List of kakapo

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Female Kakapo "Pura" on Codfish Island.

Every known living kakapo, except some young chicks, has been given a name by Kakapo Recovery Programme officials. Many of the older birds were given English language names, but more recent chicks have been given Māori names. Some Kakapo, such as Richard Henry and Moorhouse, are named after people who have provided assistance to the preservation efforts.

Recent population changes[edit]

After a good breeding year in 2002, the population remained at 86 until 2004, when three two-year-old female Kakapo died from infections by the soil bacterium erysipelas.[1][2] Four chicks survived from the 2005 breeding season. The male Gunner died of aflatoxicosis during the New Zealand winter of 2005, bringing the population back to 86.[3] In April 2008, the population grew to 93[4] with the hatching of seven chicks,[5] then fell to 92 due to the death of adult Bill.[6] One of the seven 2008 chicks died soon after hatching,[7] bringing the total down to 91, and on 28 October 2008 male Lee died, bringing the population down to 90.[8] Male Rangi was re-discovered in February 2009 after spending 21 years living on Codfish Island.[9] In 2009 there was another good breeding season, with 33 chicks (20 male and 13 female) bringing the population up to 124.[10] A number of older birds died during 2010, followed by the significant loss of the only remaining Fiordland Kakapo, Richard Henry, announced during January 2011. His Fiordland genes survive through his three progeny.[11] A breeding season in 2011 produced 11 chicks (8 females, 3 male), which all survived, bringing the population to 131. However, the deaths of several birds followed and with no breeding season in 2012, the population is down to 124.[12] As of May 2014, with the hatching of six eggs (the first hatchings since 2011) the total population is 126[13] living individuals.

Living Kakapo (126[13])[edit]

Females (60)[edit]

