List of Judges of the United States Tax Court

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The United States Tax Court is composed of 19 members appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.[1] Reappointment, when requested by a Tax Court judge[2] is generally pro forma regardless of the political party of the appointing President and the political party of the re-appointing (sitting) President.[citation needed] By statute, Congress has granted to the President the power to remove the judges of the U.S. Tax Court "for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office...." [3]

In addition, the Chief Judge may appoint a number of Special Trial Judges, who serve a function comparable to magistrate judges in the United States district courts.

The 19-member court currently has two vacancies.

  • On June 16, 2014, Diane Kroupa retired from the Tax Court. On August 3, 2017 President Trump nominated Patrick Urda to fill this vacancy.
  • On October 16. 2015 James Halpern retired from the Tax Court. On August 3, 2017 President Trump nominated Elizabeth Copeland to fill this vacancy.

Sitting judges
Appointed by the President of the United States.

Senior judges
Appointed by the President of the United States; terms of senior service are in italics.

Special Trial Judges
Appointed by the Chief Judge of the Tax Court.

Former judges[edit]

Judge Began active
Ended active
Ended senior
Arnold, William W.William W. Arnold[4] 1935 1950
Arundell, C. RogersC. Rogers Arundell[4] 1925 1969
Beghe, RenatoRenato Beghe 1999 2003 2012
Black, EugeneEugene Black[4] 1929 1966
Clapp, CharlesCharles Clapp 1983 1998
Herbert Chabot 1978 2001
Howard A. Dawson, Jr. 1962 1985 2016
Disney, Richard L.Richard L. Disney[4] 1951
Drennen, William MillerWilliam Miller Drennen 1958 1972
Fay, William M.William M. Fay 1961 2000
Forrester, Bruce M.Bruce M. Forrester 1957 1978
Harry Haines 2003 2008 2016
Harron, Marion JanetMarion Janet Harron[4] 1936 1970
Hill, Samuel B.Samuel B. Hill[4] 1936 1953
Irwin, Leo H.Leo H. Irwin[5] 1968
Ivins, James S.Y.James S.Y. Ivins[6] 1924
Johnson, Luther AlexanderLuther Alexander Johnson[7] 1946 1956
Kern, Jr., John W.John W. Kern, Jr.[4] 1937 1961 1971
III, Jules G. KörnerJules G. Körner III 1981 1997
Kroupa, DianeDiane Kroupa 2003 2014
Leech, James RussellJames Russell Leech[4][8] 1932 1952
Mellott, Arthur JohnsonArthur Johnson Mellott[4] 1935 1945
Murdock, J. EdgarJ. Edgar Murdock[4] 1926 1968
Arthur L. Nims, III 1979 1992
Opper, Clarence V.Clarence V. Opper[4] 1938 1965
Carolyn Miller Parr 1985 2002
Phillips, Percy W.Percy W. Phillips[6] 1924
Quealy, William H.William H. Quealy 1969 1980
Raum, ArnoldArnold Raum 1950 1978 1998
Rice, Stephen E.Stephen E. Rice 1952 1958
Shields, PerryPerry Shields 1982 1994
Simpson, Charles R.Charles R. Simpson 1965 1987
Smith, Charles P.Charles P. Smith[4] 1946
Sternhagen, John M.John M. Sternhagen[4] 1924 1945
Tannenwald, Jr., TheodoreTheodore Tannenwald, Jr. 1965 1983 1999
Turner, Bolon B.Bolon B. Turner[4] 1968
Tyson, John A.John A. Tyson[4] 1950
Van Fossan, Ernest H.Ernest H. Van Fossan[4] 1926 1961
Wiles, Darrell D.Darrell D. Wiles 1972 1987
B. John Williams 1985 1990
Wright, Lawrence A.Lawrence A. Wright 1984 1996

Special Trial Judges

External links[edit]


  1. ^ See generally 26 U.S.C. § 7443(a) and (b).
  2. ^ I.R.C. 7447(b)(3)).
  3. ^ See 26 U.S.C. § 7443(f).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p The Tax Court of the United States, United States Government Manual", Division of Public Inquiries, Office of War Information (1945).
  5. ^ "Newest Judge To Sit In Tax Court Here", The Milwaukee Journal (February 4, 1968).
  6. ^ a b "Report of the United States Board of Tax Appeals, Volume 1, p. 3 (Government Printing Office, 1926)"
  7. ^ Luther Johnson Congressional Biography].
  8. ^ James Russell Leech Congressional Biography].