List of Japanese supercentenarians

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Chiyono Hasegawa (1896–2011), a resident of Saga, was one of hundreds of Japanese women to have lived past 110 years. Hasegawa is pictured here aged 114 in September 2010, when she was the oldest person in Japan. She eventually died at 115 years and 12 days.

Japanese supercentenarians are citizens, residents or emigrants from Japan who have attained or surpassed the age of 110 years. As of January 2015, the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) had validated the longevity claims of 318 Japanese supercentenarians, most of them women.[1] According to the GRG the oldest verified Japanese and Asian person ever is Kane Tanaka, born 2 January 1903, aged 118 years, 262 days, the third oldest person ever. Japan was also home to the world's oldest man ever, Jiroemon Kimura (1897–2013), who lived to age 116 years and 54 days.[2]

100 oldest Japanese people[edit]

  Deceased   Living

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Prefecture of birth Prefecture of death
or residence
01 Kane Tanaka[3] F 2 January 1903 Living 118 years, 262 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
02 Nabi Tajima[4] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
03 Chiyo Miyako[4] F 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Wakayama Kanagawa
04 Misao Okawa[4] F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Osaka Osaka
05 Tane Ikai[5] F 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days Aichi Aichi
06 Jiroemon Kimura[1] M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Kyoto Kyoto
07 Shigeyo Nakachi[4] F 1 February 1905 11 January 2021 115 years, 345 days Saga Saga
08 Shimoe Akiyama[4] F 19 May 1903 29 January 2019 115 years, 255 days (unknown) Aichi
09 Anonymous of Tokyo[4] F 15 March 1900 27 September 2015 115 years, 196 days (unknown) Tokyo
10 Shin Matsushita[4] F 30 March 1904 27 August 2019 115 years, 150 days Miyagi Miyagi
11 Mina Kitagawa[4] F 3 November 1905 19 December 2020 115 years, 46 days Shiga Shiga
12 Koto Okubo[1][6] F 24 December 1897 12 January 2013 115 years, 19 days Tokyo Kanagawa
13 Chiyono Hasegawa[7] F 20 November 1896 2 December 2011 115 years, 12 days Saga Saga
14 Kama Chinen[8] F 10 May 1895 2 May 2010 114 years, 357 days Okinawa Okinawa
15 Yoshi Otsunari[3] F 17 December 1906 Living 114 years, 278 days (unknown) Fukuoka
16 Kiyoko Ishiguro[4] F 4 March 1901 5 December 2015 114 years, 276 days Tokyo Kanagawa
17 Yukie Hino[4] F 17 April 1902 13 January 2017 114 years, 271 days (unknown) Niigata
18 Hide Ohira[5] F 15 September 1880 9 May 1995 114 years, 236 days Wakayama Wakayama
19 Yone Minagawa[9] F 4 January 1893 13 August 2007 114 years, 221 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
20 Ura Koyama[5] F 30 August 1890 5 April 2005 114 years, 218 days Hiroshima Fukuoka
21 Iso Nakamura[4] F 23 April 1903 23 November 2017 114 years, 214 days Ishikawa Ishikawa
22 Mitsue Toyoda[4] F 15 February 1902 25 August 2016 114 years, 192 days (unknown) Ōita
23 Tase Matsunaga[5] F 11 May 1884 18 November 1998 114 years, 191 days Niigata Tokyo
Kame Ganeko[4] F 10 April 1905 18 October 2019 Okinawa Okinawa
25 Yukichi Chuganji[5] M 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
26 Kame Nakamura[10] F 8 March 1898 12 September 2012 114 years, 188 days Okinawa Okinawa