Kakapo population development.
  • Alice (First captured: 1981; Mother of: Manu '97; Al, Pearl '02)
  • Aparima (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Wendy, Father: Waynebo; Mother of JEM '08)
  • Aranga (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Lisa, Father: Waynebo; Mother of Waikawa '11)[14]
  • Atareta (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Lisa, Father: Blades)[12]
  • Awarua (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Kuihi, Father: Barnard)[14]
  • Bella (First captured: 1982; Mother of Tiaka, Hillary, Roha '09)
  • Boomer (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix)
  • Cyndy (First captured: 1987; Mother of Horton '02; Weheruatanga-o-te-po, Elwin, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09)
  • Ellie (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Lisa, Father: Ox)
  • Esperance (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Flossie, Father: Bill; Mother of Huhana '09)
  • Evohe (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix)[14]
  • Flossie (First captured: by 1982; Mother of Heather '81; Kuia, Gulliver, Sinbad '98; Rakiura, Esperance '02; Yasmine, Pura '05; Wiremu, Scratch '09; Hakatere, Waa '11)[14]
  • Hakatere (Hatched: 2011; Mother Flossie, Father: Barnard)[12]
  • Hananui (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Lisa, Father: Blades; Mother of Wharetutu, Wolf '09)
  • Hauturu (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Lisa, Father: Ox)
  • Heather (Hatched: 1981; Mother Flossie; Mother of Palmer-san, Robbie '02; Guapo, Awhero '09; Mahli, Tohu '14)
  • Hinemoa (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Sue, Father: Basil)[14]
  • Hine taumai (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Wendy, Father: Waynebo)
  • Hoki (Hatched: 1992; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix. Hand-raised; subject of a book by her caretaker)
  • Huhana (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Esperance, Father: Whiskas; Mother of Moorhouse '14. Youngest breeding female ever)[14]
  • Ihi (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Solstice, Father: Waynebo)[12]
  • Jane (First captured: 1989)
  • Jean (First captured: 1981; Mother of Blake, Kuihi, Te Kingi '02)
  • JEM (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Aparima, Father: Jimmy)[8]
  • Jemma (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Pearl, Father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination))[14]
  • Konini (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Fuchsia, Father: Waynebo)
  • Kuia (Hatched: 1998; Mother: Flossie, Father: Richard Henry)
  • Kuihi (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Jean, Father: Sass; Mother of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09)
  • Lisa (First captured: by August 1982; Mother of Ellie, Hauturu, Aranga '99; Hananui '02; Tiwhiri, Hurihrui, Purity '09; Atareta '11; Ruapuke '14. Presumed lost on Little Barrier Island for 13 years; rediscovered on a nest in 1999)[14]
  • Mahli (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Heather, Father: Dobbie)
  • Marama (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Margaret-Maree, Father: Nog)
  • Margaret-Maree (First captured: 1986; Mother of Marama, Mila, Moana '02; Kumi '05; Millie, Moss '09)
  • Mila (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Margaret-Maree, Father: Nog)
  • Millie (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Margaret-Maree, Father: Merty)[14]
  • Nora (First captured: 1980; Mother of Zephyr '81)
  • Pearl (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Alice, Father: Waynebo; Mother of Juanma, Jemma '09)
  • Pounamu (Hatched: 2005; Mother: Sara, Father: Waynebo)
  • Pura (Hatched: 2005; Mother: Flossie, Father: Bill)
  • Quennie (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Ox)[14]
  • Ra (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Solstice, Father: Smoko (by artificial insemination))[14]
  • Rakiura (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Flossie, Father: Bill; Mother of Toititi '08; Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo '09; Taonga, Tia, Tutoko '11; Taeatanga, Te Awa '14)[14]
  • Roha (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Bella, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Ruth (First captured: 1991; Mother of Doc '02. She is blind in one eye)
  • Solstice (First captured: 21.06.1997; Mother of Ra '09; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11. Last bird captured from Stewart Island)[14]
  • Stella (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Solstice, Father: Waynebo)[12]
  • Sue (First captured: 1983; Mother of Takatimu '02; Rooster '08; George, Hinemoa '09)
  • Suzanne (Mother of Ian '11)[14]
  • Tia (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Barnard)[12]
  • Tiaka (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Bella, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Tiwhiri (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Lisa, Father: Basil)[14]
  • Toitiiti (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Ox)[8]
  • Tohu (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Heather, Father: Dobbie)
  • Tumeke (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Wendy, Father: Waynebo)
  • Waa (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Flossie, Father: Barnard)[12]
  • Waikawa (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Aranga, Father: Blades)[12]
  • Weheruatanga o te po (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Ox)[8]
  • Wendy (First captured: by 1982; Mother of Dobbie '91; Aparima, Hine Taumai, Tumeke '02)
  • Wharetutu (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Hananui, Father: Merty)[14]
  • Yasmine (Hatched: 2005; Mother: Flossie, Father: Bill)
  • Zephyr (Hatched: 1981; Mother: Nora, Father: Rangi; Mother of Hoki '92; Sirocco, Tiwai '97; Trevor, Boomer '99; Maestro, Evohe '09)

Males (66)[edit]

