List of Joseon monarchs

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The Joseon Dynasty ruled Korea, succeeding the 400-year-old Goryeo Dynasty in 1392 through the Japanese annexation in 1910. Twenty-seven monarchs ruled over a united Korean Peninsula for more than 500 years.

Monarchs of Joseon Dynasty[edit]

Temple name Portrait Period of reign Personal name Reign name Posthumous name
Taejo 1392–1398
Yi Seong-gye later Yi Dan
이성계 later 이단
King Kangheon Jiin Gyewun Seongmun Shinmu the Great
강헌지인계운성문신무대왕
Jeongjong 1398–1400
Yi Bang-gwa later Yi Gyeong
이방과 later 이경
King Gongjeong Euimun Jangmu Onin Sunhyo the Great
공정의문장무온인순효대왕
Taejong 1400–1418
Yi Bang-won
이방원
King Gongjeong Seongdeok Sin-gong Geoncheon Chegeuk Daejeong Gye-u Munmu Yecheol Seongnyeol Gwanghyo the Great
공정성덕신공건천체극대정계우문무예철성렬광효대왕
Sejong 1418–1450
Yi Do
이도
King Jangheon Yeongmun Yemu Inseong Myeonghyo the Great
장헌영문예무인성명효대왕
Munjong 1450–1452
Yi Hyang
이향
King Gongsun Heummyung Insuk Gwangmun Seonghyo the Great
공순흠명인숙광문성효대왕
Danjong 1452–1455
Yi Hong-wi
이홍위
King Gongeui Onmun Sunjeong Anjang Gyungsun Donhyo the Great
공의온문순정안장경순돈효대왕
Sejo 1455–1468
Yi Yu
이유
King Hyejang Sungcheon Chedo Yeolmun Yeongmu Jideok Yunggong Seongsin Myeongye Heumsuk Inhyo the Great
혜장승천체도열문영무지덕융공성신명예흠숙인효대왕
Yejong 1468–1469
Yi Gwang
이광
King Yangdo Heummun Seongmu Euiin Sohyo the Great
양도흠문성무의인소효대왕
Seongjong 1469–1494
Yi Hyeol
이혈
King Gangjeong Inmun Heonmu Heumseong Gonghyo the Great
강정인문헌무흠성공효대왕
Yeonsangun1 1494–1506
Yi Yung
이융
King Heoncheon Hongdo Gyungmun Wimu the Great
헌천홍도경문위무대왕
Jungjong 1506–1544
Yi Yeok
이역
King Gonghee Hwimun Somu Heumin Seonghyo the Great
공희휘문소무흠인성효대왕
Injong 1544–1545
Yi Ho
이호
King Yeongjeong Heonmun Euimu Jangsuk Heumhyo the Great
영정헌문의무장숙흠효대왕
Myeongjong 1545–1567
Yi Hwan
이환
King Gongheon Heoneui Somun Gwangsuk Gyeonghyo the Great
공헌헌의소문광숙경효대왕
Seonjo 1567–1608
Yi Yeon
이연
King Sogyung Jeongryun Ripgeuk Seongdeok Hongryeol Jiseong Daeeui Gyeokcheon Heeun Gyungmyung Sinryeok Honggong Yungeop Hyeonmun Euimu Seongye Dalhyo the Great
소경정륜립극성덕홍렬지성대의격천희운경명신력홍공융업현문의무성예달효대왕
Gwanghaegun1 1608–1623
Yi Hon
이혼
King Checheon Heungun Jundeok Honggong Sinseong Yeongsuk Heummun Inmu Seoryun Ipgi Myungseong Gwangryeol Yungbong Hyeonbo mujeong Jungheui Yecheol Jangeui Jangheon Sunjeong Geoneui Sujeong Changdo Sungeop the Great
체천흥운준덕홍공신성영숙흠문인무서륜입기명성광렬융봉현보무정중희예철장의장헌순정건의수정창도숭업대왕