27 Mitoyo Kawate[5] F 15 May 1889 13 November 2003 114 years, 182 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
28 Toshie Yorimitsu[4] F 30 September 1901 28 February 2016 114 years, 151 days Kōchi Okinawa
29 Fusa Tatsumi[3] F 25 April 1907 Living 114 years, 149 days (unknown) Osaka
30 Tae Ito[4] F 11 July 1903 13 November 2017 114 years, 125 days Iwate Iwate
31 Hama Yasukawa[4] F 19 January 1907 23 May 2021 114 years, 124 days Hyogo Hyogo
32 Yoshi Baba[3] F 3 June 1907 Living 114 years, 110 days (unknown) Yamanashi
33 Chiyo Shiraishi[11] F 6 August 1895 19 November 2009 114 years, 105 days Fukushima Ibaraki
34 Asa Takii[5] F 28 April 1884 31 July 1998 114 years, 94 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
35 Waka Shirahama[5] F 23 March 1878 16 June 1992 114 years, 85 days Kagoshima Miyazaki
36 Suekiku Miyanaga[5] F 7 April 1884 20 June 1998 114 years, 74 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
37 Shige Hirooka[7] F 16 January 1897 29 March 2011 114 years, 72 days (unknown) Osaka
38 Tomoe Iwata[4] F 25 March 1904 13 April 2018 114 years, 19 days Iwate Iwate
39 Tane Yonekura[4] F 2 May 1904 19 May 2018 114 years, 17 days (unknown) Kagoshima
40 Kura Bingo[4] F 20 October 1905 31 October 2019 114 years, 11 days (unknown) Nara
41 Yoshiyo Bessho[4] F 1 April 1904 8 April 2018 114 years, 7 days Okayama Okayama
42 Hatsue Ono[10] F 31 October 1898 17 October 2012 113 years, 352 days Iwate Hokkaidō
43 Yasu Akino[5] F 1 March 1885 12 February 1999 113 years, 348 days Shizuoka Shizuoka
44 Sayo Taminato[4] F 15 October 1906 7 August 2020 113 years, 297 days Okinawa Okinawa
45 Kimi Asanuma[4] F 3 November 1905 22 August 2019 113 years, 292 days (unknown) Tokyo
46 Tsuneyo Toyonaga[12] F 21 May 1894 22 February 2008 113 years, 277 days Kochi Kōchi
47 Tomoji Tanabe[11] M 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Miyazaki Miyazaki
48 Mitsue Nagasaki[1] F 18 September 1899 17 June 2013 113 years, 272 days Kumamoto Hiroshima
49 Shizue Nagata[4] F 25 July 1903 12 April 2017 113 years, 261 days (unknown) Kumamoto
Teru Oshiro[13] F 10 May 1904 26 January 2018 Okinawa Okinawa
51 Hatsuno Goto[4] F 1 September 1903 15 May 2017 113 years, 256 days Niigata Tokyo
52 Tsurue Amou[4] F 1 March 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 250 days (unknown) Tokushima
53 Katsue Kurimoto[4] F 20 March 1907 22 November 2020 113 years, 247 days Tokushima Nara
54 Hisa Arai[4] F 10 September 1904 4 May 2018 113 years, 236 days Gifu Gifu
55 Shitsu Nakano[9] F 1 January 1894 19 August 2007 113 years, 230 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
56 Kahoru Furuya[14][15] F 18 February 1908 Living 113 years, 215 days (unknown) Shizuoka
57 Taka Tsuji[4] F 6 August 1906 4 March 2020 113 years, 211 days Saga Saga
58 Tsukimi Kishi[4] F 31 August 1905 19 March 2019 113 years, 200 days Tochigi Tochigi
59 Nahi Yonamine[16][17] F 9 March 1908 Living 113 years, 196 days (unknown) Okinawa
60 Masazō Nonaka[4] M 25 July 1905 20 January 2019 113 years, 179 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
61 Kiku Usami[4] F 1 September 1904 26 February 2018 113 years, 178 days (unknown) Niigata
62 Tame Yamaguchi[4] F 20 March 1907 6 September 2020 113 years, 170 days Kagoshima Miyazaki
63 Masa Iseri[4] F 19 September 1902 5 March 2016 113 years, 168 days (unknown) Kumamoto
