup with tomato sauce, served with slices of toasted bread
  • Pizza napoletana (lit.'Neapolitan pizza') – the most popular is pizza Margherita: pizza topped with tomatoes sauce, mozzarella, Parmesan, basil and olive oil
  • Polpi alla lucìana (lit.'lucìana-style octopus') – octopus with tomatoes sauce, chopped tomatoes, olives and garlic
  • Ragù napoletano (lit.'Neapolitan ragù') – tomatoes sauce, onions, olive oil, carrots, celery, veal shank, pork ribs, lard, basil, salt and pepper
  • Roccocò – Neapolitan Christmas dessert; almond crunch cookies
  • Sartù di riso (lit.'rice sartù') – rice with mushrooms, onions, tomato-paste, beef, peas, Parmesan, mozzarella and olive oil
  • Sfogliatella – Neapolitan ricotta dessert; seashell-shaped pastry with ricotta
  • Sfogliatella Santa Rosa – Neapolitan dessert; slightly larger than a traditional sfogliatella, it is filled with a crema pasticciera and garnished with crema di amarene ('sour black cherry').
  • Spaghetti alle vongole – spaghetti with clams in a white sauce with garlic, olive oil and pepper
  • Struffoli – Neapolitan Christmas dessert; honey balls with lemon juice and colored candy
  • Torta caprese – chocolate cake with almonds
  • Zeppole di San Giuseppe – fritters for Saint Joseph's Day; cream-filled with crème pâtissière

Apulia[edit]

Orecchiette with cime di rapa sauce
  • Burrata – an Italian cow milk cheese (occasionally buffalo milk) made from mozzarella and cream. The outer casing is solid cheese, while the inside contains stracciatella and cream, giving it an unusual, soft texture. It is typical of Apulia.
  • Caciocavallo podolico – a variety of cheese products made exclusively with Podolica cow milk
  • Cacioricotta – a cheese produced throughout Apulia
  • Calzone (in Lecce) or panzerotto (in Bari and Taranto) – puff pastry with oil which in its typicality contemplated the use of olives, ham, onions, mozzarella, cheese and tomato sauce for filling. Cooked either in the oven as savory pie, or deep fried.
  • Cartellate – a pastry, particularly prepared around Christmas, made of a thin strip of a dough made of flour, olive oil, and white wine that is wrapped upon itself, intentionally leaving cavities and openings, to form a sort of "rose" shape; the dough is then deep-fried, dried, and soaked in either lukewarm vincotto or honey.
  • Muscisca – bacon or boneless meat from sheep or goat (and in some cases veal), which is cut into long (20–30 cm) and thin (3–4 cm) strips, and seasoned with salt, chili, and fennel seeds before being sun-dried
  • Orecchiette con le cime di rapa – ear-like pasta with rapini
  • Ostriche arrosto – oysters broiled with parsley, garlic, oregano, breadcrumbs, olive oil, and lemon juice
  • Pancotto – an ancient dish of Capitanata, made from a base of stale bread and accompanied with a wide variety of wild vegetables, fennel seeds, oil of Tavoliere, and chili peppers
  • Pasticciotto leccese – shortcrust pastry shell and a custard heart
  • Pitta di patate – potato focaccia stuffed with tomatoes, onions, bacon, mozzarella, parsley, and covered with breadcrumbs
  • Purea di fave (or fave e cicorie, also known as fave e fogghije, "fava beans and leaves") – fava bean puree with stewed cicory. During Christmas festivities, cicory is stewed in red wine instead of water.
  • Riso, patate e cozze or tiella barese – a Bari specialty made with rice, potatoes, and mussels, similar to paella, cooked in an earthenware pan or in the oven. It has a Salento variant called tajeddha. It is likely that this recipe is a variant of paella, given the long Spanish domination in the Kingdom of Naples.
  • Rustico leccese – typical street food of Salento: a puff pastry filled with béchamel, mozzarella and tomato
  • Sagne 'ncannulate or sagne torte – home made pasta typical of Salento in the shape of long lagane rolled up on themselves that are served with fresh tomato sauce, basil and cacioricotta (someone adds a little breadcrumbs to dry any residual draining water), others use ricotta 'scante (a spicy ricotta cream), or with meat sauce (pork or lamb) with the addition of chilli, to taste
  • Tiella di verdure – a casserole of baked vegetables topped with mozzarella and fresh basil
  • Torcinelli – lamb intestines wrapped around lamb liver or offal, typically testicles, generally grilled on a skewer, sometimes stewed in tomato and onions
  • Zuppa di cozze alla tarantina – mussels steamed with peperoncino, garlic, tomatoes, and white wine. Often eaten with short pasta types. Variations prepared in the hinterland of Taranto may include white beans or kidney beans.