Sirocco on show at Auckland Zoo in September 2009
  • Al (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Alice, Father: Waynebo)
  • Arab (First captured: 1980)
  • Ariki (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Sara, Father Waynebo)
  • Awhero (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Heather, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Basil (Father of Doc, Takitimu '02; Rooster '08; Hinemoa, George, Tiwhiri, Purity, Hurihuri '09)
  • Blades (Father of Hananui '02; Awhero, Tiaka, Hillary, Roha, Jack, Guapo '09; Atareta, Waikawa '11; Ruapuke '14)[14]
  • Blake (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Jean, Father: Sass)
  • Bluster-Murphy (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Fuchsia, Father: Smoko)[14]
  • Bonus
  • Boss (Father of Ian '11)[14]
  • Dobbie (Hatched: 1991; Mother: Wendy, Father: Bill; Father of Mahli, Tohu '14)
  • Doc (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Ruth, Father: Basil)
  • Elwin (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Ox)
  • Felix (First captured: 1989; Father of Hoki, Tiwai, Sirocco, Manu '97; Boomer, Morehu, Trevor '99; Maestro, Evohe '09)
  • George (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Sue, Father: Basil)[14]
  • Guapo (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Heather, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Gulliver (Hatched: 1998; Mother: Flossie; Father: Richard Henry)
  • Gumboots (First captured: 1988)
  • Hillary (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Bella, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Hokonui (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Kuihi, Father: Barnard)[14]
  • Horton (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Bill)
  • Hurihuri (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Lisa, Father: Basil)[14]
  • Ian (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Suzanne, Father: Boss)[14]
  • Jack (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Aranga, Father: Blades)[14]
  • Jester (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Ox)
  • Jimmy (Father of JEM '08; Moorhouse '14)
  • Joe
  • Juanma (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Pearl, Father: Stumpy (by artificial insemination))[14]
  • Komaru (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Solstice, Father: Waynebo)[14]
  • Kumi (Hatched: 2005; Mother: Margaret-Maree, Father: Sass)
  • Luke
  • Lisa 1 (Hatched 2014; Mother, Lisa)
  • Maestro (Hatched 2009; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix)[14]
  • Manu (Hatched: 1997; Mother: Alice, Father: Felix; Father of Paddy '09)
  • Merty (Father of Moss, Millie, Wolf, Wharetutu '09)
  • Merv
  • Moorhouse (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Huhana, Father: Jimmy)
  • Morehu (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Sandra, Father: Felix)
  • Moss (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Magaret-Maree, Father: Merty)[14]
  • Ngatapa (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Cyndy, Father: Ox)[14]
  • Nog (Father of Mila, Monoa, Marama '02)
  • Ox (Father of Aranga, Elli, Hauturu '99; Toititi, Elwin, Wheruatanga-o-te-po, Jester '08; Ngatapa, Queenie '09)
  • Paddy (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Sara, Father: Manu)[14]
  • Palmersan (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Heather, Father: Sass)
  • Piripi
  • Ralph (First captured: 1987. Encounter with Douglas Adams and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See)
  • Rangi (First captured: 1987; Father of Zephyr '81. Rediscovered February 2009, after hiding for 21 years on Codfish Island)[9]
  • Robbie (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Heather, Father: Sass)
  • Ruapuke (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Lisa, Father: Blades. Formerly known as Lisa One; egg was crushed and repaired during incubation period.)
  • Scratch (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Flossie, Father: Whiskas)[14]
  • Sinbad (Hatched: 1998; Mother: Flossie, Father: Richard Henry)
  • Sirocco (Hatched: 1997; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix. Unlikely to be used to breed. Encounter with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine described in Last Chance to See)
  • Smoko (First captured: 1991; Father of Bluster, Ra (by artificial insemination) '09)
  • Stumpy (Hatched: 1991; Mother: John-girl, Father: Pegasus; Father of Jemma (by artificial insemination), Juanma (by artificial insemination) '09)
  • Taeatanga (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Rakiura)
  • Takitimu (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Sue, Father: Basil)
  • Tamahou (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Whiskas)[14]
  • Te Atapo (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Whiskas)[14]
  • Te Awa (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Rakiura)
  • Te Kingi (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Jean, Father: Sass)
  • Tiaho (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Whiskas)[14]
  • Tiwai (Hatched: 1997; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix)
  • Trevor (Hatched: 1999; Mother: Zephyr, Father: Felix)
  • Tutoko (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Barnard)[14]
  • Waihopai (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Kuihi, Father: Barnard)[14]
  • Wiremu (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Flossie, Father: Whiskas)[14]
  • Wolf (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Hananui, Father: Merty)[14]

Recently deceased[edit]

Females[edit]

  • Maggie (First captured: March 1980; Died: May 2014, in a landslide. The second female captured on Stewart Island)
  • Taonga (Hatched: 2011; Mother: Rakiura, Father: Barnard; Died: April 2014)[12]
  • Fuchsia (First captured: 1991; Mother of Konini '02; Bluster-Murphy '09; Died: March 2013)
  • Sandra (Mother of Morehu '99; Died January 2012)
  • Monoa (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Margaret-Maree, Father: Nog; Died: September 2011)
  • Purity (Hatched: 2009; Mother: Lisa, Father: Basil; Died: September 2011)[14]
  • Sarah (Mother of Ariki '02; Pounamu '05; Paddy '09; Died: May 2010)[15]
  • Aroha (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Sue; Died: July 2004[1])
  • Aurora (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Zephyr; Died: July 2004[1])
  • Vollie (Hatched: 2002; Mother: Ruth; Died: July 2004[1])
  • John-Girl (Mother of Stumpy '91; Died: September 1991)
  • Mike (Missing on Little Barrier Island)