64 Koito Furukawa[1] F 8 May 1901 11 October 2014 113 years, 156 days (unknown) Tokushima
65 Katsue Hiraishi[4] F 9 June 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 150 days Tokushima Tokushima
66 Yoshino Tanaka[1] F 3 March 1900 30 July 2013 113 years, 149 days Okinawa Nagasaki
67 Terue Ashida[1] F 20 September 1899 15 February 2013 113 years, 148 days Hyōgo Hyōgo
68 Kesa Yamada[4] F 30 March 1907 15 August 2020 113 years, 138 days Gunma Gunma
69 Komiya Miyazaki[7] F 20 August 1897 4 January 2011 113 years, 137 days (unknown) Hiroshima
70 Mise Ito[5] F 6 November 1890 18 March 2004 113 years, 133 days Shizuoka Shizuoka
71 Jun Kitamasu[1] F 2 March 1900 11 July 2013 113 years, 131 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
72 Kaku Yamanaka[12] F 11 December 1894 5 April 2008 113 years, 116 days Aichi Aichi
Motome Hirata[4] F 12 August 1906 6 December 2019 Nagano[18] Chiba
Setsuko Moriyama[4] F 5 November 1907 1 March 2021 Okinawa Okinawa
75 Sue Utagawa[5] F 19 January 1884 4 May 1997 113 years, 105 days Yamaguchi Yamaguchi
76 Niwa Kawamoto[5] F 5 August 1863 16 November 1976 113 years, 103 days (unknown) Shiga
77 Tome Takaoka[10] F 1 January 1899 12 April 2012 113 years, 102 days Osaka Ibaraki
78 Masayo Ito[4] F 1 October 1902 6 January 2016 113 years, 97 days (unknown) Miyagi
79 Kame Takamiyagi[10] F 10 June 1899 10 September 2012 113 years, 92 days Okinawa Okinawa
80 Natsuyo Kinase[4] F 30 October 1906 26 January 2020 113 years, 88 days Miyagi Kanagawa
81 Chiyono Ohta[8] F 1 November 1896 25 January 2010 113 years, 85 days Miyagi Miyagi
82 Sumie Yabune[4] F 5 February 1907 23 April 2020 113 years, 78 days Wakayama Wakayama
83 Kano Ebara[4] F 30 March 1907 14 June 2020 113 years, 76 days (unknown) Okayama
84 Mie Ishiguro[5] F 2 June 1888 14 August 2001 113 years, 73 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
85 Hina Shikawatari[10] F 1 January 1899 15 February 2012 113 years, 45 days (unknown) Ishikawa
86 Kuni Onose[4] F 31 December 1904 5 February 2018 113 years, 36 days (unknown) Ibaraki
87 Yoshino Ide[11] F 1 January 1896 28 January 2009 113 years, 27 days (unknown) Hyōgo
88 Ito Konno Kinase[5] F 31 December 1889 24 January 2003 113 years, 24 days Fukushima United States
89 Tase Hayasaka[5] F 1 July 1885 23 July 1998 113 years, 22 days Miyagi Niigata
90 Tane Shimada[4] F 25 September 1903 16 October 2016 113 years, 21 days (unknown) Saitama
91 Kou Iijima[11] F 25 March 1896 22 March 2009 112 years, 362 days (unknown) Chiba
Kitsuyo Yamamoto[4] F 12 March 1902 9 March 2015 (unknown) Shimane
93 Chitetsu Watanabe[4] M 5 March 1907 23 February 2020 112 years, 355 days Niigata Niigata
94 Yaoe Koda[7] F 1 July 1898 9 June 2011 112 years, 343 days Kōchi Kōchi
95 Sugino Tamai[4] F 9 March 1902 14 February 2015 112 years, 342 days Shiga Hyōgo
96 Matsu Kayo[5] F 9 January 1886 13 December 1998 112 years, 338 days Okinawa Okinawa
97 Chikao Beppu[8] F 28 March 1897 17 February 2010 112 years, 326 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
98 Toyo Endo[5] F 13 February 1892 3 January 2005 112 years, 325 days Shizuoka Shizuoka
99 Kikue Tanaka[4] F 25 February 1907 15 January 2020 112 years, 324 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
100 Matsuno Oikawa[5] F 20 February 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 317 days Iwate Iwate

