List of kakapo

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Female kakapo Pura on Codfish Island

Every known living kakapo, except some young chicks, has been given a name by Kakapo Recovery Programme officials. Many of the older birds were given English language names, but more recent chicks have been given Māori names. Some kakapo, such as Richard Henry and Moorhouse, are named after people who have provided assistance to the preservation efforts.

Recent population changes[edit]

After a good breeding year in 2002, the population remained at 86 until 2004, when three two-year-old female kakapo died from infections by the soil bacterium Erysipelas.[1][2] Four chicks survived from the 2005 breeding season. The male Gunner died of aflatoxicosis during the New Zealand winter of 2005, bringing the population back to 86.[3] In April 2008, the population grew to 93[4] with the hatching of seven chicks,[5] then fell to 92 due to the death of adult Bill.[6] One of the seven 2008 chicks died soon after hatching,[7] bringing the total down to 91, and on 28 October 2008, male Lee died, bringing the population down to 90.[8] Male Rangi was rediscovered in February 2009 after spending 21 years living on Codfish Island.[9] The 2009 breeding season resulted in 33 chicks (20 male and 13 female), bringing the population up to 124.[10] A number of older birds died during 2010, followed by the significant loss of the only remaining Fiordland kakapo, Richard Henry, announced during January 2011. His Fiordland genes survive through his three progeny.[11] The breeding season in 2011 produced 11 chicks (eight females, three male), which all survived, bringing the population to 131. However, the deaths of several birds followed and with no breeding season in 2012, the population dropped to 124.[12] As of May 2014, with the hatching of six eggs (the first hatchings since 2011) the total population had increased to 130 living individuals.

Forty-seven chicks hatched in the 2016 nesting season, making it a "record breeding season". As of July 2016, 34 of them had survived.[13][14]

Living kakapo (154[15])[edit]

Females (72)[edit]