Males[edit]

  • Snark (Missing on Little Barrier Island)
  • Gunter (Missing on Codfish Island)
  • Pierre (Missing on Codfish Island)
  • Tramp (Missing on Codfish Island (Info via Radio New Zealand)
  • Gerry (Died: 1991)
  • Pegasus (Father of Stumpy '91; Died: 1993)
  • Rob (Died: February 1994)
  • Ken (First captured: 1988; Died: July 1998)
  • Gunner (Died: winter 2005)
  • Bill (First captured: 1982; Father of Dobbie '91; Esperance, Horton, Rakiura '02; Pura, Yasmine '05; Died: March 2008[6])
  • Mokopuna (Died: April 2008,[7] 2008 Chick #7)
  • Lee (Died: October 28, 2008[8])
  • Sass (Father of Robbie, Palmersan, Te Kingi, Blake, Kuihi '02; Kumi '05; Grandfather (through Kuihi) of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09; Died: February 2010[16])
  • Richard Henry (First captured: 1975; Father of Gulliver, Kuia, Sinbad '98; Found dead: 24 December 2010.[17][18] The last bird from the South Island, he was captured by Don Merton, John Cheyne and Mandy dog on 12.03.1975 in Fiordland National Park/Gulliver Valley/Esperance River. Named after Richard Treacy Henry)
  • Whiskas (First captured: 1989; Father of Tamahou, Tiaho, Te Atapo, Wiremu, Huhana, Scratch '09; Died: January 2011)
  • Waynebo (Father of Ariki, Konini, Pearl, Al, Tumeke, Hine taumai, Aparima '02; Pounamu '05; Ihi, Komaru, Stella '11; Died: January 2012)[14]
  • Rooster (Hatched: 2008; Mother: Sue, Father: Basil; Died: March 2012)[8]
  • Barnard (First captured: 1982; Father of Awarua, Waihopai, Hokonui '09; Hakatere, Taonga, Tia, Tutoko, Waa '11; Died: April 2012)[14]
  • Ben (Died: April 2014)
  • Lionel (First captured: 1981; Died: June 2014)

Unknown[edit]

  • Huhana One (Hatched: 2014; Mother: Huhana, Father: Jimmy)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kakapo illness identified" (Press release). Biodiversity Information Online, New Zealand Government. 13 July 2004. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. 
  2. ^ B. D. Gartrell; M. R. Alley; H. Mack; J. Donald; K. McInnes; and P. Jansen (2005). Erysipelas in the critically endangered kakapo (Strigops habroptilus). Avian Pathology, 34 (5), 383–387. doi:10.1080/03079450500268583.
  3. ^ Merton, D. (2005). Kakapo update 2005. PsittaScene, 17 (2), 7–9.
  4. ^ "World kakapo population rises by five". NZ Herald. March 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  5. ^ "Ranger's Diaries: All eggs hatched". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Ranger's Diaries: More chicks, but we've lost our friend Bill". Kakapo Recovery Progr04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  7. ^ a b "Ranger's Diaries: Sadness at Easter". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Spring has sprung!". Kakapo Recovery Programme. 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  9. ^ a b Mussen, Deidre (5 March 2009). "Kakapo back to nest after 21 years". The Sunday Star-Times. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  10. ^ AMY MILNE (2009-05-16). "Another chance to see kakapo". The Southland Times. 
  11. ^ DOC, Media release. "Kākāpō males ‘boom’ on as legendary bird dies". NZ Department of Conservation. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Home of the Kakapo Recovery Programme | Kakapo Recovery Programme". Kakaporecovery.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  13. ^ a b "Kakapo Recovery". Kakapo Recovery Program. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Kakapo Nesting Table retrieved June 29, 2010
  15. ^ First adult female death in 19 years
  16. ^ Old boy Sass farewelled. Retrieved June 29, 2010
  17. ^ William Stolzenburg. Rat Island, 2011. See "Acknowledgements".
  18. ^ Kakapo males ‘boom’ on as legendary bird dies Retrieved January 13th 2011

External links[edit]