Biographies[edit]

Yukichi Chuganji[edit]

Yukichi Chuganji (中願寺 雄吉; Chūganji Yūkichi, 23 March 1889 – 28 September 2003) was a Japanese silkworm breeder, instructor in the agricultural specialty, bank employee and community welfare officer who lived for 114 years and 189 days. At the time of his death, he was the oldest Japanese man ever and even the world's oldest living person.

Chuganji did not like to eat vegetables but liked beef, pork and chicken, and daily ate toffee and drank a glass of milk and the occasional apple juice and only drank alcohol in moderation, which he believed as the secrets to a long life. During the last years of his life, he had failing eye sight and was bedridden. He died of natural causes on the evening of Sunday 28 September 2003, after being served a glass of apple juice by his 74-year-old daughter who was his only living child (as he outlived all his 4 sons).[19] Besides 5 children, Chuganji also had 7 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren.

Denzo Ishizaki[edit]

Denzō Ishizaki (石崎 伝蔵, Ishizaki Denzō, 20 October 1886 (or 1884?) – 29 April 1999) was an elementary school teacher and town assembly member in his hometown Kansago, Ibaraki Prefecture. At the time of his death, Ishizaki had been the world's oldest living man for almost 18 weeks, as well as the 9th oldest living person in the world.[20] He died of multiple organ failure on 29 April 1999 at age 112 years and 191 days,[21] the oldest Japanese man ever (until October 2001, when his record was broken by Yukichi Chuganji). However, Ishizaki claimed to be two years older, asserting that his birth register had been "delayed by two years".[22]

Nabi Tajima[edit]

Nabi Tajima (田島 ナビ, Tajima Nabi, 4 August 1900 – 21 April 2018)[23][24][25] succeeded Violet Brown as the world's oldest person for 217 days after Brown's death on 16 September 2017. She was the last person verified as being born in the 19th century.[26] She died at age 117 years and 260 days, and is the fourth oldest person ever.

Tajima was born and died on the small island of Kikaijima, about halfway between Okinawa and the main Japanese islands. Her husband, Tominishi Tajima (田島 富二子), died at the age of 93 in 1991.[27][28] She had nine children, seven sons and two daughters,[27] and in September 2017 she was reported to have had around 160 descendants, including great-great-great-grandchildren.[29] She stated that her longevity was due to sleeping soundly and eating delicious food.[26] Guinness World Records was planning to certify Tajima as the world's oldest person, but she died at a nursing home in Kikai before they could do so.[30][31]

Masazō Nonaka[edit]

Masazō Nonaka (野中 正造, Nonaka Masazō, 25 July 1905 – 20 January 2019) had been, at the time of his death, Japan's oldest living man since October 2016,[32] and the world's oldest living man since January 2018.[33] Nonaka was also the oldest person ever born in Hokkaido.

