List of Joseon Dynasty people

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This is a partial list of people who lived during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, 1392–1910.

Rulers[edit]

See: List of Korean monarchs

# Personal name Period of reign Courtesy Name (C)/
Pseudonym (Ps)
Temple name (廟號) (T) /
Posthumous name (諡號) (P)
Romanized Hangul/Hanja Romanized Hangul/Hanja Romanized Hangul/Hanja
1 Yi Seong gye 이성계
李成桂
1392–1398 Junggyeol (C) 중결
仲潔 (C)
Taejo 태조
太祖 (T)
2 Yi Bang-gwa 이방과
李芳果
1398–1400 Gwangwon (C) 광원
光遠 (C)
Jeongjong 정종
定宗 (T)
3 Yi Bang won 이방원
李芳遠
1400–1418 Yudeok (C) 유덕
遺德(C)
Taejong 태종
太宗(T)
4 Yi Do 이도
李祹
1418–1450 Wonjeong (C) 원정
元正 (C)
Sejong the Great 세종
世宗(T)
5 Yi Hyang 이향
李珦
1450–1452 Hwiji (C) 휘지
輝之(C)
Munjong 문종
文宗 (T)
6 Yi Hong wi 이홍위
李弘緯
1452–1455 Danjong 단종
端宗 (T)
7 Yi Yu 이유
李瑈
1455–1468 Suji (C) 수지
粹之 (C)
Sejo 세조
世祖 (T)
8 Yi Gwang 이광
李晄
1468–1469 Myungjo/Pyeongnam (C) 명조/평남
明照/平南 (C)
Yejong 예종
睿宗 (T)
9 Yi Hyeol 이혈
李娎
1469–1494
(C)
Seongjong 성종
成宗(T)
10 Yi Yung 이융
李隆
1494–1506
(C)
Yeonsangun 연산군
燕山君
11 Yi Yeok 이역
李懌
1506–1544 Nakcheon (C) 낙천
樂天 (C)
Jungjong 중종
中宗 (T)
12 Yi Ho 이호
李峼
1544–1545 Cheonyun (C) 천윤
天胤 (C)
Injong 인종
仁宗 (T)
13 Yi Hwan 이환
李峘
1545–1567 Daeyang (C) 대양
對陽 (C)
Myeongjong 명종
明宗 (T)
14 Yi Yeon 이연
李蚣
1567–1608 Seonjo 선조
宣祖 (T)
15 Yi Hon 이혼
李琿
1608–1623
(C)
Gwanghaegun 광해군
光海君
16 Yi Jong 이종
李倧
1623–1649 Hwabaek (C) 화백
和伯(C)
Injo 인조
仁祖 (T)
17 Yi Ho 이호
李淏
1649–1659 Jeongyeon (C)
Juko (Ps)
정연/靜淵 (C)
죽오/竹梧 (Ps)
Hyojong 효종
孝宗(T)
18 Yi Yeon 이연
李棩
1659–1674 Gyungjik (C) 경직
景直 (C)
Hyeonjong 현종
顯宗 (T)
19 Yi Sun 이순
李焞
1674–1720 Myungbo (C) 명보
明普 (C)
Sukjong 숙종
(T)
20 Yi Yun 이윤
李昀
1720–1724 Hwiseo (C) 휘서
輝瑞 (C)
Gyeongjong 경종
(T)
21 Yi Geum 이금
李昑
1724–1776 Gwangsuk (C)
Yangseongheon (Ps)
광숙/光叔 (C)
양성헌/養性軒 (Ps)
Yeongjo 영조
英祖 (T)
22 Yi San 이산
李祘
1776–1800 Hyeongun (C)
Hongjae (Ps)
형운/亨運 (C)
홍재/弘齋 (Ps)
Jeongjo 정조
正祖 (T)
23 Yi Gong 이공
李蚣
1800–1834 Gongbo (C)
Sunjae (Ps)
공보/公寶(C)
순재/純齋 (Ps)
Sunjo 순조
純祖 (T)
24 Yi Hwan 이환
李奐
1834–1849 Muneung (C)
Wonheon (Ps)
문응/文應 (C)
원헌/元軒 (Ps)
Heonjong 헌종
憲宗 (T)
25 Yi Byeon 이변
李昪
1849–1863 Dosung (C)
Daeyongjae (Ps)
도승/道升(C)
대용재/大勇齋(Ps)
Cheoljong 철종
哲宗 (T)
26 Yi Myeong bok 이명복
李命福
1863–1897 (1907)* Seongrim (C)
Juyeon (Ps)
성림/聖臨(C)
주연/珠淵 (Ps)
Gojong 고종
高宗 (T)
27 Yi Cheok 이척
李拓
(1907–1910)* Gunbang (C)
Jeongheon (Ps)
군방/君邦(C)
정헌/正軒 (Ps)
Sunjong 순종
純宗 (T)

Royals[edit]

Scholar-officials[edit]

Scholar-officials, or munsin, held much of the power in the Joseon Dynasty bureaucracy. Many members of the intellectual elite, also remembered for their work as poets or philosophers, served as scholar-officials. Such service, however, was restricted to members of the hereditary yangban class.

Military officials[edit]

Military service was technically open to people outside the yangban class, but in practice most high posts were held by the aristocracy.

Others[edit]

The common classes of Joseon included the yangmin free farmers, the jungin technical class, and the cheonmin underclass. These constituted the bulk of Joseon society, but only a handful of them are known to us today.

Women[edit]

Prominent women of the Joseon period were usually either of the high aristocratic class or kisaeng female entertainers.

Popular leaders[edit]

Painters[edit]

Authors[edit]

Many of the best-known writers of the Joseon period were also scholar-officials; they are listed above.

Inventors[edit]

Some scholar-officials, such as Jeong Yak-yong, also worked as inventors.

See also[edit]