Kakapo population development
  • Adelaide – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi
  • Alice – first captured: 1981; mother of Snark '81, Manu '97; Al, Pearl '02
  • Aparima – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of JEM '08
  • Aranga – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox;[citation needed] mother of Jack '09, Waikawa '11, Percy, Clout '16[16]
  • Atareta – hatched: 2011; mother: Lisa, father: Blades[12]
  • Aumaria – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella
  • Awarua – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard[16]
  • Bella – first captured: 1982; mother of Tiaka, Hillary, Roha '09
  • Boomer – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix
  • Cyndy – first captured: 1987; mother of Horton '02; Weheruatanga-o-te-po, Elwin, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09
  • Dusky – hatched: 2016; mother: Tiwhiri, father: Horton
  • Esperance – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Huhana '09
  • Evohe – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix[16]
  • Flossie – first captured: by 1982; mother of Heather '81; Kuia, Gulliver, Sinbad '98; Rakiura, Esperance '02; Yasmine, Pura '05; Wiremu, Scratch '09; Hakatere, Waa '11[16]
  • Gertrude – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi
  • Hakatere – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard[12]
  • Hananui – hatched: 2002; mother: Lisa, father: Blades; mother of Wharetutu, Wolf '09
  • Hauturu – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox
  • Heather – hatched: 1981; mother: Flossie, father: Ben; mother of Palmer-san, Robbie '02; Guapo, Awhero '09; Mahli, Tohu '14
  • Hera – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab
  • Hinemoa – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil[16]
  • Hine taumai – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu'16
  • Hoki – hatched: 1992; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (Hand raised; subject of a book by her caretaker)
  • Huhana – hatched: 2009; mother: Esperance, father: Whiskas; mother of Moorhouse '14 (Youngest breeding female ever)[16]
  • Ihi – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo[12]
  • Jane – first captured: 1989
  • Jean – first captured: 1981; mother of Blake, Kuihi, Te Kingi '02
  • JEM – hatched: 2008; mother: Aparima, father: Bill[8]
  • Jemma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination)[16]
  • Konini – hatched: 2002; mother: Fuchsia, father: Waynebo; mother of Hugh '16
  • Kuia – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry; mother of Gertrude, Marian, Adeliade, Henry '16
  • Kuihi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; mother of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09, Oraka '16
  • Kura – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss
  • Lisa – first captured: by August 1982; mother of Ellie, Hauturu, Aranga '99; Hananui '02; Tiwhiri, Hurihrui, Purity '09; Atareta '11; Ruapuke '14 (Presumed lost on Little Barrier Island for 13 years; rediscovered on a nest in 1999.)[16] (Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See.) (Likely also the mother of Merty and Joe)
  • Mahli – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie
  • Makoera – hatched: 2016; mother: Waikawa, father Kumi
  • Marama – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog
  • Margaret-Maree – first captured: 1986; mother of Marama, Mila, Moana '02; Kumi '05; Millie, Moss '09 (Likely the mother of Sarah and Wendy)
  • Marian – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi
  • Mila – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog
  • Millie – hatched: 2009; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Merty[16]
  • Mukeke – hatched: 2016; mother: Waa, father Blake
  • Nora – first captured: 1980; mother of Zephyr, Adler '81; Matangi, Kotiu '16
  • Ninihi – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella
  • Pearl – hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo; mother of Juanma, Jemma '09; Punga, Attenborough, Faulkner '16
  • Pounamu – hatched: 2005; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo
  • Punga – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix
  • Pura – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill
  • Queenie – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox[16]
  • Ra – hatched: 2009; mother: Solstice, father: Smoko (by artificial insemination)[16]
  • Rakiura – hatched: 2002; mother: Flossie, father: Bill; mother of Toititi '08; Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo '09; Taonga, Tia, Tutoko '11; Taeatanga, Te Awa '14[16]
  • Rimu – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy
  • Roha – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades[16]
  • Ruth – first captured: 1991; mother of Doc '02, Tukaha '16 (She is blind in one eye)
  • Solstice – first captured: 21.06.1997; mother of Ra '09; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11 (Last bird captured from Stewart Island)[16]
  • Stella – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo; mother of Ninihi, Kokoto, Aumaria '16 [12]
  • Sue – first captured: 1983; mother of Takatimu '02; Rooster '08; George, Hinemoa '09; Elliot, Ruggedy '16
  • Suzanne – mother of Ian '11; Elsie, Hera '16[16]
  • Tia – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard[12]
  • Tiaka – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades[16]
  • Titapu – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu
  • Tiwhiri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; mother of Dusky '16[16]
  • Toitiiti – hatched: 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox[8]
  • Tohu – hatched: 2014; mother: Heather, father: Dobbie
  • Tukaha – hatched 2016; mother: Ruth, father: Blades
  • Tumeke – hatched: 2002; mother: Wendy, father: Waynebo; mother of Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kuhurangi '16
  • Waa – hatched: 2011; mother: Flossie, father: Barnard; mother of Mukeke '16[12]
  • Waikawa – hatched: 2011; mother: Aranga, father: Blades; mother of Makorea[12]
  • Weheruatanga o te po – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox[8]
  • Wendy – first captured: by 1982; mother of Dobbie '91; Aparima, Hine Taumai, Tumeke '02; Jamieson, Rimu'16
  • Yasmine – hatched: 2005; mother: Flossie, father: Bill
  • Zephyr – hatched: 1981; mother: Nora, father: Rangi; mother of Hoki '92; Sirocco, Tiwai '97; Trevor, Boomer '99; Maestro, Evohe '09

Males (80)[edit]