Nonaka had two brothers and three sisters; he married Hatsuno Nonaka in 1931. They had five children, of whom three were living as of January 2019.[34] He ran the family onsen, which opened in 1905. He spent most of his later years in a wheelchair, crediting his longevity to eating sweets and relaxing in the hot springs.[35][36] Nonaka died at home of natural causes, at 1:30 am on 20 January 2019, aged 113 years and 179 days.[34][37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Wikkerink, Marco; Kroczek, Waclaw Jan (1 January 2015). "GRG Database by Nation". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  2. ^ いつまでも「輝く宝」で 木村次郎右衛門さん告別式 [Jiroemon Kimura's funeral – a sparkling jewel forever]. Kyoto Shimbun (in Japanese). 14 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (22 February 2021). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (22 July 2021). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Deceased Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Verified supercentenarian cases – Japan". GRG. 10 April 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  6. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 115 in Japan". Fox News. Associated Press. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "Deaths for 2011 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Deaths for 2010 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Deaths for 2007 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Deaths for 2012 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d "Deaths for 2009 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Deaths for 2008 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 1 July 2013. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  13. ^ 113歳、大城テルさん死去 沖縄県内最高齢 [Mrs. Teru Ohiro died at 113, the oldest person in Okinawa Prefecture]. Ryūkyū Shimpō (in Japanese). 29 January 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  14. ^ "県内最高齢者の死去" [Death of the oldest person in the prefecture] (in Japanese). Shizuoka Prefecture. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  15. ^ "敬老の日 静岡県内最高齢は伊豆の国市内の112歳の女性" [Respect of the Aged Day The oldest woman in Shizuoka Prefecture is an 112-year-old woman in Izunokuni City] (in Japanese). yahoo.co.jp. 21 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  16. ^ "令和2年「老人の日・老人週間」について" [Reiwa 2nd Year "Old People's Day and Old People's Week"] (PDF) (in Japanese). Okinawa Prefecture. 15 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  17. ^ "北中城村の最高齢者" [The oldest in Kitanakashiro Village] (in Japanese). vill.kitanakagusuku.lg.jp. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  18. ^ "From Meiji to Reiwa: Japan's centenarians provide window to past".
  19. ^ "World's oldest man dies aged 114". 29 September 2003.
  20. ^ "Deaths Elsewhere – Denzo Ishizaki". The Baltimore Sun. 2 May 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  21. ^ "DENZO ISHIZAKI". Orlando Sentinel. 30 April 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  22. ^ http://www.kawamata.co.jp/utyu/miti_1.html
  23. ^ Schumann, Rebecka (9 June 2014). "Misao Okawa, The World's Oldest Woman, And 39 Other Female Supercentenarians". International Business Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  24. ^ "Worlds oldest age 117-year-old Tashima Navi died". Archived from the original on 21 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  25. ^ Guinness World Records 2015. Guinness World Records. 11 September 2014. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-9088-4370-8.
  26. ^ a b Daniel Politi, The Last Known Person Born in the 19th Century Dies in Japan at 117, Slate Magazine, 22 April 2018.
  27. ^ a b 「ナビばあちゃんちばりよー」/喜界町の田島さんに県祝い状 ["Grandma Nabi" – Kikai City holds provincial celebration for Mrs. Tajima] (in Japanese). 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  28. ^ 子孫140人…発酵飲料好み、よく食べ 国内最高齢117歳の田島ナビさん (in Japanese)
  29. ^ 117歳 世界一へ県民栄誉検討 田島ナビさんを知事訪問 鹿児島県喜界町 Archived 28 October 2017 at archive.today (in Japanese)
  30. ^ World's oldest woman misses record, The World News, 22 April 2018
  31. ^ Horton, Alex (22 April 2018). "The world's oldest person died at 117. She was the last known person born in the 19th century". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  32. ^ 国内最高齢112歳の男性死去 東京の吉田正光さん. 産経ニュース (in Japanese). 産経新聞. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  33. ^ "GRG News for 2019".
  34. ^ a b Japan's Masazo Nonaka, declared world's oldest living man in 2018, dies aged 113
  35. ^ "World's oldest man revealed as 112-year-old Masazo Nonaka". news.sky.com. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  36. ^ "The Key to Longevity for the World's Oldest Man Alive? Sumo Wrestling and Hot Springs". Time. Associated Press. 11 April 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  37. ^ "World's Oldest Man, Who Loved Sweets and Lived at a Hot Springs Inn, Dies in Japan at 113". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 30 January 2019.