Injo 1623–1649
Yi Jong
이종
King Gaecheon Joun Jeonggi Seondeok Heonmun Yeolmu Myeongsuk Sunhyo the Great
개천조운정기선덕헌문열무명숙순효대왕
Hyojong 1649–1659
Yi Ho
이호
King Heumcheon Daldo Gwanggok Hongyeol Seonmun Jangmu Sinseong Hyeonin Myeongeui Jeongdeok the Great
흠천달도광곡홍열선문장무신성현인명의정덕대왕
Hyeonjong 1659–1674
Yi Yeon
이연
King Sohyu Yeongyung Dondeok Suseong Sunmun Sukmu Gyungin Changhyo the Great
소휴연경돈덕수성순문숙무경인창효대왕
Sukjong 1674–1720
Yi Sun
이순
King Hyeoneui Gwangyun Yeseong Yeongryeol Yumo Yeongun Hongin Jundeok Baecheon Habdo Gyehyu Dokgyung Jeongjung Hyeopgeuk Sineui Daehun Jangmun Heonmu Gyungmyung Wonhyo the Great
현의광윤예성영렬유모영운홍인준덕배천합도계휴독경정중협극신의대훈장문헌무경명원효대왕
Gyeongjong 1720–1724
Yi Yun
이윤
King Gakgong Deokmun Ikmu Sunin Seonhyo the Great
각공덕문익무순인선효대왕
Yeongjo 1724–1776
Yi Geum
이금
King Jangsun Jihaeng Sundeok Yeongmo Uiryeol Jang-ui Hong-yun Gwang-in Donhui Checheon Geon-geuk Seonggong Sinhwa Daeseong Gwang-un Gaetae Giyeong Yomyeong Suncheol Geon-geon Gonyeong Baemyeong Sutong Gyeongnyeok Honghyu Junghwa Yungdo Sukjang Changhun Jeongmun Seonmu Huigyeong Hyeonhyo the Great
장순지행순덕영모의렬장의홍윤광인돈희체천건극성공신화대성광운개태기영요명순철건건곤영배명수통경력홍휴중화융도숙장창훈정문선무희경현효대왕
Jeongjo 1776–1800
Yi San
이산
King Gyeongcheon Myeongdo Hongdeok Hyeonmo Munseong Muryeol Seongin Janghyo the Great
경천명도홍덕현모문성무렬성인장효대왕
Sunjo 1800–1834
Yi Gong
이공
King Seongak Yeondeok Hyeondo Gyeongin Sunhui Cheseong Eungmyeong Heumgwang Seokgyeong Gyecheon Baegeuk Yungwon Donhyu Euihaeng Soyun Huihwa Junryeol Daejung Jijeong Honghun Cheolmo Geonsi Taehyeong Changun Honggi Gomyeong Bakhu Ganggeon Sujeong Gyetong Suryeok Gongyu Beommun Anmu Jeongryeong Gyeongseong-hyo the Great
선각연덕현도경인순희체성응명흠광석경계천배극융원돈휴의행소윤희화준렬대중지정홍훈철모건시태형창운홍기고명박후강건수정계통수력공유범문안무정령경성효대왕
Heonjong 1834–1849
Yi Hwan
이환
King Jangsuk Chegeon Gyegeuk Jungjeong Gwangdae Jiseong Gwangdeok Hongun Janghwa Gyungmun Wimu Myeongin Cheolhyo the Great
장숙체건계극중정광대지성광덕홍운장화경문위무명인철효대왕
Cheoljong 1849–1863
Yi Byeon
이변
King Huiyun Jeonggeuk Sudeok Sunseong Heummyung Gwangdo Donwon Changhwa Munhyeon Museong Heonin Yeonghyo the Great
희윤정극수덕순성흠명광도돈원창화문현무성헌인영효대왕
Gojong 1863–1897
(1897–1907)2
Yi Myeong-bok
이명복
Gaeguk 개국
and
Geonyang 건양
and
Gwangmu 광무
Emperor Tae
태황제
Sunjong 1907–1910
Yi Yu
이유
Yunghui 융희 Emperor Hyo
효황제
1 Officially titled a prince, since he was dethroned during his own reign and thus did not receive a temple name.
2 see Korean Empire section.

See also[edit]