Sirocco on show at Auckland Zoo in September 2009
  • Arab – first captured: 1980; father of Egilsay, Hera '16
  • Ariki – hatched: 2002; mother: Sara, father: Waynebo
  • Attenborough – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father Felix
  • Awhero – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades[16]
  • Basil – father of Doc, Takitimu '02; Rooster '08; Hinemoa, George, Tiwhiri, Purity, Hurihuri '09
  • Blades – father of Hananui '02; JEM '08; Awhero, Tiaka, Hillary, Roha, Jack, Guapo '09; Atareta, Waikawa '11; Ruapuke, Taeatanga, Te Awa, Morehouse '14; Kotiu, Matangi, Ruggedy, Elliot, Tukaha, Oraka '16[16]
  • Bluster-Murphy – hatched: 2009; mother: Fuchsia, father: Smoko[16]
  • Bonus
  • Boss – father of Ian '11, Kura, Kanawera, Tau Kukurangi '16
  • Clout – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, father Smoko
  • Dobbie – hatched: 1991; mother: Wendy, father: Bill; father of Mahli, Tohu '14
  • Doc – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth, father: Basil
  • Egilsay – hatched: 2016; mother Suzanne, father Arab; originally named Elsie until genetic testing confirmed he was male[17]
  • Elwin – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox
  • Elliot – hatched: 2016; mother: Sue, father: Blades
  • Faulkner – hatched: 2016; mother: Pearl, father: Felix
  • Felix – first captured: 1989; father of Hoki, Tiwai, Sirocco, Manu '97; Boomer, Morehu, Trevor '99; Maestro, Evohe '09, Attenborough, Punga, Faulkner '16
  • George – hatched: 2009; mother: Sue, father: Basil[16]
  • Guapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Heather, father: Blades[16]
  • Gulliver – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie; father: Richard Henry
  • Gumboots – first captured: 1988
  • Henry – hatched: 2016; mother: Kuia, father: Kumi (first Grandson of Richard Henry)
  • Hillary – hatched: 2009; mother: Bella, father: Blades[16]
  • Hokonui – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard[16]
  • Horton – hatched: 2002; mother: Cyndy, father: Bill; father of Dusky '16
  • Hugh – hatched: 2016; mother: Konini, father Blake
  • Hurihuri – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil[16]
  • Ian – hatched: 2011; mother: Suzanne, father: Boss[16]
  • Jack – hatched: 2009; mother: Aranga, father: Blades[16]
  • Jamieson – hatched: 2016; mother: Wendy
  • Jester – hatched: 2008; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox
  • Jimmy'
  • Joe
  • Juanma – hatched: 2009; mother: Pearl, father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination)[16]
  • Kanawera – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss
  • Kokoto – hatched: 2016; mother: Stella
  • Komaru – hatched: 2011; mother: Solstice, father: Waynebo[16]
  • Kotiu – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades
  • Kumi – hatched: 2005; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Sass; father of Henry, Marian, Adelaide, Makorea '16
  • Luke
  • Maestro – hatched: 2009; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix[16]
  • Manu – hatched: 1997; mother: Alice, father: Felix; father of Paddy '09
  • Matangi – hatched: 2016; mother Nora, father Blades
  • Merty – father of Moss, Millie, Wolf, Wharetutu '09
  • Merv
  • Moorhouse – hatched: 2014; mother: Huhana, father: Blades
  • Morehu – hatched: 1999; mother: Sandra, father: Felix
  • Moss – hatched: 2009; mother: Magaret-Maree, father: Merty[16]
  • Ngatapa – hatched: 2009; mother: Cyndy, father: Ox[16]
  • Nog – father of Mila, Monoa, Marama '02
  • Oraka – hatched: 2016; father Blades; mother: Kuihi
  • Ox – father of Aranga, Elli, Hauturu '99; Toititi, Elwin, Wheruatanga-o-te-po, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09
  • Paddy – hatched: 2009; mother: Sara, father: Manu[16]
  • Palmersan – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass
  • Percy – hatched: 2016; mother: Aranga, Father: Smoko
  • Piripi
  • Ralph – first captured: 1987 (Encounter with Douglas Adams and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See), (Likely the father of Merty)
  • Rangi – first captured: 1987; father of Zephyr '81 (Rediscovered February 2009, after hiding for 21 years on Codfish Island)[9] (likely also the father of Sarah and Wendy)
  • Robbie – hatched: 2002; mother: Heather, father: Sass
  • Ruapuke – hatched: 2014; mother: Lisa, father: Blades (Formerly known as Lisa One; egg was crushed and repaired during incubation period.)
  • Ruggedy – hatched: 2016; mother Sue, father Blades.
  • Scratch – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas[16]
  • Sinbad – hatched: 1998; mother: Flossie, father: Richard Henry
  • Sirocco – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix (Unlikely to be used to breed. Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See)
  • Stumpy – hatched: 1991; mother: John-girl, father: Pegasus; father of Jemma (by artificial insemination), Juanma (by artificial insemination) '09
  • Taeatanga – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura
  • Takitimu – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue, father: Basil; father of Te Here, Tuterangi, Titapu
  • Tamahou – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas[16]
  • Tau Kuhurangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Tumeke, father Boss
  • Te Atapo – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas[16]
  • Te Awa – hatched: 2014; mother: Rakiura
  • Te Here – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu
  • Te Kingi – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass
  • Tiwai – hatched: 1997; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix
  • Trevor – hatched: 1999; mother: Zephyr, father: Felix
  • Tuterangi – hatched: 2016; mother: Hine Taumai, father: Takitimu
  • Tutoko – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard[16]
  • Waihopai – hatched: 2009; mother: Kuihi, father: Barnard[16]
  • Wiremu – hatched: 2009; mother: Flossie, father: Whiskas[16]
  • Wolf – hatched: 2009; mother: Hananui, father: Merty[16]