Apulian bread specialties

  • Focaccia ripiena – a bread made of dough filled with mozzarella, tomatoes, ham, onion or leek, and served in slices
  • Friselle – a bread made from barley flour and durum wheat flour, which goes through a dual baking process becoming very similar to hardtack, and is soaked in water before being prepared and eaten
  • Pane casareccio – a bread made from durum wheat, yeast, flour, salt, and water
  • Pane di Altamurasourdough durum wheat bread weighing up to 44 lb (20 kg)
  • Puccia – a bread made in honor of the Virgin Mary. It is a small, soft, round loaf made of white flour.
  • Puccia con le olive – a bread filled with olives
  • Puddica – bread dough mixed with mashed potato and rolled into flat cakes, covered with halved tomatoes and seasoned with salt and pepper
  • Taralli – a ring-shaped snack food which can be sweet or savory

Basilicata[edit]

Pasta con i peperoni cruschi
  • Agnello alla pastora – lamb with potatoes
  • Baccalà alla lucana – cod with crunchy red peppers
  • Ciaudedda – stew with artichokes, potatoes, broad beans and pancetta
  • Orecchiette con salsiccia piccanti – ear-like pasta with typical spicy salami from Basilicata
  • Pecorino di Forenza – cheese made of sheep's milk, typical of the Forenza area
  • Pasta con i peperoni cruschi – pasta dish served with peperoni cruschi, fried bread crumb and cacioricotta
  • Pasta mollicata – pasta dish served with tomato, onion dipped in red wine, lard and cacioricotta
  • Pollo alla potentinaPotenza-style chicken; chicken braised with tomatoes, onion, white wine, peperoncino, topped with fresh basil, parsley and pecorino cheese
  • Rafanata – type of omelette with horseradish, potatoes and cheese
  • Tumact me tulez – pasta dish served with tomato, anchovy, fried bread crumb and chopped walnuts
  • U' pastizz 'rtunnar – baked turnover filled with pork, eggs and cheese

Calabria[edit]

'Nduja with bread, with a piece of 'nduja sausage in the background
  • Caciocavallo – a very milky cheese
  • Cuzzupa
  • Insalata di pomodori – a tomato salad with hot pepper
  • Maccarruni i'casa – home made pasta with goat or pork meat and tomatoes
  • Melanzane alla menta – eggplant marinated with mint
  • Melanzane ripiene – stuffed eggplant
  • 'Nduja – a spicy preserved meat, similar to the French Andouille
  • Pesce spada alla ghiotta – swordfish rolls in tomato sauce
  • Pipi chini – padded pepper
  • Pisci stoccu – stockfish with olive, tomatoes and caper bush
  • Satizzu – typical sausages made with fennel and pepper (the prototypical "Italian" sausage as sold in the United States)
  • Soppressata – a uniquely Calabrian salami
  • Zippula

Sicily[edit]

  • Arancini – stuffed rice balls which are coated with breadcrumbs and fried
  • Cannoli – shortcrust pastry cylinder shell filled with sweet ricotta, mascarpone or chocolate or vanilla cream
  • Caponata – eggplants with tomatoes and olives
  • Cous cous alla trapanese
  • Timballo del Gattopardo – Sicilian pie; pastry dough baked with a filling of penne rigate, Parmesan, and bound a sauce of ham, chicken, liver, onion, carrot, truffles, diced hard-boiled egg and seasoned with clove, cinnamon, salt and pepper. Gattopardo ("serval") makes reference to the arms of the Lampedusa family and Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa's well-known novel Il Gattopardo, not the contents of the dish.
  • Granita – semi-frozen dessert made from sugar, water and various flavorings, typically lemon or almond or coffee or mulberry
  • Macco di San Giuseppe – bean paste with fennel
  • Pantesca salad – dish of the island of Pantelleria
  • Pasta alla Norma – spaghetti with tomato and eggplant
  • Panelle – a Sicilian chickpea fritter, often eaten as a sandwich and popular as street food
  • Scaccia – flat bread stuffed in different ways
  • Pizza siciliana (lit.'Sicilian pizza') – pizza prepared in a manner that originated in Sicily
  • Tonno alla palermitana – tuna Palermo-style; tuna marinated in white wine, lemon, garlic, rosemary and broiled, then served with pan-seared sardines

Sardinia[edit]

Ingredients[edit]

Most important ingredients (see also: Italian herbs and spices):

Other common ingredients[edit]

Balsamic vinegar
Pasta being prepared in a pasta machine
Radicchio

Herbs and spices[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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