Recently deceased[edit]

Females[edit]

  • Mike – missing on Little Barrier Island
  • John-Girl – mother of Stumpy '91; died: September 1991
  • Aroha – hatched: 2002; mother: Sue; died: July 2004[1]
  • Aurora – hatched: 2002; mother: Zephyr; died: July 2004[1]
  • Vollie – hatched: 2002; mother: Ruth; died: July 2004[1]
  • Sarah – mother of Ariki '02; Pounamu '05; Paddy '09; died: May 2010[18]
  • Purity – hatched: 2009; mother: Lisa, father: Basil; died: September 2011[16]
  • Monoa – hatched: 2002; mother: Margaret-Maree, father: Nog; died: September 2011
  • Sandra – mother of Morehu '99; died January 2012
  • Fuchsia – first captured: 1991; mother of Konini '02; Bluster-Murphy '09; died: March 2013
  • Taonga – hatched: 2011; mother: Rakiura, father: Barnard; died: April 2014[12]
  • Maggie – first captured: March 1980; died: May 2014, in a landslide (the second female captured on Stewart Island)
  • Ellie – hatched: 1999; mother: Lisa, father: Ox; died: July 2015[19]
  • Mokopuna – hatched 2008; mother: Rakiura, father: Ox; died: 2008

Males[edit]

  • Adler – missing on Stewart island since 1981 (presumed killed by cats): hatched 1981; mother Nora, father Rangi
  • Snark – missing on Little Barrier Island since 1990: hatched 1981; mother Alice, father Buster
  • Gunter – missing on Codfish Island since 1989
  • Pierre – missing on Codfish Island since 1989
  • Tramp – missing on Codfish Island since 1989[20]
  • Al – missing on Codish Island since 2010: hatched: 2002; mother: Alice, father: Waynebo
  • Gerry – died: 1991
  • Pegasus – father of Stumpy '91; died: 1993
  • Rob – died: February 1994
  • Ken – first captured: 1988; died: July 1998
  • Gunner – died: winter 2005
  • Bill – first captured: 1982; father of Dobbie '91; Esperance, Horton, Rakiura '02; Pura, Yasmine '05; JEM '08; died: March 2008[6]
  • Lee – died: October 28, 2008[8]
  • Sass – father of Robbie, Palmersan, Te Kingi, Blake, Kuihi '02; Kumi '05; died: February 2010[21]
  • Richard Henry – first captured: 1975; father of Gulliver, Kuia, Sinbad '98; found dead: 24 December 2010[22][23] (The last bird from the South Island, he was captured by Don Merton, John Cheyne, and Mandy dog in 1975 in Fiordland National Park/Gulliver Valley/Esperance River, named after Richard Treacy Henry)
  • Whiskas – first captured: 1989; father of Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo, Wiremu, Huhana, Scratch '09; died: January 2011
  • Waynebo – father of Ariki, Konini, Pearl, Al, Tumeke, Hine taumai, Aparima '02; Pounamu '05; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11; died: January 2012[16]
  • Rooster – hatched: 2008; mother: Sue, father: Basil; died: March 2012[8]
  • Barnard – first captured: 1982; father of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09; Hakatere, Taonga, Tia, Tutoko, Waa '11; died: April 2012[16]
  • Ben – father of Heather '81; died: April 2014
  • Lionel – first captured: 1981 (likely was a juvenile at the time); died: June 2014
  • Smoko – first captured: 1991; father of Bluster, Ra (by artificial insemination) '09; Clout, Percy '16; died: February 2016[24]
  • Tiaho – hatched: 2009; mother: Rakiura, father: Whiskas[25] : died March 2016 from fight.
  • Blake – hatched: 2002; mother: Jean, father: Sass; father of Hugh, Mukeke '16 Died: December 2017 from heat stress. https://www.odt.co.nz/regions/southland/endangered-fiordland-kakapo-dies-heat-stress

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kakapo illness identified" (Press release). Biodiversity Information Online, New Zealand Government. 13 July 2004. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. 
  2. ^ B. D. Gartrell; M. R. Alley; H. Mack; J. Donald; K. McInnes; and P. Jansen (2005). Erysipelas in the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Avian Pathology, 34 (5), 383–387. doi:10.1080/03079450500268583.
  3. ^ Merton, D. (2005). Kakapo update 2005. PsittaScene, 17 (2), 7–9.
  4. ^ "World kakapo population rises by five". NZ Herald. March 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  5. ^ "Ranger's Diaries: All eggs hatched". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Ranger's Diaries: More chicks, but we've lost our friend Bill". Kakapo Recovery Progr04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  7. ^ "Ranger's Diaries: Sadness at Easter". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Spring has sprung!". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b Mussen, Deidre (5 March 2009). "Kakapo back to nest after 21 years". The Sunday Star-Times. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  10. ^ AMY MILNE (2009-05-16). "Another chance to see kakapo". The Southland Times. 
  11. ^ DOC, Media release. "Kākāpō males 'boom' on as legendary bird dies". NZ Department of Conservation. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Home of the Kakapo Recovery Programme | Kakapo Recovery Programme". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  13. ^ "Final Kakpo egg of the year hatches". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  14. ^ Dr Andrew Digby [@takapodigs] (12 June 2016). "Another blow. #kakapo chick Zephyr2, 60d, has died. She was ill with respiratory condition and undergoing treatment" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  15. ^ Plumb, Simon (27 November 2016). "Critically endangered kakapo on the increase". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Kakapo Nesting Table". Archived from the original on June 4, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Kakapo Nesting Table". Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2017. 
  18. ^ First adult female death in 19 years
  19. ^
  20. ^ info via Radio New Zealand
  21. ^ Old boy Sass farewelled. Retrieved June 29, 2010
  22. ^ William Stolzenburg. Rat Island, 2011. See "Acknowledgements".
  23. ^ Kakapo males ‘boom’ on as legendary bird dies Retrieved January 13th 2011
  24. ^ http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/296983/first-kakapo-of-the-year-safely-hatched
  25. ^ "Dr Andrew Digby on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 

External links[edit]